School starts in September in many countries, such as Belgium
WPA poster, 1940
Sapphire, September birthstone
Forget-me-not, September birth flower

September is the ninth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fourth of five months to have a length of fewer than 31 days. September in the Northern Hemisphere and March in the Southern Hemisphere are seasonal equivalent.

In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological autumn is on 1 September. In the Southern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological spring is on 1 September.[1]

September marks the beginning of the ecclesiastical year in the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is the start of the academic year in many countries of the northern hemisphere, in which children go back to school after the summer break, sometimes on the first day of the month.

September (from Latin septem, "seven") was originally the seventh of ten months in the oldest known Roman calendar, the calendar of Romulus c. 750 BC, with March (Latin Martius) the first month of the year until perhaps as late as 451 BC.[2] After the calendar reform that added January and February to the beginning of the year, September became the ninth month but retained its name. It had 29 days until the Julian reform, which added a day.

September Events

Ancient Roman observances for September include Ludi Romani, originally celebrated from September 12 to September 14, later extended to September 5 to September 19. In the 1st century BC, an extra day was added in honor of the deified Julius Caesar on 4 September. Epulum Jovis was held on September 13. Ludi Triumphales was held from September 18–22. The Septimontium was celebrated in September, and on December 11 on later calendars. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

September was called "harvest month" in Charlemagne's calendar.[3] September corresponds partly to the Fructidor and partly to the Vendémiaire of the first French republic.[3] On Usenet, it is said that September 1993 (Eternal September) never ended. September is called Herbstmonat, harvest month, in Switzerland.[3] The Anglo-Saxons called the month Gerstmonath, barley month, that crop being then usually harvested.[3]

In 1752, the British Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar. In the British Empire that year, September 2 was immediately followed by September 14.

September in Astronomy and Astrology

The September equinox takes place in this month, and certain observances are organized around it. It is the Autumn equinox in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere. The dates can vary from 21 September to 24 September (in UTC).

September is mostly in the sixth month of the astrological calendar (and the first part of the seventh), which begins at the end of March/Mars/Aries.

September symbols

  • September's birthstone is the sapphire.
  • The birth flowers for September are the forget-me-not, morning glory and aster.[4][5]
  • The zodiac signs for the month of September are Virgo (until September 22) and Libra (September 23 onwards).[6][7]


This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian observances: 2020 dates

  • List of observances set by the Bahá'í calendar
  • List of observances set by the Chinese calendar
  • List of observances set by the Hebrew calendar
  • List of observances set by the Islamic calendar
  • List of observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar

Month-long observances

  • Turkish Heritage Month (United States)
  • Amerindian Heritage Month (Guyana)
  • Childhood Cancer Awareness Month (United Kingdom)
  • Gynecologic Cancer Awareness Month[8]
  • Leukemia and Lymphoma Awareness Month[9]
  • Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month[8]
  • Thyroid Cancer Awareness Month[10]
  • National Suicide Prevention Month[11]

United States observances

  • Better Breakfast Month[12]
  • Food Safety Education Month[12]
  • National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month[12][13]
  • Hydrocephalus Awareness Month[14]
  • Pain Awareness Month
  • National Preparedness Month
  • National Prostate Health Month
  • National Sickle Cell Awareness Month[12]
  • National Yoga Month
Food Months
  • National Bourbon Heritage Month
  • California Wine Month[15]
  • National Chicken Month[12]
  • National Honey Month
  • National Mushroom Month
  • National Italian Cheese Month [16]
  • National Papaya Month[12]
  • National Potato Month[12]
  • National Rice Month[12]
  • National Whole Grains Month[12]
  • National Wild Rice Month[12]

Movable Gregorian observances: 2020 dates

First Wednesday: September 2

First Thursday: September 3

First Friday: September 4

September 5

  • Teacher's Day, Birthday of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (India)

First Sunday: September 6

First Sunday after September 4: September 6

Week of the First Monday: September 6–12

Week of September 10: September 6–12

First Monday: September 6

Nearest weekday to September 12: September 11

Second Saturday: September 12

  • Day of the Workers in the Oil, Gas, Power, and Geological Industry (Turkmenistan)

