Portal:Countries

The Countries Portal

Map showing countries with full recognition and some UN non-member states; some disputed territories are not shown

A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity (i.e. a nation). It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship.

A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, a physical territory with a government, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics. It is not inherently sovereign.

Countries can refer both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it can refer only to states. For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its "Country name" field to refer to "a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states".

The largest country in the world by geographical area is Russia, while the most populous is China, followed by India, the United States, and Indonesia. The newest United Nations (UN) member is South Sudan. Admission of new members requires the approval of the General Assembly; since 1991, UN membership has been reserved to sovereign states. Microstates are sovereign countries having a very small population or very small land area, usually both; examples of microstates include Vatican City, Monaco and San Marino. (Full article...)

Symbol support vote.svg Recognized articles - Cscr-featured.png

Entries here consist of Good and Featured articles, which meet a core set of high editorial standards.

Flag of Jordan.svg

Jordan (Arabic: الأردن‎; tr. Al-ʾUrdunn [al.ʔur.dunː]), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is a country in Western Asia. It is situated at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe, within the Levant region, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Israel and the West Bank of Palestine. The Dead Sea is located along its western borders, and the country has a 26-kilometre (16 mi) coastline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Amman is the nation's capital and largest city, as well as the economic, political and cultural centre.

Modern-day Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom. Later rulers include the Nabataean Kingdom, the Persian Empire, the Roman Empire, the Rashidun, Umayyad, and Abbasid Caliphates, and the Ottoman Empire. After the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in 1916 during World War I, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned by Britain and France. The Emirate of Transjordan was established in 1921 by the Hashemite, then Emir, Abdullah I, and the emirate became a British protectorate. In 1946, Jordan became an independent state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967. Jordan renounced its claim to the territory in 1988, and became the second Arab state to sign a peace treaty with Israel in 1994. Jordan is a founding member of the Arab League and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy, but the king holds wide executive and legislative powers. (Full article...)

Selected articles to understand countries -

A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a country, state, province, department, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a city that physically encompasses the government's offices and meeting places; the status as capital is often designated by its law or constitution. In some jurisdictions, including several countries, different branches of government are in different settlements. In some cases, a distinction is made between the official (constitutional) capital and the seat of government, which is in another place.

News media, in English, often use the name of a capital city as an alternative name for the government of the country of which it is the capital, as a form of metonymy. For example, "relations between Washington and London" refer to "relations between the United States and the United Kingdom". (Full article...)
List of selected articles to understand countries

General images -

The following are images from various country-related articles on Wikipedia.

Countries of the world -

Remaining countries not listed in the Recognized articles section at left are displayed here.

Flag of Togo.svg

Togo (/ˈtɡ/ (About this soundlisten)), officially the Togolese Republic (French: République togolaise), is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. The country extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital and largest city Lomé is located. Togo covers 57,000 square kilometres (22,008 square miles), making it one of the smallest countries in Africa, with a population of approximately 8 million, as well as one of the narrowest countries in the world with a width of less than 115 km (71 mi) between Ghana and its slightly larger eastern neighbor, Benin.

From the 11th to the 16th century, various tribes entered the region from all directions. From the 16th century to the 18th century, the coastal region was a major trading center for Europeans to purchase slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name "The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany declared a region including present-day Togo as a protectorate called Togoland. After World War I, rule over Togo was transferred to France. Togo gained its independence from France in 1960. In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup d'état after which he became president of an anti-communist, single-party state. Eventually, in 1993, Eyadéma faced multiparty elections, which were marred by irregularities, and he won the presidency three times. At the time of his death, Eyadéma was the longest-serving leader in modern African history, having been president for 38 years. In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé was elected president. He continues to hold the office (Full article...)
List of countries

Top 10 WikiProject Countries Popular articles of the month

This following country-related article is a most visited articles of WikiProject Countries, See complete list at Wikipedia:WikiProject Countries/Popular pages.

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Media files used on this page

COL-city icon.png
Author/Creator: Dr Brains, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
City icon (colombia flag-icon)
Flag of Europe.svg
The Flag of Europe is the flag and emblem of the European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE). It consists of a circle of 12 golden (yellow) stars on a blue background. It was created in 1955 by the CoE and adopted by the EU, then the European Communities, in the 1980s.

The CoE and EU are distinct in membership and nature. The CoE is a 47-member international organisation dealing with human rights and rule of law, while the EU is a quasi-federal union of 27 states focused on economic integration and political cooperation. Today, the flag is mostly associated with the latter.

It was the intention of the CoE that the flag should come to represent Europe as a whole, and since its adoption the membership of the CoE covers nearly the entire continent. This is why the EU adopted the same flag. The flag has been used to represent Europe in sporting events and as a pro-democracy banner outside the Union.
A formation of human chain at India Gate by the women from different walks of life at the launch of a National Campaign on prevention of violence against women, in New Delhi on October 02, 2009.jpg
(c) Ministry of Women and Child Development (GODL-India)
A formation of human chain at India Gate by the women from different walks of life at the launch of a National Campaign on prevention of violence against women, in New Delhi on October 02, 2009.
Cscr-featured.png
Author/Creator: Users CanadianCaesar, Protarion, Cool Cat, Harrisonmetz, Alkivar, Jon Harald Søby, Optimager, CyberSkull, ClockworkSoul on en.wikipedia, Licence: LGPL

Shrunken and colored version created for ClockworkSoul's Coffee Roll template theme.

