September 20

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September 20 in recent years
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September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 102 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

  • 1058Agnes of Poitou and Andrew I of Hungary meet to negotiate about the border territory of Burgenland.[1]
  • 1066 – At the Battle of Fulford, Harald Hardrada defeats earls Morcar and Edwin.[2]
  • 1187Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1260 – The Great Prussian Uprising among the old Prussians begins against the Teutonic Knights.[3]
  • 1378 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva is elected as Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.
  • 1498 – The Nankai tsunami washes away the building housing the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in. It has been outside since then.
  • 1519Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition which ultimately culminated in the first circumnavigation the globe.
  • 1602 – The Dutch town of Grave held by the Spanish, capitulates to a besieging Dutch and English army under the command of Maurice of Orange.[4]

1601–1900

  • 1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed by France, England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic, ending the Nine Years' War.
  • 1737 – The finish of the Walking Purchase which forces the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km2) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
  • 1792 – French troops stop an allied invasion of France at the Battle of Valmy.[5]
  • 1835 – The decade-long Ragamuffin War starts when rebels capture Porto Alegre in Brazil.
  • 1854Crimean War: British and French troops defeat Russians at the Battle of Alma.
  • 1857 – The Indian Rebellion of 1857 ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company.
  • 1860 – The future King Edward VII of the United Kingdom begins the first visit to North America by a Prince of Wales.
  • 1863American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga, in northwestern Georgia, ends in a Confederate victory.
  • 1870 – The Bersaglieri corps enter Rome through the Porta Pia, and complete the unification of Italy.
  • 1871 – Bishop John Coleridge Patteson, first bishop of Melanesia, is martyred on Nukapu, now in the Solomon Islands.
  • 1881 – U.S. President Chester A. Arthur is sworn in upon the death of James A. Garfield the previous day.[6]
  • 1893Charles Duryea and his brother road-test the first American-made gasoline-powered automobile.

1901–present

  • 1911 – The White Star Line's RMS Olympic collides with the British warship HMS Hawke.[7][8]
  • 1920Irish War of Independence: British police known as "Black and Tans" burned the town of Balbriggan and killed two local men in revenge for an Irish Republican Army (IRA) assassination.[9]
  • 1941The Holocaust in Lithuania: Lithuanian Nazis and local police begin a mass execution of 403 Jews in Nemenčinė.[10]
  • 1942The Holocaust in Ukraine: In the course of two days a German Einsatzgruppe murders at least 3,000 Jews in Letychiv.[11]
  • 1946 – The first Cannes Film Festival is held, having been delayed seven years due to World War II.[12]
  • 1946 – Six days after a referendum, King Christian X of Denmark annuls the declaration of independence of the Faroe Islands.
  • 1955 – The Treaty on Relations between the USSR and the GDR is signed.
  • 1961 – Greek general Konstantinos Dovas becomes Prime Minister of Greece.[13]
  • 1962James Meredith, an African American, is temporarily barred from entering the University of Mississippi.
  • 1965 – Following the Battle of Burki, the Indian Army captures Dograi in course of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
  • 1967Queen Elizabeth 2 is launched Clydebank, Scotland.[14]
  • 1971 – Having weakened after making landfall in Nicaragua the previous day, Hurricane Irene regains enough strength to be renamed Hurricane Olivia, making it the first known hurricane to cross from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific.
  • 1973 – Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in the Battle of the Sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome.[15]
  • 1973 – Singer Jim Croce, songwriter and musician Maury Muehleisen and four others die when their light aircraft crashes on takeoff at Natchitoches Regional Airport in Louisiana.[16]
  • 1977Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.[17]
  • 1979 – A French-supported coup d'état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokassa I.[18]
  • 1982NFL season: American football players in the National Football League begin a 57-day strike.[19]
  • 1984 – A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people.[20]
  • 1990South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.[21]
  • 2000 – The United Kingdom's MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by individuals using a Russian-built RPG-22 anti-tank missile.[22]
  • 2001 – In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "War on Terror".[23][24]
  • 2003Civil unrest in the Maldives breaks out after a prisoner is killed by guards.[25]
  • 2007 – Between 15,000 and 20,000 protesters marched on Jena, Louisiana, in support of six black youths who had been convicted of assaulting a white classmate.[26]
  • 2008 – A dump truck full of explosives detonates in front of the Marriott hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 54 people and injuring 266 others.[27]
  • 2011 – The United States military ends its "Don't ask, don't tell" policy, allowing gay men and women to serve openly for the first time.[28]
  • 2017Hurricane Maria makes landfall in Puerto Rico as a powerful Category 4 hurricane, resulting in 2,975 deaths, US$90 billion in damage, and a major humanitarian crisis.[29][30]
  • 2018 – At least 161 people die after a ferry capsized close to the pier on Ukara Island in Lake Victoria and part of Tanzania.[31]
  • 2019 – Roughly four million people, mostly students, demonstrate across the world to address climate change.[32][33] Sixteen-year-old Greta Thunberg from Sweden leads the demonstration in New York City.[34][35][36]

