Order of the Garter

Most Noble Order of the Garter
Arms of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.svg
Arms: A cross of St George,
circumscribed by the Garter
Awarded by
the monarch of the United Kingdom
TypeDynastic order
Established1348 (1348)
MottoHoni soit qui mal y pense
(Middle French for 'Shame on him who thinks evil of it')[1]
CriteriaAt His Majesty's pleasure
StatusCurrently constituted
FounderEdward III
SovereignCharles III
ChancellorJames Hamilton, 5th Duke of Abercorn
PrelateBishop of Winchester
Classes
  • Knight/Lady Companion
  • Royal Knight/Lady Companion
  • Stranger Knight/Lady Companion
Statistics
First induction1348
Last induction2022
Total inductees
Tally: 1,025
Precedence
Next (higher)George Cross
Next (lower)Order of the Thistle
Order of the Garter UK ribbon.svg
Ribbon of the Order of the Garter
Symbol of the Order of the Garter embroidered onto the left shoulder of the blue velvet mantle of a Knight
Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Lancaster (later Duke of Lancaster) (d. 1361), the second appointee of the Order, shown wearing a tabard displaying the royal arms of England over which is his blue mantle or garter robe. Illuminated miniature from the Bruges Garter Book made c.1430 by William Bruges (1375–1450), first Garter King of Arms

The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III of England in 1348. It is the most senior order of knighthood in the British honours system, outranked in precedence only by the Victoria Cross and the George Cross. The Order of the Garter is dedicated to the image and arms of Saint George, England's patron saint.

Appointments are at the sovereign's sole discretion and are usually in recognition of a national contribution, for public service, or for personal service to the sovereign.[2] Membership of the order is limited to the sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and no more than 24 living members, or Companions. The order also includes supernumerary knights and ladies (e.g. members of the British royal family and foreign monarchs).

The order's emblem is a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense (Middle French for 'Shame on him who thinks evil of it') in gold lettering. Members of the order wear it on ceremonial occasions.

History

King Edward III founded the Order of the Garter around the time of his claim to the French throne.[1] The traditional year of foundation is usually given as 1348 (when it was formally proclaimed). However, The Complete Peerage, under "The Founders of the Order of the Garter", states the order was first instituted on 23 April 1344, listing each founding member as knighted in 1344. The list includes Sir Sanchet D'Abrichecourt, who died on 20 October 1345.[3] Other dates from 1344 to 1351 have also been proposed. The King's wardrobe account shows Garter habits first issued in the autumn of 1348. Also, its original statutes required that each member of the Order already be a knight (what would now be referred to as a knight bachelor) and some of the initial members listed were only knighted that year.[4] The foundation is likely to have been inspired by the Spanish Order of the Band, established in about 1330.[5]

List of Founder Knights

At the time of its foundation, the Order consisted of King Edward III, together with 25 Founder Knights, listed in ascending order of stall number in St George's Chapel:[6]

  • King Edward III (1312–77)
  • Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (1330–76)
  • Henry of Grosmont, 4th Earl of Lancaster (c. 1310–61)
  • Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick (d. 1369)
  • Jean III de Grailly, Captal de Buch (d. 1377)
  • Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford (1301–72)
  • William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (1328–97)
  • Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (1328–60)
  • John de Lisle, 2nd Baron Lisle (1318–56)
  • Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh (d. 1369)
  • John de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp (d. 1360)
  • John de Mohun, 2nd Baron Mohun (c. 1320–76)
  • Sir Hugh de Courtenay (d. 1349)
  • Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (1314–60)
  • John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield (c. 1300–59)
  • Sir Richard Fitz-Simon (b. 1295)
  • Sir Miles Stapleton (d. 1364)
  • Sir Thomas Wale (d. 1352)
  • Sir Hugh Wrottesley (d. 1381)
  • Sir Nele Loring (d. 1386)
  • Sir John Chandos (d. 1369)
  • Sir James Audley (d. 1369)
  • Sir Otho Holand (d. 1359)
  • Sir Henry Eam (d. before 1360)
  • Sir Sanchet D'Abrichecourt (d. 1359)[3]
  • Sir Walter Paveley (d. 1375)

They are all depicted in individual portraits in the Bruges Garter Book made c. 1431, and now in the British Library.

Legendary origins

Statutes of the Order of the Garter, this copy having once belonged to Emperor Alexander III of Russia

Various legends account for the origin of the Order. The most popular involves the "Countess of Salisbury", whose garter is said to have slipped from her leg while she was dancing at a court ball at Calais. When the surrounding courtiers snickered, the king picked it up and returned it to her, exclaiming, "Honi soit qui mal y pense!" ('Shame on him who thinks ill of it!'), the phrase that has become the motto of the Order.[1][7] However, the earliest written version of this story dates from the 1460s, and it seems to have been conceived as a retrospective explanation for the adoption of what was then seen as an item of female underclothing as the symbol of a band of knights. In fact, at the time of the Order's establishment in the mid-14th century, the garter was predominantly an item of male attire.[8]

According to another legend, King Richard I was inspired in the 12th century by St George the Martyr while fighting in the Crusades to tie garters around the legs of his knights, who subsequently won the battle. King Edward supposedly recalled the event in the 14th century when he founded the Order.[4] This story is recounted in a letter to the Annual Register in 1774:[9]

In Rastel's Chronicle, I. vi. under the life of Edward III is the following curious passage: "About the 19 yere [sic] of this kinge, he made a solempne feest at Wyndesore, and a greate justes and turnament, where he devysed, and perfyted substanegally,[10] the order of the knyghtes of the garter; howe be it some afferme that this order began fyrst by kynge Rycharde, Cure de Lyon, at the sege of the citye of Acres; where, in his great necessyte, there were but 26 knyghtes that fyrmely and surely abode by the kynge; where he caused all them to were thonges of blew leyther about theyr legges. And afterwarde they were called the knyghtes of the blew thonge." I am obliged for this passage to John Fenn, Esq; a curious and ingenious gentleman of East-Dereham, in Norfolk, who is in possession of the most rare book whence it is taken. Hence some affirm, that the origin of the garter is to be dated from Richard I* and that it owes its pomp and splendor to Edward III.

