South China

Dark red: 3 southernmost provinces of China, usually considered to be "South China"
Medium Red: South China according to the 1945–1949 definition
Light Red: Southern China (a much broader area named Nanfang in Mandarin).

South China (simplified Chinese: 华南; traditional Chinese: 華南; pinyin: Huánán; lit. 'Huaxia-south') is a geographical and cultural region that covers the southernmost part of China. Its precise meaning varies with context. A notable feature of South China in comparison to the rest of China is that most of its citizens are not native speakers of Mandarin Chinese. Cantonese is the most common language in the region while the Guangxi region contains the largest concentration of China's ethnic minorities, each with their own language.

Administrative divisions

GB[1]ISO №[2]ProvinceChinese NameCapitalPopulationDensityAreaAbbreviation/Symbol
Yuè44Guangdong Province广东省
Guǎngdōng Shěng
Gwong2dung1 Saang2
Guangzhou104,303,132579.46180,000GD
Guì45Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Gwong2sai1 Zong3zuk6 Zi6zi6keoi1
Nanning46,026,629195.02236,000GX
Qióng46Hainan Province海南省
Hǎinán Shěng
Hoi2naam4 Saang2
Haikou8,671,518255.0434,000HI
Gǎng91Hong Kong Special Administrative Region香港特别行政区
Xiānggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Hoeng2gong1 Dak6bit6 Hang4zing3keoi1
Hong Kong7,061,2006,396.011,104HK
Ào92Macau Special Administrative Region澳门特别行政区
Àomén Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Ou3mun2 Dak6bit6 Han4zing3keoi1
Macau552,30019,044.8229MC

Cities with urban area over one million in population

Provincial capitals in bold.

#CityUrban area[3]District area[3]City proper[3]Prov.Census date
1Shenzhen10,358,38110,358,38110,358,381GD2010-11-01
2Guangzhou9,702,14411,071,42412,701,948GD2010-11-01
3Dongguan7,271,3228,220,2078,220,207GD2010-11-01
4Hong Kong7,071,5767,071,5767,071,576HK2011-06-30[4]
5Foshan6,771,8957,197,3947,197,394GD2010-11-01
6Shantou3,644,0175,329,0245,389,328GD2010-11-01
7Zhongshan2,740,9943,121,2753,121,275GD2010-11-01
8Nanning2,660,8333,434,3036,658,742GX2010-11-01
9Huizhou1,807,8582,344,6344,598,402GD2010-11-01
10Haikou1,517,4102,046,1702,046,170HI2010-11-01
11Jiangmen1,480,0231,822,6144,450,703GD2010-11-01
12Liuzhou1,410,7121,436,5993,758,704GX2010-11-01
13Zhuhai1,369,5381,562,5301,562,530GD2010-11-01
14Zhanjiang1,038,7621,611,8686,994,832GD2010-11-01
*Macau552,503552,503552,503MO2011-08-12[5]

Namesake

See also

References

  1. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  3. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室; 国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司, eds. (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
  4. ^ Census and Statistics Department, ed. (2012). 香港2011年人口普查 - 主要報告. Hong Kong: Government Logistics Department.
  5. ^ Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos, Macau (2012). 15th Macau Census (2011). Macau: Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos.

External links

Media files used on this page

Southern China map-1.png
Author/Creator: User:Koryakov Yuri, Licence: FAL
华南定义示意图,红色从深到浅依次为狭义的华南、民国教科书上的华南和中国的南方地区