Strathroy-Caradoc

Strathroy-Caradoc
Municipality of Strathroy-Caradoc
Corner of Caradoc St. N and Front St. W in Strathroy
Corner of Caradoc St. N and Front St. W in Strathroy
Motto(s): 
"Urban Opportunity - Rural Hospitality"
Strathroy-Caradoc is located in Middlesex County
Strathroy-Caradoc
Strathroy-Caradoc
Strathroy-Caradoc is located in Southern Ontario
Strathroy-Caradoc
Strathroy-Caradoc
Coordinates:42°57′27″N 81°37′00″W / 42.95750°N 81.61667°W / 42.95750; -81.61667Coordinates:42°57′27″N 81°37′00″W / 42.95750°N 81.61667°W / 42.95750; -81.61667
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1832
Incorporated1860 (as village)
1872 (as town)
AmalgamatedJanuary 1, 2001
Government
 • MayorJoanne Vanderheyden
 • Gov. BodyStrathroy Municipal Council
 • MPBev Shipley (C)
 • MPPsMonte McNaughton (PC)
Area
 • Land270.77 km2 (104.54 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total20,867
 • Density77.1/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Forward sortation area
N7G
Area code(s)519, 226, 548
Websitewww.strathroy-caradoc.ca

Strathroy-Caradoc is a municipality located in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. It is 35 kilometres (22 mi) west of London.

Strathroy-Caradoc is a primarily rural municipality. Industries include turkey and chicken hatching and processing, corn, tobacco, automotive, and pharmaceutical. Some industrial products are manufactured in Strathroy, the township's largest locality and its commercial, cultural and industrial centre. Strathroy's hatcheries have seen it referred to as the turkey capital of Canada and even the world.[2]

Settlements within Strathroy-Caradoc largely grew up around the Sydenham River and the southwestern Ontario railways. Three major railway lines pass through the municipality: the CN (Canadian National Railway) Chatham Subdivision (connecting Windsor and London, Ontario), the CP (Canadian Pacific Railway) Windsor Subdivision (also connecting Windsor and London), and the CN Strathroy Subdivision (connecting London and Sarnia, Ontario).

Municipally, Strathroy-Caradoc is within Middlesex County. At the federal and provincial levels of government it is represented by the riding of Lambton—Kent—Middlesex. It is part of the London census metropolitan area.

Communities

Strathroy-Caradoc's two largest communities are Strathroy and Mount Brydges. The township also contains the smaller communities of Cairngorm, Campbellvale, Caradoc, Christina, Falconbridge, Glen Oak, Longwood, Melbourne (part) and Muncey.

Strathroy

Strathroy is 35 kilometres west of the City of London, Ontario, and is the largest community in Middlesex County outside London. The community is situated next to Highway 402 between London and the border to Port Huron, Michigan, U.S. at Sarnia, Ontario. Strathroy's economy is diverse, and major industries include automotive manufacturing, agriculture and food processing. The township's administrative offices are located in Strathroy.

Mount Brydges

Mount Brydges has a small commercial "downtown" featuring mostly local businesses and shops. Local agriculture includes corn, tobacco, soybeans and ginseng. The soil composition of the region is largely sandy (a phenomenon referred to locally as the "Caradoc Sand Plains") as a result of deposits created on the bottom of the glacial Lake Whittlesey which covered the area approximately 13,000 years ago.

The village came into existence as a result of the construction of the western division of the Great Western Railroad from City of London, Ontario to Windsor, Ontario, at the point where it crossed the existing road from Delaware, Ontario to Strathroy. This crossing happened to be at the point of greatest elevation on this division, the railroad having just climbed out of the valley of the Thames River from London. The station was named for Charles John Brydges the Managing Director of the Grand Trunk Railway from 1861 to 1874. The earlier name Carradoc was replaced in 1856.[3]

History

Strathroy was first settled in 1832 by John Stewart Buchanan, accompanied by the explorer Sir Michael Jacques, at a location on the Sydenham River with flow and fall sufficient to power a grist mill. A general store opened in the settlement in 1840. Strathroy was incorporated as a village in 1860 and became a town in 1872 under the motto "We Advance". Buchanan named the settlement after his hometown of Strathroy in Ireland, now a suburb of Omagh in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.

