Woking

Woking
Town
The Great War monument, Jubilee Square, Woking England.jpg
Jubilee Square, Woking Town Centre
Woking is located in Surrey
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0
Woking
Woking
Location within Surrey
Area63.57 km2 (24.54 sq mi) [1]
Population62,796 (Town)
100,897 (Borough) or 105,367 (Woking Built-up Area Subdivision)[2]
• Density988/km2 (2,560/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ003584
• London23 mi (37 km) NE
District
  • Woking
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWOKING
Postcode districtGU21, GU22
Dialling code01483
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament

Woking (/ˈwkɪŋ/ WOH-king) is a town in northwest Surrey, England. It is at the southwestern edge of the Greater London Urban Area and is a part of the London commuter belt, with frequent trains and a journey time of approximately 24 minutes to Waterloo station.[3] Woking is 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Charing Cross in central London. Woking town itself, excluding its narrowly contiguous built-up area which extends from West End to West Byfleet, has a population of 62,796,[4] and the UK Government has recorded its Built Up Area Subdivision as 5% more populous than its borough with 105,367 residents in 2011, the highest in the county.

History

(c) Ron Strutt, CC BY-SA 2.0
The ruins of Woking Palace

Though Woking's earliest written appearance is in the Domesday Book, it is mentioned as the site of a monastery in an 8th-century context, as Wochingas.[5] In the Domesday Book it appears as Wochinges, being held in 1086 by King William the Conqueror, Walter FitzOther, Constable of Windsor Castle, and Ansgot and Godfrey from Osbern FitzOsbern, then bishop of Exeter.[6]

Modern Woking was formed in the area to the south of the Basingstoke Canal (opened in 1794) around the railway station, built in 1838 at the junction between the lines to London, the south coast, and the southwest of England, and the private railway to Brookwood Cemetery, which was developed by the London Necropolis Company as an overflow burial ground for London's dead. As a result, the original settlement 1 mile to the southeast, on the River Wey, became known as "Old Woking". Later, Woking Crematorium at St John's became the first crematorium in the United Kingdom.[7]

Shah Jahan Mosque, the oldest in England

The first purpose-built mosque in the UK, the Shah Jahan Mosque on Oriental Road, was commissioned by Shahjehan, Begum of Bhopal (1868–1901), one of the four female Muslim rulers of Bhopal who reigned between 1819 and 1926.[8]

The Martinsyde aircraft company operated a major aircraft factory in the town during World War I and used nearby Brooklands Aerodrome for test flying and deliveries, but it was closed in the mid-1920s. This site was then the home of the engineering firm James Walker & Company for many years. Known as 'The Lion Works', this area was finally redeveloped in the 1990s into today's Lion Retail Park.[9]

Hoe Valley Scheme

This was a £40 million project to take hundreds of Woking homes away from the flood plain of the Hoe Stream. It has also provided new community facilities and roads. Woking Borough Council had been planning this scheme, which was approved in September 2010, for over 20 years. It was being run in conjunction with the Environment Agency.[10]

The Council has received finance from: the Public Works Loan Board; a number of grants, including £3.7 million from the Environment Agency; proceeds from the sale of new homes and of other assets. The Council expected the scheme to be fully funded by 2014 with no ongoing costs incurred by the Council. The scheme was completed on schedule in 2012.[11]

Government

The constituency of Woking has historically been a Conservative safe seat, with the Liberal Democrats being the principal opposition in the last five general elections. Its current Member of Parliament is Jonathan Lord.

Elections to the borough council take place in three out of every four years, with one-third elected in each election. The election in 2011 gave the Conservatives an overall majority of seats for the first time in 20 years.[12]

The current Mayor of the borough is councillor Cllr Graham Cubdy.[13] In 2010 the council elected councillor Mohammed Iqbal as the first Asian Mayor of Woking.[14]

The Woking Civic Offices were opened by the Duke of Gloucester in 1983.[15]

Energy policy

Several combined heat and power stations provide district heating and electricity, and electricity is also provided by a combination of hydrogen fuel cells and solar cells dispersed throughout the borough.[16] These are linked via an innovative private electricity distribution system operating completely off the public power grid.

