Tower Site

Tower Site
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
The site in March 2010
Tower Site is located in Ohio
Tower Site
Tower Site is located in the United States
Tower Site
LocationOn a hilltop 4 miles northwest of Barnesville[2]
Nearest cityBarnesville, Ohio
Coordinates40°1′23″N 81°13′16″W / 40.02306°N 81.22111°W / 40.02306; -81.22111Coordinates:40°1′23″N 81°13′16″W / 40.02306°N 81.22111°W / 40.02306; -81.22111
Area3.5 acres (1.4 ha)
NRHP reference No.82003544[1]
Added to NRHPJune 11, 1982

The Tower Site (or 33-Bl-15) is a prehistoric village site dating from 1000 to 1499 AD and is closely associated with the Monongahela culture.[3] Located around 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of Barnesville, Ohio, United States, the site was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.


The site was once a prehistoric village for the Monongahela and is just one of several village sites located throughout Ohio. Located on a high hilltop with an elevation of 1,360 feet (410 m), the site is located between the headwaters of two prominent creeks, it provided an excellent site for habitation.

The village encompassed around 2-3 acres of land with huts, refuse pits and burial features ringing a central plaza devoid of any structure. The site has yielded the human remains of 3 separate natives, two female and one male. Early local residents claimed the site as a burial ground due to a large amount of human remains found when a county road was laid out through the middle of the village site. The eastern side of the site has not been investigated as permission has been repeatedly refused by the landowner.

The site was abandoned sometime around 1500 AD for unknown reasons.

The Tower Site in September 2012.

Current Condition

The location was fenced off to keep trespassers out and also to mark the village bounds from the local mining operations. The location also houses a radio relay tower, which lends its name to the site. The site was severely "potholed" (cylindrical sections are dug up and sifted, compared to a large square excavation), revealing pottery shards, bone fragments, arrow heads and beads. The many finds brought attention to the site as it was discovered to be a village instead of just a burial ground. Several excavations during the late 1970s by Kent State University's archaeological department further discovered hundreds of animal bone fragments, pottery shards, arrow heads, cannel coal pendants, shells, beads, as well as a burial pit containing a female skeleton.

The coal company completed most operations in the area of the Tower Site, leaving the site comparatively quiet. The fence has recently been removed as the site is under ongoing surveillance to protect it from vandals.


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ Brown, Jeffrey D. The Tower Site and Ohio Monongahela. Kent: Kent State U, 1981, 3.
  3. ^

Further reading

  • Brown, Jeffrey D., The Tower Site and Ohio Monongahela, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 1981ISBN 0-87338-263-3

Media files used on this page

Usa edcp location map.svg
Author/Creator: Uwe Dedering, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of the USA (without Hawaii and Alaska).

Central parallel:

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian:

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
Plaque declaring "this property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior"
S.E.C.C. hero twins 3 HRoe 2007-transparent.png
Author/Creator: Original author: User:Heironymous Rowe, Licence: CC BY 3.0
S.E.C.C. design of the Hero Twins based on a Mississippian culture shell engraving from the Spiro Mounds site. Modified from original to add background transparency.
Map of Ohio highlighting Belmont County.svg
This is a locator map showing Belmont County in Ohio. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
USA Ohio location map.svg
Author/Creator: Alexrk2, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Location map of Ohio, USA
Barnesville Tower Site Summer 2012.jpg
Author/Creator: Bwsmith84, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The Tower Site located on the NRHP for Belmont County, Ohio. The site is located outside of Barnesville and was once a village/burial site used by the prehistoric Native Americans from the area. The photograph is taken looking NW over the site. A modern structure was built to accommodate the namesake tower and its functions.
Tower Site Belmont Ohio.jpg
(c) Bwsmith84 at en.wikipedia, CC BY 3.0
The Tower Site on March 2, 2010, in Belmont County, Ohio, northwest of Barnesville. The archaeological site was the scene of excavations during the late 1970s with an excavation behind the tree to the far-left, and another site at the far right of the image. The site is photographed looking northwest over the property. The namesake, a radio tower can be seen in the background. The property was added to the NRHP in 1982.