Portal:COVID-19

The COVID-19 portal

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first known case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The disease has since spread worldwide, leading to an ongoing pandemic.

Transmission and life-cycle of SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19.

Several COVID-19 vaccines have been approved and distributed in various countries, which have initiated mass vaccination campaigns. Other preventive measures include physical or social distancing, quarantining, ventilation of indoor spaces, covering coughs and sneezes, hand washing, and keeping unwashed hands away from the face. The use of face masks or coverings has been recommended in public settings to minimize the risk of transmission. While work is underway to develop drugs that inhibit the virus, the primary treatment is symptomatic. Management involves the treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures.

The pandemic triggered severe social and economic disruption around the world, including the largest global recession since the Great Depression. Widespread supply shortages, including food shortages, were caused by supply chain disruption and panic buying. The resultant near-global lockdowns saw an unprecedented pollution decrease. Educational institutions and public areas were partially or fully closed in many jurisdictions, and many events were cancelled or postponed. Misinformation circulated through social media and mass media, and political tensions intensified. The pandemic raised issues of racial and geographic discrimination, health equity, and the balance between public health imperatives and individual rights. (Full article)

About the virus

SARS-CoV-2 as seen by a cryo-electron tomography scan.

SARS‑CoV‑2 belongs to the broad family of viruses known as coronaviruses. It is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA (+ssRNA) virus, with a single linear RNA segment. Coronaviruses infect humans, other mammals, including livestock and companion animals, and avian species. Human coronaviruses are capable of causing illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS, fatality rate ~34%). SARS-CoV-2 is the seventh known coronavirus to infect people, after 229E, NL63, OC43, HKU1, MERS-CoV, and the original SARS-CoV.

Like the SARS-related coronavirus implicated in the 2003 SARS outbreak, SARS‑CoV‑2 is a member of the subgenus Sarbecovirus (beta-CoV lineage B). Coronaviruses undergo frequent recombination. The mechanism of recombination in unsegmented RNA viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 is generally by copy-choice replication, in which gene material switches from one RNA template molecule to another during replication. SARS-CoV-2 RNA sequence is approximately 30,000 bases in length, relatively long for a coronavirus (which in turn carry the largest genomes among all RNA families) Its genome consists nearly entirely of protein-coding sequences, a trait shared with other coronaviruses. (Full article)

Disease progress

As of 6 March 2022, 445,129,499 cases of COVID-19 have been reported, resulting in 5,995,245 reported deaths.[1]