In order to do this, the local government laid new power lines to all locations on the Woking sustainable community energy system (due to Department of Trade and Industry regulations). Should the public power grid fail, central Woking would continue to have an energy supply.[17]

The cost for providing this is approximately GB£0.01/kWh less than for public electricity. It has been reported that the borough saves GB£974,000 a year in energy costs if the installation costs are ignored.[17] By March 2004 the initiatives had also cut the borough's carbon emissions by 17.24% and those of the council by 77.4%.[18]

Albion Square canopy was built in 2007, following local council approval three years earlier. It was equipped with over 35,000 photovoltaic cells laminated in 272 glass panels to collect sunlight and convert it into energy.[19] It had a peak electrical output of 81 kWp. It was demolished in 2018 and sold to another town.

In October 2013 the council confirmed it would implement the Euro 5 environmental emissions standard for taxis and licensed vehicles in the borough, and that the more stringent Euro 6 standard would be introduced in 2022.[20]

Geography

Woking postal area has several villages, including: Knaphill, Horsell, Hook Heath, Mount Hermon, Barnsbury, Maybury, Sheerwater, Goldsworth Park, St John's, Pyrford, Kingfield, Westfield and Ridgway, some being contiguous which can be described now as suburbs. Further villages are: Old Woking traditionally a separate village with its own large conservation area[9][21] verging towards the Wey, Mayford; Bisley and Sutton Green to the south nearer the border between Woking and Guildford and West Byfleet to the east is a post town with Byfleet and adjoins to the north-east.

Suburbs

Very large white gabled house
(c) Ron Strutt, CC BY-SA 2.0
Unable to find an agent for the sale of their surplus land at Hook Heath, the London Necropolis Company themselves developed the area into a prosperous suburb of large detached houses.

The Barnsbury Estate is a housing estate of approximately 400 households.[22] Begun in 1936, it is a self-contained estate of bungalows, housing and flats mostly built in the 1950s along with several small shops. Barnsbury is bordered by the Hoe Valley south of Woking straddling the A320.

As part of Woking's proposed Priority Homes PFI submission, back gardens of a significant number of houses were at risk of development.[23] From January to September 2007, this resulted in an extensive community engagement to see if and how these back gardens could be used for development.[22][24] The scheme was eventually cancelled.[25]

Barnsbury also has a primary school. Most of Barnsbury's students now attend the newly built Hoe Valley School for their secondary education.

In the 1800s, the London Necropolis Company acquired land here on a prospective basis but built Brookwood Cemetery instead; no suitable agent of could be found to oversee the sale of the third portion of excess land at Hook Heath and as a consequence Cyril Tubbs ensured its retention and oversaw its development himself. The London Necropolis society decided to take action. Over the 1890s the site was subdivided into plots for large detached houses, and a golf course was built to attract residents and visitors.[26][a] The LNC redeveloped its lands at Hook Heath into housing and a golf course, creating a new suburb of Woking and providing a steady income from rentals.

Climate

Woking, along with the majority of the British Isles experiences a maritime climate, characterised by cool summers and mild winters. The nearest weather station for which data is readily available is Wisley, approximately 6 km east of Woking. Temperature extremes recorded in the area range from 37.8 °C (100.0 °F) during August 2003[29] down to −15.1 °C (4.8 °F) during January 1982.[30] The weather station also held the UK July record high of 36.5 °C (97.7 °F) from 2006 until 2015.[31]

Demography

2001 United Kingdom census[32]
Country of birthPopulation
United Kingdom77,577
Pakistan1,748
Republic of Ireland925
Italy737
South Africa709
India686
Netherlands601
Germany590
United States576
Australia326

Ethnic groups

Woking is a multicultural town, according to the Office for National Statistics, based on 2004 estimates, 89.5 per cent of the 62,796 inhabitants of Woking were white, with 84.15 per cent White British, 1.37 per cent White Irish and 5.76 per cent classified as Other White. Some 6.5 per cent are of South Asian descent, with Pakistanis making up 5.3 per cent of Woking's population (compared to 0.73 and 1.44 for the South East and the UK respectively), followed by Indians at 1.2 per cent. 0.50 per cent of Woking's population are Black which compares with 2.3 per cent nationally. 1.37 per cent of Woking residents are of mixed race, leaving 2.0 per cent belonging to other ethnic groups.[33]

There has long been a large tightly knit Italian community in Woking, most of whom originated from the Sicilian town of Mussomeli.[34] The majority of the original arrivals worked in the Britax factory in Byfleet. Others worked on the mushroom farms in Chobham or for the James Walker company. Many started their own landscaping or ice cream businesses. St Dunstan's Catholic Church in Woking holds masses in Italian. The Italian population in Woking, including second and third generation members, number between two and three thousand.[35] There is a large Pakistani population in Woking, centred on the suburbs of Maybury and Sheerwater,[36] near the Shah Jahan Mosque. This partly originates from workers at the then nearby Sorbo Rubber factory. Recently there has been an influx of eastern European immigrants, mostly from Poland.[37]

