Welwyn Roman Baths

Welwyn Roman Baths
Welwyn Roman baths 02.jpg
Photograph of the baths.
Welwyn Roman Baths is located in Hertfordshire
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0
Welwyn Roman Baths
Shown within Hertfordshire
Welwyn Roman Baths (the United Kingdom)
Welwyn Roman Baths is located in Europe
Welwyn Roman Baths
Welwyn Roman Baths (Europe)
LocationWelwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England
Coordinates51°49′40″N 0°12′29″W / 51.8277°N 0.2081°W / 51.8277; -0.2081Coordinates:51°49′40″N 0°12′29″W / 51.8277°N 0.2081°W / 51.8277; -0.2081
TypeRoman
History
PeriodsRoman Empire

The Welwyn Roman Baths are a Roman ruin preserved under the A1(M) just north of modern-day Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England. The baths were a small part of the Dicket Mead villa, which was originally built in the 3rd century AD.

The village of Welwyn has been described as being the site of a Romano-British settlement, where a Roman road crossed the river Mimram.[1] There was another Roman villa near Welwyn on the Lockleys estate.

The full extent of the Dicket Mead villa was never fully excavated prior to the construction of the motorway, but the baths were only one of at least four buildings in total. The complex was probably part of a farm. It has been speculated that it might have been at least in part the equivalent of a hotel, lying as it does near Roman roads.

The ruins were uncovered in 1960 by local archaeologist Tony Rook, and the baths were gradually uncovered over the following 10 years by excavation. Shortly after the excavation was completed, the Ministry of Transport announced the route of a new motorway, straight over the top of the excavation.

Access

Eventually arrangements were made whereby a steel vault would be built over the top of the baths with an access tunnel for the public. Once the vault was completed the motorway was built over the top of it, and the remains of the baths sit 9 metres below junction 6. Only about half of the original extent of the baths is now on display. Visible parts remaining include the hypocaust, the tepidarium (warm room), caldarium (hot room) and the frigidarium (cold room) floor and cold bath, constructed from opus signinum.

Once the vault was finished, the bulk of the remaining parts of the Dicket Mead villa were covered over by the roadworks. Archaeological material from the site is stored at Mill Green Museum, part of Welwyn Hatfield Museum Service, which also operates the baths. This stored material can be inspected by contacting the curator.

Images

See also

  • List of Roman public baths

References

  1. ^ "Roman Britain - Organisation".

External links


Media files used on this page

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Author/Creator: Edgars2007, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Archaeological site icon
Europe blank laea location map.svg
Author/Creator: Alexrk2, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map Europe; Political with state boundaries; Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection
Hertfordshire UK location map.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of Hertfordshire, UK with the following information shown:

  • Administrative borders
  • Coastline, lakes and rivers
  • Roads and railways
  • Urban areas

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%

Geographic limits:

  • West: 0.80W
  • East: 0.35E
  • North: 52.09N
  • South: 51.59N
Wroxeter baths, 2010.jpg
Author/Creator: stephen jones from uk, Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Roman baths at Wroxeter
Welwyn Roman baths 02.jpg
Photograph of Welwyn Roman baths (May 2007)
Welwyn Roman baths 01.jpg
Photograph of Welwyn Roman baths (taken May 2007)
Welwyn Roman baths 004.jpg
Welwyn Roman baths (Photograph May 2007)
Welwyn Roman baths 005A.jpg
Welwyn Roman baths (Photograph May 2007)
Welwyn Roman baths 003.jpg
Photograph of Welwyn Roman baths (May 2007)
Dolphin mosaic.JPG
The dolphin mosaic at Fishbourne Roman Palace, West Sussex, England.
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(c) Karte: NordNordWest, Lizenz: Creative Commons by-sa-3.0 de
Location map of the United Kingdom