Updated March 6, 2022.
COVID-19 pandemic by location[1]
LocationCasesDeaths
World[a]445,129,4995,995,245
European UnionEuropean Union[b]111,173,8781,019,441
United StatesUnited States79,265,726958,437
IndiaIndia42,962,953515,036
BrazilBrazil29,040,800652,216
FranceFrance23,064,766139,312
United KingdomUnited Kingdom19,172,095162,152
RussiaRussia16,619,507348,467
GermanyGermany15,830,112124,107
TurkeyTurkey14,326,21795,379
ItalyItaly12,990,223155,782
SpainSpain11,100,428100,413
ArgentinaArgentina8,934,328126,708
IranIran7,084,306137,747
NetherlandsNetherlands6,734,09721,714
ColombiaColombia6,070,616139,037
PolandPoland5,734,041112,535
IndonesiaIndonesia5,723,858149,918
MexicoMexico5,554,392319,604
JapanJapan5,341,24624,816
UkraineUkraine5,040,518112,459
South KoreaSouth Korea4,456,2648,957
VietnamVietnam4,232,52040,726
South AfricaSouth Africa3,683,17299,543
IsraelIsrael3,669,11210,274
PhilippinesPhilippines3,666,67856,879
Czech RepublicCzech Republic3,624,93738,892
MalaysiaMalaysia3,595,17233,173
BelgiumBelgium3,586,29230,259
PeruPeru3,522,484210,907
AustraliaAustralia3,362,0355,416
CanadaCanada3,334,00936,998
PortugalPortugal3,322,13421,182
ChileChile3,168,33542,955
ThailandThailand3,026,69523,235
SwitzerlandSwitzerland2,890,56813,174
DenmarkDenmark2,853,2364,830
AustriaAustria2,839,29714,986
RomaniaRomania2,765,16963,931
GreeceGreece2,499,25926,143
SwedenSweden2,455,96617,512
IraqIraq2,307,55525,041
SlovakiaSlovakia2,190,59918,663
BangladeshBangladesh1,946,73729,077
SerbiaSerbia1,923,97715,405
HungaryHungary1,800,04644,286
JordanJordan1,638,22813,849
Georgia (country)Georgia1,623,67216,338
PakistanPakistan1,514,25830,265
KazakhstanKazakhstan1,391,98418,967
Republic of IrelandRepublic of Ireland1,315,1006,531
NorwayNorway1,305,0061,664
MoroccoMorocco1,161,58616,015
BulgariaBulgaria1,100,81135,811
LebanonLebanon1,077,24210,142
CubaCuba1,072,4748,499
CroatiaCroatia1,062,95315,194
TunisiaTunisia1,005,16727,922
NepalNepal977,44711,945
BelarusBelarus929,3406,550
LithuaniaLithuania928,6128,503
MongoliaMongolia911,1832,174
SloveniaSlovenia902,7446,351
BoliviaBolivia894,55121,455
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates882,4772,301
UruguayUruguay853,1707,040
EcuadorEcuador836,21635,264
SingaporeSingapore819,6631,073
Costa RicaCosta Rica814,5838,082
GuatemalaGuatemala791,94417,073
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan788,9589,500
PanamaPanama757,4878,111
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia747,1199,006
LatviaLatvia697,5485,348
FinlandFinland671,7732,387
State of PalestinePalestine649,9715,557
Sri LankaSri Lanka649,63216,321
ParaguayParaguay643,61918,460
KuwaitKuwait622,4892,544
MyanmarMyanmar597,41719,386
Dominican RepublicDominican Republic575,8834,371
BahrainBahrain525,1711,458
VenezuelaVenezuela516,5785,647
EstoniaEstonia514,0672,290
MoldovaMoldova504,87511,285
LibyaLibya497,2796,288
EgyptEgypt489,87624,172
EthiopiaEthiopia468,9307,476
Hong KongHong Kong440,6091,774
ArmeniaArmenia421,2268,528
HondurasHonduras413,69910,785
OmanOman383,8744,248
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina372,13915,519
QatarQatar358,083670
CyprusCyprus331,508875
KenyaKenya323,0715,640
ZambiaZambia313,7443,958
North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia299,4199,075
AlbaniaAlbania272,0303,478
AlgeriaAlgeria265,2276,853
BotswanaBotswana263,9502,619
NigeriaNigeria254,6373,142
ZimbabweZimbabwe239,0195,397
UzbekistanUzbekistan236,8401,637
MontenegroMontenegro230,8872,685
KosovoKosovo226,5793,117
MozambiqueMozambique225,1352,196
New ZealandNew Zealand222,76765
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan200,6152,963
LuxembourgLuxembourg186,360996
AfghanistanAfghanistan174,3317,622
MaldivesMaldives172,270297
UgandaUganda163,3833,590
GhanaGhana160,0281,442
NamibiaNamibia157,3244,013
El SalvadorEl Salvador156,3644,086
LaosLaos143,969628
IcelandIceland140,92968
CambodiaCambodia132,0723,040
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago129,9633,652
RwandaRwanda129,5511,458
JamaicaJamaica128,1662,825
CameroonCameroon119,3221,926
ChinaChina[c]110,8684,636
AngolaAngola98,7961,900
Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo86,1541,335
SenegalSenegal85,7471,961
MalawiMalawi85,4112,618
BruneiBrunei84,844140
Ivory CoastIvory Coast81,546795
SurinameSuriname78,4871,318
MaltaMalta71,800608
MauritiusMauritius70,862786
EswatiniEswatini69,2971,391
French PolynesiaFrench Polynesia68,425642
FijiFiji64,019834
MadagascarMadagascar63,7911,373
GuyanaGuyana63,0401,223
SudanSudan61,5693,912
MauritaniaMauritania58,646980
BelizeBelize56,876651
New CaledoniaNew Caledonia56,833302
BarbadosBarbados56,013319
Cape VerdeCabo Verde55,892401
SyriaSyria54,9633,092
GabonGabon47,559303
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea41,421638
SeychellesSeychelles39,427163
CuraçaoCuraçao39,133264
AndorraAndorra38,434151
BurundiBurundi38,15038
TogoTogo36,815272
GuineaGuinea36,397440
Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands34,65828
ArubaAruba33,732212
TanzaniaTanzania33,620798
The BahamasBahamas33,169771
LesothoLesotho32,707697
MaliMali30,398724
HaitiHaiti30,385823
BeninBenin26,575163
SomaliaSomalia26,3511,348
Republic of the CongoRepublic of the Congo24,020378
Isle of ManIsle of Man23,32880
East TimorTimor-Leste22,741129
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia22,733360
TaiwanTaiwan20,797853
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso20,751375
Cayman IslandsCayman Islands19,37317
NicaraguaNicaragua18,105225
TajikistanTajikistan17,786125
South SudanSouth Sudan16,999137
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea15,889183
GibraltarGibraltar15,609101
DjiboutiDjibouti15,550189
San MarinoSan Marino14,487112
BhutanBhutan14,4517
Central African RepublicCentral African Republic14,320113
GrenadaGrenada13,690216
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein12,83378
The GambiaGambia11,948365
GreenlandGreenland11,80620
YemenYemen11,7752,135
BermudaBermuda11,634123
DominicaDominica11,24861
EritreaEritrea9,715103
MonacoMonaco9,53751
NigerNiger8,760307
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadines8,316106
ComorosComoros8,047160
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau8,027167
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands7,940115
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone7,665125
Caribbean NetherlandsCaribbean Netherlands7,61631
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda7,455135
LiberiaLiberia7,384294
ChadChad7,257190
British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islands6,09162
São Tomé and PríncipeSao Tome and Principe5,93972
Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islands5,86736
Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis5,53642
PalauPalau3,8446
KiribatiKiribati2,98511
AnguillaAnguilla2,5559
Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Pierre and Miquelon1,1021
TongaTonga8981
Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futuna4547
MontserratMontserrat1642
Falkland IslandsFalkland Islands115
MacauMacau82
SamoaSamoa33
Vatican CityVatican City290
VanuatuVanuatu181
Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands7
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha4
Cook IslandsCook Islands2
Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesia10
  1. ^ Countries which do not report data for a column are not included in that column's world total.
  2. ^ Data on member states of the European Union are individually listed, but are also summed here for convenience. They are not double-counted in world totals.
  3. ^ Does not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau) or Taiwan.