Religion

Religion in Woking[33]
ReligionPercent
Christian
69.5%
No religion
15.2%
Religion not stated
6.9%
Muslim
6.7%
Other
1.6%
(c) Ron Strutt, CC BY-SA 2.0
St Mary's Church, Horsell

The town has many churches including St Mary's Church in Horsell. St. Peter's, in Old Woking has the oldest door in Surrey. It is likely that it is the third oldest door in the British Isles after being dated by dendrochronology. Woking has an Islamic presence, with the Shah Jahan Mosque east of the town centre. Constructed in 1889 by Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner, it is the first purpose-built mosque in the UK, and the first mosque built in Northern Europe.[38] It is built in Bath and Bargate stone in indo-saracenic style commissioned by Shah Jahan, Begum of Bhopal (1868–1901), it has been maintained since then as a Waqf.

Economy

Woking has a modern and successful economy. The local working population is characterised by educational attainment levels well above the UK average. The number of jobs in the borough in the managerial, professional and technical sectors is around 50%, 7% above the UK average. Local Employment is largely in the private sector - Woking is one of the districts in the UK least reliant on Public Sector employment.

The largest employer in Woking is the McLaren Group. The group is responsible for both McLaren Racing, which fields the McLaren Formula One racing cars (currently driven by Daniel Ricciardo and Lando Norris); and McLaren Automotive, builder of the classic McLaren F1 and Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren supercars, and now manufacturing many different high-performance sports cars.[39] During 2010 and 2011, the McLaren technology centre received a £50million extension, which was opened by David Cameron.[40]

Companies with global headquarters in Woking include chemical and assembly materials company Alent plc, the UK and Ireland subsidiary of Asahi Breweries, and Ambassador Theatre Group, a major international theatre organisation. Until it was acquired by Anheuser-Busch InBev with its corporate HQ in Leuven, Belgium, the corporate HQ of multi-national SABMiller was in Woking. Asahi's presence in Woking is attributed to its taking over of some of SABMiller's former brands.[41]

Woking railway station is one of the busiest commuter stations in the London commuter belt, and Woking's position along the M25 motorway facilitates commuting both into London and throughout the Home Counties.

There is a large concentration of office accommodation in Woking town centre. Employers from the IT, FMCG, Engineering Services and Charities sectors are particularly well represented and provide a large number of highly skilled jobs. Significant local employers include Fidessa, Capgemini, Petrofac, John Wood, and WWF UK.

Culture

The Woking Martian

Public art

Martian Tripod

Woking has a Wellsian Martian Tripod, designed by Michael Condron, which was unveiled in April 1998. The tripod celebrates H. G. Wells's book, The War of the Worlds which was written in Woking. The Tripod is 7 m (23 ft) tall. The legs are 17 cm (7") in diameter. There are three parts of the sculpture: The Tripod, Bacteria, and the cylinder the tripods came to Earth in. The Martian is displayed advancing from the direction of nearby Horsell Common, where the Martian invasion of Earth begins in the novel. A further tribute to Wells is a statue of him seated holding a globe by Wesley Harland.

Sean Henry

The Wanderer, by Sean Henry, in Albion Square

In 2017, five polychrome statues by Woking born sculptor Sean Henry were displayed around the town centre as an art trail in connection with an exhibition of Henry's work at the Lightbox. In November 2017, the council announced it had agreed to buy the statues and display them in the town on a permanent basis.[42] The Wanderer can be found in Albion Square, Standing Woman in the Peacocks Centre, Standing Man in Mercia Walk, Walking Woman in Victoria Square and Seated Man on Platform 1 at Woking railway station.

Bedser Bridge

The footbridge over the Basingstoke Canal by the Lighthouse features statues of the cricketing brothers, Sir Alec and Eric Bedser by Allan Sly. Sir Alec is shown bowling on the south bank and Eric batting on the north bank.

Others

There are a number of other sculptures around the town centre, including the Winning Shot by Christine Charlesworth, celebrating the London 2012 Paralympic Games.

