Zhang Jixian

Zhang Jixian
Born1966 (age 55–56)
Huangzhou District, Huanggang, Hubei, China[1]
EducationDepartment of Clinical Medicine, Hubei Medical University
Known forDiscovering the SARS‑CoV‑2
Medical career
ProfessionMaster of Medicine, Professor
FieldPulmonology
InstitutionsHubei Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese & Western Medicine
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

Zhang Jixian (simplified Chinese: 张继先; traditional Chinese: 張繼先; pinyin: Zhāng Jìxiān, born 1966) is a Chinese pulmonologist. She is known to have discovered SARS‑CoV‑2, and was the director of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Hubei Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese & Western Medicine. She is also a member of the Chinese Communist Party.[2][3]

Career

Zhang Jixian was admitted to Hubei Medical University (now Wuhan University School of Medicine) in 1985, graduated from clinical medicine in July 1989, and started working.[4] During the SARS epidemic in 2003, Zhang Jixian, who had been engaged in clinical work for 14 years, was a member of the Jianghan District expert group. During this period, she developed a strong awareness of disease prevention.[3] In 2005, she became the deputy director of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Hubei Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese & Western Medicine. In 2009 After separation of the Department of Respiratory Medicine and Department of Gastroenterology, she became the director of Department of Respiratory Medicine.[5]

In the COVID-19 pandemic, abnormal pneumonia of unknown cause was found on December 26, 2019. The situation was reported to Hubei Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese & Western Medicine on December 27.[6] The hospital then reported to the Wuhan Jianghan District Center for Disease Control and Prevention.[7][8] A similar case was reported for the second time on December 28 and 29.[9] A new type of coronavirus was detected on December 31 in 6 patients with alveolar lavage.[5] On February 6, 2020, Zhang Jixian was commended by Wuhan Human Resources and Social Security Bureau, Hubei Provincial Human Resources and Social Security Department, and Hubei Provincial Health Commission.[10] Xinhua News Agency commented that Zhang Jixian "is the 'leader' in the frontline of hospital treatment."[2] In November of the same year, Zhang Jixian was rated as the National Advanced Worker.[11]

References

  1. ^ 光明日报 (8 April 2020). "【光明日报】哭笑天使". 湖北省卫生健康委员会 (in Chinese). Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b 新华网. "湖北给予张定宇、张继先记大功奖励". 新华网 (in Chinese). 新华网. 新华社. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b 澎湃新闻. "请记住张继先这个名字!最早发现这种不一样的肺炎并上报疫情的是她". 澎湃新闻 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  4. ^ "庚子战"疫","武汉保卫战"中的武汉大学" (in Chinese). 新华每日电讯. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b "张继先:疫情上报是我的职业要求" (in Chinese). 长江网. 24 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  6. ^ "中国驻法国使馆发文:新冠病毒溯源呼唤科学精神". 中新网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  7. ^ "中国驻法国使馆发言人就涉新冠肺炎疫情文章致信《费加罗报》编辑部". 中新网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  8. ^ ""四方责任"等入法 疫情防控北京经验升级为法规-中新网". 中新网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  9. ^ 财新网. "新型冠状病毒肺炎大事记(2019年12月—2020年1月20日)". www.caixin.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  10. ^ 刘湃, ed. (6 February 2020). "湖北为"为疫情防控工作拉响警报第一人"记大功". 中国新闻网 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  11. ^ "2020年全国劳动模范和先进工作者名单" (in Chinese). 新华社. 25 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.

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