About the symptoms

Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Symptoms of COVID-19 are variable, ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Common symptoms include headache, loss of smell (anosmia) and taste (ageusia), nasal congestion and runny nose, cough, muscle pain, sore throat, fever, diarrhea, and breathing difficulties. People with the same infection may have different symptoms, and their symptoms may change over time. Three common clusters of symptoms have been identified: one respiratory symptom cluster with cough, sputum, shortness of breath, and fever; a musculoskeletal symptom cluster with muscle and joint pain, headache, and fatigue; a cluster of digestive symptoms with abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. In people without prior ear, nose, and throat disorders, loss of taste combined with loss of smell is associated with COVID-19 and is reported in as many as 88% of cases. (Full article)

About the spread

COVID-19 is mainly transmitted when people breathe in air contaminated by droplets and small airborne particles containing the virus. Infected people exhale those particles as they breathe, talk, cough, sneeze, or sing. Transmission is more likely when people are physically close. However, infection can occur over longer distances, particularly indoors.

The number of people generally infected by one infected person varies; as only 10 to 20% of people are responsible for the disease's spread. It often spreads in clusters, where infections can be traced back to an index case or geographical location. Often in these instances, superspreading events occur, where many people are infected by one person. (Full article)

Containment measures

Goals of mitigation include delaying and reducing peak burden on healthcare (flattening the curve) and lessening overall cases and health impact.
Many countries attempted to slow or stop the spread of COVID-19 by recommending, mandating or prohibiting behaviour changes, while others relied primarily on providing information. Measures ranged from public advisories to stringent lockdowns. Outbreak control strategies are divided into elimination and mitigation. Experts differentiate between" zero-COVID", which is an elimination strategy, and mitigation strategies that attempt to lessen the effects of the virus on society, but which still tolerate some level of transmission within the community. Containment strategies consists of the use of public health measures such as contact tracing, mass testing, border quarantine, lockdowns and mitigation software.These strategies can be pursued sequentially or simultaneously during the acquired immunity phase through natural and vaccine-induced immunity.