In 1866, The Age newspaper was established to compete with the already-established Western Dispatch newspaper. The Western Dispatch was purchased by The Age in 1923, which later became The Age Dispatch. The newspaper is still published weekly.

From 1867 to 1945 the Mount Elgin Indian Residential School operated in Muncey.[4]

Sir Arthur Currie, who would later become the commander of Canadian forces in Europe during World War I, was born here on December 5, 1875.

In the fall of 1876, Bixel Brewery opened in Strathroy, producing lager beer for a century before its closing. Other breweries in the town have included the "Western Steam Brewery", "Strathroy Brewing and Malting" and "West End Brewery".

In 1896, the Strathroy Furniture Company opened its doors, and was renowned for nearly a century for making residential furniture. On July 15, 1992, the company declared bankruptcy and a liquidation sale was held in October 1992.

On February 14, 1914, the first patients were admitted to what would become Strathroy Middlesex General Hospital. At the time, the hospital was municipally owned. The current building opened on June 23, 1962, as a two-story structure with 82 beds. The hospital was the location at which Native Canadian Dudley George succumbed to the gunshot wound he suffered at the Ipperwash Standoff at nearby Ipperwash Provincial Park on September 7, 1995.[5][6]

On January 13, 1954, West Middlesex Memorial Arena opened in Strathroy. To commemorate the occasion, the NHL's Montreal Canadiens played an exhibition game at the arena, defeating the local Junior 'B' team the Strathroy Rockets 14–3 in front of 3,100 spectators.[7]

In 2001, Strathroy merged with the former township of Caradoc to created the town of Strathroy-Caradoc.

On March 22, 2004, the town's 117-year-old train station[8] was destroyed by a fire that took more than 35 firefighters to get under control. Adolescent boys were charged with starting the fire.[9]

In 2005, Strathroy was connected to the Lake Huron Water Pipeline. This ended the town's existing reliance on groundwater and wells.

On August 10, 2016, an Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant supporter from Strathroy, Aaron Driver, was killed in a taxi outside his home, after being shot by Royal Canadian Mounted Police and detonating one of two homemade bombs. The taxi driver was injured. Police suspected he intended to commit a suicide bombing in another public place.[10]

Demographics

Town of Strathroy only
YearPop.±%
18713,232—    
18813,817+18.1%
18913,316−13.1%
19012,933−11.6%
19112,823−3.8%
19212,691−4.7%
19312,964+10.1%
19413,016+1.8%
19513,708+22.9%
19615,150+38.9%
19716,592+28.0%
19818,748+32.7%
199110,566+20.8%
200112,860+21.7%
200613,541+5.3%
Canada census – Strathroy-Caradoc community profile
201620112006
Population20,867 (-0.5% from 2011)20,978 (+5.1% from 2006)19,977 (+4.3% from 2001)
Land area270.77 km2 (104.54 sq mi)274.12 km2 (105.84 sq mi)274.19 km2 (105.87 sq mi)
Population density77.7/km2 (201/sq mi)76.5/km2 (198/sq mi)72.7/km2 (188/sq mi)
Median age43.7 (M: 42.3, F: 45.0)42.4 (M: 40.7, F: 44.0)39.2 (M: 38.1, F: 40.2)
Total private dwellings8,4558,1627,662
Median household income$71,582$59,108
References: 2016[11] 2011[12] 2006[13] earlier[14]
Strathroy-Caradoc
YearPop.±%
199617,930—    
200119,114+6.6%
200619,977+4.5%
201120,978+5.0%
201620,867−0.5%
[15][16][1]

Population prior to amalgamation (2001):

  • Population total in 1996: 17,930
    • Caradoc (township): 6,248
    • Strathroy (town): 11,852
  • Population in 1991:
    • Caradoc (township): 6,147
    • Strathroy (town): 10,566

