September 22

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September 22 in recent years
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September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 100 days remain until the end of the year. It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere, though sometimes this falls on September 21 or September 23 instead.

Events

Pre-1600

  • 904 – The warlord Zhu Quanzhong kills Emperor Zhaozong, the penultimate emperor of the Tang dynasty, after seizing control of the imperial government.
  • 1236 – The Samogitians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the Battle of Saule.
  • 1499 – The Treaty of Basel concludes the Swabian War.
  • 1586 – The Battle of Zutphen is a Spanish victory over the English and Dutch.

1601–1900

  • 1692 – The last hanging of those convicted of witchcraft in the Salem witch trials; others are all eventually released.
  • 1711 – The Tuscarora War begins in present-day North Carolina.
  • 1761George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz are crowned King and Queen, respectively, of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1776Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during the American Revolution.
  • 1789 – The office of United States Postmaster General is established.
  • 1789 – Battle of Rymnik: Alexander Suvorov's Russian and allied army defeats superior Ottoman Empire forces.
  • 1792Primidi Vendémiaire of year one of the French Republican Calendar as the French First Republic comes into being.
  • 1823Joseph Smith claims to have found the golden plates after being directed by God through the Angel Moroni to the place where they were buried.
  • 1857 – The Russian warship Lefort capsizes and sinks during a storm in the Gulf of Finland, killing all 826 aboard.
  • 1862 – A preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released by Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1866 – The Battle of Curupayty is Paraguay's only significant victory in the Paraguayan War.
  • 1885Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to the Irish Home Rule movement.
  • 1891 – The first hydropower plant of Finland was commissioned along the Tammerkoski rapids in Tampere, Pirkanmaa.[1][2]
  • 1892Lindal Railway Incident, providing inspiration for "The Lost Special" by A.C. Doyle and the TV serial Lost.
  • 1896Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.

1901–present

  • 1910 – The Duke of York's Picture House opens in Brighton, now the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.
  • 1914 – A German submarine sinks three British cruisers over a seventy-minute period, killing almost 1500 sailors.
  • 1919 – The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.
  • 1934 – The Gresford disaster in Wales kills 266 miners and rescuers.
  • 1939World War II: A joint German–Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk is held to celebrate the successful invasion of Poland.
  • 1941The Holocaust in Ukraine: On the Jewish New Year Day, the German SS murders 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsia, Ukraine. Those are the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews were executed.
  • 1948Gail Halvorsen officially starts parachuting candy to children as part of the Berlin Airlift.
  • 1948 – Israeli-Palestine conflict: The All-Palestine Government is established by the Arab League.[3]
  • 1957 – In Haiti, François Duvalier is elected president.
  • 1960 – The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.
  • 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ends after the United Nations calls for a ceasefire.
  • 1966 – Twenty-four people are killed when Ansett-ANA Flight 149 crashes in Winton, Queensland, Australia.[4]
  • 1975Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by the Secret Service.
  • 1979 – A bright flash, resembling the detonation of a nuclear weapon, is observed near the Prince Edward Islands. Its cause is never determined.
  • 1980 – Iraq invades Iran, sparking the nearly eight year Iran–Iraq War.
  • 1991 – The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time.
  • 1993 – A barge strikes a railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama, causing the deadliest train wreck in Amtrak history. Forty-seven passengers are killed.
  • 1993 – A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.
  • 1995 – An E-3B AWACS crashes outside Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board are killed.
  • 1995 – The Nagerkovil school bombing is carried out by the Sri Lanka Air Force in which at least 34 die, most of them ethnic Tamil schoolchildren.
  • 2006 – Twenty-three people were killed in a maglev train collision in Lathen, Germany.[5]
  • 2013 – At least 75 people are killed in a suicide bombing at a Christian church in Peshawar, Pakistan.

