Portal:Oceans

The Oceans Portal
A portal dedicated to oceans, seas, oceanography and related topics

Selected panorama

– Hover over image and scroll to middle for controls to see more selected panorama images –

Introduction

Surface view of the Atlantic Ocean

The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of Earth and contains 97% of Earth's water. Another definition is "any of the large bodies of water into which the great ocean is divided". Separate names are used to identify five different areas of the ocean: Pacific (the largest), Atlantic, Indian, Southern (Antarctic), and Arctic (the smallest). Seawater covers approximately 361,000,000 km2 (139,000,000 sq mi) of the planet. The ocean is the principal component of Earth's hydrosphere, and therefore integral to life on Earth. Acting as a huge heat reservoir, the ocean influences climate and weather patterns, the carbon cycle, and the water cycle. (Full article...)

Waves in Pacifica, California

The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean, is the body of salty water that covers approximately 71 percent of the Earth's surface. The word sea is also used to denote second-order sections of the sea, such as the Mediterranean Sea, as well as certain large, entirely landlocked, saltwater lakes, such as the Caspian Sea. (Full article...)

Oceanography (from the Ancient Greek ὠκεανός "ocean" and γράφω "write"), also known as oceanology, is the scientific study of the oceans. It is an important Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers utilize to glean further knowledge of the world ocean, including astronomy, biology, chemistry, climatology, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. Paleoceanography studies the history of the oceans in the geologic past. An oceanographer is a person who studies many matters concerned with oceans including marine geology, physics, chemistry and biology. (Full article...)

Selected article -

Satellite image of the South China Sea

The South China Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean. It is bounded in the north by the shores of South China (hence the name), in the west by the Indochinese Peninsula, in the east by the islands of Taiwan and northwestern Philippines (mainly Luzon, Mindoro and Palawan), and in the south by Borneo, eastern Sumatra and the Bangka Belitung Islands, encompassing an area of around 3,500,000 km2 (1,400,000 sq mi). It communicates with the East China Sea via the Taiwan Strait, the Philippine Sea via the Luzon Strait, the Sulu Sea via the straits around Palawan (e.g. the Mindoro and Balabac Strait), the Strait of Malacca via the Strait of Singapore, and the Java Sea via the Karimata and Bangka Strait. The Gulf of Thailand and the Gulf of Tonkin are also part of the South China Sea. The shallow waters south of the Riau Islands are also known as the Natuna Sea.

The South China Sea is a region of tremendous economic and geostrategic importance. One-third of the world's maritime shipping passes through it, carrying over US$3 trillion in trade each year. Huge oil and natural gas reserves are believed to lie beneath its seabed. It also contains lucrative fisheries, which are crucial for the food security of millions in Southeast Asia. (Full article...)
List of selected articles

Interesting facts -

Landing on Stac Lee (from St Kilda)

  • When Norman Heathcote climbed the St Kilda sea stack Stac Lee (pictured) in 1899, he found the climbing "comparatively easy" but getting ashore had been "a most appalling undertaking".
  • The The Marine Mammal Center has rescued over 23,000 marine mammals, and also produces important scientific discoveries regarding marine chemistry.
  • Pastis magnate Paul Ricard created the Paul Ricard Oceanographic Institute on the Île des Embiez, and the Universal Exposition of Wines and Spirits on the Île de Bendor.

Selected list articles and Marine habitat topics

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General images -

The following are images from various ocean-related articles on Wikipedia.

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In the news

24 March 2022 – 2021–2022 North Korean missile tests
North Korea is suspected of testing an ICBM for the first time since November 2017, when they tested the Hwasong-15. The missile, which is said to be capable of reaching Guam, was launched towards the Sea of Japan. (NPR)
22 March 2022 – Russo-Ukrainian War
Russian Navy warships in the Sea of Azov shell Ukrainian-held areas of Mariupol. (ABP Live)
17 March 2022 – Russo-Ukrainian War
Panama's maritime authority states that Russia has attacked three Panamanian-flagged civil vessels in the Black Sea since the Russian invasion of Ukraine began on February 24, causing one of the ships to sink. No deaths have been reported. (Reuters)
13 March 2022 – 2021–22 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season
Around 12 people in Mozambique are dead after Tropical Cyclone Gombe struck the Nampula and Zambezia provinces. (Phys.org)
11 March 2022 – Asteroid impact prediction
2022 EB5, a small 0.8-2 meter asteroid discovered by the Konkoly Observatory, explodes in a harmless fireball over the Arctic Ocean south of Jan Mayen at 21:22 UTC. This is the smallest asteroid to be discovered before impact. (Minor Planet Mailing List)

WikiProjects

WikiProjects
  • WikiProject Oceans
  • WikiProject Limnology and Oceanography
  • WikiProject Marine life
  • WikiProject Cetaceans
  • WikiProject Fishes
  • WikiProject Sharks

Related WikiProjects
  • WikiProject Arthropods
  • WikiProject Fisheries and Fishing
  • WikiProject Lakes
  • WikiProject Rivers

