September 19

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September 19 in recent years
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September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 103 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

  • 0085Nerva, suspected of complicity of the death of Domitian, is declared emperor by Senate. The Senate then annuls laws passed by Domitian and orders his statues to be destroyed.[1]
  • 0634Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.[2]
  • 1356Battle of Poitiers: An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures King John II.[3]
  • 1410 – End of the Siege of Marienburg: The State of the Teutonic Order repulses the joint PolishLithuanian forces.[4][5]

1601–1900

  • 1676 – Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion.
  • 1777American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget.
  • 1796George Washington's Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
  • 1799French Revolutionary Wars: French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen.
  • 1846 – Two French shepherd children, Mélanie Calvat and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette.[6]
  • 1852Annibale de Gasparis discovers the asteroid Massalia from the north dome of the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte.[7]
  • 1862American Civil War: Union troops under William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by Sterling Price.[8]
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, in northwestern Georgia, the bloodiest two-day battle of the conflict, and the only significant Confederate victory in the war's Western Theater.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union troops under Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate force commanded by Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged, it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley.
  • 1868La Gloriosa begins in Spain.
  • 1870Franco-Prussian War: The siege of Paris begins. The city will hold out for over four months before surrendering.
  • 1893 – In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor, giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

1901–present

  • 1916World War I: During the East African Campaign, colonial forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of Charles Tombeur capture the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.
  • 1939World War II: The Battle of Kępa Oksywska concludes, with Polish losses reaching roughly 14% of all the forces engaged.
  • 1940 – World War II: Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp to gather and smuggle out information for the resistance movement.[9][10]
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Hürtgen Forest begins. It will become the longest individual battle that the U.S. Army has ever fought.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Moscow Armistice between Finland and the Soviet Union is signed, which officially ended the Continuation War.[11]
  • 1946 – The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
  • 1957Plumbbob Rainier becomes the first nuclear explosion to be entirely contained underground, producing no fallout.
  • 1970Michael Eavis hosts the first Glastonbury Festival.
  • 1970 – Kostas Georgakis, a Greek student of geology, sets himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos.
  • 1976Turkish Airlines Flight 452 hits the Taurus Mountains, outskirt of Karatepe, Turkey, killing all 154 passengers and crew.
  • 1976 – Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to investigate an unidentified flying object, when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.
  • 1978 – The Solomon Islands join the United Nations.
  • 1982Scott Fahlman posts the first documented emoticons :-) and :-( on the Carnegie Mellon University bulletin board system.
  • 1983Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.
  • 1985A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
  • 1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa, John Denver, and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
  • 1989 – A bomb destroys UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing all 170 passengers and crew.
  • 1991Ötzi the Iceman is discovered in the Alps on the border between Italy and Austria.
  • 1995The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber manifesto.
  • 1997 – The Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria kills 53 people.
  • 2006 – The Thai army stages a coup. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.
  • 2010 – The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is sealed.
  • 2011Mariano Rivera of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball's all-time saves leader with 602.
  • 2016 – In the wake of a manhunt, the suspect in a series of bombings in New York and New Jersey is apprehended after a shootout with police.
  • 2017 – The 2017 Puebla earthquake strikes Mexico, causing 370 deaths and over 6,000 injuries, as well as extensive damage.
  • 2019 – A drone strike by the United States kills 30 civilian farmers in Afghanistan.[12]
  • 2021 – The Cumbre Vieja volcano erupts on the Spanish Canary Island of La Palma.[13]

