Responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in October 2020
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This article documents the chronology of the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in October 2020, which originated in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Some developments may become known or fully understood only in retrospect. Reporting on this pandemic began in December 2019.
Reactions and measures in the United Nations
The WHO Director-General wished both President Trump and the First Lady of the United States “a full and swift recovery" and called for strong leadership and comprehensive strategies so that countries could "change the trendlines" of the coronavirus pandemic.
The WHO estimated that 10% of the world's population may have been infected with coronavirus, with 10 countries accounting for 70% of all reported cases and mortality, and only three countries accounting for half. The WHO also announced survey results showing that the pandemic has interrupted essential mental health services in 93% of countries surveyed.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) called on Iran to release imprisoned lawyers, human rights defenders, and political prisoners, citing concerns over the situation they are facing and the risk of their contracting COVID-19. The OHCHR, the UN Global Compact and the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, issued a joint statement calling for business to aid 400,000 seafarers stranded at sea by the pandemic. The head of UN ECLAC stated that economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean would likely be slower than the recovery following the subprime mortgage crisis.
The World Trade Organization announced that global trade was showing signs of bouncing back from the COVID-19-induced depression, while warning that recovery could be severely disrupted by how the pandemic develops and how societies react. The UN Secretary-General launched his latest policy brief, COVID-19 and Universal Health Coverage, stating that pandemic had highlighted the importance of emergency preparedness and investing in robust public health systems.
The UN Secretary-General, highlighting that "inadequate" global health care systems had contributed to the million deaths from the pandemic so far, stressed that universal health care was a key recommendation in the UN's COVID-19 and Universal Health Coverage policy brief.
The UN Secretary-General warned greater global cooperation was required, by Member States signing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime to prevent criminals from profiteering from COVID-19.
The WHO Director-General rejected the concept of "herd immunity" through exposure to COVID-19 as a solution to the COVID-19 pandemic, describing it as “unethical” and “not an option”.
In a joint statement, the Food and Agriculture Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Labour Organization (ILO), and World Health Organization called for "global solidarity and support, especially with the most vulnerable in our societies" and highlighted that tens of millions of people, especially in the developing world, risk falling into extreme poverty, with nearly half of the global 3.3 billion workforce at risk of losing their jobs.
Releasing new statistics, the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimated that 40 per cent of the global population, or circa three billion people, do not possess home hand-washing facilities, despite soap and water being vital in combating COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. The UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific and the ILO in a new report focusing on the pandemic highlighted that over half of the people in the Asia-Pacific region do not have any social safety net, causing ill-health, inequality, poverty, and social exclusion. The WHO announced COVID-19 has become the fifth highest cause of death in Europe, with nearly 700,000 cases being reported in the week, the highest rate since March.
UNICEF reported that an increase in armed violence, combined with the socioeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, were contributing to the worsening plight of children in the Central Sahel, where 7.2 million in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger needed humanitarian assistance, a significant two-thirds increase in one year.
The UN Secretary-General, marking the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, called for solidarity with people living in poverty during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, highlighting that “a double crisis” of the highest risk of exposure and the least access to healthcare was facing the world's poorest people, and warning that 115 million could fall into poverty in 2020, the first increase in decades.
As COVID-19 cases continue to increase rapidly, particularly in Europe and North America, the Director-General of the WHO warned governments and people globally not to relax, and to protect those hospitalized and front-line workers.
A new World Bank Group and UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) analysis indicated that the number of children in extreme poverty, i.e., 356 million globally before the COVID-19 pandemic began, will likely worsen significantly. The Department of Economic and Social Affairs, launching the 2020 The World’s Women: Trends and Statistics report, noted that the pandemic is stalling and/or reversing effort to achieve gender equality.
A new ILO report warned that the COVID-19 pandemic had resulted in "government lockdowns, collapsed consumer demand, and disrupted imports of raw materials", heavily impacting the Asia Pacific garment industry. The UN trade and development body (UNCTAD), announcing its latest update, warned that global trade was frail, with an uncertain outlook.
Reactions and measures in Africa
Reactions and measures in the Americas
Reactions and measures in the Eastern Mediterranean
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Reactions and measures in Europe
The French Government has announced a nationwide lockdown today while the German Government has agreed to impose a four-week partial restriction period in response to a surge of case in Europe.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has announced a four-week lockdown in England after one million new cases were reported. Non-essential shops and hospitality will close for four weeks but takeaways, schools, colleges and universities will remain open.