Births

Pre-1600

  • 524Kan Bahlam I, Mayan ruler (d. 583)
  • 917Kyunyeo, Korean poet (d. 973)
  • 1161Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)
  • 1449Philipp I, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. 1500)
  • 1486Arthur, Prince of Wales (d. 1502)[37]
  • 1504Philip III, Count of Nassau-Weilburg (d. 1559)
  • 1514Philipp IV, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1590)
  • 1593Gottfried Scheidt, German organist and composer (d. 1661)
  • 1599Christian the Younger of Brunswick (d. 1623)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902Stevie Smith, English author and poet (d. 1971)[42]
  • 1906Jean Dréville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Vera Faddeeva, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
  • 1913Sidney Dillon Ripley, American ornithologist and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1914Kenneth More, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1915Malik Meraj Khalid, Pakistani politician, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2003)
  • 1917Red Auerbach, American basketball player and coach (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Olga Dahl, Swedish genealogist (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – Fernando Rey, Spanish actor (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Clarice Taylor, American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1917 – Obdulio Varela, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1996)
  • 1918Horace Gould, English race car driver (d. 1968)
  • 1920Jay Ward, American animator, producer, and screenwriter, founded Jay Ward Productions (d. 1989)
  • 1921Chico Hamilton, American drummer, composer, and bandleader (d. 2013)
  • 1923Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian actor and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Maurice Sauvé, Canadian economist, academic, and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1924Gogi Grant, American singer (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Albert Marre, American director, and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Jackie Paris, American singer and guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1925James Bernard, English composer and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – Ananda Mahidol, King Rama VIII of Thailand (d. 1946)
  • 1925 – Bobby Nunn, American R&B singer (d. 1986)
  • 1926Libero Liberati, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 1962)
  • 1927Colette Bonheur, Canadian singer (d. 1966)
  • 1927 – John Dankworth, English saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1927 – Red Mitchell, American bassist, composer, and poet (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Rachel Roberts, Welsh actress (d. 1980)
  • 1928Alberto de Lacerda, Mozambican-Portuguese poet and radio host (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Olga Ferri, Argentinian dancer and choreographer (d. 2012)
  • 1928 – Donald Hall, American poet, editor, and critic (d. 2018)
  • 1929Anne Meara, American actress and playwright (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Vittorio Taviani, Italian film director and screenwriter (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Joe Temperley, Scottish saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 2016)
  • 1930Richard Montague, American mathematician and philosopher (d. 1971)
  • 1931Cherd Songsri, Thai director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1933Dennis Viollet, English footballer and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1934Hamit Kaplan, Turkish World and Olympic champion sports wrestler (d. 1976)
  • 1934 – Takayuki Kubota, Japanese-American martial artist and actor
  • 1934 – Sophia Loren, Italian actress
  • 1934 – David Marquand, English academic and politician
  • 1934 – Jeff Morris, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Rajinder Puri, Indian cartoonist, journalist, and activist (d. 2015)
  • 1935David Pegg, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1935 – Keith Roberts, English author and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – Jim Taylor, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2018)
  • 1936Andrew Davies, Welsh author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1936 – Salvador Reyes Monteón, Mexican footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1937Birgitta Dahl, Swedish politician, Swedish Minister for the Environment
  • 1937 – Geoffrey Dear, Baron Dear, English police officer
  • 1937 – Robert L. Gerry III, American businessman
  • 1937 – Garry Johnson, English general
  • 1937 – Monica Zetterlund, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1938Eric Gale, American guitarist and producer (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Jane Manning, English soprano and educator (d. 2021)
  • 1940Tarō Asō, Japanese target shooter and politician, 92nd Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1940 – William Finley, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1940 – Anna Pavord, Welsh-English journalist and author
  • 1941Dale Chihuly, American sculptor and educator
  • 1941 – Sammy McMillan, Irish footballer
  • 1942Rose Francine Rogombé, Gabonese lawyer and politician, President of Gabon (d. 2015)
  • 1942 – Gérald Tremblay, Canadian businessman and politician, 41st Mayor of Montreal
  • 1944Paul Madeley, English footballer (d. 2018)
  • 1946Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj, Spiritual Master, Head of Science of Spirituality[43]
  • 1946 – Pete Coors, American businessman and politician
  • 1946 – Markandey Katju, Indian lawyer and judge
  • 1947Billy Bang, American violinist and composer (d. 2011)
  • 1947 – Jude Deveraux, American author
  • 1947 – Mia Martini, Italian singer (d. 1995)
  • 1947 – Chris Ortloff, American journalist and politician
  • 1947 – Bruce Pasternack, American businessman
  • 1947 – Patrick Poivre d'Arvor, French journalist and author
  • 1948Rey Langit, Filipino journalist and radio host
  • 1948 – Victoria Mallory, American singer and actress (d. 2014)
