Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

Prince Edward
Duke of Kent (more)
Photograph of the Duke in his 79th year
The Duke of Kent in 2014
BornPrince Edward of Kent
(1935-10-09) 9 October 1935
3 Belgrave Square, London, England
Spouse
Katharine Worsley
(m. 1961)
Issue
Names
Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick[notes 1]
HouseWindsor
FatherPrince George, Duke of Kent
MotherPrincess Marina of Greece and Denmark
Education
Military career
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of active service1955–1976
RankField Marshal
Service number443787
UnitRoyal Scots Greys

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, KG, GCMG, GCVO, CD, ADC (Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick; born 9 October 1935) is a member of the British royal family. He was a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II through their fathers, Prince George, Duke of Kent, and King George VI. Edward's mother Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark was also a first cousin of the Queen's husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, making him both a second cousin and first cousin once removed to King Charles III.

Prince Edward has held the title of Duke of Kent for 80 years, since the age of six, after the death of his father in a plane crash in 1942. Edward carried out engagements on behalf of the Queen and is involved with over 140 charitable organisations. He was president of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, presenting the trophies to the Wimbledon champion and runner-up, and served as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment, retiring in 2001. He is president of The Scout Association, the Royal United Services Institute, and the Royal Institution of Great Britain, and since 1967 Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England. Much of his charity work revolves around war remembrance, technology, and the growth of British industry.

Early life and education

Prince Edward was born on 9 October 1935, at No. 3 Belgrave Square, London, to Prince George, Duke of Kent and Princess Marina.[1] Home Secretary Sir John Simon was present to verify the birth. His father was the fourth son of George V and Queen Mary. His mother was the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark and Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia. He was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace on 20 November 1935 by Archbishop of Canterbury Cosmo Lang. His godparents were his grandparents, George V, Queen Mary and Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark; as well as the Prince of Wales; the Princess Royal, the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (whose son, Prince Arthur of Connaught, stood proxy); and the Duchess of Argyll.[2]

Prince Edward began his education at Ludgrove, a preparatory school in Berkshire, before going on to Eton College[3] and then Le Rosey in Switzerland.[4] After school he entered the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst,[5] where he won the Sir James Moncrieff Grierson prize for foreign languages. Edward speaks fluent French, having been raised in a house where, according to the words of his younger brother, Prince Michael of Kent, his mother and aunts spoke French as a matter of preference.[6]

On 25 August 1942, Prince Edward's father, the Duke of Kent, was killed when his plane crashed in bad weather in Caithness. Prince Edward, at six years old, succeeded his father as Duke of Kent,[7] Earl of St Andrews and Baron Downpatrick. As a member of the royal family, Prince Edward began performing engagements at an early age. In 1952, at the age of 16, he walked behind the coffin of his uncle, George VI, at his state funeral.[8] In 1953, he attended the coronation of his cousin, Elizabeth II, and was the third to pay homage at her throne, following the dukes of Edinburgh and Gloucester.[9]

Military service

On 29 July 1955, the Duke of Kent graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst as a second lieutenant in the Royal Scots Greys,[10] the beginning of a military career which lasted over 20 years. He was promoted to captain on 29 July 1961.[11]

From 1962 to 1963, the Duke of Kent served in Hong Kong, later serving on the staff in Eastern Command. He was promoted to major on 31 December 1967.[12] In 1970, the Duke commanded a squadron of his regiment serving in the British Sovereign Base Area in Cyprus, part of the UN force enforcing peace between the Greek and Turkish parts of the divided island. During the early 1970s, the Duke also served in Northern Ireland with his regiment. He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 30 June 1973.[13]

The Duke retired from the army on 15 April 1976.[14] He was subsequently promoted to major-general on 11 June 1983[15] and to field marshal on 11 June 1993.[16]

A new book about the Queen has revealed that, in 1971, the monarch intervened to prevent the kidnapping of her cousin, the Duke of Kent. The then 35-year-old Duke, an Army officer with the Royal Scots Greys, was sent to Northern Ireland with his unit but the Queen alerted Edward Heath, the prime minister, during her private audience, and he relayed a warning to his ministers. Commanding officers were told the Duke was not to be sent to Belfast without special orders. A few weeks later, he was posted back to the mainland.[17]

Marriage and personal life

The Duke and Duchess of Kent, 2013

At York Minster on 8 June 1961 the Duke of Kent married Katharine Worsley, the only daughter of Sir William Arthington Worsley, 4th Baronet by his wife Joyce Morgan Brunner. She converted to Roman Catholicism in 1994,[18] but because the conversion occurred after their marriage, it did not cause the Duke to lose his place in the line of succession, as the Act of Settlement 1701 only applied where the spouse was a Catholic at the time of marriage. The disqualification by marrying a Catholic was removed by the Succession to the Crown Act 2013. They have three living children:

