Vaccine Maitri

Countries that received doses of the Indian-made Covaxin as of 6 March 2021

Vaccine Maitri (English: Vaccine Friendship)[1] is a humanitarian initiative undertaken by the Indian government to provide COVID-19 vaccines to countries around the world.[2] The government started providing vaccines from 20 January 2021. As of 21 February 2022, India had delivered around 16.29 cror (162.9 million) doses of vaccines to 96 countries.[3] Of these, 1.43 cror (14.3 million) doses were gifted to 48 countries by the Government of India. The remaining 10.71 cror were supplied by the vaccine producers under its commercial and 4.15 cror were supplied by COVAX obligations. In late March 2021, the Government of India temporarily froze exports of the Covishield, citing India's own COVID crisis and the domestic need for these vaccines.[4] The Health Minister of India, Mr. Mansukh Mandaviya announced in September that India will resume the export of vaccines from October to the rest of the world.[5][6]

Oxford AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine (Indian version) 2021 L.jpeg

200,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccines were gifted by India to the UN peacekeepers on 27 March to be distributed to all peacekeeping missions.[7]

Vaccines

A vial of Covishield, the Indian-manufactured version of the AstraZeneca vaccine.
A vial of Covaxin

India has two approved COVID-19 vaccines: Covishield and Covaxin. Both of them were exported and used in foreign grants by the Government of India.

Covishield

On 1 January 2021, the Drug Controller General of India, approved the emergency or conditional use of Covishield.[8] Covishield is developed by the University of Oxford and its spin-out company, Vaccitech.[9]

Covaxin

On 2 January 2021, Covaxin India's first COVID-19 vaccine, developed by Bharat Biotech in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research and National Institute of Virology received approval from the Drug Controller General of India for its emergency or conditional usage.[10]

Vaccine supply

India kicked off international shipment of the vaccines on 20 January 2021, only four days after starting its own vaccination program.[11] Bhutan and Maldives were the first countries to receive vaccines as a grant by India. This was quickly followed by shipments to Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Seychelles.[11] By mid-March 2021, India was also supplying vaccines on a commercial basis to countries including Canada,[12] the UK,[13] and Saudi Arabia.[14]

The Serum Institute of India was selected as a key supplier of cost-effective COVID-19 vaccines to the COVAX initiative,[15] 19.8 million doses of Covishield vaccines were supplied by India to various countries through the initiative.[16]

In May, when COVAX was already short 140 million doses,[17] the Serum Institute announced that it expected to maintain its suspension of vaccine deliveries to COVAX through the end of 2021[18] due to the second wave of COVID-19 in India[19] and the US ban on export of key raw materials.[20]

As of 21 February, 2022, India had exported total 16,29,63,500 doses including 1,42,67,000 vaccine provided as grant, 10,71,48,000 as commercial, and 4,15,48,500 throw COVAX to 96 nations.[3]

