St Albans City and District

City and District of St Albans
St Albans Cathedral
Flag of City and District of St Albans
St Albans shown within Hertfordshire
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0
St Albans shown within Hertfordshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionEast of England
Non-metropolitan countyHertfordshire
StatusNon-metropolitan district, Borough, City
Admin HQSt Albans
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodySt Albans City and District Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
 • MPsDaisy Cooper (LD)
Bim Afolami (C)
Area
 • Total62.23 sq mi (161.18 km2)
 • Rank177 (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total147,095[1]
 • Rank141 (of 309)
 • Ethnicity
90.9% White
4.1% S.Asian
1.7% Black
1.9% Mixed Race
1.4% Chinese or Other
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code26UG (ONS)
E07000100 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTL148073
Websitewww.stalbans.gov.uk

The City and District of St Albans (/ˈɔːlbənz/) is a local authority district in Hertfordshire in the East of England region. The main urban settlements are St Albans and Harpenden. The council offices are in St Albans.

History

St Albans City and District is a non-metropolitan district and city created on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the Municipal Borough of St Albans, the Harpenden Urban District and most of St Albans Rural District. The municipal borough had had city status since 1877[2] and it was granted to the entire district by letters patent on 9 July 1974.[3]

Geography

The district is in the west of Hertfordshire, bounded on the north west by Luton, on the north east by North Hertfordshire, on the east by Welwyn Hatfield, on the south by Hertsmere, on the south west by Watford and Three Rivers and on the west by Dacorum. The largest urban settlement is St Albans, followed in size by Harpenden, with lesser settlements at Redbourn, Wheathamstead, London Colney, Chiswell Green and Bricket Wood. Nearby towns include Hatfield to the east, Welwyn Garden City to the northeast, Luton and Dunstable to the northwest, Hemel Hempstead to the west, Watford to the southwest and Borehamwood to the south.

Communications

The M1 motorway, the M25 motorway, the A414 road and A1081 road run through the district. There are rail routes to London St Pancras from St Albans City railway station and to Watford from St Albans Abbey railway station.

Governance

Local government responsibilities are divided among Hertfordshire County Council, St Albans City and District Council and local parish councils. Hertfordshire County Council is responsible for education, transport, fire and public safety, social care and libraries. The district council has a wide range of responsibilities including electoral services, health and safety, licensing, car parks, pollution control, allotments, arts, cemeteries, grounds maintenance, museums, parks and open spaces, markets, street cleaning, management and maintenance of council owned housing, the administration of housing benefits, planning applications, building control, local development framework and spatial planning.[4] Parish council responsibilities include allotments, youth projects, leisure facilities, open spaces, traffic calming and community transport schemes.[4]

District council

St Albans City and District Council
Logo
Type
Type
Non-metropolitan district council
Leadership
Mayor
Edgar Hill, Liberal Democrats
since 26 May 2021[5]
Leader
Chris White, Liberal Democrats
since 22 May 2019[6]
Structure
Seats58
Political groups
Administration (30)
  Liberal Democrats (30)

Opposition (28)

  Conservatives (23)
  Labour (2)
  Green (1)
  Independent (2)
Elections
Last election
6 May 2021
Meeting place
St Albans District Council Offices (geograph 3450680).jpg
(c) Ian Capper, CC BY-SA 2.0

Civic Centre, St Peter's Street, St Albans
Website
http://www.stalbans.gov.uk

The main offices of St Albans City and District Council are in St Albans. There are 58 elected councillors, representing twenty electoral wards. 18 wards elect three councillors each; two elect two each. Since 2021, the Liberal Democrats have had control of the council. Its present (2021) composition is: Liberal Democrats – 30, Conservative – 23; Labour – 2; Green Party – 1; Independent – 2.[7] The party group leaders are: Liberal Democrats – Cllr Chris White; Conservatives – Cllr Mary Maynard; Labour – Cllr Katherine Gardner; Independent and Green – Cllr Simon Grover.[8]

Electoral wards

The wards electing two members are denoted with an obelisk (†). The rest elect three members.

  • Ashley
  • Batchwood
  • Clarence
  • Colney Heath
  • Cunningham
  • Harpenden East
  • Harpenden North
  • Harpenden South
  • Harpenden West
  • London Colney
  • Marshalwick North
  • Marshalwick South
  • Park Street
  • Redbourn
  • Sandridge

Electoral history

Elections to the council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of seats on the council being elected at each election. Since the first election in 1973, the Conservative party and the Liberal Democrats have had periods in control.[9] The Conservatives had a majority from 1973 to 1984, and then again from 1988 to 1991 after a period of no overall control. The Liberal Democrats won control in 1994 but lost their majority in 1999. They had control from 2006 to 2007 and from 2008 to 2011.[9] In the 2011 election the Conservatives took half the seats, with 29 councillors.[9][10] The Conservatives won a majority in the 2015 election which they held until 2019.[11] The Liberal Democrats regained control in the 2021 election, which was delayed from 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[12]

Mayoralty

St Albans has had a Mayor for over 450 years since the Charter of 1553. Under modern arrangements, there is an Executive Cabinet of eight senior councillors and the Mayor's role is purely ceremonial. A list of past Mayors is available on the St Albans City and District Council website.[13]

Parish councils

There are parish councils in Colney Heath, Harpenden, Harpenden Rural, London Colney, Redbourn, St Michael, St Stephen (including the villages of Chiswell Green and Bricket Wood), Sandridge and Wheathampstead. The town of St Albans is unparished[14] but local affairs are overseen by a City Neighbourhoods Committee.