Births

Pre-1600

  • 1013Richeza of Poland, Queen of Hungary (d. 1075)
  • 1211Ibn Khallikan, Iraqi scholar and judge (d. 1282)
  • 1373Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester (d. 1400)
  • 1515Anne of Cleves, Queen consort of England (d. 1557)[6]
  • 1547Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin, German philologist, mathematician, astronomer, and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1593Matthäus Merian, Swiss-German engraver and cartographer (d. 1650)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1901Nadezhda Alliluyeva, second wife of Joseph Stalin (d. 1932)
  • 1901 – Charles Brenton Huggins, Canadian-American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1902John Houseman, Romanian-American actor and producer (d. 1988)
  • 1905Haakon Lie, Norwegian lawyer and politician (d. 2009)
  • 1905 – Eugen Sänger, Czech-Austrian engineer (d. 1964)
  • 1906Ilse Koch, German war criminal (d. 1967)[10]
  • 1907Maurice Blanchot, French philosopher and author (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, English race car driver (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Hermann Schlichting, German engineer and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1908Esphyr Slobodkina, Russian-American author and illustrator (d. 2002)
  • 1909John Engstead, American photographer and journalist (d. 1983)
  • 1910György Faludy, Hungarian poet and author (d. 2006)
  • 1912Herbert Mataré, German physicist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1912 – Martha Scott, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1913Lillian Chestney, American painter and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1915Grigory Frid, Russian pianist and composer (d. 2012)
  • 1918Hans Scholl, German activist (d. 1943)
  • 1918 – Henryk Szeryng, Mexican violinist and educator (d. 1988)
  • 1920Eric Baker, English activist, co-founded Amnesty International (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Anders Lassen, Danish-English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1945)
  • 1920 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – William H. Riker, American political scientist and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1921Will Elder, American illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1922David Sive, American environmentalist and lawyer (d. 2014)
  • 1923Dannie Abse, Welsh physician, poet, and author (d. 2014)
  • 1924Bernard Gauthier, French cyclist (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Charles Keeping, English author and illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Rosamunde Pilcher, English author (d. 2019)
  • 1924 – Charles Waterhouse, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – J. William Middendorf, American soldier and politician, 14th United States Secretary of the Navy
  • 1924 – Ray Wetzel, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1951)
  • 1925Virginia Capers, American actress and singer (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Leila Hadley, American author (d. 2009)
  • 1926Bill Smith, American clarinet player and composer (d. 2020)
  • 1927Gordon Astall, English footballer and coach (d. 2020)
  • 1927 – Tommy Lasorda, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2021)[11]
  • 1928Eric Broadley, English engineer and businessman, founded Lola Cars (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – James Lawson, American activist, author, and academic
  • 1928 – Eugene Roche, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Johnny Valentine, American wrestler (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Vitthalrao Gadgil, Indian politician (d. 2001)[12]
  • 1929Serge Garant, Canadian composer and conductor (d. 1986)
  • 1929 – Carlo Ubbiali, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 2020)
  • 1930Joni James, American singer
  • 1930 – T. S. Sinnathuray, Judge of the High Court of Singapore (d. 2016)
  • 1931Fay Weldon, English author and playwright
  • 1931 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, Scottish banker and politician, Secretary of State for Defence (d. 2003)
  • 1932Algirdas Brazauskas, Lithuanian politician, 2nd President of Lithuania (d. 2010)
  • 1932 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer (d. 2009)
  • 1933Leonardo Balada, Spanish-American composer and educator
  • 1933 – T. Cullen Davis, American businessman
  • 1933 – Carmelo Simeone, Italian-Argentinian footballer (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Jesco von Puttkamer, German-American engineer (d. 2012)