CountryTotalGrantCommercialCOVAX
DosesDateDosesDateDosesDate
Bangladesh225.92833.000(20) 21-Jan-21; (12) 26 March 21; (1) 2 April 2021150.008(50) 25-Jan-21; (20) 22-Feb-21; (10) 9 October 2021; 45.006 (01 Dec 2021); (25.002) 07 Dec 202142.920(2.12) 04 Dec 2021; (32.88 ) 06 Dec 2021; (7.92) 14 Dec 2021
Myanmar212.00037.000(15 SII)22-Jan-21; (2 BB) 11-Feb-21; (10 SII) 9 Oct 21, (5 BB) 22 Dec 2021; (5BB) 28 dec 2021175.000(20)11-Feb-21; 1 BB (18 December 2021) ; 67 (27 Dec 2021); 67 (28 Dec 2021); (20 BB) 22 Jan 2022
Nepal94.99011.120(10) 21-Jan-21; (1) 28 March 21; (0.12) 7 October 2120.000(10) 20-Feb-21; (10) 9 Oct 2163.870(3.48)05/03/2021; (7.255) 28 Nov 2021; (9.72) 30 Nov 2021; (6) 07 Dec 2021; 18.71 (14 Dec 2021); (18.705) 18 Dec 2021
Bhutan5.5005.500(1.5) 20-Jan-21; (4) 21 March 21
Maldives3.1202.000(1) 20-Jan-21; (1) 19 Feb-211.00029 March 210.1206 March 21
Mauritius4.0001.00022-Jan-213.000(1 SII) 19-Feb-21; (2 BB) 18 March 21
Seychelles0.5000.50022-Jan-21
Sri Lanka12.6405.00028-Jan-215.00024-Feb-212.6406 March 21
Bahrain1.0001.00028-Jan-21
Brazil40.00040.000(20) 22-Jan-21; (20) 22 Feb-21
Morocoo70.00070.000(20) 22-Jan-21; (40)11 Feb-21; (10) 24 Feb-21
Oman1.0001.00030 -Jan -21
Egypt0.50050030-Jan-21
Algeria0.5000.50031-Jan-21
South Africa10.00010.00031-Jan-21
Kuwait2.0002.00031-Jan-21
UAE2.0002.00002-Feb-21
Afghanistan14.68010.000(5) 7 Feb2021; (5 BB) 31 Dec 20214.6806 March 21
Barbados1.0001.0007 Feb 2021
Dominica0.7000.7007 Feb 2021
Mexico20.30020.300(8.7) 12 Feb-21; (11.6) 05 Feb 2022
Dominican Republic1.4000.30018 Feb 20211.100(0.2)14 Feb-21; (0.9) 16 Jan 2022
Saudi Arabia45.00045.000(30)14 Feb-21; (15) 28 March 21
El Salvador1.1001.000(0.2)15 Feb-21; (0.9) 09 Jan 2022
Argentina5.8005.80016 Feb-21
Serbia1.5001.50020 Feb-21
UN Health workers1.2501.250(1) 21 Feb-21; (0.25) 04 Dec 2021
Mongolia1.5001.50021 Feb-21
Ukraine5.0005.0022 Feb-21
Ghana27.0400.5004 Mar 20210.02010 March 2126.520(6)23 Feb-21; (10.62) 12 Dec 2021; (9.9) 03 Feb 2022
Ivory Coast5.5400.5004 Mar 20215.04025 Feb-21
St. Lucia0.2500.25027 Feb 2021
St. Kitts & Nevis0.2000.20027 Feb 2021
St. Vincent & Grenadines0.4000.40027 Feb 2021
Suriname0.5000.50027 Feb 2021
Antigua & Barbuda0.4000.40027 Feb 2021
DR Congo17.6600.5004 Mar 202117.1601 Mar-21
Angola6.2406.2401 Mar-21
Gambia0.3600.3601 Mar-21
Nigeria97.6601.00025 Mar 202196.660(39.24) 1 Mar-21; (13.98) 08 Jan 2022; (13.98) 11 Jan 2022; (14.73) 15 Jan 2022; (14.73) 18 Jan 2022
Cambodia3.3400.100(0.1 BB) 04 Dec 20213.2402 Mar-21
Kenya11.2001.00010 Mar 202110.2002 Mar-21
Lesotho0.3600.3602 Mar-21
Rwanda7.9000.5004 Mar 20215.000(5) 05 Dec 20212.4002 Mar-21
Sao Tome & Principe0.2400.2402 Mar-21
Senegal3.4900.2504 Mar 20213.2402 Mar-21
Guatemala2.0002.0002 Mar 2021
Canada5.0005.0002 Mar-21
Mali3.9603.9603 Mar-21
Sudan18.36018.360(8.28)3 Mar-21; (10.08) 12 Feb 2022
Liberia0.9600.9604 Mar-21
Malawi4.1000.50012 Mar 20213.6004 Mar-21
Uganda9.6401.0007 Mar 20218.6404 Mar-21
Nicaragua3.3502.0005 Mar 20211.35014 Mar-21
Guyana0.8000.8005 Mar 2021
Jamaica0.5000.5005 Mar 2021
UK50.00050.0005 March-21
Togo1.5601.5605 Mar-21
Djibouti0.2400.2405 Mar-21
Somalia8.4008.400(3)5 Mar-21; (5.4) 19 Dec 2021
Seirra Leone0.9600.9606 Mar-21
Belize0.2500.2507 Mar 2021
Botswana1.3000.3007 Mar 20211.0001 (BB) 20 Dec 2021
Mozambique12.0401.0007 Mar 202111.040(3.84) 7 Mar-21; (7.2) 07 Dec 2021
Ethiopia21.84021.8407 Mar-21
Tajikistan8.9058.905(1.92)8 Mar-21; (6.985)27 Nov 2021
Benin1.4401.4408 Mar-21
Eswatini0.3200.2009 Mar 20210.12011 Mar-21
Bahamas0.2000.20010 Mar 2021
Cape Verde0.2400.2409 Mar-21
Iran11.25010.00010 (BB) 8 Oct 211.250(1.25 BB) 10 March 2021
Uzbekistan7.9596.60015 Mar-21
Solomon Islands0.2401.358750(SL 1.35875 ) 18 Feb 20220.24017 Mar-21
Laos7.2607.260(1.32) 17 Mar-21; (5.94) 16 Feb 2022
Namibia0.3000.30018 Mar 2021
Bolivia2.2802.28018 Mar-21
South Sudan1.3201.32022 Mar-21
Paraguay6.0002.000(1 BB) 26 Mar 2021; (1BB) 22 April, 20214.000(4 BB) 07 Nov 2021
Fiji1.0001.00026 March 2021
UN Peacekeepers2.0002.00027 March 2021
Zimbabwe0.7500.750(0.35 BB ) 28 March 2021; (0.4 BB) 14 Dec 2021
Niger3.8020.25028 March 20213.55212 Apr-21
Palestine0.2500.25029 March-21
Yemen3.6003.60029 Mar-21
Nauru0.1000.1006 April 2021
Trinidad & Tobago0.4000.4009 April 2021
Guinea1.9441.94410 Apr-21
Papua New Guinea1.3201.32010 Apr-21
Guinea Bissau0.2880.28810 Apr-21
Zambia2.2802.28011 Apr-21
Comoros0.1200.12011 Apr-21
Cameroon3.9123.91212 Apr-21
Mauritania0.6960.69612 Apr-21
Albania0.5000.50016 April 2021
Syria2.5682.56816 Apr-21
Indonesia90.08090.080(1.375 COVOVAX) 26 Nov 2021 ;(48.675 Covovax ) 01 Dec 2021; (40.03 COVOVAX) 07 Dec 2021
Australia63.53363.533(31.053 COVOVAX , brand name - NUVAXOVID) 05 Feb 2022; (32.48 COVOVAX , brand name - NUVAXOVID) 09 Feb 2022
Netherlands289.830289.830(30.605 COVOVAX )10 Jan 2022; (32.484 Covovax/Nuvaxovid 18 Jan 2022); (32.405 Covovax/Nuvaxovid 16 Jan 2022); (32.514 Covovax/Nuvaxovid 19 Jan 2022); (32.448 COVOVAX/NUVAXOVID) 23 Jan 2022; (32.381 Covovax/Novaxovid) 25 Jan 2022; (32.254 covovax/nuvaxovid) 27 Jan 2022) ; (32.499 Covovax/Nuvaxovid) 30 Jan 2022; (32.24 Covovax ) 08 Feb 2022