  • 1948 – George R. R. Martin, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1948 – Chuck Panozzo, American bass player
  • 1948 – John Panozzo, American drummer (d. 1996)
  • 1949Mahesh Bhatt, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1951Guy Lafleur, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Javier Marías, Spanish journalist, author, and academic
  • 1951 – Greg Valentine, American wrestler
  • 1953Rocky Mattioli, Italian-Australian boxer
  • 1953 – Steve Tom, American actor
  • 1954Anne McIntosh, Scottish lawyer and politician
  • 1954 – Henry Samueli, American businessman, co-founded Broadcom Corporation
  • 1955Betsy Brantley, American actress
  • 1955 – Johnny Kidd, English wrestler
  • 1955 – José Rivero, Spanish golfer
  • 1956Jennifer Tour Chayes, American mathematician and computer scientist
  • 1956 – Gary Cole, American actor
  • 1956 – Steve Coleman, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1956 – John Harle, English saxophonist, composer, conductor, and producer
  • 1957Alannah Currie, New Zealand singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Michael Hurst, New Zealand actor and director
  • 1957 – Vladimir Tkatchenko, Ukrainian-Russian basketball player[44]
  • 1958Arn Anderson, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1959Joseph Alessi, American trombonist and educator
  • 1959 – Joanna Domańska, Polish pianist and educator
  • 1959 – Meral Okay, Turkish actress, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1960Lee Hall, English playwright and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Dave Hemingway, English singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1960 – Deborah Roberts, American journalist
  • 1961Lisa Bloom, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1961 – Caroline Flint, English politician, Minister of State for Europe
  • 1961 – Erwin Koeman, Dutch retired football player and coach
  • 1962Jim Al-Khalili, Iraqi-English physicist, author, and academic
  • 1963Anil Dalpat, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1964Randy Bradbury, American bass player
  • 1965Poul-Erik Høyer Larsen, Danish badminton player
  • 1966Nuno Bettencourt, Portuguese singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967Roger Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1967 – Martin Harrison, American football player
  • 1967 – Kristen Johnston, American actress
  • 1967 – Gunnar Nelson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Matthew Nelson, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1968Ijaz Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1968 – Leah Pinsent, Canadian actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Russell, American race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Philippa Forrester, English television and radio presenter, producer and author
  • 1969Patrick Pentland, Irish-Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1969 – Tim Rogers, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Ben Shepherd, American musician and songwriter
  • 1969 – Richard Witschge, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1970N'Bushe Wright, American actress and dancer
  • 1971Todd Blackadder, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese pianist and composer
  • 1971 – Henrik Larsson, Swedish footballer and manager
  • 1971 – Dominika Peczynski, Swedish singer and television host
  • 1972Victor Ponta, Romanian jurist and politician, 63rd Prime Minister of Romania
  • 1973Ronald McKinnon, American football player
  • 1973 – Jo Pavey, English runner
  • 1975Asia Argento, Italian actress
  • 1975 – Joel Gertner, American wrestling announcer
  • 1975 – Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver
  • 1975 – Jason Robinson, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1976Ainsley Earhardt, American political commentator
  • 1977Chris Mooney, American journalist and academic
  • 1978Jason Bay, Canadian-American baseball player
  • 1978 – Patrizio Buanne, Austrian-Italian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1978 – Héctor Camacho Jr., Puerto Rican-American boxer
  • 1978 – Dante Hall, American football player
  • 1978 – Scott Minto, Australian rugby league player
  • 1980Vladimir Karpets, Russian cyclist
  • 1981Feliciano López, Spanish tennis player
  • 1981 – David McMillan, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1981 – Ryan Tandy, Australian rugby league player (d. 2014)
  • 1981 – Jordan Tata, American baseball player
  • 1982Jason Bacashihua, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Aaron Burkart, German race car driver
  • 1982 – Brian Fortuna, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1982 – Inna Osypenko-Radomska, Ukrainian-born sprint kayaker[45]
  • 1982 – Sexy Star, Mexican wrestler
  • 1982 – Athanasios Tsigas, Greek footballer
  • 1983Freya Ross, Scottish runner
  • 1983 – Ángel Sánchez, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1984Brian Joubert, French figure skater
  • 1985Ian Desmond, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Mami Yamasaki, Japanese model and actress
  • 1986Hayato Fujita, Japanese wrestler
  • 1986 – Aldis Hodge, American actor
  • 1986 – İbrahim Kaş, Turkish footballer
  • 1986 – Jason Nightingale, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1987Gain, South Korean singer
  • 1987 – Jack Lawless, American drummer
  • 1987 – Tito Tebaldi, Italian rugby player
  • 1988Sergei Bobrovsky, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Khabib Nurmagomedov, Russian mixed martial artist[46]
  • 1988 – Ayano Ōmoto, Japanese singer and dancer
  • 1988 – Ryan Simpkins, Australian rugby league player
  • 1990Phillip Phillips, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1990 – John Tavares, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991Isaac Cofie, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1992Michał Żyro, Polish footballer
  • 1993 – Julian Draxler, German footballer
  • 1995Laura Dekker, Dutch sailor
  • 1995 – Rob Holding, English footballer
  • 1996Ioana Loredana Roșca, Romanian tennis player