ParishCouncilPopulation (2011)Area (2011)
Colney HeathColney Heath Parish Council5,9621,119 hectares (4.32 sq mi)
HarpendenHarpenden Town Council29,4481,278 hectares (4.93 sq mi)
Harpenden RuralHarpenden Rural Parish Council405923 hectares (3.56 sq mi)
London ColneyLondon Colney Parish Council9,507513 hectares (1.98 sq mi)
RedbournRedbourn Parish Council5,3441,908 hectares (7.37 sq mi)
SandridgeSandridge Parish Council11,4511,518 hectares (5.86 sq mi)
St MichaelSt Michael Parish Council4772,120 hectares (8.2 sq mi)
St StephenSt Stephen Parish Council13,8652,329 hectares (8.99 sq mi)
WheathampsteadWheathampstead Parish Council6,4102,599 hectares (10.03 sq mi)
Total parishes82,86914,307 hectares (55.24 sq mi)
St Albans (unparished)City Neighbourhood Committee57,7951,811 hectares (6.99 sq mi)
St Albans City and DistrictSt Albans City and District Council140,66416,118 hectares (62.23 sq mi)

Economy

The City and District of St Albans has a strong local economy, is an excellent location for rail, road and airports, and is seen by many employers as a desirable place to be. The District also benefits from the proximity of the University of Hertfordshire, based close by at Hatfield, which is one of the country's leading business orientated universities.

St Albans has a highly skilled workforce, with the 4th highest proportion of managers, senior officials and professional occupations in the country. Nearly half of working age residents have a degree or equivalent qualification. Average weekly earnings are £724.40, 44% higher than the national average.[15] The St Albans District has lower than average unemployment and the lowest in Hertfordshire.[15] 2.8% of residents are disabled or permanently sick, compared with 5–6% nationally.[15]

Deloitte, Spreadex, AECOM, PricewaterhouseCoopers and Premier Foods have offices in the district. Sainsbury's Retail Distribution Centre at London Colney employs over 600 staff.[16]

Demography

In 2001 St Albans City and District had a population of 129,005 (50.8% female, 49.2% male). The mid 2012 population estimate was 138,800. In 2001 there were 20.5% children, 64.5% people of working age (16–64) and 14.9% older people (65+).[15] 86.9% of St Albans residents are White British, 4.3% Other White, 2% Irish and 1.3% Bangladeshi. 71% identify as Christian, 24.1% as "no religion" or "religion not stated", 2.6% as Muslim and 0.9% as Jewish.[15]

Twin towns

St Albans is twinned with:[17]

In addition, there are friendship links with:

  • United Kingdom HMS St Albans (F83)

Arms

Coat of arms of St Albans City and District
UK COA St Albans.png
Crest
Issuant from a mural crown Or a demi figure of a knight armed of the period circa 1215 holding in the dexter hand a sword erect and in the sinister hand a roll of parchment Proper.
Escutcheon
Azure a saltire Or.
Supporters
On the dexter side an abbot in Liturgical vestments and plain mitre and supporting with the exterior hand a crozier on the sinister side a figure representing John the Printer and holding in the exterior hand an ink-ball.
Compartment
Per pale of a ploughed field and cobbles all Proper.[18]

See also

  • St Albans Museums

Coordinates:51°47′N 00°20′W / 51.783°N 0.333°W / 51.783; -0.333

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "No. 24502". The London Gazette. 11 September 1877. p. 5185.
  3. ^ "No. 46352". The London Gazette. 24 September 1974. p. 7920.
  4. ^ a b St Albans City and District Council website
  5. ^ "Council minutes, 26 May 2021". St Albans City and District Council. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  6. ^ "Council minutes, 22 May 2019". St Albans City and District Council. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  7. ^ "St Albans City & District Council". BBC News. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Your Councillors". St Albans City and District Council. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  9. ^ a b c "St Albans". BBC News Online. Archived from the original on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  10. ^ "England council elections". BBC News Online. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  11. ^ "Election results: Conservatives lose control in St Albans". BBC News Online. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Elections 2021: Hertfordshire councils change hands". BBC News Online. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ "Mayoral Count" (PDF). stalbans.gov.uk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ a b c d e "Mapped: St Albans Community Profile". Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
  16. ^ Mapped: St Albans Economy Report 2011
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 9 March 2021.

External links

Media files used on this page

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FlagOfHertfordshire.PNG
Hertfordshire flag. The county flag of Hertfordshire registered by the Flag Institute
East of England districts 2011 map.svg
Author/Creator: Nilfanion, created using Ordnance Survey data, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of the East of England region showing the administrative districts.

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%

Geographic limits:

  • West: 0.8W
  • East: 1.8E
  • North: 53.1N
  • South: 51.4N
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD
Flag of Scotland.svg
Flag of Scotland. Ratio 3:5. The blue used is "royal" blue (Pantone 300), following the Scottish Parliament's recommendation of 2003. See also the traditional colour: Flag of Scotland (traditional).svgFlag of Scotland (traditional).svg.
St Albans District Council Offices (geograph 3450680).jpg
(c) Ian Capper, CC BY-SA 2.0
St Albans District Council Offices
UK COA St Albans.png
Author/Creator: Przsak, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Great Coat of Arms of St albans
St Albans UK locator map.svg
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right, CC BY-SA 3.0

Map of Hertfordshire, UK with St Albans highlighted.

Equirectangular map projection on WGS 84 datum, with N/S stretched 160%
St Albans City and District Council logo.svg
Author/Creator: St Albans City and District Council, Licence: Fair use
Logo of St Albans City and District Council
StAlbansCathedral-PS02.JPG
Author/Creator: Przemysław Sakrajda, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban, St Albans, Hertfordshire, UK