South Carolina's 7th congressional district
|South Carolina's 7th congressional district|
The 7th congressional district of South Carolina is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in South Carolina, established in 2011 following apportionment of another seat to the state following the 2010 census. It includes all of Chesterfield, Dillon, Georgetown, Horry, Marlboro, Darlington, and Marion counties and parts of Florence County. The first US representative from this new district, Tom Rice, was elected in 2012 and took office on January 3, 2013.
Election results from presidential races
|2012||President||Romney 54.5 - 44.4%|
|2016||President||Trump 58 - 39.1%|
|2020||President||Trump 58 - 40.2%|
The 7th congressional district of South Carolina existed in the 19th century but it was eliminated in 1853 as a result of the 1850 Census. After the 1880 Census, Congress apportioned the state another seat, and the state legislature re-established the district.
By that time, the Reconstruction era had ended and the state legislature was controlled by Democrats, who wrested control by a mixture of violence and fraud. They defined the boundaries of the 7th district, which was called the "shoestring district" because of its long, narrow shape that included many black precincts. In 1892 and 1894 the majority-black voters of the district elected George W. Murray to Congress; he was the only African American to serve in Congress in those sessions and, following disfranchisement and demographic changes, the last elected from the state until Jim Clyburn in 1992.
In 1895, the Democrat-dominated state legislature passed a new constitution, disfranchising black voters by changes to voter registration and electoral rules that were applied against them in a discriminatory way. For decades after 1896, only white Democrats were elected to Congress from the state. (Such disfranchisement occurred among all the states of the former Confederacy, and their use of poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clauses, and white primaries survived several US Supreme Court challenges.)
During the first half of the 20th century, 6.5 million blacks in total left South Carolina and other southern states in the Great Migration to the North, Midwest and West. Following cumulative declines in state population, after the 1930 Census, South Carolina lost a seat and the 7th district was eliminated in redistricting. It was last represented by Democrat Hampton P. Fulmer, who was redistricted into the 2nd district.
South Carolina had only six districts for the next 80 years. African Americans were effectively barred from voting until after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Increases in population led to the state's receiving another congressional seat following the 2010 Census.
The 7th district is located in the rapidly developing area of northeastern South Carolina, including the Myrtle Beach metropolitan area (the Grand Strand) and the Pee Dee region. It is a white-majority district and its voters elected Republican Tom Rice as US Representative from the district in 2012; he took office in January 2013, when the 113th Congress convened. Due almost entirely to the presence of heavily Republican Horry County, which has as many people as the rest of the district combined, it tilts Republican.
The district boundaries are roughly similar to the configuration of the 6th congressional district before it was reconfigured after the 1990 census as a black-majority district.
List of members representing the district
|Electoral history||District location|
|District created March 4, 1803|
|Thomas Moore||Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1803 –|
March 3, 1813
|Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1803.|
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
|Elias Earle||Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1813 –|
March 3, 1815
|13th||Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1812.|
|John Taylor||Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1815 –|
March 3, 1817
|14th||Elected in 1814.|
|Elias Earle||Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1817 –|
March 3, 1821
|Elected in 1816.|
Re-elected in 1818.
|John Wilson||Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1821 –|
March 3, 1823
|17th||Elected in 1820.|
Redistricted to the 6th district.
|March 4, 1823 –|
March 3, 1825
|Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1823.|
Re-elected in 1824.
|Jacksonian||March 4, 1825 –|
March 3, 1827
|William T. Nuckolls||Jacksonian||March 4, 1827 –|
March 3, 1833
|Elected in 1826.|
Re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
|William K. Clowney||Nullifier||March 4, 1833 –|
March 3, 1835
|23rd||Elected in 1833.|
|James Rogers||Jacksonian||March 4, 1835 –|
March 3, 1837
|24th||Elected in 1834.|
|William K. Clowney||Nullifier||March 4, 1837 –|
March 3, 1839
|25th||Elected in 1836.|
|James Rogers||Democratic||March 4, 1839 –|
March 3, 1843
|Elected in 1838.|
Re-elected in 1840.
Robert B. Rhett
|Democratic||March 4, 1843 –|
March 3, 1849
|Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1843.|
Re-elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
|William F. Colcock||Democratic||March 4, 1849 –|
March 3, 1853
|Elected in 1848.|
Re-elected in 1850.
|District eliminated March 3, 1853|
|District re-established March 4, 1883|
Edmund W. M. Mackey
|Republican||March 4, 1883 –|
January 27, 1884
|48th||Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1882.|
|Vacant||January 27, 1884 –|
March 18, 1884
|Republican||March 18, 1884 –|
March 3, 1887
|Elected to finish Mackey's term.|
Re-elected in 1884.
|Democratic||March 4, 1887 –|
September 23, 1890
|Elected in 1886.|
Re-elected in 1888.
Lost election contest.
Thomas E. Miller
|Republican||September 24, 1890 –|
March 3, 1891
|51st||Won election contest.|
|Democratic||March 4, 1891 –|
March 3, 1893
|52nd||Elected in 1890.|
George W. Murray
|Republican||March 4, 1893 –|
March 3, 1895
|53rd||Elected in 1892.|
Redistricted to the 1st district.
J. William Stokes
|Democratic||March 4, 1895 –|
June 1, 1896
|54th||Elected in 1894.|
Seat declared vacant while being contested because of Democratic election fraud.
|Vacant||June 1, 1896 –|
November 3, 1896
J. William Stokes
|Democratic||November 3, 1896 –|
July 6, 1901
|Elected to finish his own term.|
Also elected in 1896 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
|Vacant||July 6, 1901 –|
November 5, 1901
Asbury F. Lever
|Democratic||November 5, 1901 –|
August 1, 1919
|Elected to finish Stokes's term.|
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Resigned to become member of Federal Farm Loan Board.
|Vacant||August 1, 1919 –|
October 7, 1919
Edward C. Mann
|Democratic||October 7, 1919 –|
March 3, 1921
|Elected to finish Lever's term.|
Hampton P. Fulmer
|Democratic||March 4, 1921 –|
March 3, 1933
|Elected in 1920.|
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
|District eliminated March 3, 1933|
|District re-established January 3, 2013|
|Republican||January 3, 2013 –|
|Elected in 2012.|
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Recent election results
|Republican||Tom Rice (Incumbent)||102,833||59.9|
|Republican||Tom Rice (incumbent)||176,468||61.0|
|Republican||Tom Rice (incumbent)||142,681||59.6|
|Republican||Tom Rice (incumbent)||224,993||61.8|
|Democratic||Melissa Ward Watson||138,863||38.1|
- "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- "Census 2010 shows Red states gaining congressional districts". Washington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- "Election Statistics - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". Karen Haas, Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
- The votes for the Democratic candidate includes votes cast for the candidate who also ran under the Working Families Party ticket
- "South Carolina Election Commission Official Results". West Virginia Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- "2016 Statewide General Election official results". South Carolina State Election Commission. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
- "2020 Statewide General Election Night Reporting - Results". South Carolina Election Commission. November 10, 2020. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Media files used on this page
Official portrait of US Congressman Tom Rice
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division
under the digital ID hec.12496.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.
Boundaries for South Carolina’s 7th United States Federal Congressional District.
Photographic portrait of Robert Barnwell Rhett, Sr.
Former United States Representative from South Carolina William Elliott.