  • 1934Jack McGregor, American captain, lawyer, and politician
  • 1934 – Lute Olson, American basketball player and coach (d. 2020)[13]
  • 1934 – T. Somasekaram, Sri Lankan geographer and politician, 37th Surveyor General of Sri Lanka (d. 2010)
  • 1936Maurice Evans, English footballer and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1937Don Rutherford, English rugby player (d. 2016)
  • 1938Gene Mingo, American football player
  • 1939Bogdan Baltazar, Romanian economist and engineer (d. 2012)
  • 1939 – Deborah Lavin, South African-English historian and academic
  • 1939 – Gilbert E. Patterson, American bishop (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Junko Tabei, Japanese mountaineer (d. 2016)[14]
  • 1940Anna Karina, Danish-French actress, director, and screenwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1941Jeremiah Wright, American pastor and theologian
  • 1942Ole Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1942 – Candida Lycett Green, Anglo-Irish journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1942 – Rubén Salazar Gómez, Colombian cardinal
  • 1942 – David Stern, American lawyer and businessman (d. 2020)
  • 1943Toni Basil, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1943 – Barry Cable, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1943 – Paul Hoffert, American keyboard player, composer, and academic
  • 1944Brian Gibson, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1946King Sunny Adé, Nigerian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Larry Dierker, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947Jo Beverley, English-Canadian author (d. 2016)
  • 1947 – David Drewry, English glaciologist and geophysicist
  • 1947 – Norma McCorvey, American activist (d. 2017)
  • 1947 – Robert Morace, American author and academic
  • 1948Denis Burke, Australian soldier and politician, 6th Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
  • 1948 – Mark Phillips, English equestrian, trainer, and journalist
  • 1949James Cartwright, American general
  • 1949 – Jim McGinty, Australian lawyer and politician, Attorney-General of Western Australia
  • 1951David Coverdale, English singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Mike Graham, American wrestler and promoter (d. 2012)
  • 1951 – Doug Somers, American wrestler (d. 2017)
  • 1952Bob Goodlatte, American lawyer and politician
  • 1952 – Sukhumbhand Paribatra, Thai political scientist and politician, 15th Governor of Bangkok
  • 1952 – Américo Rocca, Mexican wrestler
  • 1953Richard Fairbrass, English singer-songwriter, musician and producer
  • 1953 – Ségolène Royal, French politician
  • 1955Jeffrey Leonard, American baseball player and coach
  • 1956Debby Boone, American singer, actress, and author
  • 1956 – Doug Wimbish, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1956 – Ibrahim Shema, Nigerian lawyer, politician
  • 1957Steve Carney, English footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1957 – Nick Cave, Australian singer-songwriter, author, and actor
  • 1957 – Johnette Napolitano, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1957 – Giuseppe Saronni, Italian cyclist and manager
  • 1958Andrea Bocelli, Italian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1958 – Beth Catlin, American autistic savant[15]
  • 1958 – Neil Cavuto, American journalist and author
  • 1958 – Joan Jett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actress
  • 1959Tai Babilonia, American figure skater and talk show host
  • 1959 – Saul Perlmutter, American astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1960Scott Baio, American actor
  • 1961Vince Coleman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Liam Fox, Scottish physician and politician, Secretary of State for Defence
  • 1961 – Bonnie Hunt, American actress, producer, and talk show host
  • 1961 – Diane Lemieux, Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1961 – Catherine Oxenberg, American actress
  • 1961 – Michael Torke, American composer
  • 1962Martin Crowe, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster (d. 2016)
  • 1964Juha Turunen, Finnish lawyer and politician
  • 1964 – Ken Vandermark, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1965Dan Bucatinsky, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Andrii Deshchytsia, Ukrainian politician and diplomat, Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1965 – Mark Guthrie, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Robert Satcher, American physician, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1966Ruth Jones, Welsh actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Mike Richter, American ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Michael Shank, American racing team owner[16]