Lightbox Art and Heritage Centre

Lightbox art gallery, Woking

Woking is home to an arts and heritage centre called 'The Lightbox'.[43] The modern structure, between the Basingstoke Canal and Victoria Way, was designed by architects Marks Barfield,[44] the architects of the London Eye. The Lightbox contains many hands hanging from the ceiling, a brief history of Woking and many other exhibitions. Notable past exhibitions include an exhibition of British comics and a Turner in Surrey exhibition.[45] The Lightbox also has the Ingram collection, a selection of paintings and sculptures owned by Woking Football Club owner and local businessman Chris Ingram, on a long-term loan.[46]

Twin towns

Woking is twinned with:[47]

In December 2014, the council announced that it would establish a task group to explore potential twinning opportunities with the emerging markets of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.[50]

Community facilities

Woking has a modern shopping centre called The Peacocks and an older shopping area, Wolsey Place. The Peacocks Centre underwent development work in 2010 to add a new façade in the town square. An extension was added that consisted of adding glass with coloured lights that change in sequence.[51] The Peacocks and Wolsey Place have, at present, been joined by means of a covered walkway to complement the town centre's redevelopment. In commemoration of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee, the town square has been renamed "Jubilee Square".

The main area for evening entertainment is around Chertsey Road which contains restaurants serving a number of cuisines such as Indian and Chinese. There are also numerous bars and pubs along Chertsey Road as well as several nightclubs around the area.

Exterior of the New Victoria Theatre, Woking

The New Victoria Theatre opened in 1992. Seating 1,300 people, it has hosted large-scale shows including several West End touring productions. It can be accessed via the top floor of The Peacocks. The Rhoda McGaw Theatre, a smaller 230 seat venue, is housed within the New Victoria Theatre complex. Both are owned and managed by Ambassador Theatre Group.[52]

The Ambassadors Cinema, also accessed via the top floor of The Peacocks, closed in 2019[53] and re-opened as Nova Cinema in May 2021. It has seven screens, including a luxury screen.[54]

Woking has an indoor swimming pool, "Pool in the Park",[55] and a separate leisure centre at Pool in the Park, opposite Woking Leisure Centre. Outdoor facilities include a skatepark (which is popular with local children), tennis courts, five-a-side football pitches, a cricket pitch (during the summer), bowling greens, a crazy golf course, and a children's adventure playground. These leisure facilities are in Woking Park.[56] Woking also has the largest public library in Surrey.

Woking is also home to the Surrey History Centre, which holds archives and records about the county.

In February 2021 it was reported that households in the Goldsworth Park and St Johns areas of the town would have a COVID-19 PCR test posted through their doors and be asked to complete it, regardless of whether they had symptoms or not.[57][58]

Cultural references

(c) David Hawgood, CC BY-SA 2.0
Horsell Common sandpit, site of the landing of the Martians in H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.

In literature, Horsell Common, Woking, is where the Martians first land, in a planned invasion of the earth, in H. G. Wells' science fiction novel The War of the Worlds (1897–8).[59] The author was living in Woking when he wrote the book, and much of the early story is set in the area.[60]

Briarbrae, the Woking home of a Foreign Office employee, Mr. Percy Phelps, is a key setting in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's 1892 Sherlock Holmes short story "The Adventure of the Naval Treaty."

Douglas Adams defined 'Woking' in The Deeper Meaning of Liff as: Standing in the kitchen wondering what you came in here for.

In music, "Town Called Malice" was written about Woking by Paul Weller and recorded by his band The Jam. The song reached No. 1 in the UK Charts.[61]

Woking station was used as the filming location for the 2014 BBC drama The 7.39 although there is no other connection with the town.[62]

Landmarks

The tallest buildings in Woking are Victoria Square Tower 1 and Tower 2 at 104 m (341 ft) and 98 m (322 ft) respectively.[63] Export House, the previous title holder, is known locally as 'The BAT Building' (Pronounced 'B-A-T'), from the initials of its first tenant, British American Tobacco.[64] It is 73 metres (240 ft) tall,[65] and has peregrine falcons nesting on top.[64]

Historical monument

Monument Road runs from the far end of Maybury Road to the Addlestone Road, and lies just inside the Woking side of the Woking-Sheerwater boundary. It is commonly thought to be so named because of the Muslim Burial Ground established for Muslim Indian soldiers who died in the service of the British Empire in the First World War of 1914–1918. The cemetery no longer contains graves, the corpses having been interred in the cemetery close to the mosque, however the walls, entrance and corner towers of the cemetery still remain intact, and they bear a clearly oriental Indian style. It is set well back from the road and remained hidden until surrounding woods and shrubbery were pruned and thinned.