*Winstanley, in his Life of Edward III says that the original book of the institution deduces the invention from King Richard the First.

The motto in fact refers to Edward's claim to the French throne, and the Order of the Garter was created to help pursue this claim.[11] The use of the garter as an emblem may have derived from straps used to fasten armour, and may have been chosen because it held overtones of a tight-knit "band" or "bond" of knightly "supporters" of Edward's cause.[1][12]

There is a connection between the Order of the Garter and the Middle English poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (late 14th century). The motto is inscribed, as hony soyt qui mal pence, at the end of the text in the sole surviving manuscript in the British Library, albeit in a later hand.[13] In the poem, a girdle, very similar in its erotic undertones to the garter, plays a prominent role. A rough equivalent of the Order's motto has been identified in Gawain's exclamation corsed worth cowarddyse and couetyse boþe ("cursed be both cowardice and coveting", v. 2374).[14] While the author of that poem remains disputed, there seems to be a connection between two of the top candidates and the Order of the Garter, John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and Enguerrand de Coucy, seventh Sire de Coucy. De Coucy was married to King Edward III's daughter, Isabella, and was given admittance to the Order of the Garter on their wedding day."[15]

Ladies of the Garter

Soon after the founding of the Order, women were appointed "Ladies of the Garter", but were not made companions. King Henry VII discontinued the practice in 1488; his mother, Margaret Beaufort, was the last Lady of the Garter before Queen Alexandra.

Except for female sovereigns, the next Lady of the Garter named was Queen Alexandra, by her husband King Edward VII. King George V also made his consort, Queen Mary, a Lady of the Garter and King George VI subsequently did the same for his wife, Queen Elizabeth. Throughout the 20th century, women continued to be associated with the Order, but save for foreign female monarchs, they were not made companions.[16]

In 1987, however, it became possible to install "Ladies Companion of the Garter" under a statute of Queen Elizabeth II.[17]

In 2022, Baroness Amos became the first Black "knight or lady companion" member of the order since its foundation.[18]

Composition

Knights Companion in the procession to St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle for the Garter Service

Members

Membership in the Order is strictly limited and includes the monarch, the Prince of Wales, not more than 24 companion members, and various supernumerary members. The monarch alone can grant membership.[19] Monarchs are known as the Sovereign of the Garter, and the Prince of Wales is known as a Royal Knight Companion of the Garter.[20]

Male members of the Order are titled "Knights Companion" and female members are called "Ladies Companion". Formerly, the Sovereign filled vacancies upon the nomination of the members. Each member would nominate nine candidates, of whom three had to have the rank of earl or higher, three the rank of baron or higher, and three the rank of knight or higher. The Sovereign would choose as many nominees as were necessary to fill any vacancies in the Order. They were not obliged to choose those who received the most nominations. Candidates were last nominated in 1860, and appointments have since been made by the Sovereign acting alone, with no prior nominations. The statutes prescribing the former procedure were not amended, however, until 1953.[21]: 198 

From the 18th century, the Sovereign made their choices on the advice of the Government. In 1946, with the agreement of Prime Minister Clement Attlee and Leader of the Opposition Winston Churchill, membership of the United Kingdom's highest ranking orders of chivalry (the Order of the Garter, the Order of the Thistle and the dormant Order of St Patrick) became a personal gift of the Sovereign once again.[16] Thus, the Sovereign personally selects Knights and Ladies Companion of the Garter, and need not act on or solicit the advice of the Government.[22] Appointments are typically announced on Saint George's Day (23 April).[16]

Supernumerary members

Emperor Taishō in the robes of the Order of the Garter, as a consequence of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance of 1902

The Order includes supernumerary members, who do not count towards the limit of 24 companions. Several supernumerary members, known as "Royal Knights and Ladies of the Garter", belong to the royal family. These titles were introduced in 1786 by King George III so that his many sons would not count towards the limit on the number of companions. He created the statute of supernumerary members in 1805 so that any descendant of King George II could be installed as such a member. In 1831, this statute was extended again to include all descendants of King George I.[4]

With the installation of Emperor Alexander I of Russia in 1813, supernumerary membership was extended to foreign monarchs, who are known as "Stranger Knights and Ladies of the Garter".[23] Each such installation originally required the enactment of a statute; however, a 1954 statute authorises the regular admission of Stranger Knights or Ladies without further special enactments.[23]

Degradation of members

Henry Pelham-Clinton KG, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme. Portrait by William Hoare in the National Portrait Gallery, London

The Sovereign may "degrade" members who have taken up arms against the Sovereign. From the late 15th century, there was a formal ceremony of degradation, in which Garter King of Arms, accompanied by the rest of the heralds, proceeded to St George's Chapel. While the Garter King of Arms read aloud the Instrument of Degradation, a herald climbed up a ladder and removed the former knight's banner, crest, helm, and sword, throwing them down into the quire. Then the rest of the heralds kicked them down the length of the chapel, out of the doors, and into the castle ditch. The last such formal degradation was that of James, Duke of Ormonde, in 1716.[24]

During the First World War, two Royal Knights and six Stranger Knights, all monarchs or princes of enemy nations and including Wilhelm II, German Emperor, and Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria, were struck off the roll of the Order or had their appointments annulled in 1915.[23] The banner of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy was removed from the chapel after Italy entered World War II against the United Kingdom and her Allies in 1940.[25] The banner of Emperor Hirohito of Japan was removed from St George's Chapel when Japan entered World War II in 1941, but that banner and his knighthood were restored by Elizabeth II in 1971, when Hirohito made a state visit to the United Kingdom. The Emperor was particularly pleased by the restoration of his banner as a Knight of the Garter.[26]

Officers

Officers of the Order of the Garter (left to right): Secretary (barely visible), Black Rod, Garter Principal King of Arms, Register, Prelate, Chancellor