International reaction

International organizations

  • IMF: IMF chief economist Gita Gopinath lauded India for playing a key role during the crisis by dispatching vaccines to many countries. She said "I also want to mention that India really stands out in terms of its vaccine policy. If you look at where exactly is one manufacturing hub for vaccines in the world – that will be India."[21]

Countries

  •  Jamaica[22] of the OACPS has thanked Indian efforts in delivering vaccines to developing and least developed countries.
  •    Nepal Prime minister Khadga Prasad Oli thanked India stating; “We got an early chance to administer the Covid-19 vaccine. For this, I thank our neighbouring nation India, its government, the people, and especially Prime Minister Narendra Modi. They sent 10 lakh doses of vaccines to us as a grant within a week of the roll-out in India.”[23]
  •  St. Lucia on behalf of CARICOM thanked India for providing vaccine supplies to them.[22][24]
  •  Barbados Prime Minister Mia Amor Mottley thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi for the supply of "Made in India" COVID-19 vaccines. She tweeted, "PM Modi made it possible for more than 40,000 persons in Barbados and tens of thousands elsewhere, to receive their 1st dose of COVISHIELD via Vaccine Maitri before receiving his. A genuine demonstration of generosity. Thank you and we wish you continued good health."[25]
  •  Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister Gaston Browne had thanked Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi "for demonstrating an act of benevolence, kindness and empathy", for sending vaccines to Caribbean countries.[26]
  •  Afghanistan Afghanistan's ambassador to India Farid Mamundzay said "Thank you, India for providing Afghan people lifesaving gift on the first day of 2022!"[27]

