Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians

Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians (Ojibwe: Aniibiminani-ziibiwininiwag) are a historical band of Chippewa (Ojibwe), originally living along the Red River of the North and its tributaries. Through the treaty process with the United States, the Pembina Band were settled on reservations in Minnesota and North Dakota. Some tribal members refusing settlement in North Dakota relocated northward and westward, some eventually settling in Montana.

The successors apparent of the Pembina Band are:

Controversy

The so-called Little Shell Pembina Band of North America, based in North Dakota, is a militia-type group made up of one family descended from the historical Little Shell Chippewa Band, mostly white militia members, and one Indonesian, who attempted a coup against the government of Fiji.[1][2] It claims to be a successor apparent of the Pembina Band, but it is not recognized as a Native American tribe by the US federal government nor by North Dakota.[3]

References

  1. ^ Gerbasi, Chris (Jul 25, 2010). "Tribal claims causing Charlotte controversy". Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. ^ Lovelace Jr., Douglas C. (August 29, 2018). Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents Volume 148: Lone Wolf Terrorists. Oxford University Press. p. 44. ISBN 9780190654252.
  3. ^ "Final Determination Against Federal Acknowledgment of the Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana". Federal Register. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Retrieved 1 November 2019.

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