The Order has six officers: the Prelate, the Chancellor, the Register, the Garter Principal King of Arms, the Usher, and the Secretary.[27] The offices of Prelate, Register, and Usher were created on the order's establishment; those of Garter Principal King of Arms and Chancellor, in the 15th century; and that of Secretary, in the 20th century.[28]

William of Edington, Bishop of Winchester, was the first Prelate of the Order, and that office has since been held by his successors at Winchester, traditionally a senior bishopric of the Church of England.[21]: 105 

The office of Chancellor is now held by one of the companions of the order. For most of its existence, the Bishop of Salisbury has held the office, although laymen held it from 1553 to 1671. In 1837, after boundary changes made Windsor Castle fall in the diocese of Oxford, the Chancellorship was transferred to the Bishop of Oxford. A century later, the Bishop of Salisbury challenged this transfer, on the grounds that the Chancellorship had been attached to his office regardless of the diocese in which the chapel of the order lay; and that, in any event, St George's Chapel, as a Royal Peculiar, was not under diocesan jurisdiction. The office of Chancellor was removed from the Bishop of Oxford (the outgoing bishop, Thomas Strong, had been outspoken in the abdication crisis of Edward VIII), and so it was withheld from his successor, Kenneth Kirk, and has since been held by one of the Knights Companion.[21]: 109–112 

The office of Register has been held by the Dean of Windsor since 1558.[21]: 116  The Garter Principal King of Arms is ex officio the senior officer of the College of Arms (the heraldic authority of England), and is usually appointed from among the other officers of arms at the College.[21]: 122  As the title suggests, Garter Principal King of Arms has specific duties as the Order's officer of arms, attending to the companions' coats of arms and banners of arms, which are exhibited in the chapel. The Secretary, who acts as deputy to Garter in the ceremonial aspects of the Order, has since 1952 also been selected from the other officers of the College of Arms.[21]: 143  The office of Usher is held by the Usher of the Black Rod, who is also the Serjeant-at-Arms of the House of Lords.[21]: 132 

Military Knights of Windsor

Military Knights of Windsor in the procession to the Garter Service

At the founding of the Order of the Garter, 26 "poor knights" were appointed and attached to the Order and its chapel. This number was not always maintained, and by the 17th century, there were only thirteen such knights. King Charles II increased the number to 18 (in large part because of funds allocated from Sir Francis Crane's will) after his coronation in 1660. After the knights objected to being termed "poor", King William IV redesignated them in the 19th century as the Military Knights of Windsor.[29]

The poor knights were impoverished military veterans, required to pray daily for the Knights Companion. In return, they received a salary and lodging in Windsor Castle. The knights are no longer necessarily poor, but are still military pensioners. They participate in the Order's processions, escorting the members, and in the chapel services. However, they are not considered members of the Order.[29]

The poor knights originally wore red mantles, each of which bore St George's Cross, but did not depict the Garter. Queen Elizabeth I replaced the mantles in the 16th and 17th centuries with blue and purple gowns, but the red mantles returned in the 17th century under King Charles I. When the knights were renamed, the mantles were abandoned. The military knights now wear the old military uniform of an "army officer on the unattached list": black trousers with red stripe, a red double-breasted swallow-tailed coat, gold epaulets and brushes, a cocked hat with a plume, and a sword on a white baldric.[30]

Robes and insignia

Mantle and hat of the Order

Members

Order's ceremonial occasions

The garter of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria

For the Order's ceremonial occasions, such as the annual Garter Day, the members wear elaborate vestments and accoutrements, which include:

  • The mantle is a vestment or robe worn by members since the 15th century. Once made of wool, by the 16th century it was made of velvet. The mantle was originally purple, but varied during the 17th and 18th centuries between celestial blue, pale blue, royal blue, dark blue, violet, and ultramarine. Mantles are now dark blue and lined with white taffeta. The mantles of the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and Royal Knights and Ladies end in trains. The heraldic shield of St George's Cross encircled by the Garter is sewn onto the left shoulder of the mantle, but the Sovereign's mantle instead has the star of the Order. Attached to the mantle over the right shoulder are a dark red velvet hood and surcoat, which have lost all function over time and appear to the modern observer simply as a splash of colour.[30]
  • The hat is a Tudor bonnet of black velvet with a plume of white ostrich and black heron feathers.[30]
The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter
  • The collar is worn around the neck, over the mantle and is secured with white ribbons tied in bows on the shoulders. Like the mantle, it was introduced in the 15th and 16th centuries. Made of pure gold, it weighs 30 troy ounces (0.933 kg). The collar is composed of gold heraldic knots alternating with enamelled medallions, each showing a rose encircled by the Garter. During the reign of Henry VII (1485–1509), commencing at the termination of the Wars of the Roses, each garter surrounded two roses – one red for the House of Lancaster and one white for the House of York – but he changed the design to encircle the Tudor rose[30] alone, a combination of both forms.[31] Today one of the most visible representations of the collar forms part of the monarch's heraldic achievement on the gates of Buckingham Palace.[32]
  • The Great George, which is worn suspended from the collar, is a colourfully enamelled (sometimes jewelled) three-dimensional figure of St George the Martyr on horseback slaying a dragon.[30]
  • The Garter is worn on ceremonial occasions around the left calf[33] by knights and around the left arm by ladies, and is depicted on several insignia. The Garter is a buckled dark-blue (originally light-blue) velvet strap, and bears the motto in gold letters. The garters of Stranger Knights and Ladies were once set with several jewels.[30] Two styles have been used: one is a working garter where the end slips through the buckle, passed behind, and then is tucked down through the formed loop, as it is shown in the arms of the order, and the other style is a 'pre-made' one that has the buckled and tucked end pre-fashioned and is fastened with a clip attachment.

