Thundersley

Thundersley
Show Off on Bread and Cheese Hill - geograph.org.uk - 65783.jpg
(c) Glyn Baker, CC BY-SA 2.0

Bread and Cheese Hill is the name of one of the roads climbing the main slope up to the heart of Thundersley.
Thundersley is located in Essex
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0
Thundersley
Thundersley
Location within Essex
Population15,600 (2001)
OS grid referenceTQ800887
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBENFLEET
Postcode districtSS7
Dialling code01268 & 01702
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
  • Castle Point

Thundersley is a town and former civil parish, now in the unparished area of Benfleet, in the Castle Point borough, in southeast Essex, England. It sits on a clay ridge shared with Basildon and Hadleigh, 31 miles (50 km) east of Charing Cross, London. In 1951 the parish had a population of 6482.[1]

Its main parish takes in Daws Heath to the east which is also part of the current Cedar Hall local government electoral ward. The two areas have Anglican churches. A third Anglican church is in the secular ward of St John's, which is commonly conflated on maps with South Benfleet which it adjoins and it is separated from Thundersley by a narrow green buffer. Between the two wards is the main ward of St Peter's, which loosely resembles the very longstanding church parish.[2] One ward is partially in Thundersley, Boyce which includes Thundersley Green and various short streets next to the town itself.

Toponymy

Thundersley derives from the Old English Þunres lēah = "grove or meadow [perhaps sacred] belonging to the god Thunor or Thor". It has also historically been known as Thunresleam. The place-name is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Thunreslea.[3]

The place-name is historically significant as a survival from England's pre-Christian Anglo-Saxon paganism.

Geography

The area is relatively hilly for Essex, a typical height for the central and eastern part of (old) Thundersley is about 200 feet (60 m) above sea level. The town is partly rural, with large woods and commons; including Thundersley Common (a Site of Special Scientific Interest), Shipwrights Wood (12 hectares) and Thundersley Glen all owned and managed by the council; West Wood (22½ hectares acres) owned by the council and managed by Castle Point Wildlife Group; Tile Wood (6½ hectares) and Pound Wood (22¼ hectares) are owned by the Essex Wildlife Trust; Starvelarks Wood and Wyburns Wood are both part of Little Haven Nature Reserve (37¼ hectares) which is owned by Havens Hospice Trust and leased to Essex Wildlife Trust; Coombe Wood is under mixed ownership and much of it has Village Green status.

Employment

A clear majority of households in all wards are economically employed (or in self-employment). The proportion of people who are retired is slightly higher than the national average.

2011 ward namehouseholdswith no adults in employmentas a % of households
Cedar Hall2500100040%
St Peter's257885333%
Boyce256382332%
St George's228871031%[4]

Retirement rate

2011 ward nameadultsretiredas a % of adults
Cedar Hall415696323%
St Peter's475994620%
Boyce437086918%
St George's228883119%[5]

Tenure

The wards have a high rate of owner-occupation. In the 2011 census tenure is stated for all 8570 wards of England and Wales, all of Thundersley's wards ranked between 236th and 341st as to this statistic (the degree to which the census returnees stated they owned their homes either outright or with a mortgage). Specifically these varied in owner-occupation between 87.5% and 88.6%, the average in the jurisdiction being 67.8%.[6][n 1]

History

Samuel Lewis (publisher)'s major work, a Topographical Dictionary of England in 1848 gives this account:

THUNDERSLEY (St. Peter), a parish, in the union of Billericay [...] S.[outh] division of Essex, 2¼ miles (S. W. by W.) from Rayleigh; containing 596 inhabitants, of whom 120 are in the hamlet. This parish is about two miles in length [east-west], and a mile and a half in breadth, and comprises 2100 acres, of which 100 are common or waste; the village is on elevated ground, and the surrounding scenery is pleasingly diversified. The [parish priest] living...[was] valued in the king's books at £14. 13. 4., and in the gift [appointment of the Rev. G. Hemming: the tithes have been commuted [near-eliminated] for £570; there is a parsonage-house, and the glebe comprises 40 acres. The church is a venerable structure in the later Norman and early English styles, with a tower and spire.[7]

Schools and colleges

There are three secondary schools in the district – The King John School and Sixth Form, The Deanes and The Appleton School and Sixth Form College. Five primary schools are Thundersley, Westwood, Kingston, Montgomerie, and Robert Drake. The main campus of SEEVIC Further Education College is also in the district, now part of USP College.

Governance

On 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, Thundersley, along with Canvey Island, Hadleigh, and South Benfleet, has formed the parliamentary constituency of Castle Point and local government district and borough of Castle Point.[8]

Thundersley elects one councillor to Essex County Council. Within Castle Point Borough Council, Thundersley is represented by 12 councillors, all Conservative, elected from the wards (from west to east) of St George, St Peter and Cedar Hall.

