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Waffle fabric, also known as honeycomb fabric, has raised threads that form small rectangles. It can be made by either weaving or knitting. Waffle weave is a further exploitation of plain weave and twill weave which produces a three-dimensional effect. The combination of warp and weft floats creates the structure. It is woven partly on tabby areas surrounded by ridges of long floats. The weave consists of warp and weft floats arranged around a plain weave center. The warp and weft threads are interlaced and floating in a way that creates small square ridges and hollows in the fabric in a regular pattern.
Waffle fabric can also be made on a double jersey knitting machine by selecting the needle position for knitting and tucking the loops for the formation of the structure similar to floating warps and weft in weaving. The knitted waffle can be produced in two variants big waffle and mini waffle, it is also known as thermal fabric. 
The "face" is a weaver's term that refers to whether the warp or weft dominates the fabric. The three-dimensional face/texture of waffle make it more absorbent and a useful fabric. Waffle fabric is usually made of cotton or microfibre and is woven in a way that makes it very absorbent. The waffle weave also allows air to flow through the fabric so that it dries quickly. Waffle fabrics are made in a range of weights.
- Phyllis G. Tortora, Ingrid Johnson (2013). The Fairchild Books Dictionary of Textiles. p. 292. ISBN 9781609015350.
- Purushothama, B. (30 June 2016). Handbook on Fabric Manufacturing. New Delhi: Woodhead. p. 153. ISBN 9789385059162.
- Chandler, Deborah (1995). Learning to Weave. Loveland, Col.: Interweave Press. pp. 146–149. ISBN 9781883010034.
- Zieman, Nancy (2013). Sew Knits with Confidence. ISBN 9781440230332.
- Mitchell, Syne (2015). Inventive Weaving on a Little Loom: Discover the Full Potential of the Rigid-Heddle Loom, for Beginners and Beyond. North Adams, Mass.: Storey Publishing. p. 32. ISBN 9781603429726.
- Blizzard, Vicki (2003). Fabulous Fabric. Berne, Indiana: House of White Birches. p. 61. ISBN 9781592170173.
Media files used on this page
Author/Creator: CC BY-SA 2.5
A representation of the Maclachlan hunting tartan. This tartan is the oldest tartan to bear the name MacLachlan. This tartan is referred to as the Old MacLachlan, MacLachlan, and Hunting MacLachlan. This sett was first published in Old & Rare Scottish Tartans by D. W. Stewart in 1893.
Thread count: Y6, W4, Bk32, G32, Y6, W4, R48.
Sources: MacLachlan Clan Tartan WR1710 MacLachlan Hunting Tartan