Up until the middle part of the 20th century, it was customary to wear Tudor style under-dress, consisting of white silk embroidered doublet, breeches, full hose, white doeskin pumps with satin bows and a sword belt with sword, under the robes. Nowadays, morning dress or a lounge suit is worn, except for coronations when Tudor under-dress is worn by the canopy-bearers.[34]

Other occasions

Top: A Garter "Star"; middle: A "Great George" (St George on horseback slaying the dragon) pendant from the Collar; bottom: the Garter
The Garter "Star" worn by King Charles XI of Sweden, late 17th century

On other occasions when decorations are worn, the members wear simpler insignia:

William, Prince of Wales wearing Garter riband and star
  • The collar is worn on designated collar days over military uniform or morning dress by members attending formal events. The collar is fastened to the shoulders with silk ribbons (or gold safety pins when worn with morning dress). Since the collar signifies the Order of the Garter, members can then wear the riband of any other order to which they belong.[30]
  • The star, which is worn pinned to the left breast, was introduced in the 17th century by King Charles I and is a colourfully enamelled depiction of the heraldic shield of St George's Cross, encircled by the Garter, which is itself encircled by an eight-point silver badge. Each point is depicted as a cluster of rays, with the four points of the cardinal directions longer than the intermediate ones. The stars of Stranger Knights and Ladies were once set with several jewels. Since the Order of the Garter is the senior order of the United Kingdom, a member will wear its star above the others (up to three) that they hold.[30] There are examples in the Royal Collection of the stars of foreign orders given George V surrounded with the Garter, e.g. the Prussian Order of the Black Eagle given to George V when Prince of Wales.[35]
  • The riband is a four-inch (10.16 cm)-wide sash worn over the left shoulder, or pinned beneath it, to the right hip, and was introduced in the 17th century by King Charles I. The riband's colour has varied over the years: it was originally light blue, but was a dark shade under the Hanoverian monarchs. In 1950, the colour was fixed as "kingfisher blue". A member will wear only one riband, even if they belong to several orders.[30]
  • The badge is worn suspended from a small gold link from the riband at the right hip, and is sometimes known as "the Lesser George". Like the Great George, the badge shows St George the Martyr on horseback slaying a dragon, but it is flatter and gold. In earlier times, the badge was worn from a ribbon tied around the neck.[30]

On the death of a member, the Lesser George and breast star are returned personally to the Sovereign by the former member's nearest male relative, and the other insignia to the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood, save the riband, mantle and hat.[30]

Officers

For ceremonial occasions of the Order, the officers wear the following garments and accessories:

  • The mantles for the prelate and chancellor are dark blue like those of the members (as a member, the chancellor wears a member's mantle), but the mantles for the other officers are dark red. All mantles are embroidered with a heraldic shield of St George's Cross. For Garter ceremonies, Garter Principal King of Arms wears this red mantle rather than the tabard of the royal arms worn for other State ceremonial occasions.[30]
  • Officers wear badges of office suspended from a chain worn around the neck. The badge for the prelate shows the Lesser George encircled by the Garter, which is surmounted by a bishop's mitre. The badge for the chancellor is a rose encircled by the Garter. The badge for the register is two crossed quills over a book encircled by the Garter surmounted by a crown. The badge for Garter Principal King of Arms is the royal arms impaled with St George's Cross encircled by the Garter and surmounted by a crown. The badge for the usher is a knot (like those on the collars of the companions of the order) encircled by the Garter and surmounted by a crown. The badge for the secretary shows two crossed quills in front of a rose and encircled by the Garter surmounted by a crown.[30]

The chancellor carries a purse, which is embroidered with the royal arms impaled by the Cross of St George. The purse contains the seal of the Order. Garter Principal King of Arms carries his baton of office. The usher carries their staff of office, the Black Rod.[30]

Chapel

Banners in St George's Chapel of members of the Order of the Garter

St George's Chapel in Windsor is the mother church of the Order of the Garter and the location of special services in relation to the Order.[16]

During their lifetime, all members of the Order of the Garter are entitled to display their heraldic crests and banners in St George's Chapel. While the Garter stall plates (see below) stay in the chapel permanently, the crests and banners of deceased knights are, following presentation at the High Altar, removed from the chapel. Sometimes they are then given to institutions that were connected with the late knight, or kept privately depending on family wishes.[36] Originally after a knight's death, the crests became the property of Garter King of Arms, and these crests have been the subject of occasional exhibitions in the Earl Marshal's Court at the College of Arms.

Garter stall plates are small enamelled and engraved brass plates located in St George's Chapel as memorials to Knights of the Garter.[16]

Investiture and installation

Edward VII invests Haakon VII of Norway with the insignia of the Order of the Garter in the Throne Room of Windsor Castle, 9 November 1906. Painting by Sydney Prior Hall.

Each June, on Garter Day, the members of the Order, wearing their habits and garter insignia, meet at Windsor Castle. When any new Knights of the Garter are due for installation, an investiture ceremony is held in the Throne Room of Windsor Castle on the morning of Garter Day.[16] This ceremony is attended by all Knights Companions of the order, wearing the ceremonial habits and garter insignia, and also by their spouses. The wording of the oath sworn by the new knights at this ceremony and of the Admonitions addressed to them in turn by the prelate and chancellor of the order when the several items of insignia are placed upon them are extremely similar to the traditions of the past.[37][38]

At the investiture ceremony, two senior knights of the order assist the Sovereign by placing the garter around the left leg of the new knight and in the fastening of the riband and Lesser George about the body of the new knight, and in the adjustment of the mantle and the collar.[39] After the investiture ceremony at Windsor is concluded, a state luncheon is held in the Banqueting Room. This is attended by the royal family, by all the Companions of the Order and their spouses, and by the Officers of the Order. After the banquet all the knights and ladies of the order, together with the prelate, chancellor and other officers of the order, in their mantles and ceremonial robes, led by the Military Knights of Windsor, move in procession, watched by a great crowd of spectators, through the castle, down the hill, which is lined with troops, to Saint George's Chapel for a worship service, before which the formal installation of the new knights takes place.[40]

While knights continued to be invested with their ensigns, the formal installation of knights at St George's Chapel ceased in 1805. Installation, along with the annual Garter service, returned in 1948;[41] on the occasion of the order's 600th anniversary.[42]

Precedence and privileges

Members of the order may encircle their heraldic arms with the Garter.
The collar of the order as it appears on some heraldic arms