The Duke and Duchess of Kent reside at Wren House, Kensington Palace, in London.[21]

The Duke had a mild stroke on the morning of 18 March 2013.[18] In April 2015, he suffered from a hip injury and was hospitalised at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for further treatments.[22]

Activities

The Duke of Kent by Allan Warren, 1989 portrait photo

The Duke of Kent has performed engagements on behalf of his cousin, the Queen, for over 50 years. The Duke has represented the Queen during independence celebrations in the Commonwealth countries of Sierra Leone,[23] Uganda,[24] Guyana,[25] Gambia[26] Ghana, to commemorate its 50th independence anniversary celebration.[27] He has also acted as Counsellor of State during periods of the Queen's absence abroad.[28]

One of the Duke's major public roles for many years was vice-chairman of British Trade International, formerly known as the British Overseas Trade Board, and later as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment. This position saw the Duke travel abroad to represent the British government in fostering trade relations with foreign countries and organisations. Prince Andrew, Duke of York succeeded him in this position, which is today known as UK Trade & Investment (or UKTI), although Prince Andrew resigned from the post in 2011.[29] He was also the vice-chairman of the British Overseas Trade Board.[30] In that capacity, he became the first member of the royal family to visit China in 1979 with his focus being on the British Energy Exhibition in Beijing.[31]

From 1971 to 2000, the Duke of Kent was president of English football's governing body, The Football Association. The Duke has served as the president of The Scout Association since 1975.[32] Along with Prince William of Wales, the Duke visited the Centenary World Scout Jamboree at Hylands Park, Chelmsford in July 2007.[33] He also served as the president of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club between 1969 and 2021,[34][35] a position in which he succeeded his late mother, Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent.[36] His other roles include president of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission,[37] the RAF Benevolent Fund,[38][39] the Royal National Lifeboat Institution,[40][41] the Stroke Association,[34][42] the Royal United Services Institute,[43] the Royal Institution,[44] the British Racing Drivers' Club,[45] and patron of the American Air Museum in Britain,[46] Royal West Norfolk Golf Club,[47] Kent County Cricket Club,[48] Opera North,[49] Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance,[50] the Duke of York's Royal Military School Dover and St Mungo's Broadway, benefiting the homeless. He is also on the advisory panel for the Mountbatten Medal and presents the medal once the decision has been made. The Duke of Kent is one of the Royal Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering.[51]

For almost 29 years, the Duke has been the patron of Endeavour, a national youth organisation.[52] He has also served as Royal Patron of The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn since 2001, a position previously occupied by his father.[53] In 2015, the Duke received the Dresden Peace Prize for "his contribution to British-German reconciliation."[54]

On 2 June 2022, the Duke appeared alongside the Queen on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during the 2022 Trooping the Colour as part of the Platinum Jubilee celebrations.[55]

Freemasonry

The Duke was initiated into Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16 on 16 December 1963, and was elected its Worshipful Master for 1965 and 1966.[56]

Having been appointed Senior Grand Warden in 1966, he was elected as Grand Master the following year, and was installed on 14 June 1967 during United Grand Lodge of England's 250th anniversary celebrations at the Royal Albert Hall.[57] He is the 10th, and longest-serving Grand Master of UGLE, the governing body of Freemasonry in England and Wales.

In December 2013, he celebrated 50 years as a freemason.[56] In October 2017 he presided over the tercentenary celebrations of UGLE, marking the 300th anniversary of the founding of the original Grand Lodge, one of two which merged to form UGLE in 1813.[58] The main ceremony was held in the Royal Albert Hall, in the year which also marked the Duke's 50th anniversary of installation as Grand Master.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 9 October 1935 – 25 August 1942: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Kent
  • 25 August 1942 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent

Military ranks

Honours

Foreign

Civilian appointments

  • Personal Aide-de-Camp to the Queen (1966 to date)
  • England University of Surrey, chancellor (June 1976 to date)[73]
  • Royal Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) (1990 to date)[74]

Military appointments

Canada Canada
  • Canada 11 June 1977: Colonel-in-Chief, of The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)[75]
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Arms

Coat of arms of the Duke of Kent
Coat of Arms of Edward, Duke of Kent.svg
Notes
As a descendant of George V, the Duke of Kent's arms are based on the Royal Arms. The following explains the way in which his arms are differenced from those of the Queen.
Coronet
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign
Crest
On the coronet of children of other sons of the Sovereign, composed of four crosses-patées alternated with four strawberry leaves a lion statant guardant or, crowned with the like coronet and differenced with a label as in the Arms.
Escutcheon
The Royal Arms differenced by a label of five points argent the points charged alternately with three anchors azure and two crosses gules.[80]
Supporters
The Royal Supporters differenced with the like coronet and label.
Orders
The Order of the Garter ribbon.
HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
(Shame be to him who thinks evil of it)
Banner
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent.svg The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom labelled for difference as in his arms.
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (in Scotland).svg (in Scotland)
Symbolism
As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and fourth quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the third of Ireland.