Climate

Climate data for Strathroy-Caradoc (1981–2010, extremes 1881–present[note 1])
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.8
(64.0)
20.0
(68.0)
27.5
(81.5)
31.7
(89.1)
34.0
(93.2)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
37.5
(99.5)
36.7
(98.1)
32.5
(90.5)
25.0
(77.0)
19.5
(67.1)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F)−1.7
(28.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.1
(41.2)
12.5
(54.5)
19.6
(67.3)
24.6
(76.3)
27.3
(81.1)
25.8
(78.4)
21.3
(70.3)
14.6
(58.3)
7.5
(45.5)
1.0
(33.8)
13.1
(55.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−5.2
(22.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.8
(33.4)
7.4
(45.3)
13.8
(56.8)
18.8
(65.8)
21.5
(70.7)
20.3
(68.5)
15.9
(60.6)
10.0
(50.0)
4.0
(39.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F)−8.8
(16.2)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
2.3
(36.1)
7.9
(46.2)
13.0
(55.4)
15.7
(60.3)
14.6
(58.3)
10.6
(51.1)
5.3
(41.5)
0.5
(32.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
3.7
(38.7)
Record low °C (°F)−32.0
(−25.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−14.5
(5.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
1.1
(34.0)
1.0
(33.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
−10.0
(14.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)71.6
(2.82)
65.6
(2.58)
65.7
(2.59)
85.7
(3.37)
77.2
(3.04)
71.3
(2.81)
75.9
(2.99)
86.1
(3.39)
97.3
(3.83)
80.2
(3.16)
99.1
(3.90)
91.4
(3.60)
966.9
(38.07)
Average rainfall mm (inches)28.1
(1.11)
28.6
(1.13)
44.3
(1.74)
77.2
(3.04)
77.2
(3.04)
71.3
(2.81)
75.9
(2.99)
86.1
(3.39)
97.3
(3.83)
75.0
(2.95)
86.7
(3.41)
46.9
(1.85)
794.4
(31.28)
Average snowfall cm (inches)43.5
(17.1)
37.1
(14.6)
21.4
(8.4)
8.4
(3.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
5.1
(2.0)
12.4
(4.9)
44.5
(17.5)
172.5
(67.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)15.312.912.914.410.910.210.710.111.913.114.714.7152.0
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)5.44.87.912.510.910.210.710.111.912.912.37.3117.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)11.39.46.52.80.00.00.00.00.00.533.69.543.6
Source: Environment Canada[17][18]

Education

Strathroy has two secondary schools that share basic facilities, Strathroy District Collegiate Institute and Holy Cross Catholic Secondary School. Each serves the town and its outlying area. Strathroy was ranked 161st out of 714 Ontario secondary schools in 2007/2008 by the Fraser Institute's Report on Ontario Secondary Schools.[19] Holy Cross was ranked 339th out of 714 in the same report.[19]

Media

Strathroy has two weekly newspapers, The Age Dispatch and the Middlesex Banner, and a radio station, 105.7 myFM (CJMI-FM), which provides local news and sports coverage. The region is otherwise served by media from London.

Events

Strathroy's largest annual event is the Strathroy Hometown Turkey Festival, also known as Turkeyfest, run in June. The town is home to the headquarters of Cuddy Farms, the world's top turkey-hatching company. In July 2020, Strathroy saw its first Pride flag raising.[20] Due to COVID-19, events were held virtually. In 2021, Strathroy Pride[21] was present at the downtown Market throughout June and July,[22] and was able to invite folks to see the flag raising in person.[23]

Sports

Strathroy Rockets home game

Strathroy is home to the Strathroy Rockets of the Greater Ontario Junior Hockey League and the Strathroy Royals baseball team. Mount Brydges is home to the Mount Brydges Bulldogs of the Southern Ontario Junior Hockey League. The Strathroy Rockets won the Championship of the Western Ontario Hockey League in its final season in 2007.

