Woods Bay State Park

Woods Bay State Park
IUCN category III (natural monument or feature)
Woods Bay State Park Swamp.jpg
Swampy area in Woods Bay State Park, Olanta, South Carolina
Nearest cityOlanta, South Carolina
Coordinates33°56′38″N 79°59′28″W / 33.944°N 79.991°W / 33.944; -79.991Coordinates:33°56′38″N 79°59′28″W / 33.944°N 79.991°W / 33.944; -79.991
Area1,590 acres (6 km2)
Elevation36.91 m
Woods Bay Elevation Map

Woods Bay State Park is a state park located near the town of Olanta in Florence County, South Carolina. The park contains some of the last remaining large Carolina Bays.[1] Recent work by the U.S. Geological Survey has interpreted the Carolina Bays as relict thermokarst lakes that formed several thousands of years ago when the climate was colder, drier, and windier.[2] Thermokarst lakes develop by thawing of frozen ground (permafrost) and by subsequent modification by wind and water. Thus, this interpretation suggests that permafrost once extended as far south as the Carolina Bays during the last ice age and (or) previous ice ages.

Activities available at the park include picnicking, fishing, hiking, bird watching and geocaching. Canoeing is also popular on the one-mile canoe trail in the Carolina Bay. While private boats are not allowed, rental canoes and kayaks are available.

Amenities include a picnic shelter, a boardwalk through a cypress-tupelo swamp and a nature center.[3]


  1. ^ "Unique Features of Woods Bay State Park". 2013-09-07.
  2. ^ Swezey, C.S. (2020) "Quaternary eolian dunes and sand sheets in inland locations of the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province", in Inland Dunes of North America (N. Lancaster and P. Hesp, eds.), Springer Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 11-63. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-40498-7_2 ISBN 978-3-030-40498-7
  3. ^ "By the Numbers". 2013-09-07.

External links

Media files used on this page

Woods Bay State Park Swamp.jpg
Author/Creator: Hunter Desportes, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Swampy area in Woods Bay State Park, Olanta, South Carolina
WoodsBay SC hrdtm.jpg
Author/Creator: Cintos, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
High resolution digital topology model. Scale is modulo 1 meters.