Monument Way is probably a reference to a much earlier structure in the area that was destroyed by natural causes in the mid-1800s:

"Early in the 17th century Sir Edward Zouch obtained the Manor of Woking and gained permission to demolish the old palace site. He used some of the material to build a new house – Hoe Place (now a private school) – with some of the Tudor bricks apparently being used in buildings such as The Old House in OLD WOKING and 'The Monument' – a tower that once stood on the hill where the Hoe Bridge Golf Course is today. It was Sir Edward's grandson, Sir James Zouch, who obtained the Market Charter for Woking in 1661, with the Market House (opposite the entrance to Church Street) being built in 1665."[66]

Transport

Rail

Woking railway station, (south, platform 5, side)

Woking railway station is on the Alton, Portsmouth, South West and West of England Main Linea. There are frequent trains to and from London Waterloo, a journey taking approximately 25–30 minutes. There is also a twice hourly Waterloo to Woking all stations service.

Gatwick Airport can be accessed via Guildford or Clapham Junction. Heathrow Airport has no direct train services from the south west of England, so a RailAir coach service operates between Woking and Heathrow.

A canopy costing £2.8 million was built between the station and the main shopping area of the town. It was approximately 34 metres (112 ft) in length and 22.5 metres (74 ft) in width, stretching from the railway station entrance (town, platform 1, side) to Albion House. The project included landscaping and the provision of a new way to the town from the railway station.[67] This canopy has since been removed.

The Rail Accident Investigation Branch has one of its two operational centres in Woking.[68][69]

Roads

Woking is accessible from the M25 motorway (junction 11), the M3 motorway (junction 3) and the A3.

The main access road is the A320 between Guildford and Staines, which passes through the town centre and connects to the M25 to the north near St Peter's Hospital, close to its M3 junction, and to the A3 to the south at Guildford; further roads connect the west and east parts of the borough respectively to the M3 and A3.

Bus and coach

A RailAir coach service is run by National Express, connecting Woking railway station and Heathrow Airport, in the absence of a direct train link to Heathrow.[70] The bus services in Woking are mainly operated by Arriva Southern Counties, Falcon Coaches, Stagecoach South and White Bus Services.[71]

Canal

The Basingstoke Canal, completed in 1794, passes through the north of the town and is crossed by several footbridges and road bridges. The canal underwent restoration in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s with the restoration completed on 10 May 1991.

River and navigation

The River Wey and Wey Navigation run through the Borough of Woking.

Education

Primary schools

Infant and junior schools in the area include Barnsbury Primary School, Beaufort Primary School, Bisley C of E (Aided) Primary School, Broadmere Primary School, Goldsworth Primary School, Greenfield School, Hoe Bridge School, Horsell C of E (Aided) Junior School, Horsell Village School, ISL Surrey, Kingfield School, Knaphill Junior School, Knaphill Lower School, Maybury Primary School, New Monument Primary, Pyrford C of E (Aided) Primary School, St Dunstan's Catholic Primary School, St Hugh of Lincoln Catholic Primary School, St John's Primary School, St. Andrew's School, Sythwood Primary School, The Hermitage Junior School, The Oaktree School and Westfield Primary School.

Secondary schools

Secondary schools in the area include: Hoe Valley School, Bishop David Brown School, Gordon's School, St John the Baptist School, The Winston Churchill School, Woking High School and Fullbrook School.

Other schools

Woking College is in Old Woking and provides post-16 education. There are also Private (Independent) Schools.

The Surrey campus of the International School of London is in Woking.[72] This is an independent school for local and international boys and girls aged 2–11. There are several private preparatory schools in Woking: Hoe Bridge, St Andrew's, Greenfield, Oakfield School and Ripley Court are all mixed, while Halstead School is girls only.

Woking used to be home to the Oriental Institute until 1899.

Sport

Football

(c) P L Chadwick, CC BY-SA 2.0
Kingfield Stadium, the home ground of Woking FC

Woking F.C. competes in the National League (tier 5) for the 2021/22 season. The Borough also supports three clubs playing in the lower echelons of the non-league football system, including Westfield FC, Sheerwater FC and Knaphill FC.

Hockey

Woking Hockey Club women's first XI compete in the English Hockey League Women's League 1 (tier 2); the men's first XI compete in a regional league. The club has two AstroTurf pitches next to a clubhouse based in Goldsworth Park.

Cricket

Woking also has a number of cricket clubs including Old Woking CC, Woking & Horsell CC, and Westfield CC.

It is also home to Pyrford Cricket Club. Founded in 1858, Pyrford is one of the oldest cricket clubs in Surrey.

