September 26

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September 26 in recent years
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  2012 (Wednesday)

September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 96 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1905 – Albert Einstein publishes the third of his Annus Mirabilis papers, introducing the special theory of relativity.
  • 1907 – Four months after the 1907 Imperial Conference, New Zealand and Newfoundland are promoted from colonies to dominions within the British Empire.
  • 1910 – Indian journalist Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai is arrested after publishing criticism of the government of Travancore and is exiled.
  • 1914 – The United States Federal Trade Commission is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.[4]
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Polygon Wood begins.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive began which would last until the total surrender of German forces.
  • 1923 – The German government accepts the occupation of the Ruhr.
  • 1933 – As gangster Machine Gun Kelly surrenders to the FBI, he shouts out, "Don't shoot, G-Men!", which becomes a nickname for FBI agents.
  • 1934 – The ocean liner RMS Queen Mary is launched.
  • 1936Spanish Civil War: Lluis Companys reshuffles the Generalitat de Catalunya, with the marxist POUM and anarcho-syndicalist CNT joining the government.[5]
  • 1942Holocaust: Senior SS official August Frank issues a memorandum detailing how Jews should be "evacuated".
  • 1950 – Korean War: United Nations troops recapture Seoul from North Korean forces.
  • 1953Rationing of sugar in the United Kingdom ends
  • 1954 – The Japanese rail ferry Tōya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan, killing 1,172.
  • 1959Typhoon Vera, the strongest typhoon to hit Japan in recorded history, makes landfall, killing 4,580 people and leaving nearly 1.6 million others homeless.
  • 1960 – In Chicago, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
  • 1969Abbey Road, the last recorded album by the Beatles, is released.
  • 1973Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
  • 1980 – At the Oktoberfest terror attack in Munich 13 people die and 211 are injured.
  • 1981Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
  • 1983 – Soviet Air Force officer Stanislav Petrov identifies a report of an incoming nuclear missile as a computer error and not an American first strike.
  • 1983 – Australia II wins the America's Cup, ending the New York Yacht Club's 132-year domination of the race.
  • 1984 – The United Kingdom and China agree to a transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, to take place in 1997.
  • 1997 – A Garuda Indonesia Airbus A300 crashes near Medan airport, killing 234.
  • 1997 – An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.
  • 2000Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turn violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • 2000 – The MS Express Samina sinks off Paros in the Aegean Sea killing 80 passengers.
  • 2002 – The overcrowded Senegalese ferry, MV Le Joola, capsizes off the coast of the Gambia killing more than 1,000.
  • 2005 – The PBS Kids Channel is shut down and replaced by a joint network with Comcast called Sprout.
  • 2008 – Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes first person to fly a jet engine-powered wing across the English Channel.
  • 2009Typhoon Ketsana hits the Philippines, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, causing 700 fatalities.
  • 2014 – A mass kidnapping occurs in Iguala, Mexico.

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1901George Raft, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Ted Weems, American bandleader and musician (d. 1963)
  • 1905Millito Navarro, Puerto Rican baseball player (d. 2011)
  • 1905 – Karl Rappan, Austrian footballer and coach (d. 1996)
  • 1907Anthony Blunt, English historian and spy (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Shug Fisher, American singer-songwriter, musician, actor, and comedian (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (d. 1992)
  • 1909Bill France, Sr., American race car driver, founded NASCAR (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – A. P. Hamann, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 1977)
  • 1911Al Helfer, American sportscaster (d. 1975)
  • 1913Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1914Achille Compagnoni, Italian skier and mountaineer (d. 2009)
  • 1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness expert (d. 2011)
  • 1917Réal Caouette, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1976)
  • 1917 – Tran Duc Thao, Vietnamese-French philosopher and theorist (d. 1993)
  • 1918Eric Morley, English businessman and television host, founded the Miss World (d. 2000)
  • 1919Barbara Britton, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1919 – Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and author (d. 2012)
  • 1922Takis Miliadis, Greek actor (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1923Dev Anand, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2011)
  • 1923 – Hugh Griffiths, Baron Griffiths, English cricketer, lawyer, and judge (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – James Hennessy, English businessman and diplomat
  • 1924Jean Hoerni, Swiss physicist, inventor and businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1925Norm Dussault, American-Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2012)
  • 1925 – Marty Robbins, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and race car driver (d. 1982)
