United States Secretary of the Interior

United States Secretary of the Interior
Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.svg
Seal of the Department of the Interior
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior.svg
Flag of the Secretary of the Interior
Secretary Deb Haaland, official headshot.jpg
Incumbent
Deb Haaland

since March 16, 2021
United States Department of the Interior
StyleMadam Secretary (informal)
The Honorable (formal)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerPresident of the United States
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument43 U.S.C. § 1451
FormationMarch 3, 1849 (1849-03-03)
First holderThomas Ewing
SuccessionEighth[1]
DeputyUnited States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level I
Websitedoi.gov

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. The secretary and the Department of the Interior are responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land along with natural resources, leading such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, Bureau of Indian Affairs and the National Park Service. The secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation Board. The secretary is a member of the United States Cabinet and reports to the president of the United States. The function of the U.S. Department of the Interior is different from that of the interior minister designated in many other countries.

As the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the Western United States,[2] the secretary of the interior has typically come from a western state; only one secretary since 1949, Rogers Morton, was not a resident or native of a state lying west of the Mississippi River.

Secretary of the Interior is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule,[3] thus earning a salary of US$221,400, as of January 2021.[4]

Following senate confirmation, former U.S. representative Deb Haaland was sworn in as the secretary of the interior, the first Native American to hold the position.[5]

Line of succession

The line of succession for the secretary of interior is as follows:[6]

  1. Deputy Secretary of the Interior
  2. Solicitor of the Interior
  3. Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget
  4. Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
  5. Assistant Secretary for Water and Science
  6. Assistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife and Parks
  7. Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
  8. Director, Security, Safety, and Law Enforcement, Bureau of Reclamation
  9. Central Region Director, US Geological Survey
  10. Intermountain Regional Director, National Park Service
  11. Region 6 (Mountain-Prairie Region) Director, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  12. Colorado State Director, Bureau of Land Management
  13. Regional Solicitor, Rocky Mountain Region

List of secretaries of the interior

Living former secretaries of the interior

As of November 2022, nine former secretaries of the interior are alive (with all secretaries that have served since 1993 still living), the oldest being Donald P. Hodel (served 1985–1989, born 1935). The most recent and most recently serving to die was Manuel Lujan Jr. (served 1989–1993, born 1928), on April 25, 2019.

NameTerm of officeDate of birth (and age)
James G. Watt1981–1983 (1938-01-31) January 31, 1938
Donald P. Hodel1985–1989 (1935-05-23) May 23, 1935
Bruce E. Babbitt1993–2001 (1938-06-27) June 27, 1938
Gale A. Norton2001–2006 (1954-03-11) March 11, 1954
Dirk Kempthorne2006–2009 (1951-10-29) October 29, 1951
Ken Salazar2009–2013 (1955-03-02) March 2, 1955
Sally Jewell2013–2017 (1956-02-21) February 21, 1956
Ryan Zinke2017–2019 (1961-11-01) November 1, 1961
David Bernhardt2019–2021 (1969-08-17) August 17, 1969

References

  1. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". Legal Information Institute.
  2. ^ Lowery, Courtney (December 17, 2008). "Salazar, Vilsack: The West's New Land Lords". New West. Archived from the original on December 20, 2008.
  3. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5312
  4. ^ "Salary Table No. 2021-EX: Rates of Basic Pay for the Executive Schedule (EX)" (PDF). United States Office of Personnel Management. January 2021.
  5. ^ Rott, Nathan (March 15, 2021). "Deb Haaland Confirmed As 1st Native American Interior Secretary". NPR.
  6. ^ "Chapter 3: Secretarial Succession". Electronic Library of the Interior Policies. September 3, 2004. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  7. ^ "About Secretary Jewell". U.S. Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013.