Leaders who received vaccines provided by India

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vaccine Maitri: Consignment of covid vaccines airlifted for Guyana, Jamaica". mint. 5 March 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Vaccine Maitri: A Sanjeevini for the world". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Ministry of External Affairs – Government of India". Ministry of External Affairs – Government of India.
  4. ^ "Coronavirus: India temporarily halts Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine exports". BBC News. 24 March 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Covid vaccine: India to resume vaccine exports from October". BBC News. 21 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  6. ^ "India Pledges Support To UN To Ensure Syria Gets Covid Vaccines". NDTV.com. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  7. ^ India's 'gift' to UN peacekeepers: 200,000 Covid vaccine doses, Mint, 26 March 2021.
  8. ^ "COVID-19 vaccine Covishield gets approval from DCGI's expert panel". The Hindu. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  9. ^ "AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine authorised for emergency supply in the UK". AstraZeneca. AstraZeneca. 30 December 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Expert panel recommends Bharat Biotech's Covaxin for restricted emergency use". News18. 2 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  11. ^ a b Bhattacherjee, Kallol (20 January 2021). "Coronavirus | India begins COVID-19 vaccine shipment for six countries-IN". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Covid-19: Canada receives 500,000 doses of Covishield vaccine made in India". Hindustan Times. 3 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  13. ^ Acharya, Bhargav (3 March 2021). "UK to receive 10 million AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine doses from India's Serum Institute". Reuters. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  14. ^ Das, Krishna N. (26 January 2021). "Exclusive: Saudi Arabia to get three million AstraZeneca shots in about a week from India". Reuters. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  15. ^ "WHO-led Covax vaccine scheme agrees to new supply deal with Serum Institute of India". The Indian Express. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  16. ^ "Ministry of External Affairs – Government of India". Ministry of External Affairs – Government of India.
  17. ^ Mazumdar, Tulip (17 May 2021). "India's Covid crisis hits Covax vaccine-sharing scheme". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  18. ^ Findlay, Stephanie; Pilling, David (18 May 2021). "Indian vaccine maker extends freeze on export of Covid jabs". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  19. ^ "Covid-19: Has India's deadly second wave peaked?". BBC News. 26 May 2021. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  20. ^ "Why Covid-19 Vaccination in Poorer Nations Has Slowed, Posing Global Risks". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  21. ^ "India 'at forefront' in fighting COVID-19; 'stands out' in vaccine policy, says IMF's Gita Gopinath". Business Today. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  22. ^ a b "African, Caribbean nations support India at WTO on COVID-19 vaccine supplies". The Hindu. 4 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  23. ^ "Nepal PM thanks India for coronavirus vaccines". WION. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  24. ^ "India's 'Vaccine Maitri' initiative earns praise at WTO". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  25. ^ Barbados Prime Minister Thanks PM Modi For Supply Of Covid Vaccines, NDTV, 4 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Vaccine Maitri: Tajikistan, Belize, Jamaica Receive 'Made in India' COVID-19 Vaccines". The Eurasian Times. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  27. ^ https://www.livemint.com/news/india/india-supplies-5-lakh-more-covid-vaccine-covaxin-doses-to-afghanistan-11641195792424.html
  28. ^ "Top Cambodian leaders receive 1st shot of India-made Covid-19 vaccine". Business Standard India. Business Standard. 11 March 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  29. ^ "Nepal PM KP Sharma Oli receives shot of India-made Covishield Covid vaccine". India Today. Retrieved 11 March 2021.

Media files used on this page

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Flag of Jamaica. “The sunshine, the land is green, and the people are strong and bold” is the symbolism of the colours of the flag. GOLD represents the natural wealth and beauty of sunlight; GREEN represents hope and agricultural resources; BLACK represents the strength and creativity of the people. The original symbolism, however, was "Hardships there are, but the land is green, and the sun shineth", where BLACK represented the hardships being faced.
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Mais um lote com 41,5 mil vacinas chegou, na manhã este domingo (24), ao Distrito Federal. Os imunizantes, do tipo AstraZeneca, elaborados em parceria com a Fundação Fiocruz, chegaram ao solo brasiliense por transporte aéreo e já estão acondicionados nas câmeras da Rede de Frio do DF, a temperaturas de 2° a 8°C, conforme orientação do fabricante. Foto: Joel Rodrigues / Agência Brasília
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Author/Creator: Agência Brasília, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Mais um lote com 41,5 mil vacinas chegou, na manhã este domingo (24), ao Distrito Federal. Os imunizantes, do tipo AstraZeneca, elaborados em parceria com a Fundação Fiocruz, chegaram ao solo brasiliense por transporte aéreo e já estão acondicionados nas câmeras da Rede de Frio do DF, a temperaturas de 2° a 8°C, conforme orientação do fabricante. Foto: Joel Rodrigues / Agência Brasília
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India's Gift of 100K COVID-19 Vaccines Arrives Barbados // February 9, 2021
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