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1905Judith Auer, German World War II resistance fighter (d. 1944)[20]
  • 1905 – Leon Jaworski, American lawyer, co-founded Fulbright & Jaworski (d. 1982)
  • 1907Lewis F. Powell, Jr., American lawyer and jurist (d. 1998)
  • 1908Paul Bénichou, French historian, author, and critic (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Robert Lecourt, French lawyer, judge, and politician, Lord Chancellor of France (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Tatsuo Shimabuku, Japanese martial artist, founded Isshin-ryū (d. 1975)
  • 1909Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian engineer and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1910Margaret Lindsay, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Arturo M. Tolentino, Filipino diplomat and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1911William Golding, British novelist, playwright, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1912Reuben David, Indian veterinarian and zoo founder (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Kurt Sanderling, Polish-German conductor (d. 2011)
  • 1913Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Helen Ward, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1915Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer, and producer (d. 1973)
  • 1918Pablita Velarde, Santa Clara Pueblo (Native American) painter (d. 2006)
  • 1919Roger Grenier, French journalist and author (d. 2017)
  • 1919 – Amalia Hernández, Mexican choreographer and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1920Roger Angell, American journalist and author
  • 1921Paulo Freire, Brazilian philosopher, theorist, and academic (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Billy Ward, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1922Damon Knight, American author and critic (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Willie Pep, American boxer and referee (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Emil Zátopek, Czech runner (d. 2000)
  • 1924Vern Benson, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Don Harron, Canadian actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – W. Reece Smith, Jr., American lawyer and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1926Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – James Lipton, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2020) [21]
  • 1926 – Duke Snider, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)
  • 1927Helen Carter, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Rosemary Harris, English actress
  • 1927 – William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Nick Massi, American singer and bass player (d. 2000)
  • 1928Adam West, American actor and businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1929Marge Roukema, American educator and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1930Muhal Richard Abrams, American pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Bettye Lane, American photographer and journalist (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Antonio Margheriti, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1931Brook Benton, American pop/R&B/rock & roll singer-songwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Derek Gardner, English engineer (d. 2011)
  • 1932Mike Royko, American journalist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Stefanie Zweig, German journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1933Gilles Archambault, Canadian journalist and author
  • 1933 – David McCallum, Scottish actor
  • 1934Brian Epstein, English businessman, The Beatles manager (d. 1967)
  • 1934 – Austin Mitchell, English journalist, academic and politician (d. 2021)[22]
  • 1935Benjamin Thurman Hacker, American admiral (d. 2003)
  • 1936Martin Fay, Irish fiddler (d. 2012)
  • 1936 – Milan Marcetta, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1936 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (d. 2007)
  • 1937Abner Haynes, American football player[23]
  • 1939Carl Schultz, Hungarian-Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1940Bill Medley, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Zandra Rhodes, English fashion designer, founded the Fashion and Textile Museum
  • 1940 – Paul Williams, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1941Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
  • 1941 – Cass Elliot, American singer (d. 1974)
  • 1941 – Jim Fox, English pentathlete
  • 1941 – Mariangela Melato, Italian actress (d. 2013)
  • 1942Freda Payne, American singer and actress
  • 1943André Boudrias, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2019)
  • 1944Anders Björck, Swedish politician, 25th Swedish Minister of Defence
  • 1944 – Edmund Joensen, Faroese politician, 9th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1944 – İsmet Özel, Turkish poet and scholar
  • 1945Kate Adie, English journalist and author[24]
  • 1945 – David Bromberg, American multi-instrumentalist, singer, and songwriter
  • 1945 – Randolph Mantooth, American actor
  • 1946Gerald Brisco, American wrestler
  • 1946 – Brian Henton, English race car driver
  • 1947Henry Bromell, American novelist and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Thomas H. Cook, American author and academic
  • 1947 – Lol Creme, English musician, songwriter, and music video director
  • 1947 – Brian Hill, American basketball player and coach
  • 1947 – Tanith Lee, English author (d. 2015)