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
    • Agapitus (Western Christianity)
    • Eustace (Western Christianity)
    • Evilasius
    • Fausta of Cyzicus
    • Glycerius of Milan
    • Jean-Charles Cornay (one of Vietnamese Martyrs)
    • John Coleridge Patteson (commemoration, Anglicanism)
    • José Maria de Yermo y Parres
    • Korean Martyrs, including Andrew Kim Taegon and Laurent-Marie-Joseph Imbert
    • Theodore, Philippa and companions
    • Vincent Madelgarius (Maelceadar)
    • September 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Constitution Day (Nepal)
  • Independence Day of South Ossetia (not fully recognized)
  • National Youth Day (Thailand)
  • Oil Workers' Day (Azerbaijan)
  • Universal Children's Day (Germany)

References

  1. ^ Landeschronik Niederösterreich: 3000 Jahre in Daten, Dokumenten und Bildern, Seite 104, Karl Gutkas, C. Brandstätter, 1990.
  2. ^ Martin Collier (2003). Changing Times, 1066-1500. Heinemann. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-435-31330-2.
  3. ^ Andrzej Wakar (1987). Bartoszyce: z dziejów miasta i okolic (in Polish). Wydawn. Pojezierze. p. 438. ISBN 978-83-7002-239-6.
  4. ^ Dalton, Charles (2012). Life and Times of General Sir Edward Cecil, Viscount Wimbledon, Colonel of an English Regiment in the Dutch Service, 1605-1631, and One of His Majesty. HardPress. pp. 93–97. ISBN 9781407753157.
  5. ^ A Brief History of France. A.S. Barnes. 1875. p. 263.
  6. ^ Anthony, Carl (2000). America's first families : an inside view of 200 years of private life in the White House. New York: Touchstone. p. 35. ISBN 9780684864426.
  7. ^ "Olympic | British ship". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Collision Between H. M.S. Hawke And R. M. S. Olympic". U.S. Naval Institute. 1 December 1911.(Subscription required.)
  9. ^ Leeson, D M. The Black and Tans: British Police and Auxiliaries in the Irish War of Independence, 1920–1921. Oxford University Press, 2011. pp.25-26
  10. ^ Josifas Levinsonas; Joseph Levinson (2006). The Shoah (Holocaust) in Lithuania. Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum. p. 119. ISBN 978-5-415-01902-1.
  11. ^ "September 20, 1942 – World War II: German SS kills 3,000 Jews in Letychiv – WARS OF THE 20TH CENTURY". Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  12. ^ Chris Gore (2001). The Ultimate Film Festival Survival Guide. IFILM Pub. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-58065-032-8.
  13. ^ "Political Leaders: Greece". zarate.eu. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  14. ^ Post, Sunday. "Launched at Clydebank on this day 50 years ago, the magnificent QE2 ruled the waves - The Sunday Post". Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  15. ^ "1973: Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in the Battle of the Sexes". Tennis.com. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  16. ^ News, Music. "REMEMBERING JIM CROCE". Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  17. ^ "Vietnam Is Admitted to the U.N. As 32d General Assembly Opens (Published 1977)". 21 September 1977. Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
  18. ^ "Bokassa Is Reported Overthrown In Coup in Central African Empire (Published 1979)". 21 September 1979. Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
  19. ^ Commerce Clearing House (1997). Tax Court Memorandum Decisions. Commerce Clearing House. p. 2660.