Topics


More topics

Categories

Category puzzle
Select [►] to view subcategories Oceans
Oceans
Categories by sea or ocean
Landforms by sea or ocean
Bays by ocean
Fish by ocean
Shipwrecks by ocean
Volcanism by ocean
Seas
Arctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Submarine cables
Coasts
Ocean currents
Marine energy
Oceans and seas in fiction
Historical oceans
Indian Ocean
Law of the sea
Ocean maps
Marine conservation
Oceanaria
Oceans-related lists
Pacific Ocean
Submarine pipelines
Ocean pollution
Southern Ocean
Works set on oceans
World Ocean


Seas
Seas
Categories by sea or ocean
Seas by country
Seas by continent
Bays by sea
Fish by sea
Shipwrecks by sea
Seas of the Arctic Ocean
Seas of the Atlantic Ocean
Sea in culture
Sea and river deities
Oceans and seas in fiction
Seas of Greenland
Seas of the Indian Ocean
Lists of seas
Marginal seas
Marine energy
Maritime transport
Seas of the Pacific Ocean
Seas of the Southern Ocean


Oceanography
Oceanography
Oceans
Seas
Oceanography awards
Biological oceanography
Chemical oceanography
Oceanographic expeditions
Ocean exploration
Fracture zones
Oceanographic instrumentation
Oceanography journals
Marine biology
Marine geology
Marine geophysicists
Marine meteorology
Maritime culture
Meteorology
Oceanographers
Oceanographic Time-Series
Oceanographical terminology
Oceanography of Canada
Oceanographic organizations
Paleoceanography
Physical oceanography
Research vessels
Sea ice
Underwater diving companies
Underwater diving sites
Underwater explorers
United States Exploring Expedition
Oceanography stubs

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Admiralty law

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External media

External media

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Media files used on this page

Antarctic bottom water.svg
Author/Creator: Fred the Oyster, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Water mass bodies of the Southern Ocean.
Captainjamescookportrait.jpg
Official portrait of Captain James Cook
USNS Southern Cross at the ice pier in 1983.jpg
(c) Randy C. Bunney, Great Circle Photography. Photo credit required for reproduction., CC BY-SA 2.5
Date: 1983

Location: en:McMurdo Station, Antarctica
Photographer: Randy C. Bunney

USNS Southern Cross cargo operations at ice pier. McMurdo Station, Antarctica; 1983. The en:ice pier had been in use four seasons. Workers made the ice pier by repeatedly flooding an area with water which quickly turned to ice. However, by the time of 1983 cargo operations, the pier was rapidly deteriorating. Severe cracks appeared in the surface even as tidewaters further undercut the pier's edge causing large chunks of ice to break off.

References

"Race to reach McMurdo Station," The Press, March 23, 1983; Christchurch, New Zealand.
Diego garcian.jpg
An unnamed Diego Garcian at the time of the US encampment, 1971. Location: Chagos, Diego Garcia Island (Image ID: geod0341, Geodesy Collection)
Waves in pacifica 1.jpg
Author/Creator: Brocken Inaglory, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Sea Storm in Pacifica, w:California
Issoria lathonia.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Walden Pond, Massachusetts on June 27, 2012.png
Author/Creator: Buaidh, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Walden Pond, Massachusetts on June 27, 2012. This is a square crop of 2012-06-27-Walden-Pond-02 33.jpg by User:Cbaile19.
Skull and Crossbones.svg
The skull and crossbones sign is a well-known symbol for poison.
Horseshoe Bend TC 27-09-2012 15-34-14.jpg
Author/Creator: Paul Hermans, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Horseshoe Bend, Page, Arizona
Cyclone Catarina from the ISS on March 26 2004.JPG
Before the year 2004, only two tropical cyclones had ever been noted in the South Atlantic Basin, and no hurricane. However, a circulation center well off the coast of southern Brazil developed tropical cyclone characteristics and continued to intensify as it moved westward. The system developed an eye and apparently reached hurricane strength on Friday, March 26, before eventually making landfall late on Saturday, March 27, 2004.
The crew of the International Space Station was notified of the cyclone and acquired excellent photographs of the storm just as it made landfall on the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina (the storm has been unofficially dubbed “Cyclone Catarina”). Note the clockwise circulation of Southern Hemisphere cyclones, the well-defined banding features, and the eyewall of at least a Category 1 system. The coastline is visible under the clouds in the upper left corner of the image.
Cumulus clouds in fair weather.jpeg
Author/Creator: Michael Jastremski, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Cumulus clouds in fair weather. Photograph taken by Michael Jastremski.
The Earth seen from Apollo 17.jpg
"The Blue Marble" is a famous photograph of the Earth taken on December 7, 1972, by the crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft en route to the Moon at a distance of about 29,000 kilometres (18,000 mi). It shows Africa, Antarctica, and the Arabian Peninsula.
WikiProject Geology.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Africa (orthographic projection).svg
Author/Creator: Martin23230, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Orthographic map of Africa with colonial borders, except Somalia.
Accreting coast Image6.svg
Coastal and oceanic landforms. Cuspate foreland, tombolo, spit, bay, lagoon, barrier island.
Fernando noronha.jpg
Author/Creator: Roberto Garrido from Salvador, Brasil, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Dois Irmãos - Fernando de Noronha, Brazil.
Foodlogo2.svg
Author/Creator: Seahen, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
This file was derived from: Foodlogo.svgFoodlogo.svg
Used for en:Portal:Food icon.
Social sciences.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Iconic image for social science.
Telecom-icon.svg
Icon for telecommunications
Time series for collapse of Atlantic northwest cod.png
Author/Creator: Epipelagic, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Time series for the collapse of the Atlantic northwest cod stock, capture in million tonnes with Canadian data presented separately. Based on data sourced from the FishStat database FAO.
Norse-world.png
Author/Creator: David Trochos, Licence: CC BY 3.0
The medieval Icelandic conception of northern regions, based on an interpretive sketch by A.A. Bjornbo reproduced in "Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga" (ISBN 1560989955) p262.
Australia's official interpretation of the names and limits of oceans and seas around Australia.png
Author/Creator: Australian Department of Defence (Australian Hydrographic Office) officers., Licence: CC BY 4.0
A map of Australia and its adjacent oceans, annotated with locations and notes describing the Australian Government's interpretation of the names and limits of oceans and seas around Australia
Cambridge Bay Thule Site 1998-06-28.jpg
Author/Creator: Ansgar Walk, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Thule Site (Copper Inuit) near Cambridge Bay (Victoria Island)
20200926fukushima01.jpg
Author/Creator: 内閣官房内閣広報室, Licence: CC BY 4.0
東京電力の福島第一原発構内を視察し、浄化処理した汚染水を手にする菅義偉首相。奥左は3号機。[1]
Pacific Ring of Fire.svg
SVG version of File:Pacific_Ring_of_Fire.png, recreated by me using WDB vector data using code mentioned in File:Worldmap_wdb_combined.svg.
Pacific Culture Areas.png
Major culture areas of Oceania: Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia.
  Micronesia
  Melanesia
  Polynesia
Kanstadsamlingen - NMF010005-01347.jpg
Bildet er hentet fra Nordlandsmuseet bildesamling etter Kanstad.