  • 1967Matt Besser, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Super Delfin, Japanese wrestler
  • 1967 – Brian Keene, American novelist
  • 1967 – Ian Mortimer, English historian and novelist
  • 1967 – Rickard Rydell, Swedish race car driver
  • 1967 – Félix Savón, Cuban boxer
  • 1969Nicole Bradtke, Australian tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Tuomas Kantelinen, Finnish composer and conductor
  • 1969 – Sue Perkins, English comedian, actress, and radio host
  • 1969 – Matt Sharp, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1970Gladys Berejiklian, Australian politician, 45th Premier of New South Wales
  • 1970 – Mike Matheny, American baseball player and manager
  • 1970 – Mystikal, American rapper and actor
  • 1970 – Hitro Okesene, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1970 – Rupert Penry-Jones, English actor
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Petit, French footballer
  • 1971Elizabeth Bear, American author and poet[17]
  • 1971 – Toomas Krõm, Estonian footballer
  • 1971 – Luther Reigns, American actor and wrestler
  • 1973Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – Stéfan Louw, South African tenor and producer
  • 1973 – Bob Sapp, American wrestler
  • 1974Kostas Kaiafas, Cypriot footballer and manager
  • 1975Ethan Moreau, Canadian ice hockey player and scout
  • 1976David Berkeley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Mo Collins, American football player and coach (d. 2014)
  • 1978Harry Kewell, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1979Emilie Autumn, American singer-songwriter, violinist, and poet
  • 1979 – Phil Waugh, Australian rugby player
  • 1980Francesco D'Isa, Italian painter and journalist
  • 1980 – Svenja Weidemann, German tennis player
  • 1981Alexei Ramírez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1981 – Subaru Shibutani, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Ingrid Vetlesen, Norwegian soprano
  • 1982Domenic Cassisi, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Billie Piper, English actress and singer
  • 1982 – Maarten Stekelenburg, Dutch footballer
  • 1983Kyla, British singer
  • 1983 – Glenn Loovens, Dutch professional footballer
  • 1983 – Petr Tatíček, Czech professional ice hockey
  • 1983 – Tommy Thelin, Swedish footballer
  • 1984Ross Jarman, English drummer and songwriter
  • 1984 – Thiago Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985Matteo Cavagna, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Faris Haroun, Belgian footballer
  • 1985 – Jamie Mackie, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Tatiana Maslany, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Ibragim Todashev, Russian-American mixed martial artist (d. 2013)
  • 1987Derick Brassard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Stefan Denifl, Austrian cyclist
  • 1987 – Tom Felton, English actor
  • 1987 – Zdravko Kuzmanović, Serbian footballer
  • 1988Nikita Andreyev, Russian footballer
  • 1989Jon Bass, American actor
  • 1989 – Kim Hyo-yeon, South Korean singer, dancer, and actress
  • 1989 – Sabine Lisicki, German tennis player
  • 1990Denard Robinson, American football player
  • 1991Kenny Bromwich, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1992Philip Hindes, English track cyclist[18]
  • 1994Carlos Correa, Puerto Rican-American baseball player[19]
  • 1995Im Nayeon, South Korean singer[20]
  • 1999Kim Yo-han, South Korean singer and actor[21]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1607Alessandro Allori, Italian painter and educator (b. 1535)
  • 1662John Biddle, English minister and theologian (b. 1615)
  • 1692Martha Corey, American woman accused of witchcraft (b. 1620)
  • 1703Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1622)
  • 1756Abu l-Hasan Ali I, ruler of Tunisia (b. 1688)
  • 1774Pope Clement XIV (b. 1705)[24]
  • 1776Nathan Hale, American soldier (b. 1755)
  • 1777John Bartram, American botanist and explorer (b. 1699)
  • 1828Shaka Zulu, Zulu chieftain and monarch of the Zulu Kingdom (b. 1787)
  • 1852William Tierney Clark, English engineer, designed Hammersmith Bridge (b. 1783)
  • 1872Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer and linguist (b. 1801)
  • 1873Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss lawyer and politician (b. 1801)
  • 1881Solomon L. Spink, American lawyer and politician (b. 1831)