  • 1926Julie London, American singer and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian philologist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1927Robert Cade, American physician and educator, co-invented Gatorade (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Patrick O'Neal, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1927 – Enzo Bearzot, Italian footballer and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1928Bob Van der Veken, Belgian actor (d. 2019)
  • 1928 – Wilford White, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1930Philip Bosco, American actor (d. 2018)
  • 1930 – Joe Brown, English mountaineer and author (d. 2020)
  • 1931Kenneth Parnell, American sex offender (d. 2008)
  • 1932Manmohan Singh, Indian economist and politician, 13th Prime Minister of India
  • 1932Donna Douglas, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Joyce Jameson, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1932 – Vladimir Voinovich, Russian author and poet (d. 2018)
  • 1934Neil Coles, English golfer and architect
  • 1935Bob Barber, English cricketer
  • 1935 – Lou Myers, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1935 – Joe Sherlock, Irish politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936Leroy Drumm, American sailor and songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1936 – Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African academic and politician, 8th First Lady of South Africa (d. 2018)
  • 1937Valentin Pavlov, Russian banker and politician, 11th Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Jerry Weintraub, American film producer and agent (d. 2015)
  • 1938Lucette Aldous, New Zealand-Australian ballerina and educator
  • 1938 – Jonathan Goldsmith, American actor[15][16]
  • 1938 – Lars-Jacob Krogh, Norwegian journalist (d. 2010)
  • 1939Ricky Tomlinson, English actor and screenwriter[17]
  • 1941Salvatore Accardo, Italian violinist and conductor
  • 1941 – Martine Beswick, Jamaican-English model and actress
  • 1941 – David Frizzell, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942Kent McCord, American actor
  • 1942 – Gloria E. Anzaldúa, American scholar of Chicana cultural theory (d. 2004)
  • 1943Ian Chappell, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1943 – Tim Schenken, Australian race car driver
  • 1944Jan Brewer, American politician, 22nd Governor of Arizona
  • 1944 – Keith O'Nions, English geologist and academic
  • 1944 – Anne Robinson, English journalist and game show host
  • 1945Louise Beaudoin, Canadian academic and politician
  • 1945 – Gal Costa, Brazilian singer[18]
  • 1945 – Bryan Ferry, English singer-songwriter
  • 1946Andrea Dworkin, American activist and author (d. 2005)[19]
  • 1946 – John MacLachlan Gray, Canadian actor, playwright, and composer
  • 1946 – Radha Krishna Mainali, Nepalese politician
  • 1946 – Louise Simonson, American author
  • 1946 – Claudette Werleigh, Haitian Prime Minister[20]
  • 1947Lynn Anderson, American singer and actress (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Philippe Lavil, French singer and actor
  • 1947 – Dick Roth, American swimmer
  • 1948Olivia Newton-John, English-Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1949Clodoaldo, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1949 – Wendy Saddington, Australian singer and journalist (d. 2013)
  • 1949 – Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • 1949 – Minette Walters, English journalist and author
  • 1950Andy Haden, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2020)
  • 1951Tommy Taylor, English footballer and manager
  • 1951 – Stuart Tosh, Scottish singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1953Dolores Keane, Irish singer and actress
  • 1953 – Douglas A. Melton, American biologist and academic
  • 1953 – Paul Stephenson, English police officer
  • 1954Craig Chaquico, American guitarist
  • 1954 – Kevin Kennedy, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Cesar Rosas, Mexican-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956Steve Butler, American race car driver and engineer
  • 1956 – Linda Hamilton, American actress
  • 1957Bob Staake, American author and illustrator
  • 1957 – Klaus Augenthaler, German footballer and manager
  • 1957 – Michael Dweck, American photographer and director
  • 1958Rudi Cerne, German figure skater and journalist
  • 1958 – Darby Crash, American singer-songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1958 – Robert Kagan, Greek-American historian and author
  • 1958 – Kenny Sansom, English footballer
  • 1958 – Richard B. Weldon Jr., American sailor and politician
  • 1959Andrew Bolt, Australian journalist
  • 1959 – Trevor Dodds, Namibian golfer
  • 1959 – Rich Gedman, American baseball player and coach
  • 1959 – Ilya Kormiltsev, Russian poet and translator (d. 2007)
  • 1960Uwe Bein, German footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Jouke de Vries, Dutch academic and politician
  • 1960 – Doug Supernaw, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2020)
  • 1961Jeanie Buss, American sports executive[21]
  • 1961 – Cindy Herron, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1961 – Marianne Mikko, Estonian journalist and politician
  • 1961 – Will Self, English novelist and journalist
  • 1962Melissa Sue Anderson, American-Canadian actress
  • 1962 – Peter Foster, Australian criminal
  • 1962 – Mark Haddon, English author and poet
  • 1962 – Steve Moneghetti, Australian runner
  • 1962 – Al Pitrelli, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1962 – Tracey Thorn, English singer-songwriter and writer
  • 1962 – Jacky Wu, Taiwanese singer, actor, and television host
  • 1963Lysette Anthony, English actress and producer
  • 1963 – Joe Nemechek, American race car driver
  • 1964Nicki French, English singer and actress
  • 1964 – Dave Martinez, American baseball player and coach