Members are assigned positions in the order of precedence, coming before all others of knightly rank, and above baronets. The wives, sons, daughters and daughters-in-law of Knights Companion are also assigned precedence. Relatives of Ladies Companion are not, however, assigned any special positions. (Generally, individuals can derive precedence from their fathers or husbands, but not from their wives.) The Chancellor is also assigned precedence, but since 1837 the office has been held by a diocesan bishop of the Church of England or a peer, who have a higher precedence than that bestowed by the Chancellorship.[43]

Knights Companion prefix "Sir"[44] and Ladies Companion prefix "Lady" to their forenames.[45] Wives of Knights Companion may prefix "Lady" to their surnames, but no corresponding privilege exists for husbands of Ladies Companion.[46] Such forms are not used by royalty, peers, peeresses, or Anglican clergymen, who instead use only the post-nominal letters.[44]

Knights and Ladies Companion use the post-nominal letters "KG" and "LG" respectively.[22] When an individual is entitled to use multiple post-nominal letters, those of the Order of the Garter appear before all others, except "Bt" or "Bart" (Baronet), "VC" (Victoria Cross) and "GC" (George Cross).[47]

In their heraldic achievements, members of the Order of the Garter may encircle their escutcheon with the Garter.[48] Knights and Ladies Companion are also entitled to receive heraldic supporters, a privilege granted to few other private individuals. While some families claim supporters by ancient use, and others have been granted them as a special reward, only members of the Royal Family, peers, Knights and Ladies Companion of the Garter, Knights and Ladies of the Thistle, and Knights and Dames Grand Cross of the junior orders of chivalry are automatically entitled to them.[48]

Gallery

Garter banners in St George's Chapel

Armorial

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d "College of St George – Windsor Castle – The Order of the Garter". College of St George – Windsor Castle. Archived from the original on 15 July 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  2. ^ "The Order of the Garter". 11 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1887). Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct or dormant (A to Bo). Vol. 1 (1st ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 276.
  4. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911, pp. 851–867
  5. ^ Rogers 2018, pp. 131–34.
  6. ^ Beltz 1841, pp. cxlix–cl.
  7. ^ Harrison, James (1996). "The Plantagenets". Children's Encyclopedia of British History (Rev., reformatted and updated ed.). London: Kingfisher. p. 46. ISBN 1-85696-026-9.
  8. ^ Rogers 2018, pp. 126–31.
  9. ^ "On the Origin of the Order of the Garter; from the Supplement to Granger's Biographical History". The Annual Register. 17: 145. December 1774.
  10. ^ Dibdin's 1811 edition of Rastell's 'The Pastime of People, Or, The Chronicles of Divers Realms; and Most Especially of the Realm of England' gives this word as 'substancyally'.
  11. ^ Rogers 2018, pp. 134–38.
  12. ^ Rogers 2018, pp. 139–44.
  13. ^ Cotton Nero A.x 128v
  14. ^ Friedman, Albert B.; Osberg, Richard H. (1997). "Gawain's Girdle as Traditional Symbol". The Journal of American Folklore. American Folklore Society. 90 (157): 301–315. doi:10.2307/539521. JSTOR 539521.
  15. ^ Savage, Henry L. (1938). "Sir Gawain and the Order of the Garter". ELH. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 5 (2): 146–149. doi:10.2307/2871614. JSTOR 2871614.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "The Monarchy Today – Queen and Public – Honours – The Order of the Garter". The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  17. ^ Waddington, Raymond B. (1993). "Elizabeth I and the Order of the Garter". Sixteenth Century Journal. The Sixteenth Century Journal. 24 (1): 97–113. doi:10.2307/2541800. JSTOR 2541800.
  18. ^ "Prince Andrew out of view as Tony Blair receives royal honour". BBC News. 13 June 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  19. ^ Gay, Oonagh (20 March 2006). "Honours Standard Note: SN/PC/2832" (PDF). United Kingdom Parliament. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2006. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
  20. ^ "College of St George – Windsor Castle – Orders of Chivalry". College of St George – Windsor Castle. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Begent, P.J.; Chesshyre, H. (1999). The Most Noble Order of the Garter: 650 Years. London: Spink and Son. ISBN 1-902040-20-1.
  22. ^ a b "Select Committee on Public Administration Fifth Report". UK Parliament. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 8 November 2006.
  23. ^ a b c "Royal Insight: June 2004: Focus: The Order of the Garter". The Royal Household. June 2004. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  24. ^ Peter J Begent, The Most Noble Order of the Garter, its History and Ceremonial
  25. ^ David Kemp The Pleasures and Treasures of Britain: A Discerning Traveller's Companion p. 141
  26. ^ Kingston, Jeff. "The Tokyo envoys: Englishmen in Japan," The Japan Times (Tokyo); 13 March 2005 Archived 4 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Knight, Charles (1811). "9". Guide to Windsor.
  28. ^ "The origin and history of the various heraldic offices". The College of Arms. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2006.
  29. ^ a b "College of St George – Windsor Castle – Military Knights". College of St George – Windsor Castle. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Cox, Noel (1999). "The ceremonial dress and accoutrements of the Most Noble Order of the Garter". Heraldry News, the Journal of Heraldry. Journal of Heraldry Australia Inc. (22): 6–12. Archived from the original on 20 April 2003.
  31. ^ See for example the single roses on the collar of the effigy of Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke, KG (died 1502) in Callington Church, Cornwall (see image File:RobertWilloughbyCallington.jpg)
  32. ^ See imageFile:Buckingham Palace - 02.jpg
  33. ^ The Garter is worn over and above the left strap of the dress breeches of men but nowadays it is anachronistically worn over the trousers because the wearing of court dress for by most Garter Knights has fallen into disuse.
  34. ^ Una Campbell (1989), Robes of the Realm: 300 Years of Ceremonial Dress. Michael O'Mara Books. p.21.
  35. ^ "- Order of the Black Eagle (Prussia). George V's star with garter". www.royalcollection.org.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  36. ^ Garter Banner List (online) Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine , accessed 12 October 2015
  37. ^ Encyclopaedia Heraldica Or Complete Dictionary of Heraldry, Volume 1, William Berry, Google eBook
  38. ^ Research guides No.1: The Order of the Garter, "Oath", St George's Chapel Archives and Chapter Library
  39. ^ The British Herald, or Cabinet of armorial bearings of the nobility and gentry of Great Britain & Ireland, Thomas Robson, Google eBook, 1830 p. 96.
  40. ^ The Queen's Orders of Chivalry, Brigadier Sir Ivan De la Bere, Spring Books, London, 1964, p. 85.
  41. ^ "Garter Banner List". Dean & Canons of Windsor. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  42. ^ "Order of the Garter Timeline" (PDF). The Companion: The Magazine for the College of St George (21): 3. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  43. ^ Mosley, Charles (2005). "Precedence". Burke's Peerage and Gentry. Archived from the original on 28 September 2008. Retrieved 18 September 2008.
  44. ^ a b "Knight". Forms of Address. Debretts. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
  45. ^ "Ladies of the Garter and Ladies of the Thistle". Forms of Address. Debretts. Archived from the original on 21 August 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
  46. ^ "Dame". Forms of Address. Debretts. Archived from the original on 7 August 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
  47. ^ "Order of Wear". The UK Honours System. Cabinet Office. Archived from the original on 30 January 2006. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  48. ^ a b Courtenay, Paul (14 October 2008). "The Armorial Bearings of Sir Winston Churchill". The Churchill Centre. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  49. ^ Princess Beatrix's Garter banner has retained her arms as monarch.
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h Stranger Knights and Ladies do not embellish the arms they use in their countries with British decorations.