1901–present

  • 1914Alain-Fournier, French soldier and author (b. 1886)
  • 1919Alajos Gáspár, Hungarian-Slovene author and poet (b. 1848)
  • 1934Cecil Chubb, English barrister and one time owner of Stonehenge (b. 1876)
  • 1935Elliott Lewis, Australian politician, 19th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1858)
  • 1952Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, Finnish lawyer, judge, and politician, 1st President of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1956Frederick Soddy, English chemist and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1957Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
  • 1961Marion Davies, American actress and comedian (b. 1897)
  • 1969Adolfo López Mateos, Mexican politician, 48th President of Mexico (b. 1909)[25]
  • 1973Paul van Zeeland, Belgian lawyer, economist, and politician, 38th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1893)
  • 1979Abul A'la Maududi, Pakistani theologian, Islamic scholar and jurist (b. 1903)
  • 1981Harry Warren, American composer and songwriter (b. 1893)
  • 1987Hákun Djurhuus, Faroese educator and politician, 4th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (b. 1908)
  • 1987 – Dan Rowan, American actor, comedian, and producer (b. 1922)
  • 1988Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani psychoanalyst, scholar, and poet (b. 1914)
  • 1989Ambrose Folorunsho Alli, Nigerian academic and politician (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Irving Berlin, Russian-born American composer and songwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1992Aurelio López, Mexican baseball player (b. 1948)
  • 1993Maurice Abravanel, Greek-American pianist and conductor (b. 1903)
  • 1994Leonard Feather, English-American pianist, composer, producer, and journalist (b. 1914)
  • 1996Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Latvian-Canadian ballerina, choreographer, and director (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress and singer (b. 1914)
  • 1999George C. Scott, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2000Saburō Sakai, Japanese lieutenant and pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2001Isaac Stern, Polish-Ukrainian violinist and conductor (b. 1920)
  • 2002Jan de Hartog, Dutch-American author and playwright (b. 1914)
  • 2003Gordon Jump, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Hugo Young, English journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2004Pete Schoening, American mountaineer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Ray Traylor Jr., American professional wrestler better-known as the Big Boss Man (b. 1963)
  • 2006Edward Albert, American actor (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Carla Benschop, Dutch basketball player and educator (b. 1950)
  • 2007ʻAlí-Muhammad Varqá, last Hand of the Cause of God in the Baháʼí Faith (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Marcel Marceau, French mime and actor (b. 1923)
  • 2008Thomas Dörflein, German zookeeper (b. 1963)
  • 2008 – Petrus Schaesberg, German painter, historian, and educator (b. 1967)
  • 2009Edward Delaney, Irish sculptor (b. 1930)
  • 2010Eddie Fisher, American singer (b. 1928)
  • 2010 – Vyacheslav Tsaryov, Russian footballer (b. 1971)
  • 2011Knut Steen, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1924)
  • 2012Hector Abhayavardhana, Sri Lankan theorist and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Irving Adler, American mathematician, author, and academic (b. 1913)
  • 2012 – Juan H. Cintrón García, Puerto Rican businessman and politician, 126th Mayor of Ponce (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Grigory Frid, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Jan Hendrik van den Berg, Dutch psychiatrist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2013Gary Brandner, American author and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Jane Connell, American actress and singer (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – David H. Hubel, Canadian-American neurophysiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Álvaro Mutis, Colombian-Mexican author and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Hans Erich Slany, German industrial designer, founded TEAMS Design (b. 1926)
  • 2014Fernando Cabrita, Portuguese footballer and manager (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Sahana Pradhan, Nepalese politician, Nepalese Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Erik van der Wurff, Dutch pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1945)
  • 2014 – Hans E. Wallman, Swedish director, producer, and composer (b. 1936)
  • 2015Yogi Berra, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – James David Santini, American lawyer and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – Richard G. Scott, American engineer and religious leader (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Phyllis Tickle, American author and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2018Chas Hodges, English musician and singer (b. 1943)[26]
  • 2018 – Edna Molewa, South African politician (b. 1957)[27]
  • 2018 – Mike Labinjo, Canadian football player (b. 1980)[28]
  • 2020Neil Brannon, American politician (b. 1940)[29]