Swimming

Woking also has a successful competitive swimming club based at Pool in the Park, in Woking Park.

Rugby

Woking is home to Chobham Rugby Club.

Public services

Woking comes under North West Surrey CCG administered and run by the NHS. Fifteen GP practices, together with Woking Community Hospital,[73] serve the local residents' primary healthcare needs. This includes the hospital's walk-in centre but the hospital mostly works in the areas of community rehabilitation and neuro-rehabilitation in the Ted Bradley Unit. For about 35 years from 1950, Woking had its own hospital, the Victoria Hospital, with maternity and A&E amongst other departments, abutting Victoria Way, Chobham Road and the Basingstoke Canal. [74] The main hospitals in the area are St. Peter's Hospital, Royal Surrey County Hospital and Frimley Park Hospital. There is also a Village Medical Centre in Send. Nuffield Hospital[75] is Woking's main private healthcare provider.

Woking has a Coroners Court and a police station, which is housed in a former school. In the area there are smaller police stations.

Media

Woking is served by two local newspapers: the Woking News and Mail, and the Woking Advertiser. It also has a community radio station: Radio Woking.

Notable people

ImageNameResidence PeriodNotes
Michael Axworthy-Academic, historian and commentator with special interest in Iran[76]
Lady Margaret Beaufort
Lady Margaret BeaufortMother of King Henry VII, lived in Woking Palace for 5 years[77]
Sir Alec BedserSurrey County and England Cricketer[77]
Eric BedserSurrey County Cricketer[77]
Richard BensonSinger and guitarist born at Woking
Martin BirchRock music producer/engineer for Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, Iron Maiden (1948)[77]
Rick Bucklerdrummer with The Jam, (1955)[77]
James Cracknell
James CracknellOlympic rower, from Pyrford[77]
Claire Darke
Claire DarkeThe 161st Mayor of Wolverhampton, grew up in Woking
Peter Davison
Peter Davisonactor, former lead in Doctor Who attended The Winston Churchill School (Woking)[77]
Ron Dennis
Ron DennisCEO/Chairman of the McLaren Group[77]
Susie Dent
Susie Denta lexicographer and the dictionary expert on Countdown[78]
Ben Charles Edwards
Ben Charles Edwardsphotographer/filmmaker[79]
Bruce Foxton
Bruce Foxtonbass player with The Jam, (1955)[77]
John Paul Getty
John Paul GettyLived in Sutton Green[77]
Robert Freke Gould
Robert Freke GouldSoldier, barrister and historian of Freemasonry[80]
Derek Griffithschildren's entertainer, born in Woking[77]
Lady Emma Hamilton
Lady Emma Hamiltonlover of Horatio Nelson. Hamilton lived in Pyrford[77]
Harry Hill
Harry Hillcomedian, was born in Woking (1964)[77]
Bob Hillerformer England international rugby union player, was born in Woking (1942)[81]
Brian HooperOlympic pole vaulter[77]
Chris Ingram
Chris IngramBusinessman, Entrepreneur and Former Chairman of Woking F.C.
Albert Jack
Albert JackBestselling author from Winston Churchill School
Kazuo Ishiguro
Kazuo Ishiguronovelist[77]
Adelina de Lara
Adelina de Laraconcert pianist, lived and worked in Woking.[77]
Rowland Leecomposer, pianist, conductor and music arranger born in Woking (1960), attended Sheerwater Secondary School, Woking Boys Grammar School and Woking VI Form College.[77]
Sean Lock
Sean Lockcomedian, was born in Woking (1963)[77]
Liz Lynne
Liz LynneLiberal Democrat politician[82]
Ian Ogilvy
Ian Ogilvyactor, 1943[83]
Rick Parfitt
Rick Parfittguitarist for Status Quo went to school in Sheerwater and has family in the area,[77]
Delia Smith
Delia Smithbest-selling cook was born in Woking[77]
Ethel Smyth
Ethel Smythcomposer and the first woman suffragette[77]
The Spice Girls
The Spice Girlspop group, started their careers at a Knaphill studio[77]
David Sproxton
David Sproxtonco-founder of Aardman Animations, attended Woking Grammar school[77]
Laurretta SummerscalesBallerina, principal dancer with Bayerisches Staatsballett in Munich and formerly with the English National Ballet, grew up in Woking[84]
Alan Turingmathematician, Cremated & ashes were scattered in Woking
Tony Wakefordneo-folk musician, co-founder of Death in June, founder and vocalist of Sol Invictus, & L'Orchestre Noir[77]
Paul Weller
Paul Wellerguitarist and singer-songwriter, The Style Council, The Jam. "Town Called Malice", which was written by Paul Weller and recorded by his band, The Jam, is about Woking. The song reached No. 1 in the UK Charts.[77]
H. G. Wells
H. G. Wellsauthor who used the town as a setting for his novel The War of the Worlds and was staying in the town when he wrote it. A large sculpture of a (Wellsian) Martian Fighting Machine (above) was installed in the town centre to commemorate Woking's links with the story.[60][85]
Matt Willis
Matt Willismusician, singer-songwriter, television presenter and actor, who was a founding member of pop rock band Busted and was the winner of I'm A Celebrity... in 2006, lived in Woking and attended Woking High School[77]
Iain MorrisCo-Writer of The Inbetweeners, born in Woking[77]
Ken Woodfounded the Kenwood company in Woking[77]
Tom Misonactor[86]
Sam Underwoodactor[87]
Jentinarapper