Reactions and measures in South and Southeast Asia
Malaysian Senior Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob has announced that the Malaysian Government would not be re-imposing lockdown measures despite a spike in cases since the majority of cases have been reported in detention centres and isolated districts.
Malaysian Senior Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob announced that the districts of Kota Kinabalu, Penampang, and Putatan in the state of Sabah would be placed under a Conditional Movement Control Oder (MCO) commencing 7 October. Under this conditional MCO, travel and commercial activities within these districts will be limited while only essential health and food services will be allowed to operate.
Malaysia Senior Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob announced that the Malaysian Government would ban most travel to and from Sabah by most non-residents with the exception of those related to emergencies, deaths and essential services subject to approval from health authorities.
The Malaysian Government places the Klang Valley in Selangor state under a Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO), limiting inter-district movement and placing stricter controls over offices, restaurants, and shopping mauls. These movement restrictions also the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya, which lie within Selangore's boundaries.
The Malaysian Association Of Film Exhibitors (MAFE) announced that they would be temporarily closing all cinemas in Malaysia from 2 November to help contain the spread of COVID-19 following a new wave of community transmissions throughout the month.
Reactions and measures in the Western Pacific
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has announced that the Australian Government has a formalised a deal allowing New Zealanders "one-way quarantine-free travel" into New South Wales and the Northern Territory from 16 October as part of steps to establish a trans-Tasman "travel bubble" between Australia and New Zealand. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern however has ruled out reciprocal "quarantine-free travel" for Australians in order to keep New Zealanders safe from COVID-19.
New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced that Auckland would drop to Alert Level 1 at 11:59 pm on 7 October, bringing the region in line with the rest of the country. Under Level 1, restrictions on social gatherings aren eliminated while wearing masks on public transportation will no longer be compulsory.
The New Zealand Government signs an agreement with Pfizer and BioNTech to purchase 1.5 million COVID-19 vaccines. In addition, the Government has established a fund of $66.3 million to support a COVID-19 immunisation programme as soon as the vaccine is ready.
In Australia, Premier of Victoria Daniel Andrews has announced the relaxation of COVID-19 lockdown restrictions. From midnight on 27 October, cafes and pubs will be allowed to reopen with a 20-person limit and public gatherings of 50 people will be allowed. However, the 25 km travel limit and border restrictions between Greater Melbourne and regional Victoria remain in force until 8 November. Lockdown restrictions in Melbourne will be progressively eased on 28 October and 8 November.
- "Annual report: Pandemic recovery must be measured in 'human rather than economic terms'". UN News. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "Countries face 'critical moment' in COVID response: UN health agency chief". UN News. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "70 per cent of COVID cases located in just 10 countries, WHO reports". UN News. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "COVID-19 disrupting critical mental health services, WHO warns". UN News. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "UN rights chief urges Iran to release jailed human rights defenders, citing COVID-19 risk". UN News. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "More action needed for seafarers, 'collateral victims' of measures to curb COVID-19". UN News. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "Report outlines long road to post-COVID recovery for Latin America and Caribbean". UN News. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "Global trade amid COVID-19: Signs of rebound, but recovery uncertain". UN News. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "UN chief urges greater investment in universal health coverage, starting now". UN News. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- "Universal Health Coverage 'more urgent than ever' – UN chief". UN News. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
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- "'Time for global solidarity' to overcome COVID's health, social and economic challenges". UN News. 13 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
- "Three billion people globally lack handwashing facilities at home: UNICEF". UN News. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
- "Social protection coverage in Asia and the Pacific 'riddled with gaps'". UN News. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
- "COVID-19 rise in Europe a great concern, says WHO regional chief". UN News. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
- "Violence, COVID-19, contribute to rising humanitarian needs in the Sahel". UN News. 16 October 2020. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
- "Stand in solidarity with world's poor, UN chief says in message for International Day". UN News. 13 October 2020. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
- "Focus on fundamentals as COVID-19 caseloads rise: WHO". UN News. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "One in six children living in extreme poverty, with figure set to rise during pandemic". UN News. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "New UN gender study: Women 'far from having an equal voice to men'". UN News. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "Collapsing consumer demand amid lockdowns cripple Asia-Pacific garment industry". UN News. 21 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "A few 'green shoots', but future of global trade remains deeply uncertain". UN News. 21 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
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Media files used on this page
This illustration, created at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reveals ultrastructural morphology exhibited by coronaviruses. Note the spikes that adorn the outer surface of the virus, which impart the look of a corona surrounding the virion, when viewed electron microscopically. A novel coronavirus, named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China in 2019. The illness caused by this virus has been named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Map of World Health Organisation regional offices.