Videos

Recent news

6 March 2022 – Protests against responses to the COVID-19 pandemic
A convoy of truckers inspired by the Canadian convoy protesters gather at the Capital Beltway in Washington, D.C. to call for all COVID-19 restrictions and mandates to be lifted. (CNN)
5 March 2022 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Asia
COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia will lift their COVID-19 restrictions including PCR COVID-19 testing requirements along with requirements for travelers to quarantine. (Khaleej Times)
COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea
South Korea reports a record 216 deaths from COVID-19 in the past 24 hours, thereby bringing the nationwide death roll to 8,796. The country also surpasses 4 million cases of COVID-19. (The Korea Herald)

Did you know?

  • ... that professor Neil Ferguson and his team believe that significantly more people in China have been infected with the 2019 novel coronavirus than has been reported?
  • ... that "Catch It, Bin It, Kill It" (poster shown), a slogan first used in 2007, has been revived to fight the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United Kingdom?
  • ... that infectious disease specialist Daniel R. Lucey has hypothesised that the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak may have been quietly circulating among humans since at least November 2019?
  • ... that a vote of no confidence was successfully brought against the Kurti cabinet following a cabinet minister's dismissal over disagreements on how to manage the coronavirus pandemic in Kosovo?
  • ... that industry analysts have predicted that up to 75 percent of independent restaurants in the U.S. will not survive the coronavirus pandemic?
    (More did you know facts)

Data maps

Economic impact

The COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching economic consequences beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to quarantine it. As the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. The pandemic caused the 2nd largest global recession in history, with more than a third of the global population at the time being placed on lockdown.

Global stock markets fell on 24 February 2020 due to a significant rise in the number of COVID-19 cases outside mainland China. By 28 February 2020, stock markets worldwide realized their largest single-week declines since the financial crisis of 2007–2008. This culminated in the 2020 stock market crash. (Full article)

Workplace

Hazard controls for COVID-19 in workplaces are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Vaccination is the most effective way to protect against severe illness or death from COVID-19. Multiple layers of controls are recommended, including measures such as telework and flexible schedules, increased ventilation, personal protective equipment (PPE) and face coverings, physical distancing, and enhanced cleaning programs. (Full article)

Misinformation

COVID-19 misinformation refers to misinformation and conspiracy theories about the scale of the COVID-19 pandemic and the origin, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease COVID-19, which is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. False information, including intentional disinformation, has been spread through social media, text messaging, and mass media. False information has been propagated by celebrities, politicians, and other prominent public figures. Many countries have passed laws against "fake news", and thousands of people have been arrested for spreading COVID-19 misinformation. The spread of COVID-19 misinformation by governments has also been significant. (Full article)

Testing

COVID-19 testing involves analyzing samples to assess the current or past presence of SARS-CoV-2. The two main branches detect either the presence of the virus or of antibodies produced in response to infection. Molecular tests for viral presence through its molecular components are used to diagnose individual cases and to allow public health authorities to trace and contain outbreaks. Antibody tests (serology immunoassays) instead show whether someone once had the disease. They are less useful for diagnosing current infections because antibodies may not develop for weeks after infection. It is used to assess disease prevalence, which aids the estimation of the infection fatality rate. (Full article)

Vaccine research

A COVID‑19 vaccine is a vaccine intended to provide acquired immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19).

The COVID‑19 vaccines are widely credited for their role in reducing the severity and death caused by COVID‑19. Many countries have implemented phased distribution plans that prioritize those at highest risk of complications, such as the elderly, and those at high risk of exposure and transmission, such as healthcare workers. (Full article)

Drug research

COVID-19 drug development is the research process to develop preventative therapeutic prescription drugs that would alleviate the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). From early 2020 through 2021, several hundred drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were developing therapeutic candidates for COVID-19 disease in various stages of preclinical or clinical research (506 total candidates in April 2021), with 419 potential COVID-19 drugs in clinical trials, as of April 2021. (Full article)

Images

Topics

Get involved!

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Get involved by joining WikiProject COVID-19. We discuss collaborations and all manner of issues on our talk page. As of 6 March 2022, there are 2,253 articles within the project's scope. A full list is available here.

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References

  1. ^ a b Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2021). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2022-03-06.

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The Flag of Europe is the flag and emblem of the European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE). It consists of a circle of 12 golden (yellow) stars on a blue background. It was created in 1955 by the CoE and adopted by the EU, then the European Communities, in the 1980s.

The CoE and EU are distinct in membership and nature. The CoE is a 47-member international organisation dealing with human rights and rule of law, while the EU is a quasi-federal union of 27 states focused on economic integration and political cooperation. Today, the flag is mostly associated with the latter.

