Santee National Wildlife Refuge

Santee National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Bald cypress forest in autumn, Cuddo Unit of refuge
Map showing the location of Santee National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Santee National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
LocationClarendon County, South Carolina, United States
Nearest citySummerton, South Carolina
Coordinates33°31′00″N 80°19′30″W / 33.51667°N 80.32500°W / 33.51667; -80.32500Coordinates:33°31′00″N 80°19′30″W / 33.51667°N 80.32500°W / 33.51667; -80.32500
Area15,000 acres (61 km2)
Governing bodyU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
WebsiteSantee National Wildlife Refuge

Santee National Wildlife Refuge is a 15,000-acre (61 km2) refuge alongside Lake Marion, an impoundment of the Santee River of Clarendon County, South Carolina. The refuge is especially important because its many wetlands support migratory birds. The refuge also contains the Santee Native American mound, which is the farthest eastern known representation of the Mississippian culture. Later built upon this same mound was the Revolutionary British Fort Watson, which was taken by Marion's Brigade in April 1781. The site has been an important site of archeological investigations.

Within the refuge, which consists of mixed hardwoods and pines, marsh, old croplands, impoundments and open water, is a large diversity of wildlife, including bald eagles, and even the peregrine falcon. More common are deer, raccoons, bobcats, alligators, teal, wood ducks, Canada geese, mallards, pintails, red-tailed hawks, red-shouldered hawks, and wild turkeys.

The refuge was established in 1941. The refuge was formerly much larger, but was reduced greatly in size in 1976 when the Lake Moultrie section in Berkeley County was discontinued due to lease termination.[1]


Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

External links

The refuge consists of four units, Bluff with the Visitor Center, Pine Island, Dingle Pond with a Carolina Bay, and Cuddo the largest unit. The visitor center is open Tuesday through Friday, 8am to 4pm, but may be closed due to volunteer availability. Call ahead to be certain. The Cuddo unit is closed on Mondays.

Media files used on this page

Usa edcp relief location map.png
Author/Creator: Uwe Dedering, Licence:
Relief location map of the USA (without Hawaii and Alaska).

EquiDistantConicProjection : Central parallel :

* N: 37.0° N

Central meridian :

* E: 96.0° W

Standard parallels:

* 1: 32.0° N
* 2: 42.0° N

Made with Natural Earth. Free vector and raster map data @

Formulas for x and y:

x = 50.0 + 124.03149777329222 * ((1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180))
      * sin(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
y = 50.0 + 1.6155950752393982 * 124.03149777329222 * 0.02613325650382181
      - 1.6155950752393982  * 124.03149777329222 *
     (1.3236744353715044  - (1.9694462586094064-({{{2}}}* pi / 180)) 
      * cos(0.6010514667026994 * ({{{3}}} + 96) * pi / 180))
Author/Creator: Marc Epstein/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Headquarters, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bald cypress forest in autumn, Cuddo Unit of refuge