External links

Media files used on this page

Flag of the United States.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Cecil D Andrus.png
Transwiki approved by: w:en:User:Dmcdevit

This image was copied from wikipedia:en. The original description was:

Cecil D. Andrus
U.S. Secretary of the Interior, 1977-1081

Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior.svg
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Interior.
Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg
Orville Hickman Browning. Library of Congress description: "Hon. O. H. Browning"
EAHitchcock-SecInterior.jpg
Portrait of Ethan A. Hitchcock, Head and shoulders, facing left
CDelano.jpg
U.S. Secretary of the Interior Columbus Delano.
John Barton Payne (1855–1935) - Official portrait.jpg
Depicted person: John Barton Payne – American politician and judge (1855-1935)
CBSmith.jpg
Portrait of United States Secretary of the Interior Caleb Blood Smith.
Franklin Knight Lane.png
Franklin Knight Lane, U.S. Secretary of Interior
Secretary Deb Haaland, official headshot.jpg
Deb Haaland, United States Secretary of the Interior under President Biden.
M. Hoke Smith, 1912.jpg
M. Hoke Smith, United States Secretary of the Interior.
Hubert Work cph.3b20185.jpg
Hubert Work, U.S. Postmaster General and Secretary of the Interior
Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.svg

Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.

The seal consists of a male bison with the head and body in a left position, standing on a prairie, with mountains and a rising sun in the background, enclosed within two concentric circles, having the words "U.S. Department of the Interior" and the date "March 3, 1849" (when Congress created the department) inscribed in the top and bottom arcs within these circles. See here for more information.

The bison seal dates from 1917, when it was used as the emblem on the initial department flag and thereafter replaced the old version of the seal, which used a federal eagle. The eagle was reinstated for a few years in the 1920s, and a different seal was used from 1968-69, but on both occasions the bison seal was reinstated. For more information see this chapter in The Department of Everything Else: Highlights of Interior History.
Sally Jewell official portrait.jpg
Official portrait of Secretary of Interior Sally Jewell.
Jacob Dolson Cox - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jacob Dolson Cox. Library of Congress description: "Cox, Jacob D. M.C. Ohio (Secty of Interior in Grant Adm.)".
Gale Norton.jpeg
Category:Gale Norton, former Secretary of the Interior of the United States.
SDLV.jpg
Author/Creator: Aglen07, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Scott de la Vega photo 2021
Stanley K Hathaway.png
Stanley K. Hathaway, U.S. Secretary of the Interior, 1975
Ken Salazar official DOI portrait.jpg
Official portrait of Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar
Dirk Kempthorne, official Interior Dept color photo, 2006.jpg
Official portrait photograph of Dirk Kempthorne, Secretary of the Interior
Albert Fall.jpg
Albert Bacon Fall (1861 - 1944), New Mexico senator.
John Palmer Usher.jpg

TITLE: Sec. John P Usher, Sec of Interior

CALL NUMBER: LC-B813- 1708 A[P&P]

REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-DIG-cwpb-05570 (b&w copy scan) No known restrictions on publication.

MEDIUM: 1 negative : glass, wet collodion.

CREATED/PUBLISHED: [between 1860 and 1870]

NOTES:

Title from unverified information on negative sleeve.

Forms part of Brady Civil War Photograph Collection (Library of Congress).

SUBJECTS:

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

FORMAT:

Portrait photographs 1860-1870. Glass negatives 1860-1870.

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

DIGITAL ID: (b&w scan) cwpb 05570 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpb.05570

en:Category:United States history images
Carl-Schurz.jpg
Carl Schurz was a German revolutionist and American statesman and reformer. Carl Schurz, half-length portrait, facing right
Zachariah Chandler.jpg
Zachariah Chandler
James Rudolph Garfield.png
James Rudolph Garfield U.S. Secretary of Interior
Walter L. Fisher cph.3a00307.jpg
Walter L. Fisher, 25th United States Secretary of the Interior
Robert McClelland 1.jpg
Robert McClelland, c. 1916.
James g watt.png
James G. Watt U.S. Secretary of Interior, 1981-1983
RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg
Rogers Morton, former Secretary of the Interior and Secretary of Commerce of the United States.