Motivbeskrivelse: Sløying av fisk
Nøkkelord:

  • Fiske
  • Drakt, kropp
TsunamiHazardSign.svg
Tsunami hazard sign
Gulf Stream Sea Surface Currents and Temperatures NASA SVS.jpg
Visualisation of the Gulf Stream stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to Western Europe.
Nuvola apps package graphics.png
Author/Creator: David Vignoni / ICON KING, Licence: LGPL
Icon from Nuvola icon theme for KDE 3.x.
Indo-Roman trade.jpg
Author/Creator: User:PHGCOM, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Indo-Roman_trade
DIMG 1149 (4997125166).jpg
Author/Creator: Bengt Nyman from Vaxholm, Sweden, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Blue Grotto, Malta, 2010
Mother and baby sperm whale.jpg
Author/Creator: Gabriel Barathieu, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
A mother sperm whale and her calf off the coast of Mauritius. The calf has remoras attached to its body.
Oceanus.png
Los 5 océanos de la Tierra
大洋.png
Author/Creator: user:S19991002, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Map of Oceania
Polar bears near north pole.jpg
Three Polar bears approach the starboard bow of the Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine USS Honolulu (SSN 718) while surfaced 280 miles from the North Pole. Sighted by a lookout from the bridge (sail) of the submarine, the bears investigated the boat for almost 2 hours before leaving. Commanded by Cmdr. Charles Harris, USS Honolulu while conducting otherwise classified operations in the Arctic, collected scientific data and water samples for U.S. and Canadian Universities as part of an agreement with the Arctic Submarine Laboratory (ASL) and the National Science Foundation (NSF). USS Honolulu was the 24th Los Angeles-class submarine, and the first original design in her class to visit the North Pole region. Honolulu was assigned to Commander Submarine Pacific, Submarine Squadron Three, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Panorama of Gibson's Steps along the Great Ocean Road - panoramio.jpg
(c) wanderingchina, CC BY-SA 3.0
Panorama of Gibson's Steps along the Great Ocean Road
Drinking water.jpg
Author/Creator: Photo taken by de:Benutzer:Alex Anlicker using a Nikon Coolpix 950., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Pitná voda - kohoutek
A general view of Mombasa Port on Kenya's Indian Ocean coast.jpg
Author/Creator: MEAACT Kenya, Licence: PDM-owner
KENYA, Mombasa: Photograph taken by the Kenyan Ministry of East African Affairs, Commerce and Tourism (MEAACT) 31 July shows a general view of Mombasa Port on Kenya's Indian Ocean coast. MANDATORY CREDIT: MEAACT PHOTO / STUART PRICE.
Austronesian maritime trade network in the Indian Ocean.png
Author/Creator: Obsidian Soul, Licence: CC0
Proto-historic and historic maritime trade network of the Austronesian peoples in the Indian Ocean per "Austronesian Shipping in the Indian Ocean: From Outrigger Boats to Trading Ships" in (2016) Early Exchange between Africa and the Wider Indian Ocean World, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 51−76 ISBN: 9783319338224.
Tidal power conceptual barrage.jpg
Author/Creator: The original uploader was Evgeni Sergeev at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
I created this image myself using Blender. An artistic impression of a tidal power barrage. A tidal power barrage is composed of caissons (large concrete blocks), embankments and possibly a ship lock. The caissons house sluices and turbines. See Tidal power.
Glacier and Explorer.jpg
(c) Brocken Inaglory, CC BY-SA 3.0
Glacier and MS Explorer in Antarctica with penguins. MS Explorer sank on 23 November 2007 after hitting an iceberg in the Bransfield Strait.
Pacific Basin Island Geography.jpg
Author/Creator: MTBlack, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The Island Geography of the Pacific Ocean Basin.
Circulacion termohalina.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Japan Factory Ship Nisshin Maru Whaling Mother and Calf.jpg
(c) Australian Customs and Border Protection Service, CC BY-SA 3.0 au
An adult and sub-adult Minke whale are dragged aboard the Nisshin Maru, a Japanese whaling vessel that is the world's only factory whaling ship. The wound that is visible on the calf's side was reportedly caused by an explosive-packed harpoon.
This image was taken by Australian customs agents in 2008, under a surveillance effort to collect evidence of indiscriminate harvesting, which is contrary to Japan's claim that they are collecting the whales for the purpose of scientific research. In 2010, Australia filed a lawsuit in the International Court of Justice hoping to halt Japanese whaling; this photograph will undoubtedly play a key role in that pending case.
Antarctica-Region.png
Author/Creator: Apcbg, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The Antarctica region and its boundary, the Antarctic Convergence.
Zanzibar banner.jpg
Author/Creator: , Licence: GFDL 1.2
A panorama of Zanzibar, particularly the Stone Town taken from the Indian Ocean. Seen in the picture are the Sultan's palace, House of Wonders, Forodhani Gardens, and the St. Joseph's Cathedral
Antarctic-seas-en.svg
Author/Creator: Rooiratel, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Seas in the Southern Ocean
Arctic Ocean - en.png
Arctic Ocean map with English captions showing the North Pole
Northeast Atlantic bathymetry.png
Bathymetry of the Northeast Atlantic Ocean.
OrteliusWorldMap1570.jpg
Ortelius World Map Typvs Orbis Terrarvm, 1570.
Location Southern Ocean.svg
Author/Creator: Connormah, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Locator map of the Southern Ocean.
Nautical icon.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Nautical symbols (a steering wheel and an anchor). The image is purposed to be used as naval wikiprojects icon.
Greyreefsharksmall2.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: Cc-by-sa-3.0
Atlantic slavetrade estimates.png
Author/Creator: BoH, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Estimated numbers of embarked and disembarked slaves in the Atlantic slavetrade. The data is from http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/index.faces