en:zh:Image:Cscr-featured.png

part of the featured stars series

if anyone is interested in the original vector/3d files you may contact en:User:Avsa.
De-Deutschland.ogg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Least Developed Countries.png
Author/Creator: Japinderum, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
dark green - least developed according to the UNCTAD; light green - least developed out of the scope of the UNCTAD; red - graduated to developing
Change in Average Temperature.svg
Temperature changes to date have been most pronounced in northern latitudes and over land masses. The image uses longer term averages of at least a decade to smooth out climate variability due to factors such as El Niño. The map is improved from the highest quality rendering that NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio generates, with horizontal and vertical lines removed and with a more legible projection of Kavraiskiy VII. Grey areas in the image have insufficient data for rendering. For a version that includes Fahrenheit, see File:Change in Average Temperature With Fahrenheit.svg
2020 UN Human Development Report.svg
Human Development Index report (published in 2020).
  Very high (≥ 0.800)
  High (0.700–0.799)
  Medium (0.550–0.699)
  Low (≤ 0.549)
  Data unavailable (0.000)
IMF Developing Countries Map 2014.png
Author/Creator: BernardoTe, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Map of developing countries according to the IMF as of 2014
Dark Green - developing according to the IMF
Light Green - developing out of the scope of the IMF
red - graduated to developed
Blue - Newly industrialised countries
Total Fertility Rate Map by Country.svg
Author/Creator: Korakys, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Total fertility rates of sovereign states plus Greenland, French Guiana, New Caledonia, and Puerto Rico.

Data from Population Reference Bureau's 2020 World Population Data Sheet. Greenland data from CIA Factbook.

Derived from BlankMap-World-Sovereign_Nations by RedGolpe.

Crimea status in data unknown, I've gone with default of the original map.
Women who experienced violence by an intimate partner, OWID.svg
Author/Creator: Our World In Data, Licence: CC BY 3.0
 :Women who experienced violence by an intimate partner
Share of women, older than 14 years, who experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner in the last year.
Historical Europe-Asia boundaries 1700 to 1900.png
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Historical conventions for the boundary between Europe and Asia, from maps published between 1700 and 1920 (note that maps from before the late 16th century cannot show a clear delineation for the northern part of the boundary, as the Arctic Ocean (Nova Zemlya, Sea of Kara etc.) was not known to cartographers).
  Europe
  Asia
  Territory which has historically been placed in either Europe or Asia
  • the red line shows the modern convention following the crest of the Greater Caucasus, the Ural River, and the Urals range. This has been the mainstream convention since about 1850, illustrated by e.g. Johnson (1861).
  • Line A shows an alternative modern convention illustrated e.g. by Beach and McMurry (1914). The convention follows the Don and Manych Rivers, placing the Russian Caucasia governorate in Asia.

Other historical conventions no longer in use are illustrated as follows:

  • line B follows the Don River until Volgograd (continued under D or C, depending on convention)
  • line C follows the Volga from Volgograd until Samara, continued under E or F depending on convention
  • line D follows the Don past Volgograd, cutting north overland to Archangelsk staying west of the Volga. This convention is found in the first official atlas of the Russian Empire, published in 1745.
  • line E follows the Volga until the Samara bend, and then cuts northwest to the Northern Dvina, ending at Archangelsk. This convention is used by Christoph Weigel in his Asia Vetus map, published 1719.
  • line F leaves the Volga at the Samara bend, cutting to the lower Irtysh and the Ob River. Used by Johann Baptist Homann in his Recentissima Asiae Delineatio, published 1730.
  • lines G and H: John Cary in his New Map of Asia (1806) follows the Don and the Volga (B, C, F), but then cuts across to the Urals south of Perm (G) and leaves the Ural watershed, reaching the coast of the Arctic Ocean west of the Yugorsky Peninsula (H)
Hunger Map 2020 World Food Programme.svg
Author/Creator: Allice Hunter, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
List of countries by percentage of population suffering from chronic hunger.
  < 2,5%
  < 5,0%
  5,0–14,9%
  15,0–24,9%
  25,0–34,9%
  > 35,0%
  No data
Darkgreen flag waving.svg
Author/Creator: TristanBomb, Licence: CC0
A dark green flag.
Plastic Pollution in Ghana.jpg
Author/Creator: Muntaka Chasant, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Plastic Pollution covering Accra beach
TransAfrica.PNG
(c) Alinor at the English Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Egypt, Asian and African part
Map of Darién Gap-en.svg
Author/Creator: Milenioscuro, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Map of Darien Gap
Transcontinental nations.svg
Author/Creator: Jurryaany, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A map of transcontinental nations.
High-income economies 2019.png
Author/Creator: Danelet, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Map of high-income economies and ex-high-income economies according to the World Bank in 2019.
Countries by GDP (nominal) per capita in 2019.svg
Author/Creator: Asus2004, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
World map of countries by GDP per capita (nominal) for 2019.
Worlds regions by total wealth(in trillions USD), 2018.jpg
Author/Creator: Radom1967, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Worlds regions by total wealth(in trillions USD), 2018
C Puzzle.png
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Solar-Panel-Cooker-in-front-of-hut.jpg
Villagers like this woman in Zouzugu, Ghana, prevent dracunculiasis and other waterborne diseases by pasteurizing water in a solar cooker.
Factory in China at Yangtze River.JPG
Author/Creator: High Contrast, Licence: CC BY 2.0 de
A factory along the Yangtze River in China.
World Map (political).svg
A political map of the world in the Robinson projection, with no legend.
Landlocked countries.svg
Author/Creator: NuclearVacuum, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Landlocked nations as of 2011.
Palais des Nations unies, à Genève.jpg
Author/Creator: Groov3, Licence: CC0
Le siège des Nations Unies vues à partir des grilles de la Place des Nations, à Genève. Au fond, on aperçoit l'aile de l'immeuble qui abrite l'organisme Recherche des Nations Unies pour le développement social