References

Further reading

  • Hope, W. H. St.John., et al., The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter 1348–1485. First published 1901, reprinted 2005.

External links

Media files used on this page

Arms of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter UK ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ribbon of the Order of the Garter
Coat of Arms of Andrew, Duke of York.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of HRH Prince Andrew, Duke of York. (born 1960) second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh. The coat of arms was granted in 1963. The label of three points, with the central point charged with an anchor; was previously borne by his grandfather King George VI ('Bertie', also named Duke of York) and King George V (also Duke of York).
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Anchor Azure, the escutcheon ensigned by a coronet of a child of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for a crest on a coronet of his rank, thereon a lion statant guardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
Order of the Bath (ribbon).svg
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm, Licence: CC BY 2.5
Ribbon of the Order of the Bath
Order of St John (UK) ribbon -vector.svg
Venerable Order of Saint John (UK) ribbon. This vector version includes a miniature cross worn on ribbon. For example, see here
Noribbon.svg
(c) WillT.Net at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0
Vector image to indicate no ribbon
Canada General Service Medal BAR.svg
Author/Creator: Orem (wiki-pl: Orem, commons: Orem), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ribbon bar: Canada General Service Medal (British)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg

Flag of Australia, when congruence with this colour chart is required (i.e. when a "less bright" version is needed).

See Flag of Australia.svg for main file information.
AUS Order of Australia (civil) BAR.svg
Ribbon bar: Order of Australia (civil / general division).
Australia Service Medal 1939-1945 BAR.svg
Author/Creator: Orem (wiki-pl: Orem, commons: Orem), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ribbon bar: Australia Service Medal 1939-1945 (British)
Rhodesia Medal Ribbon.svg
Rhodesia Medal (UK) Ribbon
400px ribbon bar of Australian Sports Medal.svg
Author/Creator: Blackcat, Licence: CC0
Ribbon bar of the Australian Sports Medal
UK Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Borodun, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon bar. United Kingdom.
AUS Centenary Medal ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Boroduntalk, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Centenary Medal ribbon bar. Australia, 2001.
UK Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Boroduntalk, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon bar. United Kingdom.
UK Queen EII Platinum Jubilee Medal ribbon.svg
Ribbon bar: Queen Elizabeth II Platinum Jubilee Medal – United Kingdom.
Order of the Companions of Honour Ribbon.gif
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: medals.org.uk, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Order of the Companions of Honour Ribbon
200px ribbon bar of the Knight Bachelor medal (UK).svg
Author/Creator: Blackcat, Licence: CC0
SVG ribbon bar of the Knight Bachelor medal (United Kingdom)
FamilyOrderGeorgeVI-ribbon.jpg
Royal Family Order of king George VI - ribbon
MGAustRibbon.png
Medal for Gallantry (Australia)
AUS Order of Australia (military) BAR.svg
Ribbon bar: Order of Australia (military division).
UK Polar Medal BAR.svg
Ribbon bar: Polar Medal.
Tudor Crown (Heraldry).svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Tudor Crown in Heraldry used during the Victorian period
UK AFC ribbon.svg
UK Air Force Cross ribbon bar.
Collar of the Order of the Garter.svg
Author/Creator: LoxiasMunch, Licence: CC0
The collar is worn by members around the neck on ceremonial occasions. It was introduced in the 15th and 16th centuries. The collar is composed of gold heraldic knots alternating with enamelled medallions, each showing a red rose encircled by the Garter. The garters are enamelled blue with gold letters giving the motto of the order, HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE (‘The shame be his who thinks ill of it’). The garter links alternate with double gold knots in the fashion of a cord with four tassel ends.
PSM Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Public Service Medal ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Royal Family Order of King George V - ribbon bar.png
Author/Creator: McOleo, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Ribbon bar:
  • Royal Family Order of King George IV
  • Royal Family Order of King George V
SGAustRibbon.png
Star of Gallantry (Australia) ribbon
Coat of arms of William, Duke of Cornwall.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of William, Duke of Cornwall
Queen's Medal for Chiefs Ribbon.gif
Queen's Medal for Chiefs Ribbon
Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal ribbon
Royal Red Cross (UK) ribbon.png
(c) PalawanOz at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0
Royal Red Cross ribbon