  • 1948Mykhaylo Fomenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, English actor
  • 1949Twiggy, English model, actress, and singer
  • 1949 – Ringo Mendoza, Mexican wrestler
  • 1949 – Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founded the Innocence Project
  • 1950Joan Lunden, American television journalist, anchor, and author
  • 1950 – Michael Proctor, English physicist, mathematician, and academic
  • 1951Daniel Lanois, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1952Rhys Chatham, American trumpet player, guitarist, and composer
  • 1952 – Henry Kaiser, American guitarist and composer
  • 1952 – Nile Rodgers, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1952 – George Warrington, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1953Wayne Clark, Australian cricketer
  • 1953 – Sarana VerLin, American singer-songwriter and violinist
  • 1954Adam Phillips, Welsh psychotherapist and author
  • 1954 – Eleni Vitali, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1955Richard Burmer, American composer and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1957Chris Roupas, American basketball player
  • 1958Lita Ford, English-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Kevin Hooks, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1960Mario Batali, American chef and author
  • 1960 – Loïc Bigois, French aerodynamicist and engineer
  • 1960 – Yolanda Saldívar, American murderer
  • 1961Artur Ekert, Polish-British physicist and academic[25]
  • 1962Cheri Oteri, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Ken Rosenthal, American sportscaster
  • 1963Jarvis Cocker, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – David Seaman, English footballer
  • 1963 – Urmas Tartes, Estonian biologist and photographer
  • 1964Patrick Marber, English actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Daniel Wincott, British political scientist
  • 1964 – Trisha Yearwood, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1965Andrew Leeds, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1965 – Tim Scott, American politician
  • 1965 – Sunita Williams, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1966Soledad O'Brien, American journalist and producer
  • 1966 – Yoshihiro Takayama, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
  • 1967Jim Abbott, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Aleksandr Karelin, Russian wrestler and politician
  • 1968 – Monica Crowley, American talk show host and author
  • 1969Candy Dulfer, Dutch saxophonist
  • 1969 – Jacek Frąckiewicz, Polish footballer
  • 1969 – Alkinoos Ioannidis, Cypriot singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Michael Symon, American chef and author
  • 1969 – Kostya Tszyu, Russian-Australian boxer
  • 1969 – Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer-songwriter
  • 1970Dan Bylsma, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Gilbert Dionne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Antoine Hey, German footballer and manager
  • 1970 – Victor Williams, American actor
  • 1971Sanaa Lathan, American actress
  • 1971 – Mike Sadlo, German footballer and manager
  • 1972N. K. Jemisin, American writer
  • 1972 – Ashot Nadanian, Armenian chess player and coach
  • 1973Nick Colgan, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Cristiano da Matta, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1973 – David Zepeda, Mexican actor, model and singer
  • 1973 – Javier Duarte, Mexican politician
  • 1974Jimmy Fallon, American comedian and talk show host
  • 1975Marcus Dunstan, American director and screenwriter
  • 1976Raja Bell, American basketball player[26]
  • 1976 – Jan Hlaváč, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Alison Sweeney, American actress and television host
  • 1976 – Sergey Tsinkevich, Belarusian footballer and referee
  • 1977Poon Yiu Cheuk, Hong Kong footballer and coach
  • 1977 – Aakash Chopra, Indian cricketer
  • 1977 – Ryan Dusick, American musician and record producer
  • 1977 – Tommaso Rocchi, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Mike Smith, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Emil Sutovsky, Israeli chess player
  • 1978Nick Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Jorge López Montaña, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Nigel Mitchell, English radio and television host
  • 1980James Ellison, English motorcycle racer
  • 1980 – Dimitri Yachvili, French rugby player
  • 1981Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
  • 1981 – Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey player
  • 1982Shaun Barker, English footballer
  • 1982 – Eduardo Carvalho, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
  • 1982 – Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
  • 1984Eva Marie, American wrestler
  • 1984 – Ángel Reyna, Mexican footballer
  • 1984 – Danny Valencia, American baseball player
  • 1985Gio González, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Alun Wyn Jones, Welsh rugby player[27]
  • 1985 – Song Joong-ki, South Korean actor
  • 1985 – Nathanael Liminski, German politician[28]
  • 1986Leon Best, English footballer
  • 1986 – Sally Pearson, Australian athlete[29]
  • 1987Carlos Quintero, Colombian footballer
  • 1988Kenny Britt, American football player
  • 1989Tyreke Evans, American basketball player
  • 1990Saki Fukuda, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1990 – Savvas Gentsoglou, Greek footballer
  • 1990 – Kieran Trippier, English footballer
  • 1992Jiro Kuroshio, Japanese wrestler[30]
  • 1992 – Diego Antonio Reyes, Mexican footballer