Issue

NameBirthDeathMarriageChildren
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews26 June 19629 January 1988Sylvana TomaselliEdward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick
Lady Marina Windsor
Lady Amelia Windsor
Lady Helen Taylor28 April 196418 July 1992Timothy TaylorColumbus Taylor
Cassius Taylor
Eloise Taylor
Estella Taylor
Lord Nicholas Windsor25 July 19704 November 2006Paola Doimi de Lupis de FrankopanAlbert Windsor
Leopold Windsor
Louis Windsor
Lord Patrick WindsorStillborn on 5 October 1977

Ancestry

Bibliography

  • HRH The Duke of Kent; Vickers, Hugo (2022). A Royal Life. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 978-1529389708.

Notes

  1. ^ As a British prince, a surname is not usually used but when one is, Windsor is used.

References

  1. ^ "No. 34206". The London Gazette. 9 October 1935. p. 6371.
  2. ^ "Prince Edward Christened – Ceremony at the Palace". The Times. 21 November 1935. p. 14.
  3. ^ "Royals". Eton College. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Grand Master – HRH The Duke of Week". United Grand Lodge of England. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Prince Edward: Military Career". Official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  6. ^ Seward, Ingrid (1994). Royal Children. London: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312105334.
  7. ^ "Duke of Kent, 77, suffers mini-stroke". The Herald. Glasgow. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  8. ^ Cavendish, Richard (2 February 2002). "The Funeral of King George VI". History Today. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II Coronation – Part 2 – the Lords Pay Homage". AntPDC. 21 September 2011. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2018 – via YouTube.
  10. ^ "No. 41137". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 July 1957. p. 4492.
  11. ^ "No. 42422". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 July 1961. p. 5561.
  12. ^ "No. 44493". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 January 1968. p. 75.
  13. ^ "No. 46046". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 August 1973. p. 9389.
  14. ^ "No. 46877". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 April 1976. p. 5659.
  15. ^ a b "No. 49392". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 June 1983. p. 8191.
  16. ^ "No. 53342". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 June 1993. p. 10183.
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  18. ^ a b Rayner, Gordon (21 March 2013). "Duke of Kent being treated in hospital after 'mild' stroke". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  19. ^ "'The most iconic royal wedding gowns of all time". Harper's Bazaar. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  20. ^ a b "I lost my baby at nine months .. it devastated me; The Duchess of Kent reveals the stillbirth that led to a breakdown". The Mirror. 23 December 1997. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
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  24. ^ Mwesigye, Shifa (9 October 2012). "50 years on, Duke of Kent returns to familiar Uganda". The Observer. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Prince Harry impressed with Guyana's commitment to conservation, sustainable development". Georgetown, Guyana: Ministry of the Presidency. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018. President David Granger showing Prince Henry of Wales an image of his cousin Prince Edward, Duke of Kent who presented the instrument of Guyana's Independence to former Head of State, President Forbes Burnham.
  26. ^ "Gambia Independent". British Pathe. 25 February 1965. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Duke of Kent unveils plaque for military project". Ghana Armed Forces. Ghana Web. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  28. ^ "The Duke of Kent – Supporting the Queen". Official website of the Royal Family. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  29. ^ Raynor, Gordon (22 July 2011). "Duke of York drops trade role after years of criticism". The Telegraph (UK). Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  30. ^ Lefkovits, Etgar (4 September 2007). "Prince Edward to arrive today; 1st royal visit in decade". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  31. ^ Brewer, James (26 October 2015). "A Royal pioneer in promoting trade with modern China…". All About Shipping. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  32. ^ "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 24 January 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  33. ^ Adams, Stephen (28 July 2007). "A century on, Scouts' campfires burn strong". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  34. ^ a b Rayner, Gordon (22 March 2013). "Duke of Kent spends another day in hospital after 'mild' stroke". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2018. The Duke is perhaps best known for his role as president of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, presenting trophies to the winners at Wimbledon.
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  36. ^ "Princess Marina Dies (1968)". British Pathé. 13 April 2014. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2018 – via YouTube.
  37. ^ "Duke of Kent makes history as first royal to lay wreath at 1916 memorial". TheJournal.ie. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  38. ^ "Principals". RAF Benevolent Fund. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  39. ^ "Royal visit". RAF Benevolent Fund. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  40. ^ "Our Patron and President". Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  41. ^ McCallen, Laura (31 May 2017). "Duke of Kent visits Royal National Lifeboat Institution stations". Royal Central. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  42. ^ "HRH The Duke of Kent: A Life Of Service". Stroke Association. 6 October 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  43. ^ "RUSI celebrates the Diamond Jubilee". Royal United Services Institute. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  44. ^ "His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent (1935–)". Royal Institution. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  45. ^ "Who We Are". The British Racing Drivers' Club. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  46. ^ "About Us". American Air Museum in Britain. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  47. ^ "About the course". Royal West Norfolk Golf Club. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  48. ^ "Jamie Clifford appointed Honorary Life Member". Kent County Cricket Club. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  49. ^ "Who's who at Opera North". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  50. ^ "HRH The Duke of Kent KG". Trinity Laban. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  51. ^ "The Fellowship". Royal Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  52. ^ "Court Circular". Official website of the Royal Family. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2018. The Duke of Kent, Patron, Endeavour Training, this morning received Mr. Steven Turner upon assuming his appointment as Chief Executive Officer.
  53. ^ "Our Membership". The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  54. ^ "HRH The Duke of Kent receives Dresden Peace Prize". Gov.uk. 14 February 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  55. ^ "Queen pictured for first time during Jubilee celebrations on Buckingham Palace balcony". Sky News. 2 June 2022. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  56. ^ a b "Grand Master celebrates 50 years in the Craft at Royal Alpha Lodge". Freemasonry Today. Grand Lodge Publications. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  57. ^ "History of Freemasonry". United Grand Lodge of England. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  58. ^ "Royal Albert Hall plays host to UGLE's epic Tercentenary celebrations". Freemasonry Today. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  59. ^ "No. 40593". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 September 1955. p. 5427.
  60. ^ "No. 41137". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 July 1957. p. 4492.
  61. ^ "No. 42422". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 July 1961. p. 5561.
  62. ^ "No. 44493". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 January 1968. p. 75.
  63. ^ "No. 46046". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 August 1973. p. 9389.
  64. ^ "No. 46877". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 April 1976. p. 5659.
  65. ^ "No. 53342". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 June 1993. p. 10183.
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  72. ^ Duke of Kent awarded Saxonian Order of Merit
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Ribbon of the Guyana Independence Medal
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The Badge of the House of Windsor (the ruling royal house of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms), as approved by King George VI in 1938. In the style used from 1938 to 1952 and the again from 2022.