These estimates are about 25% higher than unadjusted numbers in the main database. Blue=Embarked. Red=Disembarked
1 1525 First slave voyage direct from Africa to the Americas
2 1560 Continuous slave trade from Brazil begins
3 1641 Sugar exports from Eastern Caribbean begin
4 1655 English capture Jamaica
5 1695 Gold discovered in Minas Gerais (Brazil)
1697 French obtain St Domingue in Treaty of Rywsick
6 1756 Seven years war begins
7 1776 American Revolutionary War begins
8 1789 Bourbon reforms open Spanish colonial ports to slaves
1791 St Domingue revolution begins
9 1808 Abolition of British and US slave trades takes effect
10 1830 Anglo-Brazilian anti-slave trade treaty
11 1850 Brazil suppresses slave trade

12 1867 Last transatlantic slave voyage arrives in Americas
Wind-turbine-icon.svg
Author/Creator: Lukipuk, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Icon of Wind Turbines
Random font awesome.svg
(c) Font Awesome by Dave Gandy - https://fortawesome.github.com/Font-Awesome, CC BY-SA 3.0
Icon extracted from [fortawesome.github.com/Font-Awesome/ Font-Awesome]
Pacific Ocean - en IHO.png
Author/Creator: Lasunncty, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
CIA map of Pacific Ocean (File:Pacific Ocean - en.png) with IHO boundaries [1]
Onykia ingens 384 mm ML.jpg
Author/Creator: Darren Stevens, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Onykia ingens mature female (384 mm ML, 1875 g weight) from SW Chatham Rise (near New Zealand) at 44°21'S, 175°32'E (caught in bottom trawl at about 690 m depth)
Crystal energy.svg
Author/Creator: Dhatfield, Licence: LGPL
Vector conversion of raster
Darkgreen flag waving.svg
Author/Creator: TristanBomb, Licence: CC0
A dark green flag.
Arctic.svg
A view of the Arctic. The 10 °C (50 °F) mean isotherm in July line, displayed red, is commonly used to define the border of the Arctic region.
World Distribution of Mid-Oceanic Ridges.gif
World Distribution of Mid-Oceanic Ridges
Lorentzian Wormhole.svg
Author/Creator: Original: AllenMcC.Vector: KES47, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Exact mathematical plot of a Lorentzian wormhole (Schwarzschild wormhole).
A new map of Africk, shewing its present general divisions cheif cities or towns, rivers, mountain &c. (8250932292).jpg
Author/Creator: http://maps.bpl.org, Licence: CC BY 2.0

Zoom into this map at maps.bpl.org.

