Tree frog

A tree frog (or treefrog) is any species of frog that spends a major portion of its lifespan in trees, known as an arboreal state.[1] Several lineages of frogs among the Neobatrachia have given rise to treefrogs, although they are not closely related to each other.

Millions of years of convergent evolution have resulted in very similar morphology even in species that are not very closely related.[2]

Description

Gladiator treefrog (Hypsiboas rosenbergi), Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica

As the name implies, these frogs are typically found in trees or other high-growing vegetation. They do not normally descend to the ground, except to mate and spawn, though some build foam nests on leaves and rarely leave the trees at all as adults.

Tree Frogs are usually tiny as their weight has to be carried by the branches and twigs in their habitats. While some reach 10 cm (4 in) or more, they are typically smaller and more slender than terrestrial frogs. Treefrogs typically have well-developed discs at the finger and toe tips; the fingers and toes themselves, as well as the limbs, tend to be rather small, resulting in a superior grasping ability. The genus Chiromantis of the Rhacophoridae is most extreme in this respect: it can oppose two fingers to the other two, resulting in a vise-like grip.

Family

Tree Frogs are members of these families or genera:

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Amphibians (2008-04-22). "Tree Frog Info". Animals.howstuffworks.com. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
  2. ^ Rowley, Jodi. "Frogs in the trees". The Australian Museum. Retrieved 2019-04-01.

Bibliography

External links

Media files used on this page

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Boophis albilabris (Mantellidae); Ranomafana National Park
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Grüner Waldsteigerfrosch, auch Juwelenlaubfrosch oder Blaufußwaldsteigerfrosch genannt (Leptopelis vermiculatus), männlich, semiadult, Terrarienaufnahme.
Gladiator frog Osa.JPG
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Gladiator tree frog (Hypsiboas rosenbergi) at night in Lapa Rios, the OSA Peninsula, Costa Rica
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Tree frogs and rain, in stereo, about 78 seconds. Recorded in stereo at 16 bits, 44.1KHz, with a pair of Audio Technica AT 3035 condensor microphones with a TASCAM DR 100 mkIII recorder.
Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor) (8716723960).jpg
Author/Creator: Peter Paplanus from St. Louis, Missouri, Licence: CC BY 2.0

May, 2012

St. Louis County, Missouri
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(c) Christoph Leeb, CC-BY-SA-3.0
European tree forg (Hyla arborea). Photograped near Gruberau (Lower Austria).
Red-eyed tree frog Lapa Rios.JPG
Author/Creator: Charles J. Sharp , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Red-eyed tree frog (Agalychnis callidryas) at night in Lapa Rios, the OSA Peninsula, Costa Rica
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Pedostibes tuberculosus, Malabar Tree Toad (from Wayanad)
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Polypedates leucomystax from Darmaga, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia