Warm Springs, Georgia

Warm Springs, Georgia
Broad Street in Warm Springs
Broad Street in Warm Springs
Location in Meriwether County and the state of Georgia
Location in Meriwether County and the state of Georgia
Warm Springs is located in Georgia
Warm Springs
Warm Springs
Location of Warm Springs in Georgia and in the US
Warm Springs is located in the United States
Warm Springs
Warm Springs
Warm Springs (the United States)
Coordinates:32°53′19″N 84°40′48″W / 32.88861°N 84.68000°W / 32.88861; -84.68000Coordinates:32°53′19″N 84°40′48″W / 32.88861°N 84.68000°W / 32.88861; -84.68000
Country United States
State Georgia
 • Total1.53 sq mi (3.98 km2)
 • Land1.50 sq mi (3.89 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
930 ft (280 m)
 • Total465
 • Density309.79/sq mi (119.62/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code706
FIPS code13-80480[2]
GNIS feature ID0324851[3]

Warm Springs is a city in Meriwether County, Georgia, United States. The population was 425 at the 2010 census.


Warm Springs, originally named Bullochville (after the Bulloch family, which began after Stephen Bullock moved to Meriwether County in 1806 from Edgecombe County, North Carolina), first came to prominence in the 19th century as a spa town, because of its mineral springs which flow constantly at nearly 90 °F (32 °C). Residents of Georgia, particularly Savannah, began spending vacations at Bullochville in the late 18th century as a way to escape yellow fever, finding the number of warm springs in the vicinity of Bullochville very attractive. In the late 19th century traveling to the warm springs was a way to escape the city (in this case Atlanta) for a short while. Traveling by railroad to Durand, visitors would then go to Bullochville. One of the places benefiting from this was the Meriwether Inn. Once the automobile became popular in the early 20th century, tourists began going elsewhere, starting the decline of the inn.[4][5]

In 1921, Franklin Roosevelt contracted a paralytic illness, diagnosed at the time as poliomyelitis (later thought in a 2003 peer-reviewed retrospective study to be Guillain–Barré syndrome[6]). He tried to regain strength in his legs by bathing and exercising in the warm water. His first time in Warm Springs was October 1924. He went to a resort in the town whose attraction was a permanent 88 °F (31 °C) natural spring. He was a constant visitor for two decades, and renamed the town from Bullochville to Warm Springs.

Roosevelt had a cottage built in 1932 that became famous as the Little White House, where he vacationed while president, because of his paralytic illness. He died there in 1945 and it is now a public museum.

The town is still home to the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation (Roosevelt's former polio hospital), which remains a world-renowned comprehensive rehabilitation center including a physical rehabilitation hospital and vocational rehabilitation unit. Thomas M. Humphrey was one of the children treated for polio at the Institute during the 1940s. The springs are not available for public use as a bath/spa resort, but they are used by the Roosevelt Institute for therapeutic purposes.


Warm Springs is located at32°53′19″N 84°40′48″W / 32.88861°N 84.68000°W / 32.88861; -84.68000 (32.888689, −84.680089).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), of which 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) is land and 0.83% is water.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 485 people, 172 households, and 107 families residing in the city. The population density was 409.7 people per square mile (158.7/km2). There were 208 housing units at an average density of 175.7 per square mile (68.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.22% White, 31.75% African American, and 1.03% from two or more races.

There were 172 households, out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.3% were married couples living together, 25.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 28.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 62.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 57.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,547, and the median income for a family was $29,950. Males had a median income of $24,422 versus $13,110 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,872. About 14.7% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • After graduating from John H. Francis Polytechnic High School, Cosmopolitan editor Helen Gurley Brown and her family moved to Warm Springs.[9]
  • George W. Jenkins, founder of Publix, was born in Warm Springs.
  • Philanthropist George Foster Peabody retired in Warm Springs.
  • Cpl. Maoma L. Ridings was from Warm Springs. She was a WAC stationed at Camp Atterbury, and was murdered August 28, 1943, in Room 729 of the Claypool Hotel in Downtown Indianapolis. Her murder was never solved,[10] and made national news because she had once been a nurse to President Roosevelt on his visits to Warm Springs.[11]
  • US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt lived in the Little White House in Warm Springs while he was not in Washington or at his residence in Hyde Park, New York. He also died there.



  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ Georgia State Parks – History
  5. ^ Warm Springs Historic District NRHP nomination form
  6. ^ Goldman AS, Schmalstieg EJ, Freeman DH, Goldman DA, Schmalstieg FC (2003). "What was the cause of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's paralytic illness?" (PDF). Journal of Medical Biography. 11 (4): 232–40. doi:10.1177/096777200301100412. PMID 14562158. S2CID 39957366. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ Scanlon, Jennifer (2009). Toff, Nancy (ed.). Bad Girls Go Everywhere: The Life of Helen Gurley Brown. Oxford University Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-19-534205-5.
  10. ^ "'The WAC Murder' still unsolved 70 years later". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
  11. ^ Waters, Robert (October 11, 2013). "10 Brutal Murders on the Home Front during World War II". Retrieved October 23, 2013.

Relevant literature

  • Harmon, Martin. 2014 The Warm Springs Story: Legacy and Legend. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.

External links

Media files used on this page

Usa edcp location map.svg
Author/Creator: Uwe Dedering, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (without Hawaii and Alaska).

Central parallel:

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian:

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @ naturalearthdata.com.

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
Flag of the United States.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Oakland Plantation Inn; Warm Springs, GA.JPG
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This is a photo of the Oakland Plantation Inn in Warm Springs, GA.
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
This is a photo of the historic district of Warm Springs, GA formerly "Bullochville" hence the sign. It was taken by me, Rivers Langley.
Broad Street, Warm Springs, Georgia..JPG
Author/Creator: Gaexplorer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Broad Street, Warm Springs, Georgia. Photo by Brian P. Roslund.
Little White House HIstoric Site.jpg
Author/Creator: Jim Clark, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Little White House Historic Site in Warm Springs (Georgia)
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
This is a photo of Broad Street in Warm Springs, Georgia, USA. It was taken by me, Rivers Langley.
Georgia Hall Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation.JPG
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
This is a photo of Georgia Hall at the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation. It was taken by me, Rivers Langley.
USA Georgia location map.svg
Author/Creator: Alexrk2, Licence: CC BY 3.0
This map was created with GeoTools.
Benjamin F. Bulloch House; Warm Springs, GA.JPG
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This is a photograph of the Benjamin F. Bulloch House in Warm Springs, GA
Bulloch Family House; Warm Springs, GA.JPG
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This is a photo of the Bulloch Family House in Warm Springs, GA.
Polio Hall of Fame.jpg
The bronze Busts in the Polio Hall of Fame
Meriwether County Georgia Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Warm Springs Highlighted.svg
Author/Creator: Arkyan, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
This map shows the incorporated and unincorporated areas in Meriwether County, Georgia, highlighting Warm Springs in red. It was created with a custom script with US Census Bureau data and modified with Inkscape.
Eleanor Roosevelt School; Warm Springs, GA.JPG
Author/Creator: Saverivers, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This is a photo of the Eleanor Roosevelt School in Warm Springs, GA.