Author: Wells, Edward Publisher: Sheldonian Theatre Date: 1700 Location: Africa

Dimensions: 36 x 50 cm. Scale: ca. 1:25,000,000

Call Number: G8200 1700 .W45x
1710 De La Feuille Map of Africa - Geographicus - Africa-lafeuille-1710.jpg
A very scarce, c. 1710, map of Africa by Daniel de la Feuille. Depicts the continent of Africa form an early 18th century perspective. The Niger River is mapped with surprising accuracy, especially considering its highly inaccurate mappings nearly 100 years later in the 19th century. The Mountains of the Moon, supposed source of the Nile, are located considerably south of where they appear in other maps of the period. Early Ptolemaic maps do note these mountains as well as two large lakes just to the north. Though the Mountains are present, both of these lakes are absent indicating an interesting evolution, away from the Ptolemaic conception, in African cartography. In southern Africa to large empires are named, Monoemugi and Monomotapa. This is the great southern African gold mining region and these names are likely taken from the names of prominent Congolese tribal rulers. Surrounding the map are the curious addition of twelve armorial crests. Crests include those of both Arab and African powers in the region including: Barbarie (Algier, Tunis, Tripoli, Barca ) Maroc , Egypt, Notolie, Malta, Congo, Nubia, Monomotape, and Nigreitie. Many of these kingdoms and their associated armorial crests are purely conjectural. Ethiopia for example is indicated as distinct from Abyssinia with two separate crests, both unrelated to any actual crests that the kingdom seems to have used. The allegorical title cartouche in the upper right quadrant features several Africans cooking over a fire while an Impala or Antelope looks on. This map was originally prepared for inclusion as chart no. 5 in the 1702 edition of De la Feuille's Atlas Portatif. This map is from the later, 1710 edition.
Limit of Oceans and Seas - 2nd Edition - 1st July 1937.jpg
Map accompanying second edition (1937) of IHO Publication Limits of Oceans and Seas, Special Publication 23.
The legend includes the "Southern Ocean" (océan Austral).
Endurance trapped in pack ice.jpg
HMS Endurance trapped in Antarctic pack ice
Pacific-garbage-patch-map 2010 noaamdp.jpg
Marine debris accumulation locations in the North Pacific Ocean
Skull and crossbones.svg
The skull and crossbones sign is a well-known symbol for poison.
Ortelius - Maris Pacifici 1589.jpg
Maris Pacifici by Abraham Ortelius. This map was published in 1589 in his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. It was not only the first printed map of the Pacific, but it also showed the Americas for the first time.
Antarctic frontal-system hg.png
Author/Creator: Hannes Grobe, Alfred Wegener Institute, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Oceanographic frontal systems in the Southern Ocean
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba).jpg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Antarctic krill Euphausia superba. This is the startimage of the virtual microscope http://www.ecoscope.com/cybermic/index.htm of krill where you can click into details of the animal to get higher magnifications, like the gills, the feeding basket or the swimming legs, up to raster electron and transmission electron images, also some videos - there are many links to jumpoff sites for educators, like from the SCIENCE MAGAZINE. In natural hovering position - the red organs produce the bioluminescence - the hepatopancreas is filled with green phytoplankton, the food of krill, the strait gut in the back is filled with the empty shells of phytoplankton - in the front you see the compound eye
HanaOZ.jpg
Author/Creator: Izuzuki, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
ハナオコゼ Histrio histrio
Map of the Arctic, 1780s - B&W.jpeg
A map of the Arctic ocean and the surrounding continents, titled "A correct draught of the North Pole and of all the countries hitherto discovered, intercepted between the Pole and the parallel of 50 degrees"
Copepodkils.jpg
Author/Creator: Uwe Kils, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Unidentified species of copepod in the order Calanoida.
A compleat chart of the coast of Asia and America with the great South Sea - R.W. Seale del. et sculp. NYPL465242.tiff
Author/Creator: Seale, Richard William -- Engraver, Licence: CC0
A compleat chart of the coast of Asia and America with the great South Sea / R.W. Seale del. et sculp.; John H. Levine Collection
Meilgaard-boplads.jpg
Udgravning i 1890`erne af Ertebølle-køkkenmøddingen v. Limfjorden som gav navn til kulturperioden. Foto: National- museet
Johny Cay.jpg
Author/Creator: Mario Carvajal, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Johny Cay es uno de los más bellos cayos del Archipiélago de San Andrés y Providencia, Colombia.
Indian Ocean Monsoon.jpg
"A colorful, data-driven view into how monsoons work."
Mount Saint Helens, June 2020.jpg
Author/Creator: Richardmouser, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Mount Saint Helens seen in June of 2020.
Admiral Faddey Faddeyevich Bellingshausen.jpg
Faddey Bellingshausen (1778-1852), Russian Admiral and explorer, discoverer of Antarctica. Lithography by U. Schzeibach (У. Шзейбах)
Southern Ocean-2.JPG
Clouds over the Southern Ocean, with continent labels
Ulawun.jpg
Ulawun issuing passive steaming as seen from the SE side in this undated photo.
Charybdis japonica.jpg
Author/Creator: self, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
イシガニ(鹿島港・雌個体;Charybdis japonica female)
A generall chart of the South Sea ... NYPL481132.tiff
Author/Creator: Thornton, Samuel -- Cartographer, Licence: CC0
A generall chart of the South Sea ...; Atlases, gazetteers, guidebooks and other books / The sea-atlas : containing an hydrographical description of most of the sea-coasts of the known parts of the world.
Fijian double canoe, model, Otago Museum, 2016-01-29.jpg
Fiji double canoe, model
label QS:Len,"Fiji double canoe, model"
label QS:Lhu,"Fidzsi kettős kenu modellje"
Peopling of eurasia.jpg
Author/Creator: Metspalu et al., Licence: CC BY 2.0
Suggested migratory route of the "Out of Africa" migration according to Mitochondrial DNA
Antarctic Circumpolar Current.jpg
Antarctic Circumpolar Current image from Grace Mission. Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech.
  • SACC = Southern Antarctic Circumpolar Current Front
  • PF = Polar Front
  • SAF = Subantarctic Front
  • STF = Subtropical Front

Source: http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/grace-images-20051220.html

This image fulfill all the conditions of the JPL image use policy. For more information about this: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/policy/index.cfm
Icefishuk.jpg
Author/Creator: user:uwe kils, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
icefish larva
Sea anemone baja california.jpg
In order to comply with the use and licensing terms of this image, the following text must must be included with the image when published in any medium, failure to do so constitutes a violation of the licensing terms and copyright infringement: © Tomas Castelazo, www.tomascastelazo.com / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0
Sea anemone in Baja California, Mexico
Seas of the Philippines.svg
Author/Creator: NordNordWest, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 de
Map of seas of the Philippines
Sunset Marina.JPG
(c) BrendelSignature at English Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0
Sunset taken at Salinas River State Beach, in Monterey County, California.
Map of Portuguese Carreira da India.gif
Author/Creator: Walrasiad, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Map showing the various outward and return legs of the Portuguese 'Carreira da India' ('India Run') in the 16th C.
Edmond Halley, 1656-1742, Astronomer Royal RMG BHC2734.tiff
Edmond Halley, 1656-1742, Astronomer Royal

(Updated, March 2014) A half-length portrait to the left, showing Halley in a brown velvet coat, white neck-cloth and periwig. Best known for the comet bearing his name, which returned as he predicted in 1758, Edmond Halley worked on a wide range of scientific problems before becoming Astronomer Royal in 1720, at the age of 64.

Halley began a degree at Queen's College, Oxford, but he left without graduating, having obtained a letter from the king, and financial backing from his father (a wealthy businessman), to sail with the East India Company to St Helena. It was on St Helena that he compiled his 341-star catalogue of the southern skies. He also made observations of the transit of Mercury and suggested how these observations might be used with others to calculate the distance of Mercury and the Sun from the Earth. From 1684 Halley persuaded Newton to publish his most important work, the 'Principia' (1687). He was made a captain in the Royal Navy in 1698 and set off in command of the ship 'Paramore' to investigate (unsuccessfully) using the angular difference between true and magnetic north to calculate longitude. He used the 'Paramore' once more in 1701 to perform investigations into tides in the English Channel, before becoming Professor of Geometry at Oxford in 1703. In 1715 Halley produced a pamphlet showing his predictions for the path of the forthcoming solar eclipse, creating public interest in the event. He used reports made form these numerous observers to refine his calculations and thus produced a more accurate map for the path of the 1724 eclipse which also passed across the UK. In 1720, after Flamsteed's death in 1719, he succeeded him as Astronomer Royal and re-equipped the Royal Observatory at Greenwich with a grant from the Board of Ordnance (since Flamsteed's widow had removed all the equipment and furniture there, regarding it as her late husband's property). Now that there was a good star catalogue, Halley saw his main task as improving the accuracy of the lunar tables. These measurements were, however, lacking in accuracy and, though they were eventually published, their limitations soon became obvious.

Halley is buried in St Margaret's churchyard, Lee, London, SE12. When it became necessary to replace his original (Latin-inscribed) tombstone there, it was restored and remounted in the wall of the east pavilion of Flamsteed House at the Observatory, where it can still be seen. This portrait has been reduced in size, but it is very likely that the mezzotint (see PAF3352) which G. White published in 1721, after Halley became Astronomer Royal, is based on it. The painting itself may be rather earlier and would originally have measured 30 x 25 inches (760 x 635 mm). It was purchased by the Museum from the Sabin Galleries, London, in 1968.