The Parish of Thundersley included Daws Heath. The western part of Thundersley (approximately St George's parish or the St George ward) is known as New Thundersley.

Thundersley is within the SS7 Postcode Area.[n 2].

Transport

Thundersley is bounded by the A127 road to the north, where it borders the Borough of Rayleigh, the A130 road to the west where it borders the villages of North Benfleet and Bowers Gifford. The A13 road to the south and eastwards beyond the A129 road bordering through Daws Heath, Belfairs Park in Leigh-on-Sea and Hadleigh.

The nearest railway stations are Benfleet railway station and Rayleigh railway station. The London Tilbury and Southend LT&SR 79 Class 4-4-2T No. 80 locomotive Thundersley was named after this area, and it is on exhibition at Bressingham Steam and Gardens in Norfolk, on loan from the National Railway Museum.

Thundersley Rovers Sports Club

Thundersley Rovers Sports Club was formed in 1963 by local football fan Keith Walker. The Club was a founder member of the Thundermite League in 1966 and it is from the Club that the league took its name. From those early beginnings the Club grew exponentially and within a decade Rovers boasted three senior teams (two Saturday and one Sunday) plus six youth teams (under 10s through to under 15s), all of whom played in the Southend Junior League.

In 1980, the Club found a permanent home at Thundersley Common having played at various venues (including Woodside Park, the John Borrows Ground, Benfleet Rec., Dark Lane and Scrub Lane). 'The Common', now synonymous with the Club, has remained the club's home ground ever since. Since the beginning of the 2012/13 season, it has been the home venue for both junior and senior Thundersley Rovers teams.

In 2012, at a time when Thundersley Rovers consisted of just two senior teams, the Club - under a new Committee - relaunched its Academy having had no representation at junior or youth level since the 1990s. As of 2021, the Club listed 13 junior and youth teams on its roster - including its first all-girls team - plus one Senior team.

Although officially named Thundersley Rovers Sports Club, the only sport the club has participated in competitively to date is football. In 2013, the Club celebrated its 50th anniversary. In 2021, the Club - under the chairmanship of Graeme Howlett, who had succeeded his father Ray Howlett as Chairman in 2010 - donated £50,000 to local and national charities including Havens Hospices, The Castle Point Association of Voluntary Services and Centrepoint.

At the beginning of the 2021/2022 season, the club- under the new chairmanship of James Gates continued to thrive in having 17 sides playing every Sunday across the club. 13 (boys), 3 (girls) & 1 (senior) side.

2021/2022 Teams:

U7 Blacks (Andy Moat & Michael Slough)

U7 Whites (Scott Fitzmaurice)

U8 Blacks (Darren Wingrove)

U8 Whites (Chris Langley)

U8 Reds (Darren Ridgway)

U9 Yellows (Laura Ward)- Girls

U9 Blacks (Scott Hines)

U9 Whites (James Preston)

U10 Yellows (Jamie Collins)- Girls

U10 Blacks (James Gates)

U10 Whites (Michael Kelly)

U12 Blacks (Colin Smith)

U12 Whites (Paul Caley)

U12 Yellows (Colin Smith)- Girls

U13 Blacks (Lee Morrell)

U14 Blacks (Scott Petty)

Seniors (Liam Wilson)- Open Age

Greeves motorcycles

Greeves motorcycles were produced in a purpose-built factory at Thundersley from 1953 to 1976. Initially the bikes were an offshoot of the Invacar company, which produced invalid cars and needed to diversify its products.

The bikes were exclusively two-stroke powered, using proprietary engines from Villiers and British Anzani initially and always for the roadsters, but by 1964 they had developed their own engine for competition use. For a few years, Greeves were successful in competition, with wins in the European Motocross Championship, the Manx Grand Prix, the European Trials Championship and the Scottish Six Days Trial, and with gold medals in the ISDT and the ACU 250 cc Road Race.

Culture

Churches

Air Training Cadets

Air Training Corps Squadron - (1341) is based in Thundersley.

Anglican churches

The Parish of Thundersley has three Anglican churches: St Peter's, Thundersley, St George's, New Thundersley and St Michael's, Daws Heath the original of which has been replaced by an enhanced timber church, consecrated by the Bishop of Bradwell on 1 December 2012.[9])

Fully reformed Christian churches include Thundersley Congregational Church which runs as its mission The Beacon,[10] Thundersley Gospel Hall, Daws Heath Evangelical Church and Thundersley Community Church at Cedar Hall School.