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The LNC earned additional revenue from golfers disguised as mourners taking advantage of the Necropolis Railway's fixed cheap fares to travel from London to the golf course, a practice which was tacitly accepted by the LNC. How the golfers concealed their equipment while travelling is not recorded.[27][28]

References

  1. ^ "Borough Boundary Review Council Size Submission" (PDF). The Local Government Boundary Commission for England. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Woking Built-up area sub division (1119885007)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Hot Spot: Woking". The Independent. London. 14 April 2004. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Surrey County Council census data" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  5. ^ Birch, W. de Grey, Cartularium Saxonicum, 3 vols., London, 1885–93, no.133.
  6. ^ Domesday Book. 1086. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Woking's crematorium and cemeteries". Woking Borough Council Website. Woking Borough Council. Archived from the original on 8 June 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  8. ^ Ahmad, Nasir. "Dr. Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner (1840–1899) Builder of the Shah Jehan Mosque, and founder of the Oriental Institute, at Woking, Surrey, England". Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at Islam Lahore (U.K.). Archived from the original on 27 August 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
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Further reading

External links

Media files used on this page

Surrey UK location map.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of Surrey, UK with the following information shown:

  • Administrative borders
  • Coastline, lakes and rivers
  • Roads and railways
  • Urban areas

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%

Geographic limits:

  • West: 0.87W
  • East: 0.08E
  • North: 51.50N
  • South: 51.05N
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Flag of the United Kingdom, Union Jack or Union Flag in a 1:2 ratio (typical on British warships and also the rank flag of an admiral of the fleet).
Flag of Ireland.svg
Note that the green portion of the flag was designed to represent the majority Catholic residents of the island, the orange side the minority Protestant and the white middle part peace and harmony between them.
Flag of Italy.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Flag of India.svg
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Flag of the United States.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Flag of Australia (converted).svg

Flag of Australia, when congruence with this colour chart is required (i.e. when a "less bright" version is needed).

See Flag of Australia.svg for main file information.
Woking UK locator map.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Locator map of the Borough of Woking (red) — in Surrey, England.

  • Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%
The Great War monument, Jubilee Square, Woking England.jpg
Author/Creator: Zorro2212, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The Great War monument, Jubilee Square, Woking England
Spice Girls (6 janv) 56.jpg
Author/Creator: Kura.kun, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Spice Girls at the O, Victoria Beckham, Melanie C, Melanie B, Emma Bunton and Geri Halliwell
Susie Dent.png
Author/Creator: Paul Zenon, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Susie Dent, lexicografa de Countdown
AJTemple2.jpg
Author/Creator: WorldNationMedia, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Albert Jack in Bangkok
WokingStation.jpg
The southern exterior of en:Woking railway station, en:Woking, en:Surrey, UK. Photo taken by me 2005-08-21.
Sean lock the hexagon 08.jpg
Author/Creator: Ghiacand, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Sean Lock performing at The Hexagon in Reading, Berkshire in 2008
03-Robert-Freke-Gould.jpg
Robert Freke Gould
Matt Willis.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Shah Jahan Mosque TQ0159 214.jpg
Author/Creator: RHaworth, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Shah Jahan Mosque, Woking, Surrey. See Muslim heritage page on Woking borough website.
Jamescracknell.jpg
Author/Creator: Brian Minkoff-London Pixels, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
James Cracknell,London Aug 2009
Lady Margaret Beaufort.jpg
Portrait of Lady Margaret Beaufort
David Sproxton.jpg
Author/Creator: Boungawa, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
David Sproxton au festival international du film d'animation d'Annecy 2016
Pond and sandpit, Horsell Common - site for "The War of the Worlds" - geograph.org.uk - 168459.jpg
(c) David Hawgood, CC BY-SA 2.0
Pond and sandpit, Horsell Common - site for "The War of the Worlds" In "The War of the Worlds" by H.G. Wells, a "shooting star" falls.