It was the intention of the CoE that the flag should come to represent Europe as a whole, and since its adoption the membership of the CoE covers nearly the entire continent. This is why the EU adopted the same flag. The flag has been used to represent Europe in sporting events and as a pro-democracy banner outside the Union.
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The flag of the Dominican Republic has a centered white cross that extends to the edges. This emblem is similar to the flag design and shows a bible, a cross of gold and 6 Dominican flags. There are branches of olive and palm around the shield and above on the ribbon is the motto "Dios,Patria!, Libertad" ("God, Country, Freedom") and to amiable freedom. The blue is said to stand for liberty, red for the fire and blood of the independence struggle and the white cross symbolized that God has not forgotten his people. "Republica Dominicana". The Dominican flag was designed by Juan Pablo Duarte, father of the national Independence of Dominican Republic. The first dominican flag was sewn by a young lady named Concepción Bona, who lived across the street of El Baluarte, monument where the patriots gathered to fight for the independence, the night of February 27th, 1844. Concepción Bona was helped by her first cousin María de Jesús Pina.
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Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Mauritania.svg
Flag of Mauritania, adopted in 2017. The National Assembly added red stripes to the top and bottom edges to represent “the blood shed by the martyrs of independence”.
Flag of Syria.svg
It is easy to put a border around this flag image
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Flag of Papua New Guinea
Colours: Pantone 186 C for red and 116 C for yellow
Flag of Curaçao.svg
The flag of Curaçao is a blue field with a horizontal yellow stripe slightly below the midline and two white, five-pointed stars in the canton. The geometry and colors are according to the description at Flags of the World.
Flag of Aruba.svg
The flag of Aruba
Flag of Haiti.svg
The national and official state flag of Haiti; arms obtained from http://www.webchantier.com/. The civil flag can be found at here.
Flag of Gibraltar.svg
Flag of Gibraltar
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg
The proportions of this flag are 3:2; however, there is no official definition for the correct proportions and also 5:3 is widely used.
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg
Flag of Liechtenstein
Flag of Dominica.svg
Author/Creator: See File history below for details., Licence: CC0
The Flag of Dominica.
Flag of Niger.svg
This flag was created with a text editor.
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Tonga.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of the Vatican City.svg
Author/Creator: Unknown authorUnknown author, Licence: CC0
Flag of the Vatican City.
SARS-CoV-2 (Wikimedia colors).svg
Author/Creator: Geraki, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SARS-CoV-2 logo in Wikimedia colors
C Puzzle.png
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
WHO Rod.svg
The rod of Asclepius as depicted in the WHO logo.
Klepsydra-pt.svg
This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape.
Sida-aids.png
Author/Creator: User:FoeNyx © 2004 (artistic illustration), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
VIH - HIV / SIDA - AIDS viruses.
Scholia logo.svg
Author/Creator: Lars Willighagen, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
SVG remake of proposal for Scholia logo (File:Scholia logo.png by User:Theklan).
20200322 - Sqadia - Coronavirus Transmission.webm
Author/Creator: Sqadia, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Novel Coronavirus or COVID-19 has caused one of the worst pandemic, in recent history. The easy mode of transmission of this virus has caused it to spread across the world. There are multiple ways the virus can transfer, that are highlighted in this coronavirus transmission Microbiology video lecture.
Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 4.0.svg
Author/Creator:
Mikael Häggström, M.D.
- Author info
- Reusing images
- Conflicts of interest:
  None
Mikael Häggström, Licence: CC0
Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the disease seen in the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak, and is caused by the Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It reflects the symptoms given at Coronavirus disease 2019 (§ Signs and symptoms), with references given there.
Imagen 3d del covidd.jpg
Author/Creator: Nanographics, Licence: CC BY 4.0
We made high resolution renders of the SARS-CoV-2 cryo-electron tomography scans. We release these images under Creative Commons Attribution license, so that you can use them freely in your work.
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands
20200326 - World Economic Forum - This is what Coronavirus does to the human body.webm
(c) World Economic Forum, CC BY 3.0
This is what Coronavirus does to the human body. As COVID-19 advances, we implement more and more measures to battle the spread of the disease, from thoroughly washing our hands to self-isolation and national lockdowns. But, do we actually know how Coronavirus affects our bodies and how it transmits?
Fphar-11-00937-g001.jpg
Author/Creator: Colin D. Funk, Craig Laferrière, and Ali Ardakani. Graphic by Ian Dennis - http://www.iandennisgraphics.com, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Transmission and life-cycle of SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted via respiratory droplets of infected cases to oral and respiratory mucosal cells. The virus, possessing a single-stranded RNA genome wrapped in nucleocapsid (N) protein and three major surface proteins: membrane (M), envelope (E) and Spike, replicates and passes to the lower airways potentially leading to severe pneumonia. The gateway to host cell entry (magnified view) is via Spike-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) interaction with cleavage of Spike in the prefusion state by proteases TMPRSS-2/furin. A simplified depiction of the life cycle of the virus is shown along with potential immune responses elicited.
Issoria lathonia.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg
Author/Creator: Edited by Reisio, Alkari, e.a., Licence: CC0
Flag of the Isle of Man
SARS-CoV-2 (CDC-23312).png
This illustration, created at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reveals ultrastructural morphology exhibited by the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Note the spikes that adorn the outer surface of the virus, which impart the look of a corona surrounding the virion, when viewed electron microscopically. This virus was identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China.
Flag of Anguilla.svg
Flag of Anguilla (adopted on 30 May 1990) - RGB colours, 1:2 dimensions and construction details based partly on the templates: Flag of Anguilla – A Brief History
Protokol Kesehatan.jpg
Author/Creator: Arini izzati, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
tenaga kesehatan turun ke lokasi untuk mengecek pasien yang terdampak covid-19 dengan menggunakan baju hazmat
SARS-CoV-2.jpg
Author/Creator: NIAID, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 This scanning electron microscope image shows SARS-CoV-2 (yellow)—also known as 2019-nCoV, the virus that causes COVID-19—isolated from a patient in the U.S., emerging from the surface of cells (pink) cultured in the lab. Credit: NIAID-RML
OOjs UI icon globe.svg
Author/Creator: Volker E. (WMF), Licence: MIT
globe icon
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map Total Deaths per Capita.svg
Author/Creator: Dan Polansky and authors of File:BlankMap-World.svg., Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map Total Reported Deaths per Capita.
  500+ deaths per 100,000 inhabitants
  280-499.99
  100–279.99
  18–99.99
  3.3–17.99
  0.6–3.29
  0.1–0.59
  <0.1
  No deaths or no data