Saturday after first Monday: September 12–13

Second Sunday: September 13

First Sunday after first Monday: September 13

Week of September 17: September 13–19

Third Tuesday: September 15

September 17 but observed on previous Friday if it falls on a Saturday or following Monday if on a Sunday: September 17

Third Friday: September 18

Third Saturday: September 19

Weekend of the week of September 17: September 19–20

Third Sunday: September 20

Week of Sunday before September 23: September 20–26

  • Bisexual Awareness Week

Week of September 22: September 20–26

  • Tolkien Week

Last week: September 20–26

Last full week: September 20–26

Third Monday: September 21

Observances pertaining to the September Equinox: September 22

Fourth Friday: September 25

Last Friday: September 25

Last Saturday: September 26

  • Girls in Aviation Day (International observance)
  • National Public Lands Day (United States)

Last Sunday: September 27

Fourth Monday: September 28

Last Wednesday: September 30

Last weekday in September: September 30

Fixed Gregorian observances


  1. ^ Office, Met. "Met Office: Changing seasons". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25.
  2. ^ H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 84; Gary Forsythe, Time in Roman Religion: One Thousand Years of Religious History (Routledge, 2012), p. 14.
  3. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "September" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ SHG Resources. "". Retrieved 2013-08-22.
  5. ^ "". Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
  6. ^ The Earth passes the junction of the signs at 13:30 UT/GMT September 22, 2020, and will pass it again at 19:21 UT/GMT September 22, 2021.
  7. ^ "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  8. ^ a b "Cancer Awareness Month :: Society of Gynecologic Nurse Oncologists".
  9. ^
  10. ^, Spark CMS by. "September Is Thyroid Cancer Awareness Month – ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc".
  11. ^ "Promote National Suicide Prevention Month". Retrieved 2019-11-25.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Food Days, Weeks, Months – September". UNL Food. University of Nebraska–Lincoln.
  13. ^ Goldstein, Darra (2011). "National Turkey Day". Gastronomica. 11 (4): iii–iv. doi:10.1525/gfc.2012.11.4.iii.
  14. ^ "September is Hydrocephalus Awareness Month! Here's What You Can Do…". Hydrocephalus Association. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  15. ^ "California Wine Month – California Wines".
  16. ^ "September Monthly Observations". 4 January 2016.
  17. ^

External links

  • The dictionary definition of September at Wiktionary
  • Media related to September at Wikimedia Commons
  • Quotations related to September at Wikiquote

Media files used on this page

Author/Creator: Dan Polansky based on work currently attributed to Wikimedia Foundation but originally created by Smurrayinchester, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A logo derived from File:WiktionaryEn.svg, a logo showing a 3 x 3 matrix of variously rotated tiles with a letter or character on each tile. The derivation consisted in removing the tiles that form the background of each of the shown characters. File:WiktionaryEn.svg is under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike, created by Smurrayinchester, and attributed to Wikimedia Foundation. This is the version without the wordmark.
(c) I, TomR, CC BY-SA 2.5
Logan Sapphire, National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC
Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry septembre.jpg
Septembre est illustré par les vendanges. Cinq personnages cueillent du raisin tandis qu'un homme et une femme, apparemment enceinte, se reposent. Les grappes sont déposées dans des paniers qui sont ensuite vidés dans des hottes fixées sur des mulets. Ces hottes sont elles-mêmes déversées dans des cuves chargées dans des charrettes tirées par des bœufs. Le second plan est entièrement occupé par le château de Saumur en Anjou, région déjà viticole à l'époque. Les tours sont coiffées de girouettes à fleurs de lys. À ses abords, une lice est représentée avec sa barre centrale et son mur de treillage.
Morning glory.jpg
Morning glory
Aster amellus - blooms (aka).jpg

André Karwath aka Aka

, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
This image shows a European Michaelmas Daisy (Aster amellus)
September WPA poster.jpg
Poster for WPA Statewide Library Project, showing a boy holding a book in his raised hand.