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Belvoir Castle 13 2012-07-06 cropped further.jpg
Author/Creator: FASTILY, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Garter banner of Henry Manners, 8th Duke of Rutland, in Belvoir Castle
Baronet's Badge ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Baronet's Badge ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: [1] Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 April 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
George Cross UK ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
George Cross (with miniature cross) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Royal crown of the King of Sweden.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Royal crown of the King of Sweden
Sierra Leone Fire Brigades Medal for Gallantry.png
Author/Creator: Ericalford, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Sierra Leone fire brigades medal for Gallantry ribbon bar
Coat of Arms of Sir David Brewer.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Sir David Brewer
AFM (UK) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Air Force Medal (UK) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Ceylon Police Medal for Meritorious Service.png
Author/Creator: Ericalford, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceylon Police Medal for Meritorious Service ribbon bar
Hagley, St John the Baptist - interior, 1st Visc Chandos' Garter Banner - photo 2 cropped.jpg
Author/Creator: GentryGraves, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Hagley, Worcestershire, St John the Baptist Church - interior, banner of Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos, as Knight of the Garter (photograph taken looking east)
Garter Banner of Sir Thomas Raymond Dunne.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Sir Thomas Raymond Dunne
OBE Civil ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Order of the British Empire, Civil Division ribbon
Coat of arms of Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of Simmern.png
Author/Creator: Rs-nourse, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of arms of Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of Simmern
Coat of Arms of Nicholas, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Nicholas Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers
Statutes of the Order of the Garter (Alexander III of Russia).jpg
Author/Creator: shakko, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Статуты ордена подвязки. Принадлежали Александру III.
Garter Banner of the Baron Luce.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baron Luce
Coat of Arms of the Monarch of Denmark (Member of the Garter Variant).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of the Monarch of Denmark as a stranger member of the Order of the Garter
Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne by William Hoare.jpg
This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
William in uniform.jpg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY 2.0
Prince William on the Balcony at Buckingham Palace following his wedding
Military Cross ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Military Cross ribbon

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
UK Albert Medal 1st class (Land).png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
UK Albert Medal 1st class (Land) ribbon bar
Coat of arms of Camilla Shand, Queen consort.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Camilla, Queen consort of the United Kingdom.
Queens Police Medal (Gallantry) UK.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The Queen's Police Medal for Gallantry Ribbon bar.
Royal Victorian Chain Ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: The Radioactive Box, Licence: CC0
Ribbon bar for Royal Victorian Chain
Royal Order of Victoria and Albert - ribbon bar.gif
Author/Creator: McOleo, Licence: CC0
Ribbon bar of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert
Order of the Bath UK ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm, Licence: CC BY 2.5
Ribbon of the Order of the Bath
Queens Fire Service Medal UK.png
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-2.5
Ribbon - Distinguished Conduct Medal.png
Author/Creator: Col André Kritzinger, Licence: CC0
The ribbon of the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM), 32 millimetres wide and dark crimson with a 10 millimetres wide Navy blue band in the centre.
Title Badge (India) 1st class. Ribbon.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Title Badge (India) 1st class. Ribbon bar. Awarded to native Indians for loyal service by the British Raj.
Garter Banner of Sir John Major.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Sir John Major
Coat of Arms of Anne, the Princess Royal.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of arms of HRH Princess Anne, Princess Royal (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; born 15 August 1950) only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh. The coat of arms was granted in 1962.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of three points Argent charged on a centre point with a Heart Gules and on each of the others with a cross Gules, the lozenge ensigned by a coronet of a child of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
AUS National Emergency Medal ribbon bar.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Australian National Emergency Medal ribbon bar
Australian Service Medal ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Ribbon for Australian Service Medal
OBI 1939-1947 1.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Garter Banner of the Danish Monarch.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Danish Monarch (United Kingdom)
UK Distinguished Service Cross BAR.svg
Author/Creator: Orem (wiki-pl: Orem, commons: Orem), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape.
AFSM Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Australian Fire Services Medal ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Coat of Arms of Charles Geoffrey Nicholas, Baron Shuttleworth.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Charles Kay-Shuttleworth, 5th Baron Shuttleworth. Argent, three shuttles sable tipped and threaded or (Shuttleworth) quartering: Argent, two bendlets sable between as many crescents azure between the bendlets three ermine spots (Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.1020) blazoned better as: Argent, three ermine spots in bend between two bendlets sable the whole between as many crescents azure ("Kay" per: Complete Guide to Heraldry/Chapter 7[1]) (Kay given elsewhere as: Argent, two bendlets sable)
Reserve Force Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Reserve Force Medal (Australia) ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Badge of Honour ribbon.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ribbon of the Badge of Honour
AUS OSM Civilian ribbon.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Australian Operational Service Medal (Civilian) ribbon
Coat of Arms of Beatrix of the Netherlands (Dame of the Garter Variant).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of arms of Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands as a stranger dame of the Order of the Garter after her abdication
Service Medal of the Order of St John Ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Auguel, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
This is the ribbon of the Service Medal of the Venerable Order of St John.
Hosenbandorden.jpg
Hosenbandorden eines Mitgliedes des Hauses Sachsen Coburg Gotha
Coat of Arms of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury
DSM (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: PalawanOz, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Ribbon for the Distinguished Service Medal of Australia
Humanitarian Overseas Service Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Humanitarian Overseas Service Medal (Australia) medal ribbon
Garter Banner of King Juan Carlos of Spain.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Juan Carlos of Spain (United Kingdom)
Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Jayarathina, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The ribbon bar of the Order of the Indian Empire
Indian Police Medal for Gallantry Ribbon.gif
Indian Police Medal for Gallantry Ribbon
Colonial Police Medal for Gallantry Ribbon.png
Colonial Police Medal for Gallantry Ribbon
UK Colonial Police Medal for Meritorious Service ribbon bar.PNG
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Overseas Territories Police Medal, formerly the Colonial Police Medal for Meritorious Service, ribbon bar
Queen’s Commendation for Bravery in the Air.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon device. For acts of bravery while flying, not in the presence of the enemy.
Queens Ambulance Service Medal.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Queens Ambulance Service Medal ribbon bar
Edward Medal.png
Author/Creator: Ericalford, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Edward Medal ribbon bar
Coat of arms of Swedish Monarch (Member of the Garter variant).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of Swedish Monarch as a stranger member of the Order of the Garter Variant
Galó de l'Orde del Mèrit (UK).svg
Ribbon of the Order of Merit
Garter Banner of the Baron Morris of Aberavon.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Baron Morris of Aberavon
Garter Banner of the Baron Boyce.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baron Boyce
AUS Unit Citation for Gallantry with Federation Star.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Unit Citation for Gallantry with Federation Star, Australia
Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.png
Ribbon of the Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 medal
Ribbon Imperial Service Order 100x30.jpg
Crop white space and make ratio 100:30
Vietnam Medal BAR.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape .
Indian Distinguished Service Medal Ribbon.gif
Indian Distinguished Service Medal Ribbon
Queens Gallantry Medal UK ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Queen's Gallantry Medal (UK) ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
AUS Meritorious Unit Citation with Federation Star.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Meritorious Unit Citation with Federation Star, Australia
Champion Shots Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Champion Shots Medal (Australia) ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Garter Banner of the 7th Marquess of Salisbury.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the 7th Marquess of Salisbury
Garter Banner of the Baron Butler Brockwell.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baron Butler Brockwell
Commendation for Brave Conduct (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Commendation for Brave Conduct (Australia) medal ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Portrait of Henry, Duke of Lancaster - William Bruges's Garter Book (c.1440-1450), f.8 - BL Stowe MS 594 (cropped).jpg