  • 1964 – John Tempesta, American drummer
  • 1965Radisav Ćurčić, Serbian-Israeli basketball player[22]
  • 1965 – Petro Poroshenko, Ukrainian businessman and politician, 5th President of Ukraine
  • 1966Christos Dantis, Greek singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1966 – Shane Dye, New Zealand jockey
  • 1966 – Craig Heyward, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Jillian Barberie, Canadian actress and sportscaster
  • 1967Bruno Akrapović, Bosnian footballer and manager
  • 1967 – Shannon Hoon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1967 – Craig Janney, American ice hockey player
  • 1968Jim Caviezel, American actor
  • 1969Andy Petterson, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1969 – David Slade, English director and producer
  • 1969 – Holger Stanislawski, German footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Paul Warhurst, English footballer and manager
  • 1970Daryl Beattie, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1970 – Sheri Moon Zombie, American actress and fashion designer
  • 1970 – David Parland, Swedish guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1972Ras Kass, American rapper and producer
  • 1972 – Beto O'Rourke, American politician[23]
  • 1972 – Shawn Stockman, American singer
  • 1973Marty Casey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Julienne Davis, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Chris Small, Scottish snooker player and coach
  • 1973 – Olga Vasdeki, Greek triple jumper
  • 1974Boris Cepeda, German-Ecuadorian pianist and diplomat
  • 1974 – Gary Hall Jr., American swimmer
  • 1974 – Martin Müürsepp, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1975Emma Härdelin, Swedish singer and violinist
  • 1975 – Jake Paltrow, American director and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Chiara Schoras, German actress
  • 1976Michael Ballack, German footballer
  • 1976 – Sami Vänskä, Finnish bass player
  • 1977Kerem Özyeğen, Turkish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Aka Plu, Japanese comedian and actor
  • 1978Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot, Kenyan runner
  • 1979Jon Harley, English footballer
  • 1979 – Simon Kirch, German sprinter
  • 1979 – Naomichi Marufuji, Japanese wrestler
  • 1979 – Fuifui Moimoi, Tongan-New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1979 – Cameron Mooney, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Jaycie Phelps, American gymnast
  • 1979 – Taavi Rõivas, Estonian politician, 16th Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1979 – Jacob Tierney, Canadian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1980Patrick Friesacher, Austrian race car driver
  • 1980 – Brooks Orpik, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Daniel Sedin, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Henrik Sedin, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981Yao Beina, Chinese singer (d. 2015)
  • 1981 – Christina Milian, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1981 – Ayumi Tsunematsu, Japanese voice actress
  • 1981 – Kanako Urai, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player[24]
  • 1982Rob Burrow, English rugby player
  • 1982 – Simon Picone, Italian rugby player
  • 1982 – John Scott, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Miguel Alfredo Portillo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1982 – Jon Richardson, English comedian and radio host
  • 1983D'Qwell Jackson, American football player
  • 1983 – Archimede Morleo, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Ricardo Quaresma, Portuguese footballer
  • 1984Nev Schulman, American photographer, television host, and producer
  • 1986Sean Doolittle, American baseball player[25]
  • 1987Rosanna Munter, Swedish singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Vladimir Niculescu, Romanian professional football player
  • 1987 – Cyril Gautier, French road bicycle racer
  • 1988James Blake, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1988 – Kiira Korpi, Finnish figure skater
  • 1989Chinami Suzuki, Japanese model, television host, and actress
  • 1989 – Jonny Bairstow, English and Yorkshire Wicketkeeper/Batsman
  • 1991Dan Preston, English footballer
  • 1991 – Alma Jodorowsky, French actress, fashion model and singer
  • 1991 – Réka Demeter, Hungarian football defender
  • 1992Yoo Ara, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1993Michael Kidd-Gilchrist, American basketball player
  • 1994Lucas Gafarot, Spanish footballer
  • 1994 – Jack Conger, American swimmer
  • 1995Miloš Veljković, Serbian footballer
  • 2000Princess Salma bint Abdullah, Jordanian princess
  • 2000 – Frankie Amaya, American soccer player[26]

Deaths

Pre-1600

  • 800Berowulf, bishop of Würzburg
  • 862Musa ibn Musa al-Qasawi, Muslim military leader (b. c. 790)
  • 1241Fujiwara no Teika, Japanese poet
  • 1290Margaret, Maid of Norway Queen of Scotland (b. 1283)
  • 1313Gottfried von Hagenau, Alsatian theologian, medical doctor, and poet
  • 1327Cecco d'Ascoli, Italian encyclopaedist, physician and poet (b. 1257)
  • 1328Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar and philosopher of Harran (b. 1263)
  • 1345William II, Count of Hainaut
  • 1371Jovan Uglješa, Serbian despot
  • 1413Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1337)
  • 1417Francesco Zabarella, Italian cardinal (b. 1360)
  • 1468Juan de Torquemada, Spanish cardinal and theologian (b. 1388)
  • 1536Didier de Saint-Jaille, 46th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller
  • 1588Amias Paulet, Governor of Jersey (b. 1532)
  • 1600Claude Le Jeune, French composer (b. 1530)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Levi Strauss, German-American businessman, founded Levi Strauss & Co. (b. 1829)
