United States Secretary of the Interior
|United States Secretary of the Interior|
|United States Department of the Interior|
|Style||Madam Secretary (informal)|
The Honorable (formal)
|Reports to||President of the United States|
|Appointer||President of the United States|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||43 U.S.C. § 1451|
|Formation||March 3, 1849|
|First holder||Thomas Ewing|
|Deputy||United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, Level I|
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. The secretary and the Department of the Interior are responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land along with natural resources, leading such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, Bureau of Indian Affairs and the National Park Service. The secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation Board. The secretary is a member of the United States Cabinet and reports to the president of the United States. The function of the U.S. Department of the Interior is different from that of the interior minister designated in many other countries.
As the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the Western United States, the secretary of the interior has typically come from a western state; only one secretary since 1949, Rogers Morton, was not a resident or native of a state lying west of the Mississippi River.
Line of succession
The line of succession for the secretary of interior is as follows:
- Deputy Secretary of the Interior
- Solicitor of the Interior
- Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget
- Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
- Assistant Secretary for Water and Science
- Assistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife and Parks
- Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
- Director, Security, Safety, and Law Enforcement, Bureau of Reclamation
- Central Region Director, US Geological Survey
- Intermountain Regional Director, National Park Service
- Region 6 (Mountain-Prairie Region) Director, US Fish and Wildlife Service
- Colorado State Director, Bureau of Land Management
- Regional Solicitor, Rocky Mountain Region
List of secretaries of the interior
acting Secretary of the InteriorDenotes
Living former secretaries of the interior
As of November 2022, nine former secretaries of the interior are alive (with all secretaries that have served since 1993 still living), the oldest being Donald P. Hodel (served 1985–1989, born 1935). The most recent and most recently serving to die was Manuel Lujan Jr. (served 1989–1993, born 1928), on April 25, 2019.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|James G. Watt||1981–1983||January 31, 1938|
|Donald P. Hodel||1985–1989||May 23, 1935|
|Bruce E. Babbitt||1993–2001||June 27, 1938|
|Gale A. Norton||2001–2006||March 11, 1954|
|Dirk Kempthorne||2006–2009||October 29, 1951|
|Ken Salazar||2009–2013||March 2, 1955|
|Sally Jewell||2013–2017||February 21, 1956|
|Ryan Zinke||2017–2019||November 1, 1961|
|David Bernhardt||2019–2021||August 17, 1969|
- "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". Legal Information Institute.
- Lowery, Courtney (December 17, 2008). "Salazar, Vilsack: The West's New Land Lords". New West. Archived from the original on December 20, 2008.
- 5 U.S.C. § 5312
- "Salary Table No. 2021-EX: Rates of Basic Pay for the Executive Schedule (EX)" (PDF). United States Office of Personnel Management. January 2021.
- Rott, Nathan (March 15, 2021). "Deb Haaland Confirmed As 1st Native American Interior Secretary". NPR.
- "Chapter 3: Secretarial Succession". Electronic Library of the Interior Policies. September 3, 2004. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- "About Secretary Jewell". U.S. Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Official website
- Utley, Robert M.; Mackintosh, Barry (1989). "The Department of Everything Else: Highlights of Interior History". National Park Service. Archived from the original on March 28, 2006.
Media files used on this page
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior.
Depicted person: John Barton Payne – American politician and judge (1855-1935)
Portrait of United States Secretary of the Interior Caleb Blood Smith.
Franklin Knight Lane, U.S. Secretary of Interior
Deb Haaland, United States Secretary of the Interior under President Biden.
Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.
The seal consists of a male bison with the head and body in a left position, standing on a prairie, with mountains and a rising sun in the background, enclosed within two concentric circles, having the words "U.S. Department of the Interior" and the date "March 3, 1849" (when Congress created the department) inscribed in the top and bottom arcs within these circles. See here for more information.The bison seal dates from 1917, when it was used as the emblem on the initial department flag and thereafter replaced the old version of the seal, which used a federal eagle. The eagle was reinstated for a few years in the 1920s, and a different seal was used from 1968-69, but on both occasions the bison seal was reinstated. For more information see this chapter in The Department of Everything Else: Highlights of Interior History.
Official portrait photograph of Dirk Kempthorne, Secretary of the Interior
Albert Bacon Fall (1861 - 1944), New Mexico senator.
TITLE: Sec. John P Usher, Sec of Interior
CALL NUMBER: LC-B813- 1708 A[P&P]
REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-DIG-cwpb-05570 (b&w copy scan) No known restrictions on publication.
MEDIUM: 1 negative : glass, wet collodion.
CREATED/PUBLISHED: [between 1860 and 1870]
Title from unverified information on negative sleeve.
Forms part of Brady Civil War Photograph Collection (Library of Congress).
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Portrait photographs 1860-1870. Glass negatives 1860-1870.
REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
DIGITAL ID: (b&w scan) cwpb 05570 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpb.05570en:Category:United States history images
Carl Schurz was a German revolutionist and American statesman and reformer. Carl Schurz, half-length portrait, facing right
James Rudolph Garfield U.S. Secretary of Interior
Robert McClelland, c. 1916.
James G. Watt U.S. Secretary of Interior, 1981-1983