“It’s out on Horsell Common now.” “Good Lord!” said Henderson. “Fallen meteorite! That’s good.”

“But it’s something more than a meteorite. It’s a cylinder --an artificial cylinder, man! And there’s something inside.”
Ben-Charles-Edwards-In-Film-Noir.jpg
Author/Creator: Bce001, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ben Charles Edwards taken on the set of 'The Actress'
J Paul Getty crop.jpg
J. Paul Getty, crop
Ian Ogilvy.jpg
(c) en:User:Ianogilvy, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Photo of Ian Ogilvy, 2007
New Victoria Theatre, Woking.jpg
Author/Creator: Murgatroyd49, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Exterior of the New Victoria Theatre, Woking
Rick-parfitt-2007-07-18-orebro.jpg
Author/Creator: Håkan Henriksson (Narking), Licence: CC BY 3.0
Rick Parfitt in Brunnsparken, Örebro, Sweden
Claire Darke Mayor.jpg
Author/Creator: Qetuadgjzcbm, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Claire Darke with portrait of Elizabeth II in the background
Ron dennis 2000Monaco.jpg
Author/Creator: Tristram Biggs, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Ron Dennis at the 2000 Monaco Grand Prix
Lightbox gallery, Woking.jpg
Author/Creator: Murgatroyd49, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Lightbox art gallery, Woking
The Wanderer by Sean Henry.jpg
Author/Creator: Murgatroyd49, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The Wanderer by Sean Henry, Albion Square, Woking
Bruce Foxton.jpg
Author/Creator: Brendan Murphy, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Bruce Foxton of the Jam at Glasgow Carling Academy in 2007
Liz Lynne MEP at Bournemouth.jpg
Author/Creator: Keith Edkins, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Liz Lynne MEP addressing a Liberal Democrat conference in the Bournemouth International Centre
Horsell church - geograph.org.uk - 45606.jpg
(c) Ron Strutt, CC BY-SA 2.0
Lychgate and west tower of St Mary the Virgin parish church, Horsell, Surrey, seen from the northwest
Paul Weller 4.jpg
Author/Creator: Zil, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Concert de Paul Weller le 4/09/08 au Paradiso à Amsterdam
Kingfield Stadium - geograph-1779642.jpg
(c) P L Chadwick, CC BY-SA 2.0
Woking Football Club - ground and Leslie Gosden Stand
Woking Palace, near Old Woking - geograph.org.uk - 40278.jpg
(c) Ron Strutt, CC BY-SA 2.0
Woking Palace, near Old Woking. The remains of Woking Palace. The palace was the home of Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII. He and his son, Henry VIII, were frequent visitors and extended the buildings. Little now remains however.
Hook Heath - geograph.org.uk - 45763.jpg
(c) Ron Strutt, CC BY-SA 2.0
Hook Heath. Hook Heath is covered in large houses, taking advantage of the raised elevation which offers views towards the North Downs. This is one of the more substantial ones.
ChrisIngram.jpg
Author/Creator: Mattpegg1, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Business Entreprenuer Chris Ingram
Woking tripod.JPG
Author/Creator: Warofdreams, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
A sculpture (by Michael Condron) of a Martian tripod from H. G. Wells' War of the Worlds, in Woking, Surrey.
Ethel Smyth.jpg
English composer and suffragette Ethel Smyth (1858-1944)
Harry Hill (crop).jpg
Author/Creator: phil chappell, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Harry Hill in Putney with The Caterers in 2006.
Kazuo Ishiguro by Kubik.JPG
Author/Creator: Mariusz Kubik, http://www.mariuszkubik.pl, Licence: CC BY 2.5
Kazuo Ishiguro (b. 1954), British writer
10.14.12PeterDavisonByLuigiNovi.jpg
(c) Luigi Novi, CC BY 3.0
Actor Peter Davison on Day 4 of the 2012 New York Comic Con, Sunday October 14, 2012 at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in Manhattan.

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Adelina de Lara 1900.jpg
Adelina de Lara (1872–1961), British pianist and composer