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ Legrand, Jacques (1989). Chronicle of the World. Ecam Publication. p. 222. ISBN 0-13-133463-8.
  2. ^ Pierkins, Russell S. (2017), "Damascus, Arab Conquest of (634 CE)", in Shaw, Jeffrey M.; Demy, Timothy J. (eds.), War and Religion: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict, vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, pp. 227–228, ISBN 978-1-61069-517-6
  3. ^ Patourel, John (1984). Feudal empires : Norman and Plantagenet. London: Hambledon Press. p. 70. ISBN 9780907628224.
  4. ^ Urban, William (2003), Tannenberg and After: Lithuania, Poland and the Teutonic Order in Search of Immortality (Revised ed.), Chicago: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center, ISBN 0-929700-25-2
  5. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (2003), Tannenberg 1410: Disaster for the Teutonic Knights, Campaign Series, vol. 122, London: Osprey, ISBN 978-1-84176-561-7
  6. ^ John WYSE (1855). Manual of the confraternity of La Salette. p. 59.
  7. ^ The Journal of Education for Lower Canada. Department of Education. 1861. p. 25.
  8. ^ Francis Samuel Drake (1874). Dictionary of American Biography. J.R. Osgood and Company. p. 375.
  9. ^ "Meet The Man Who Sneaked Into Auschwitz". NPR. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2020. Pilecki was eventually cleared to insert himself into a street round-up of Poles in Warsaw on Sept. 19, 1940. Upon arrival, he learned Auschwitz was far from anything the Resistance had imagined.
  10. ^ Ackerman, Elliot (26 July 2019). "The Remarkable Story of the Man Who Volunteered to Enter Auschwitz and Try to Tell the World About It". Time. Retrieved 17 September 2020. Witold Pilecki, a Polish cavalry officer turned resistance fighter, undertook the most audacious of missions: to get himself arrested by the Germans and sent to the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz. On September 19, 1940, he went out during a Warsaw street round up and was arrested. He was also successful in the mission that followed: to sabotage the camp and smuggle news to the world through Polish resistance networks of the atrocities occurring within. Only the world wasn’t ready to listen.
  11. ^ Silvo Hietanen (1992). Kansakunta sodassa, 3. osa Kuilun yli (in Finnish). Helsinki: Valtion painatuskeskus, Opetusministeriö. p. 106. ISBN 951-861-384-2.
  12. ^ Eoin Higgins (September 20, 2019), "'How Could They Do This to Us?' Ask Afghan Farmers After Reporting Reveals Officials Knew Civilians Were in Area of Lethal US Drone Strike", Common Dreams, retrieved September 20, 2019
  13. ^ Suarez, Borja (2021-09-20). "Lava pours out of volcano on La Palma in Spain's Canary Islands". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  14. ^ The Reign of Antoninus Pius. CUP Archive. 19 October 2017. p. 7.
  15. ^ Theodora Antonopoulou (1997). The Homilies of the Emperor Leo VI. BRILL. p. 4. ISBN 90-04-10814-9.
  16. ^ McCarty's Annual Statistician. L.P. McCarty. 1879. p. 57.
  17. ^ David F. Marley (11 February 2008). Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere, 2nd Edition [2 volumes]: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere. ABC-CLIO. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-59884-101-5.
  18. ^ David Cheney. "Alfonso Michele Cardinal Litta". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved 27 Oct 2012.
  19. ^ Fordyce, Rachel (1978). "Field, Rachel (Lyman)". In Kirkpatrick, D.L. (ed.). Twentieth-century Children's Writers. London: Macmillan. p. 445. ISBN 978-0-33323-414-3.
  20. ^ "Judith Auer". German Resistance Memorial Center. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
  21. ^ Bernstein, Adam (March 2, 2020). "James Lipton, host of 'Inside the Actors Studio,' dies at 93". The Washington Post.
  22. ^ "Austin Mitchell obituary". TheGuardian.com. 18 August 2021. Archived from the original on 22 August 2021. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  23. ^ Cohen, Robert (2020). The 50 Greatest Players in Kansas City Chiefs History. Blue Ridge Summit: Lyons Press. p. 137. ISBN 9781493047864.
  24. ^ "Media horoscope: Kate Adie". The Guardian. 29 October 2001. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  25. ^ "Artur Ekert" (PDF). University of Oxford. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  26. ^
    • Career statistics and player information from NBA.com
  27. ^ "Alun Wyn Jones, rugby player". BBC Wales. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  28. ^ "Nathanael Liminski". www.land.nrw (in German). Retrieved 2021-02-24.
  29. ^ "Sally Pearson". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  30. ^ "黒潮"イケメン"二郎 KUROSHIO IKEMEN JIRO - W-1 Official Website". Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  31. ^ Irene Scaravelli (2002). "Gotofredo". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Vol. 58. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  32. ^ Perrone, Pierre (22 September 2008). "Earl Palmer Obituary". The Guardian.
  33. ^ Leonard, Elizabeth (19 September 2015). "Jackie Collins Has Died". People. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  34. ^ Marcin Wrona
  35. ^ "Leonid Kharitonov has passed away". www.lkharitonov.com. 25 September 2017.
  36. ^ "Arthur Mitchell, pioneering black ballet dancer, dies at 84". The Associated Press. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  37. ^ "Bunny Carr: Gentle, funny and changed how Ireland communicates". The Irish Times/Life & Style. 2018-09-20. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  38. ^ "Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, 83, Tunisia Autocrat Ousted in Arab Spring, Dies". The New York Times/Politics. 2019-09-19. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
  39. ^ "John Turner: Former Canadian prime minister dies at 91". BBC News. September 19, 2020. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  40. ^ Stolworthy, Jacob (2021-09-19). "Only Fools and Horses star John Challis has died". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2021-09-21. Retrieved 2021-09-22.
  41. ^ "Jimmy Greaves".
  42. ^ "Former DSWD secretary Dinky Soliman dies, 68".

External links