Holidays and observances

  • American Business Women's Day (United States)
  • Christian feast days:
  • Earliest date for the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere:
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire in 1908.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Mali from France in 1960.
  • Resistance Fighting Day (Estonia)

References

  1. ^ Vesistörakentamisen historiaa - Suomen Kalakirjasto (in Finnish)
  2. ^ Vesiputoukset ja vesivoima Suomessa - Suomen Vesiputoukset (in Finnish)
  3. ^ Shlaim, Avi (2013-05-14). "The Rise and Fall of the All-Palestine Government in Gaza" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-14. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  4. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Vickers 832 Viscount VH-RMI Winton, QLD". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2021-09-21.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Deadly crash on German monorail". BBC News. September 22, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  6. ^ "Anne of Cleves | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Anne of Austria | queen of France". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  8. ^ Almeida, Maria Antónia Pires de (2014). "Combatendo epidemias: Bernardino António Gomes, Sousa Martins, Ricardo Jorge, Câmara Pestana, Almeida Garrett, Fernando da Silva Correia". In Rollo, Maria Fernanda; Nunes, Maria de Fátima; Esperança Pina, Madalena; Queiroz, Maria Inês (eds.). Espaços e Actores da Ciência em Portugal (XVIII-XX) (in Portuguese). Lisboa: Caleidoscópio. pp. 309–326. hdl:10071/12242. ISBN 9789896582746.
  9. ^ "Elsie Allen, 1899-1990". Sonoma State University Libraary. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Ilse Koch | German war criminal". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Dodgers Legend Tommy Lasorda Dies At 93: 'One Of The Most Memorable Personalities In Baseball History'".
  12. ^ Joshi, P. K. (1989). Gadgil Kulavruttanta [The Gadgil Family Genealogy Almanac] (in Marathi). Pune. p. 216.
  13. ^ "Hall of Fame basketball coach Lute Olson dies at 85". ESPN. August 27, 2020.
  14. ^ Bauer, Patricia. "Junko Tabei - Japanese mountaineer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  15. ^ "Mechanicsburg woman wishes happy birthday to you ... and you ... and you". PennLive.com. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  16. ^ "Mike Shank". Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Authors : Bear, Elizabeth : SFE : Science Fiction Encyclopedia". www.sf-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  18. ^ "Glasgow 2014 - Philip Hindes Profile". results.glasgow2014.com. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Carlos Correa | MiLB". m.milb.com. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  20. ^ nanakudo. "K-Pop Girl Group Twice Members Profile - Channel-K". Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  21. ^ "KIM YO HAN". Oui Entertainment. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  22. ^ "Louise Of Savoy | French regent". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  23. ^ Helen Ostovich, Holger Schott Syme, Andrew Griffin, Locating the Queen's Men, 1583-1603: Material Practices and Conditions of Playing, Ashgate Publishing, 2009, p.91.
  24. ^ "Clement XIV | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  25. ^ "Adolfo López Mateos" (in Spanish). Busca Biografias. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  26. ^ "Chas and Dave: Chas Hodges dies aged 74". BBC News/Entertainment & Arts. 2018-09-22.
  27. ^ "S Africa in mourning after the death of cabinet minister". Xinhuanet/Africa. 2018-09-22. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  28. ^ "Former Stampeders star Mike Labinjo dead at 38". Calgary Sun/Sports. 2018-09-22. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  29. ^ Savage, Tres (2020-09-22). "Former Sen. Mark Snyder, former Rep. Neil Brannon die". NonDoc. Retrieved 2020-12-27.

External links