  • 1904Lafcadio Hearn, Greek-Japanese author and academic (b. 1850)
  • 1904 – John Fitzwilliam Stairs, Canadian businessman and politician (b. 1848)
  • 1922Charles Wade, Australian politician, 17th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1863)
  • 1935Andy Adams, American author (b. 1859)
  • 1935 – Iván Persa, Slovene-Hungarian priest and author (b. 1861)
  • 1937Bessie Smith, American singer and actress (b. 1894)
  • 1943Henri Fertet, French Resistance fighter (b. 1926) [28]
  • 1945Béla Bartók, Hungarian pianist and composer (b. 1881)
  • 1946William Strunk Jr., American author and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1947Hugh Lofting, English-American author and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1951Hans Cloos, German geologist and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1952George Santayana, Spanish philosopher, novelist, and poet (b. 1863)
  • 1953Xu Beihong, Chinese painter and educator (b. 1895)
  • 1954Ellen Roosevelt, American tennis player (b. 1868)
  • 1957Arthur Powell Davies, American minister and author (b. 1902)
  • 1959S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1899)
  • 1959 – Leslie Morshead, Australian general (b. 1889)
  • 1959 – Teodor Ussisoo, Estonian furniture designer and educator (b. 1878)
  • 1965James Fitzmaurice, Irish soldier and pilot (b. 1898)
  • 1968Ben Shlomo Lipman-Heilprin, Polish-Israeli neurologist and physician (b. 1902)
  • 1968 – Daniel Johnson Sr., Canadian lawyer and politician, 20th Premier of Quebec (b. 1915)
  • 1968 – Władysław Kędra, Polish pianist (b. 1918)
  • 1972Charles Correll, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1890)
  • 1973Samuel Flagg Bemis, American historian and author (b. 1891)
  • 1973 – Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress and singer (b. 1908)
  • 1976Leopold Ružička, Croatian-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1977Uday Shankar, Indian dancer and choreographer (b. 1900)
  • 1978Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1979Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982Alec Hurwood, Australian cricketer (b. 1902)
  • 1984Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1948)
  • 1984 – John Facenda, American sportscaster (b. 1913)
  • 1987Ramang, Indonesian footballer and manager (b. 1928)
  • 1987 – Herbert Tichy, Austrian geologist, journalist, and mountaineer (b. 1912)
  • 1988Branko Zebec, Yugoslav football player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 1989Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Indian singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1920)
  • 1990Hiram Abas, Turkish intelligence officer (b. 1932)
  • 1990 – Alberto Moravia, Italian author and critic (b. 1907)
  • 1991Billy Vaughn, American singer and bandleader (b. 1919)
  • 1995Kalju Pitksaar, Estonian chess player (b. 1931)
  • 1996Nicu Ceaușescu, Romanian politician (b. 1951)
  • 1997Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1909)[29]
  • 1998Betty Carter, American singer (b. 1930)
  • 1999Oseola McCarty, American philanthropist (b. 1908)
  • 2000Richard Mulligan, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. 1937)
  • 2003Shawn Lane, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – Robert Palmer, English singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 2004Marianna Komlos, Canadian bodybuilder, model, and wrestler (b. 1969)
  • 2005Helen Cresswell, English author and screenwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2006Byron Nelson, American golfer and coach (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Iva Toguri D'Aquino, American wartime propaganda broadcaster (b. 1916)
  • 2007Bill Wirtz, American businessman (b. 1929)
  • 2008Marc Moulin, Belgian keyboard player, producer, and journalist (b. 1942)
  • 2008 – Paul Newman, American actor, director, producer, and businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2010Terry Newton, English rugby player (b. 1978)
  • 2010 – Gloria Stuart, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2011Bob Cassilly, American sculptor, founded the City Museum (b. 1949)
  • 2012M'el Dowd, American actress and singer (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Sylvia Fedoruk, Canadian physicist and politician, 17th Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Eugene Genovese, American historian and author (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Sam Steiger, American journalist and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2013Azizan Abdul Razak, Malaysian politician, 10th Menteri Besar of Kedah (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Seánie Duggan, Irish hurler (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Mario Montez, Puerto Rican-American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2013 – Sos Sargsyan, Armenian actor and director (b. 1929)
  • 2014Jim Boeke, American football player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Sam Hall, American screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Gerald Neugebauer, American astronomer and physicist (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Tamir Sapir, Georgian-American businessman (b. 1946)
  • 2015Eudóxia Maria Froehlich, Brazilian zoologist (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Sidney Phillips, American soldier, physician, and author (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Ana Seneviratne, Sri Lankan police officer and diplomat (b. 1927)
  • 2019Jacques Chirac, French politician and President of France (b. 1932) [30]

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ George Washington (1837). The Writings of George Washington: Part fifth: comprising speeches and messages to Congress, proclamations, and addresses. American Stationers' Company, John B. Russell. p. 432.
