Ottoman (textile)

A bright pink fabric with small, widthways ribs
A knitted Ottoman rib fabric

Ottoman is a widthways-ribbed textile with pronounced, raised 'ribs' along its weft. Similar to grosgrain, Ottoman is known as a corded fabric, using a thicker yarn in the weft rather than the warp to create raised stripes running across the width of the fabric.

Ottoman may be knitted or woven, and produces a stiff, heavyweight fabric; knitted Ottoman features a likewise widthways rib structure.[1] In knitting, the Ottoman rib pattern is knitted with double jersey machines. The rib lines in an Ottoman knit may vary in size from thin to coarse by adjusting yarn count and gauge.[2]

Derivation

The term Ottoman is derived from the French ottomane, the feminine of ottoman.[2]

Origin

Ottoman fabric originates from the Ottoman Empire in what is now modern-day Turkey, and is one of many Turkish artforms developed in the Ottoman period.[3]

Characteristics

Ottoman fabric, particularly woven Ottoman fabric, have a heavy ribbed structure and have an especially stiff drape.[2] Like other woven corded fabrics - where the warp and weft are unevenly matched in weight to create a ribbed effect - Ottoman has a tendency to 'slip' at seams, wherein the yarns of the weave pull apart but do not break.

Composition

Ottoman was typically made of silk historically, though in the present day, is woven or knitted using cotton or synthetic fibre yarns, including artificial silk yarns such as rayon and polyester. These yarns may also be blended, with the exact fibre type blend depending on the end use of the fabric.[4][2]

Use

Ottoman is used for various purposes, from dressmaking to upholstery. It is usable for evening wear, formal coats and dress, and in particular, legal dress (such as QC gowns), as well as academic dress (mostly for hoods).[2]

References

  1. ^ "Product Guides - Glossary". 2012-05-10. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  2. ^ a b c d e Tregonning, Melwyn. Fabric Dictionary.
  3. ^ Gürsu, Nevber (1988). The Art of Turkish Weaving. Redhouse Press. p. 68. ISBN 9789754130362.
  4. ^ Faroqhi, Suraiya (2016). A Cultural History of the Ottomans. Bloomsbury. p. 185. ISBN 9780857727824.

External links

Media files used on this page

Jute nahtlos.png
Author/Creator: SoylentGreen, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Hessian Fabric made seamless. It will serve to create a normal map in Blender.
Batik Indonesia.jpg
Author/Creator: MartijnL, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 nl
Batik cloth purchased in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
MacLachlan hunting tartan (D. W. Stewart).svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
A representation of the Maclachlan hunting tartan. This tartan is the oldest tartan to bear the name MacLachlan. This tartan is referred to as the Old MacLachlan, MacLachlan, and Hunting MacLachlan. This sett was first published in Old & Rare Scottish Tartans by D. W. Stewart in 1893.
Thread count: Y6, W4, Bk32, G32, Y6, W4, R48.
Sources: MacLachlan Clan Tartan WR1710 MacLachlan Hunting Tartan
Denim.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ottoman rib.jpg
Author/Creator: RAJIVVASUDEV, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ottoman rib structure knitted fabric