  20. ^ Kifner, John (21 September 1984). "23 DIE, INCLUDING 2 AMERICANS, IN TERRORIST CAR BOMB ATTACK ON THE U.S. EMBASSY AT BEIRUT; BLAST KILLS DRIVER (Published 1984)". Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
  21. ^ "38. Georgia/South Ossetia (1990-present)". uca.edu. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  22. ^ Wilson, Jamie; Allison, Rebecca; Morris, Steven; Dodd, Vikram (21 September 2000). "Blasts rock MI6 headquarters". Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via www.theguardian.com.
  23. ^ "President Declares "Freedom at War with Fear"". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  24. ^ "Transcript of President Bush's address". CNN. 20 September 2001.
  25. ^ "Riots break out in Maldives over prisoner's death". www.abc.net.au. 20 September 2003. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  26. ^ Jones, Richard G. (21 September 2007). "Thousands Protest Arrests of 6 Blacks in Jena, La. (Published 2007)". Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
  27. ^ Reuters
  28. ^ "'Don't ask, don't tell' ban on gays in US military ends". 20 September 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  29. ^ "Puerto Rico increases Hurricane Maria death toll to 2,975". 28 August 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2020 – via www.bbc.com.
  30. ^ Disis, Jill (28 September 2017). "Hurricane Maria could be a $95 billion storm for Puerto Rico". CNNMoney. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  31. ^ "Captain of capsized ferry on Lake Victoria arrested after order from Tanzania president". 2018-09-22.
  32. ^ Belam, Martin (26 September 2019). "Greta Thunberg: teenager on a global mission to 'make a difference'". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  33. ^ Barclay, Eliza; Resnick, Brian. "How big was the global climate strike? 4 million people, activists estimate". Vox. Archived from the original on 21 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  34. ^ Abigail Weinberg (Sep 20, 2019), "You've Got to See These Inspiring Photos to Understand the Scale of Today's Global Climate Strikes", Mother Jones, retrieved Sep 20, 2019
  35. ^ Jeff Brady (Sep 20, 2019), "A Rising Generation Asserts Itself On Climate Change", NPR, retrieved Sep 20, 2019
  36. ^ Paola Tamma (Sep 20, 2019), "Climate strikes sweep the globe", Politico
  37. ^ J. A. B. Somerset (1 January 1994). Shropshire. University of Toronto Press. p. 714. ISBN 978-0-8020-0648-6.
  38. ^ Pilleux Cepeda, Mauricio. "Recopilación de Genealogia Chilena" (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  39. ^ Michael R. Hall (2012). Historical Dictionary of Haiti. Scarecrow Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-8108-7810-5.
  40. ^ Findlay, Alexander; Mills, William Hobson (1947). British Chemists. London: Chemical Society. p. 31. OCLC 2884090.
  41. ^ "Francisco Lagos Chazaro" (in Spanish). Busca Biografias. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  42. ^ Sanford Sternlicht (1 January 1991). In Search of Stevie Smith. Syracuse University Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-8156-2504-9.
  43. ^ Biography. "Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj". Soulcoaches. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  44. ^ "Vladimir Tkatchenko | European Championship for Men (1979)".
  45. ^ "Inna Osipenko-Rodomska". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  46. ^ "Khabib Nurmagomedov - About".
  47. ^ Francisco S. Carvajal (in Spanish), Presidentes.mx, retrieved May 28, 2019

External links