  2. ^ The United Service. L.R. Hamersly & Company. 1904. p. 685.
  3. ^ William Rae Wilson (1826). Travels in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Hanover, Germany, Netherlands, &c. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. p. 1.
  4. ^ Winerman, Marc (2003). "The Origins of the FTC: Concentration, Cooperation, Control, and Competition" (PDF). Antitrust Law Journal. 71: 1–97. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  5. ^ Preston, Paul (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution & revenge. London: Harper Perennial. p. 253–254.
  6. ^ Thilo Vogelsang. "Anna". Deutsche Biographie. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  7. ^ Karl Leopold Strauven (1876), "Engelbert von Cleve", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), vol. 4, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 330
  8. ^ Georges Duplessis (1871). The Wonders of Engraving. S. Low, son, and Marston. pp. 255.
  9. ^ The Penn Monthly. University Press Company. 1872. p. 2.
  10. ^ Barak Longmate (1810). Stockdale's Peerage of England, Scotland and Ireland. J. Stockdale. p. 24.
  11. ^ Peggy Saari; Stephen Allison; Marie C. Ellavich (1996). Scientists: P-Z. U-X-L. p. 7467. ISBN 9780787609627.
  12. ^ The American Whitaker Almanac and Encyclopedia. 1915. p. 471.
  13. ^ Current Biography. H.W. Wilson Company. 1943. p. 263.
  14. ^ Cicarelli, James; Cicarelli, Julianne (2003). Distinguished Women Economists. Westport: Greenwood. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-31330-331-9.
  15. ^ "Dos Equis' pitchman is Jewish actor living in Marina del Rey - Hollywood Jew". Jewish Journal.
  16. ^ David Savona (October 2010). "The Most Interesting (Actor) in the World". Cigar Aficionado. Vol. 18, no. 6. p. 162–168. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013.
  17. ^ Ricky Tomlinson (4 September 2008). Ricky. Little, Brown Book Group. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7481-0914-2.
  18. ^ "Dicionário Cravo Albin da Música Popular Brasileira".
  19. ^ "Obituary". The Times. London. April 13, 2005. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  20. ^ Das, Bijoyeta. "BUILDING BRIDGES, BUILDING PEACE:The Life and Work of Claudette Werleigh of Haiti" (PDF). University of San Diego. p. 15.
  21. ^ Buss, Jeanie; Springer, Steve (2010). Laker Girl. Triumph Books. p. 24. ISBN 9781600785115.
  22. ^ "Radisav Ćurčić Stats". Basketball-Reference.com.
  23. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress".
  24. ^ "Serena WILLIAMS - Olympic Tennis | United States of America". International Olympic Committee. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  25. ^ "Major League Baseball official website".
  26. ^ "Frankie Amaya". Major League Soccer. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  27. ^ "BBC - History - Thomas Clarkson". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  28. ^ "Henri Fertet". Musée de l'Ordre de la Libération (in French). Retrieved 2019-12-01.
  29. ^ "Obituary: Dorothy Kingsley". The Independent. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  30. ^ "Chirac: A life in French politics". BBC News. 2019-09-26. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  31. ^ "BBC - Languages - Event - The European Day of Languages, 26th September". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 26 October 2021.

External links