Notable people

  • Nathan Beaulieu, defenceman for the Winnipeg Jets and 2011 Memorial Cup Champion
  • Harry H. Bentley, politician
  • Robert Brett, politician, physician
  • Brian Campbell, Chicago Blackhawks, NHL All-Star defenceman and 2010 Stanley Cup Champion.
  • William W. Chalmers
  • Lawson Crouse, ice hockey player
  • Arthur Currie, commander of the Canadian Corps during the First World War.
  • Chris Daw, Mutli attending Paralympic athlete and 2006 wheelchair curling Gold medalist
  • Darryl Edestrand, NHL hockey player
  • Francis Henry Keefer, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • Rapley Holmes (1868 – 1928) - Stage and screen actor
  • Alexander Knox (1907–1995), actor and author
  • William Bethune Lindsay, chief engineer of the Canadian Corps in the First World War.
  • The Hon. Charles Herbert Mackintosh (1843–1931), town councillor, Strathroy, owner of the Strathroy Dispatch, later mayor of Ottawa, owner of the Ottawa Citizen, Member of Parliament, and lieutenant-governor (1893–1898) of the old Northwest Territories
  • John Burton Martyn, politician
  • Andy McDonald, retired NHL All-Star forward and 2007 Stanley Cup Champion
  • Steve McKichan, former NHL player, and former goalie coach for the Toronto Maple Leafs
  • Tara McLeod, guitarist for Ontario-based metal band Kittie
  • George Orton, Canada's first Olympic champion, born in Strathroy in 1873. Won a gold medal for the Canada in the steeplechase event at the 1900 Olympics
  • Cole Pearn, crew chief for Martin Truex Jr. and Furniture Row Racing in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series.
  • Warren Rychel, NHL hockey player
  • James T. Shotwell
  • Pat Stapleton, retired Canadian ice hockey defenceman who played 15 seasons in the National Hockey League and the World Hockey Association
  • Mike Stapleton, retired ice hockey forward who played 697 games for 8 NHL teams, and won a silver medal at the 1986 World Junior Championships.
  • Janaya Stephens, film actress
  • Don Van Massenhoven, NHL official

See also

  • List of townships in Ontario

Notes

  1. ^ Long term records have been recorded at various climate stations in or nearby Strathroy since 1881

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Strathroy-Caradoc, Municipality". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  2. ^ "AAA Travel Guide - Strathroy, Ontario". Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  3. ^ Hamilton, William (1978). The Macmillan Book of Canadian Place Names. Toronto: Macmillan. pp. 160. ISBN 0-7715-9754-1.
  4. ^ Min, Seon. "Mount Elgin Residential School – National Residential School Memorial Register". Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-03-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2008-03-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ A to Z Encyclopaedia of Ice Hockey - We
  8. ^ Blaze claims train station - London Free Press, 22 March 2004
  9. ^ CN Strathroy
  10. ^ "Aaron Driver: Troubled childhood, ISIS supporter, terror threat suspect", CBC News
  11. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  12. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
  13. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
  14. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  15. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  16. ^ "Strathroy-Caradoc census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
  17. ^ "Strathroy-Caradoc". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English and French). Environment Canada. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "Long Term Climate Extremes for Strathroy Area (Virutal Station ID: VSON18V)". Daily climate records (LTCE). Environment Canada. Archived from the original on November 13, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  19. ^ a b Search for research, news, magazines, presentations, commentaries or articles Archived 2010-02-15 at the Wayback Machine. Fraser Institute. Retrieved on 2013-10-05.
  20. ^ "Middlesex LGBTQ+ milestone: Strathroy to host county's first Pride bash Saturday". lfpress. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  21. ^ "Strathroy Pride | A celebration of inclusivity and diversity in Middlesex County". Strathroy Pride. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  22. ^ "Strathroy Pride festival takes it up a notch with help from businesses". lfpress. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  23. ^ staff, 105 7 myFM News. "COMMUNITY SPOTLIGHT – Pride Flag Raised Saturday in Downtown Strathroy". 105.7 Strathroy Today. Retrieved 2021-09-29.

External links

Media files used on this page

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Flag of Canada introduced in 1965, using Pantone colors. This design replaced the Canadian Red Ensign design.
Flag of Ontario.svg
Flag of Ontario.
Corner Front Caradoc Strathroy Ontario.jpg
Author/Creator: Balcer, Licence: CC BY 2.5
Corner of Front and Caradoc in Strathroy, Ontario
Canada Southern Ontario location map 2.png
Author/Creator: User:NordNordWest, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Location map of Southern Ontario, Canada.

Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 155%. Geographic limits of the map:

  • N: 46.4° N
  • S: 41.4° N
  • W: 84.7° W
  • E: 74.0° W
West Middlesex Memorial Centre - Strathroy, ON.jpg
Author/Creator: Jfvoll, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The Strathroy Rockets hosting the Sarnia Legionnaires at the West Middlesex Memorial Centre in Strathroy, Ontario on January 26, 2019.
Middlesex locator map 2021.svg
Author/Creator: awmcphee, Licence: CC0
A series of SVG overviews of Ontario counties and county-equivalents, generated using open data from Statistics Canada and the province of Ontario. Current to the 2016 census. Made in QGIS.