Edmond Halley, 1656-1746, Astronomer Royal
Vogeleiland.jpg
Aepyornis, dodo and ostrich in the Museon exhibition.
Mirtos Beach Panorama (222048177).jpeg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
500px provided description: A gradient of blue hues reveals the pattern of sea currents in the famous (and dangerous if somebody swims far away from the coastline) Mirtos beach in Kefalonia. [#sky ,#sea ,#beach ,#blue ,#coastline ,#sand ,#panorama ,#clif ,#summer vacations ,#wirlpool ,#Greece ,#sea current ,#Kefalonia ,#Mirtos]
Temperature and salinity profiles in the Arctic Ocean.svg
Author/Creator: Brn-Bld, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The graph sketches the temperature (in °C) and salinity (in psu) profiles for the Canada Basin, for the Amundsen Basin and for the Greenland Sea. The approximate location of the Atlantic Waters and the Arctic Deep Waters are shaded in gray.
Atlantic bathymetry.jpg
The Atlantic Ocean.
SpanishPacific.svg
Author/Creator: Nagihuin, Licence: CC0
The Spanish Pacific: expeditions, discoveries and main bases of the Spanish Empire Sources: Wikipedia articles and linked information for each entity shown in the map.
Silk route.jpg
Extent of Silk Route/Silk Road. Red is land route and the blue is the sea/water route.
Killer Whale Tipe B.jpg
A type B killer whale, showing distinctive two-tone gray “cape” pattern and large eye patch, in a attempt to catch a Weddell seal on an ice floe near Rothera Station, along the Antarctic Peninsula. A seal prey specialist, it may represent a distinct species.
Wikivoyage Banner of South China Sea.jpeg
Author/Creator: AxeEffect, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Bacuit Archipelago, municipality of El Nido, Palawan
BrnBld BeringToFram.svg
Author/Creator: Brn-Bld, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Vertical section through the Arctic Ocean
Nuvola apps korganizer.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence:
Yellow.tang.arp.jpg
Yellow Tang Zebrasoma flavescens at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. This is the character Bubbles in the film Finding Nemo. (The purple colour in the background is genuine, I don't know what it's due to).
Nesocichla eremita -Inaccessible Island, British overseas territory-8 (3).jpg
Author/Creator: Brian Gratwicke from DC, USA, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Tristan thrush (Nesocichla eremita) on Inaccessible Island strewn with oceanic trash.
Waldseemuller map 2.jpg
Waldseemüller map from 1507 is the first map to include the name "America" and the first to depict the Americas as separate from Asia. There is only one surviving copy of the map, which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 2001 for $10 million.
Icon External Link.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: GPL
External link icon
Iss007e10807.jpg
This view of Earth's horizon as the sun sets over the Pacific Ocean was taken by an Expedition 7 crew member onboard the International Space Station (ISS). Anvil tops of thunderclouds are also visible.
Malé (8685996006).jpg
Author/Creator: Timo Newton-Syms from Helsinki, Finland and Chalfont St Giles, Bucks, UK, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Malé, Maldives from the air.
Manganknolle.jpg
Author/Creator: User Koelle on de.wikipedia, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Manganese nodule collected in 1982 from the Pacific. Image width: 8 in
Indian Ocean - en IHO.png
Author/Creator: Lasunncty, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
CIA map of Indian Ocean (File:Indian Ocean-CIA WFB Map.png) with IHO boundaries [1]
Aerosol pollution over Northern India, Bangladesh, and Bay of Bengal.jpg
Poor air quality persists over India (left) Bangladesh (center) and Myanmar (right). This image from January 14, 2002, shows a thick blanket of pollution butting up against the Himalayas (arcing across the top of the image) and stretching out into the Bay of Bengal (bottom). Tan-colored sediment fills the Bay through the Mouths of the Ganges River (image center). North of the Himalayas, the skies are clear over the Tibetan Plateau.
Shipping routes.png
Author/Creator: T. Hengl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Shipping density (commercial)
IBCAO betamap.jpg
Bathymetric map of the w:Arctic Ocean
Landing place on Stac Lii.jpg
"Landing place on Stac Lii", illustration from "Climbing in St Kilda" by Norman Heathcote. Scottish Mountaineering Club Journal Volume 6 Number 5, May 1901. Stac Lii, now known as Stac Lee.
Geography world map.jpeg
Map of the world, from Plate LXXVII
Burton Island, Atka, and Glacier push iceberg in McMurdo Sound (827218l).jpg
Burton Island, Atka, and Glacier push together to move a huge iceberg from the channel to McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 29 December 1965.
C Puzzle.png
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
2010 mavericks competition edit1.jpg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
2010 Mavericks surfing competition. The image was taken from a boat. Here's Shalom's description of his experience: "The boat was very rocky. Many people got sea sick though. One guy (photog) never even got any pictures he was so sick."
Decrease of old Arctic Sea ice 1982-2007.gif
Animation showing decrease of old (thick) Arctic Sea ice 1982-2007
Polar Regions exploration 1911.png
Polar Regions southern exploration map
Indian Ocean-CIA WFB Map.png
Map of The Indian Ocean with English captions.
Minke Whale (NOAA).jpg
A minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata).
Atlantic hurricane graphic.png
Hurricane convergence zone in the Atlantic Ocean.
Nuvola apps edu mathematics blue-p.svg
Author/Creator: David Vignoni (original icon); Flamurai (SVG convertion); bayo (color), Licence: GPL
Square root of x formula. Symbol of mathematics.
Group people icon.jpg
Author/Creator: Sara 506, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
التعاون والمشاركة
Grapevinesnail 01a.jpg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Picture of a grapevine snail.
Bathyscaphe Trieste with USS Lewis (DE-535) over the Marianas Trench, 23 January 1960 (NH 96797).jpg
The U.S. Navy Bathyscaphe Trieste, just before her record dive to the bottom of the Marianas Trench, 23 January 1960. The destroyer escort USS Lewis (DE-535) is steaming by in the background.
Typhoon Tip (1979) peak intensity.jpg
Typhoon Tip at peak intensity. Made by using the snapshot tool in Adobe Reader and edited using IrfanView.
Walruses on ice floes.jpg
Author/Creator: Kirill.uyutnov, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Национальный парк «Русская Арктика»: северная часть архипелага Новая Земля и Земля Франца-Иосифа, Новая Земля, Архангельская область
Glaciers and Icebergs at Cape York.jpg
Author/Creator: Brocken Inaglory, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Icebergs are breaking off glaciers at Cape York, Greenland. The picture was taken from a helicopter.
О. Альдабра - поднятый атолл в архипелаге Сейшельских островов.jpg
Author/Creator: Vlaskor, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
На о. Альдабра под охраной ЮНЕСКО находится колония сухопутных гигантских черепах. Общее число особей - более 100 тысяч.
North Atlantic Circulation.gif
Depiction of North Atlantic circulation of surface and deep ocean currents.
Helmet logo for Underwater Diving portal.png
Diving helmet for professional diver engaged in surface supplied diving
Nares strait border (Kennedy channel).png
Author/Creator: User Twthmoses on en.wikipedia, Licence: Copyrighted free use
Please check that the conditions given above are compliant to the Commons licensing policy. Most importantly, derivative work and commercial use must be allowed.
The shrinking Southern Ocean.png
Author/Creator: Cruickshanks, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Satellite map showing how the delineation of the Southern Ocean has been moving southwards since the original formal delineation of the ocean in 1928 through to the (draft) delineation by the IHO in 2002.
Limit of Oceans and Seas - 1st Edition - 1928.jpg
Map accompanying first edition of IHO Publication Limits of Oceans and Seas, Special Publication 23.
The very end of the legend is the "Southern Ocean" (mers du Sud).
Agulhas Bank NOAA ETOPO1.jpg
Map of the Agulhas Bank south of Africa.
RWG Blocks Feb2021.png
Author/Creator: SOOS, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Regional zones for SOOS
Iceberg A22A, South Atlantic Ocean.jpg
This astronaut photograph illustrates the remains of a giant iceberg—designated A22A— that broke off Antarctica in 2002. The iceberg was photographed at a location of 49.9 degrees south latitude, 23.8 degrees west longitude, which is about a third of the distance from South America towards Cape Town, South Africa. A22A is one of the largest icebergs to drift as far north as 50 degrees south latitude, bringing it beneath the daylight path of the International Space Station (ISS). Crew members aboard the ISS were able to locate the ice mass and photograph it, despite the great masses of clouds that often accompany winter storms in the Southern Ocean. The crew’s viewing angle was oblique (not looking straight down) from a point to the west of the berg, and the time of day was early afternoon, as shown by the orientation of the cloud shadows. Dimensions of A22A in early June were 49.9 by 23.4 kilometres, giving it an area of 622 square kilometres, or seven times the area of Manhattan Island.