Thundersley Christian Spiritualist Church

Thundersley Christian Spiritualist Church was formed in October 1933 and moved to a wooden hut on Bread and Cheese Hill in July 1947. A new building opened at the same site in 2008.

See also

  • Daws Heath, the east of the parish which has its own church.
  • South Benfleet, on many slightly badly drawn modern maps, such as Google maps as to small places, appear to include the much smaller parish of New Thundersley. It is contiguous with that equally modern small town or village, separated along its main east–west street.

Notable people

  • Chessplayer, journalist and author James Mason (1849-1905), who became one the world's best half-dozen chess players in the 1880s,[11] is buried in Thundersley churchyard.
  • Novelist Fergus Hume (1859-1932), author of The Mystery of a Hansom Cab, spent the last 30 years of his life in Thundersley and is buried there.
  • The writer Bernard Cornwell (b.1944), author of the Sharpe novels, grew up in Thundersley.
  • The rector of Thundersley, Robert Drake was burnt at the stake in 1556 for refusing to renounce his protestant faith.
  • The famous composer Roderick Elms lives in Thundersley.

Gallery

References

References
  1. ^ "Population statistics Thundersley CP/AP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  2. ^ https://www.achurchnearyou.com/church/6647/
  3. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.471.
  4. ^ UK Government statistics https://www.nomisweb.co.uk Data Downloads [or on-screen generation] - Query - KS106EW: Households with Adults in "Employment" in wards in England and Wales
  5. ^ UK Government statistics https://www.nomisweb.co.uk Data Downloads [or on-screen generation] - Query - KS106EW: Households with Adults in "Employment" in wards in England and Wales
  6. ^ UK Government statistics https://www.nomisweb.co.uk Data Downloads [or on-screen generation] - Query - KS402EW: Tenure in wards in England and Wales
  7. ^ 'Thrumpton - Thurlby', A Topographical Dictionary of England, ed. Samuel Lewis (London, 1848), pp. 349-351. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/england/pp349-351 [accessed 12 May 2018].
  8. ^ "Rochford Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  9. ^ http://stpeters-stmichaels.co.uk/st-michaels-church/new-build-schedule/
  10. ^ Thundersley Congregational Church
  11. ^ Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992). The Oxford Companion to Chess (2nd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 250. ISBN 0198661649.
Notes
  1. ^ Specific rankings: Boyce 236th, Cedar Hall 286th, St Peter’s 341st and St George’s 278th out of all 8570 wards
  2. ^ Specifically most of Thundersley is in outward code 3; small parts in 4 (New Thundersley) 2 (mostly Hadleigh) 1 (mostly South Benfleet) and 6 (mostly Rayleigh)

Further reading

  • Terry Babbington. (1993). Thundersley - A Pictorial History. Phillimore.ISBN 0-85033-872-7.
  • John Greig. (1818). Antiquarian and Topographical Cabinet, Containing a Series of Elegant Views of the most interesting objects of curiosity in Great Britain Vol III. Thundersley, Essex. Published by J. Murray [etc.] page 202, plate 98.

External links

Media files used on this page

St Micheal's Church 005.jpg
Author/Creator: Brian Streetly, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The New Church of St Michaels & All Angels Daws Heath
Thundersley - Old Road Sign Top.jpg
Author/Creator: Lonpicman, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Top of old road direction sign of Thundersley
Essex UK location map.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of Essex, UK with the following information shown:

  • Administrative borders
  • Coastline, lakes and rivers
  • Roads and railways
  • Urban areas

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%

Geographic limits:

  • West: 0.06W
  • East: 1.32E
  • North: 52.11N
  • South: 51.42N
Thundersley, Essex - St.Peters Church.jpg
Author/Creator: Lonpicman, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Church of St.Peter, Thundersley, Essex
Flag of Essex.svg
Flag of Essex
Thundersley, Essex - St.Michaels Church.jpg
Author/Creator: Lonpicman, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
St.Michaels Church, Thundersley, Essex. Pictured in 2009. Now demolished new church to be built and consecrated in 2012
Show Off on Bread and Cheese Hill - geograph.org.uk - 65783.jpg
(c) Glyn Baker, CC BY-SA 2.0
Show Off on Bread & Cheese Hill. This is a view of the A13 Bread & Cheese Hill Thundersley. The hill rises 54m from the 30m contour line at TQ775844 to the 84m Spot Height at TQ788879 (about 1.5km in road distance)That's a long hill in Essex!. The hill got its name in the Edwardian era when motorcars on the way to Southend-on-Sea would boil over by the time they reached the brow of the hill. Chauffeurs would eat their bread and cheese lunch while the engines cooled. It was not long before a hostelry (which still survives) was opened to take advantage of the trade. There are no prizes for guessing its name!