Although the Sovereigns of the House of Windsor (this dynastic name was adopted by Royal Proclamation on 17th June 1917) have used various old royal badges only one or two new badges have been adopted that for Wales and the following badge for the House of Windsor, which was approved by King George VI on 28th July 1938: On a Mount Vert the Round Tower of Windsor Castle argent, masoned sable, flying thereon the Royal Standard, the whole within two branches of oak fructed or, and ensigned with the Imperial Crown.
(J.P. Brooke-Little, 1954, Boutell's Heraldry, Frederick Warne: London and New York, pages 216-217)
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Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent.
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Coronet of a British Duke
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King George VI Coronation Medal ribbon bar. United Kingdom.
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Coat of Arms of HRH Prince Edward, Duke of Kent. (born 1935) first son of Prince George, Duke of Kent (fourth son of King George V) and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. The coat of arms was granted in 1948.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of five points Argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with a anchor Azure, and the second and fourth points with a cross Gules, the escutcheon ensigned by a coronet of a grandchild of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for a crest on a coronet of his rank, thereon a lion statant guardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (in Scotland).svg
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Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, for use in Scotland.
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The Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal ribbon, 32 millimetres wide and maroon with a 2 millimetres wide white band, a 10.5 millimetres wide maroon band and a 3 millimetres wide royal blue band, repeated in reverse order and separated by a 1 millimetre wide maroon band in the centre. (Dimensions deduced from this photograph of the medal and ribbon.)
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Independence Medal of Sierra Leone
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The Duke and Duchess of Kent on the balcony of Buckingham Palace, June 2013
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Arms of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
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The ribbon bar of the Queen Elizabeth II Platinum Jubilee Medal.
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HRH The Duke of Kent at the unveiling of commemoration plaques for the 175 men from overseas who won Britain’s highest military honour, the Victoria Cross, for service in the First World War, London, 26 June 2014.
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HRH The Duke of Kent
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Spine 3, a sculpture by Diane Maclean, on the University of Surrey campus. Spine is a coloured stainless steel tube, using an oxide layer causing colour changes as the sun angle varies.