International Space Station InsigniaISS Crew Earth Observations: ISS015-E-10125International Space Station Insignia
Identification
Mission ISS015 (Expedition 15)
Roll E
Frame 10125
Country or Geographic Name ATLANTIC OCEAN
Features A22A ICEBERG, SMALL ICEBERGS
Center Point Latitude -48.8° N
Center Point Longitude -24.0° E
Camera
Camera Tilt 43°
Camera Focal Length 180 mm
Camera Kodak DCS760C Electronic Still Camera
Film 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array.
Quality
Percentage of Cloud Cover 26-50%
Nadir What is Nadir?
Date 2007-05-30
Time 14:46:44
Nadir Point Latitude -50.5° N
Nadir Point Longitude -21.8° E
Nadir to Photo Center Direction Northwest
Sun Azimuth 340°
Spacecraft Altitude 181 nautical miles (335 km)
Sun Elevation Angle 16°
Orbit Number 799
Hawaje-NoRedLine.jpg
Satellite view of Hawaii archipellago (USA).
El nino north american weather.png
El Niño effects upon North American weather and atmospheric circulation.
Vaavu Atoll, Maldives - panoramio (20).jpg
(c) goldpicasa, CC BY 3.0
Vaavu Atoll, Maldives
Descobrimentos e explorações portuguesesV2.png
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Mapa da exploração, primeiros contactos e conquistas portuguesas na Era dos Descobrimentos (desde a reivindicação das Ilhas Canárias de 1336 à chegada a Tanegashima em 1542/1543), com as datas de chegada indicadas; principais rotas marítimas no Oceano Índico (azul); territórios reivindicados no reinado de D.João III de Portugal c.1536 (verde); versão portuguesa
2007 Arctic Sea Ice.jpg
This image shows the Arctic as observed by the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS (AMSR-E) aboard NASA’s Aqua satellite on September 16, 2007. The image shows a record sea ice minimum in the Arctic.
South Tarawa from the air.jpg
Author/Creator: Photo taken by Government of Kiribati employee in the course of their work, Licence: CC BY 3.0
South Tarawa is a narrow strip of land between the lagoon and the ocean