Valka

Valka
Town
Lugaži Lutheran Church in Valka.
Lugaži Lutheran Church in Valka.
Flag of Valka
Coat of arms of Valka
Motto(s): 
1 pilsēta, 2 valstis (1 city, 2 countries)
Location in Latvia
Coordinates:57°46′N 26°0′E / 57.767°N 26.000°E / 57.767; 26.000Coordinates:57°46′N 26°0′E / 57.767°N 26.000°E / 57.767; 26.000
Country Latvia
MunicipalityValka Municipality
Town rights1584
Government
 • MayorVents Armands Krauklis
Area
 • Town14.26 km2 (5.51 sq mi)
 • Land13.98 km2 (5.40 sq mi)
 • Water0.28 km2 (0.11 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • Town4,510
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
 • Metro
19,500 in Valga-Valka
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
LV-470(1-2)
Calling code+371 647
Number of municipality council members15

Valka (About this soundpronunciation ; German: Walk) is a town and municipality in northern Latvia, on the border with Estonia along both banks of the river Pedele.

Valka and the Estonian town Valga are twins, separated by the Estonian/Latvian border but using the slogan "One Town, Two Countries". The border dividing the Livonian town of Walk was marked out in 1920 by an international jury headed by British Colonel Stephen George Tallents. With the expansion of the Schengen Agreement and abolition of the Estonian/Latvian border in 2007, it was announced that common public bus transport would be established between Valka and Valga.[3] Also, all border crossing-points were removed and roads and fences opened. In 2016 it was announced that due to better welfare and higher salaries in Estonia, many Valka inhabitants have registered themselves as inhabitants of Valga.[4]

History

The town of Walk (in German) was first mentioned in 1286 and from 1419 was the seat of the Landtag of the Livonian Confederation. City rights were granted by the Polish-Lithuanian king Stefan Batory in 1584. However, the town gained its importance only at the end of the 19th century when the Vidzeme teacher's seminary was operating here, and the important railway junction was developed. Furthermore, the first narrow-gauge railway line in the territory of modern Latvia was stretched from Valka to Estonian city of Pärnu.

On November 15, 1917, the decision to proclaim the independent Republic of Latvia was made in Valka. The red-white-red flag of Latvia was raised here for the first time. On July 1, 1920, the town was divided between the newly born Latvian and Estonian states.

Education

There is one primary school and a gymnasium in Valka. The Institute of Latvia-Estonia provides further education.

Notable people

  • Jānis Cimze (1814–1881), pedagogue, founder of Vidzeme teacher's seminary - first higher education institution in Latvia's territory
  • Aigars Fadejevs (born 1975), Olympic race-walker, winner of silver medal at Olympic Games of 2000 in Sydney
  • Vents Armands Krauklis (born 1964), musician, politician, former mayor of Valka city (2001–2006), member of Saeima (2006-2010), current mayor of Valka municipality
  • Roberts Ķīlis (born 1968), social anthropologist, former Minister of Education and Science (2011-2013)
  • Pavel Loskutov (born 1969), Estonian long-distance runner
  • Gatis Smukulis (born 1987), road bicycle racer
  • Andris Vilks (born 1963), former Minister of Finance (2009-2014)
  • Arturs Neikšāns (born 1983), Latvian chess player, commentator, and coach, multiple-time Latvian champion.

Twin towns — sister cities

Valka is twinned with:[5]

  • Belarus Braslaw, Belarus
  • Turkey Çamlıyayla, Turkey
  • Israel I'billin, Israel
  • Georgia (country) Kutaisi, Georgia
  • Lithuania Marijampolė, Lithuania
  • Russia Novoye Devyatkino, Russia
  • Estonia Valga, Estonia
  • Spain Valga, Spain

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ https://data.stat.gov.lv/pxweb/lv/OSP_PUB/START__ENV__DR__DRT/DRT010/; Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia; retrieved: 25 February 2021.
  2. ^ https://data.stat.gov.lv/pxweb/lv/OSP_PUB/START__POP__IR__IRS/IRD060/; Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia; retrieved: 15 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Establishment of common public bus transport" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Desmitā daļa Valkas novada iedzīvotāju reģistrējušies Igaunijā, vēsta raidījums".
  5. ^ "Intl. cooperation". valka.lv. Valka. Retrieved 2019-08-31.

External links

Media files used on this page

Flag of Israel.svg
Flag of Israel. Shows a Magen David (“Shield of David”) between two stripes. The Shield of David is a traditional Jewish symbol. The stripes symbolize a Jewish prayer shawl (tallit).
Flag of Estonia.svg
Flag of Estonia 7:11, blue PANTONE 285C.
Flag of Spain.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Valka, Ausekļa iela (4).JPG
Author/Creator: Flying Saucer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Apartment building on Ausekļa iela in Valka, Latvia.
Valka, Semināra iela (1).JPG
Author/Creator: Flying Saucer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Semināra iela in Valka, Latvia.
Flag of Valka.svg
Flag of the city of Valka, Latvia.
Valka, Pedele (2).JPG
Author/Creator: Flying Saucer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Pedele River (lv) in Valka, Latvia.
Coat of Arms of Valka.svg
Coat of arms of the city of Valka, Latvia.
Valka, Rīgas iela (3).JPG
Author/Creator: Flying Saucer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Rīgas iela in Valka, Latvia.
Lv-Valka.ogg
Author/Creator: Xil, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Latvian pronunciation of Latvian city name
Valkas baznīca.jpg
Author/Creator: The original uploader was Kikos at Latvian Wikipedia. (Transfered by Flying Saucer)
J. Sedols, Licence: CC BY 3.0
St. Catherine's Lutheran Church, Valka