Data is from the deaths per million column at Template:COVID-19 pandemic death rates (or the expanded version here). The data is also found here. Data is converted from deaths per million to deaths per 100,000.

Can be double checked against statista.com and realclearpolitics.com
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map per Capita.svg
Author/Creator: Raphaël Dunant, Gajmar (maintainer),幺于 (maintainer), Licence: CC BY 4.0
Map of the COVID-19 verified number of infected per capita as of . In the latest versions of the map there is a color bar legend. See the file history farther down for the latest upload date from the source.
20200130 - Scientific Animations - Medical Animation Coronavirus Structure.webm
(c) Scientific Animations, CC BY 3.0
This medical animation describes the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Structure. It depicts the characteristic S spike proteins that give the virus the Crown or "corona" look, giving the virus its name.
20200410 Flatten the curve, raise the line - pandemic (English).gif
Author/Creator: RCraig09, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Animated graphic showing "flattening the curve" (by slowing the spread of pandemics) and "raising the line" (increasing healthcare capacity), so that health care demands stay within capacity.

Designer's note:

  • An "international" version, without text, is shown and linked below.
  • Based on general ideas published in this source:
Barclay, Eliza; Scott, Dylan; Animashaun, Animashaun (April 7, 2020). "The US doesn’t just need to flatten the curve. It needs to “raise the line.”". Vox. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020.
  • Example of visualizing increasing healthcare capacity is found at:
Radtke, Alexander Flatten the coronavirus curve. FlowingData.com. Nathan Yau (editor) (March 9, 2020). Archived from the original on March 12, 2020.
  • I made 49 individual graphic frames manually with Inkskape (esp. its Bezier tool) and exported as 49 unique PNGs. I imported the 49 PNGs as layers into Gimp. To pad the beginning and end with a "stationary" intro and finish, I added about 30 extra first and last frames within Gimp before exporting as a 30 ms/frame GIF.
Ambox globe Asia Australia.svg
Author/Creator: andrybak, Licence: CC0
Earth globe Asia-Australia with Ambox-styled border
New Caledonia flags merged (2017).svg
Merged flags of New Caledonia (French and local) – in use inter alia by FIFA (2017).