Duc de Lancastre. Portrait of Henry, Duke of Lancaster (c.1310-1361), a Knight Founder of the Order of the Garter. He wears a blue Garter mantle over plate armour. The arms depicted on his surcoat appear incorrect. These are the arms of his second cousin King Edward III, who was the first to quarter the Royal Arms of France with Plantagenet, representing his claim to the French throne from his mother Isabella of France. The Earls and Duke of Lancaster bore the arms of their common ancestor King Henry III, which was the arms of Plantagenet alone, with a label of France for difference. A framed tablet displays painted arms of successors in his Garter stall at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, including: Stafford, Despencer, King of Portugal, FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel.

From: Edmund Horace Fellowes: The Knights of the Garter, 1348-1939. With a complete list of the stall-plates in St. George's chapel; London, Published for the dean and canons of St. George's chapel in Windsor castle by the Society for promoting Christian knowledge, 1939.[1]

Stall 3 (South 3):

  • 1348 (2) Henry (Plantagenet), styled "of Lancaster" (Founder). Earl of Derby. Afterwards Duke of Lancaster. Served in the wars against the Scots, the Dutch, and French. Admiral of the Fleet and Steward of England.
  • 1361 (38) Edward, 5th Lord le Despencer. Present at the battle of Poictiers.
  • 1375 (57) Hugh, 2nd Earl of Stafford. Served in the wars in France and elsewhere.
  • 1386 (75) Sir Nicholas Samesfield. in the retinue of the Black Prince and witness to his will. The King's Standard-bearer.
  • c.1395 (86) *Sir William Arundel.
  • 1400 (102) John I, King of Portugal. Married Philippa, sister of Henry IV, King of England.
  • 1435 (149) *Edward, King of Portugal. Nephew of Henry IV. His stall-plate was here till, at least, the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Recently it was in Stall 6 (N.5). In 1938 it was moved again to the adjacent screen-panel. There is some doubt, as expressed by Hope, whether this plate may not be that of John I.
  • [1399] (96) Humphrey (Plantagenet), styled "of Lancaster," Duke of Gloucester. 4th son of Henry IV. Transferred in 1438 to this stall from Stall 21 (S.21).
  • 1447 (164) Alphonso V, King of Portugal.
  • 1482 (220) *John II, King of Portugal. Election void. On re-election in 1488 placed in Stall 11 (S.11), but his stall-plate remains in Stall 3 (S.3).
  • 1489 (239) Maximilian I, King of the Romans; afterwards Emperor. Transferred from this stall to Stall 2 (N.1) c. 1506, where his plate remains.
  • 1508 (264) Charles, Archduke of Austria ; afterwards Charles V, Emperor. Transferred from this stall to Stall 2 (N.1) c. 1519 (?), where his plate remains.
References to: Hope, W. H. St. John, The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter 1348 – 1485: A Series of Ninety Full-Sized Coloured Facsimiles with Descriptive Notes and Historical Introductions, Westminster: Archibald Constable and Company Ltd, 1901.
Australian Antarctic Medal ribbon.png
Author/Creator:

.

The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Australian Antarctic Medal ribbon
Coat of Arms of Alan Brooke, 3rd Viscount Brookeborough.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Alan Brooke, 3rd Viscount Brookeborough
Distinguished Service Medal UK ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Distinguished Service Medal (UK) ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Ribbon bar Order of St. Patrick.jpg
Ribbon bar of the UK Order of St. Patrick
Corona Norvegica.svg
Author/Creator: Ssolbergj, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The heraldic crown of the King of Norway
Coat of Arms of Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of HRH Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy. (born 1936) only daughter of Prince George, Duke of Kent (fourth son of King George V) and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. The coat of arms was granted in 1961.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of five points Argent, the first and fifth points bear a heart Gules, the second and fourth points bear an anchor Azure, and the third point bears a cross Gules, the lozenge ensigned by a coronet of a grandchild of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
Title Badge (India) 3rd class. Ribbon.jpg
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Title Badge (India) 1st class. Ribbon bar. Awarded to native Indians for loyal service by the British Raj.
ASM Australia ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Unknown authorUnknown author, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Ambulance Service Medal ribbon of Australia
Heraldic Royal Crown of Spain (Version of the Royal Arms).svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Royal Crown of Spain - Design of the royal arms of the King
AUS OSM Greater Middle East Operation.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Australian Operational Service Medal - Greater Middle East Operation ribbon
Coat of Arms of Edward, Duke of Kent.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of HRH Prince Edward, Duke of Kent. (born 1935) first son of Prince George, Duke of Kent (fourth son of King George V) and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. The coat of arms was granted in 1948.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of five points Argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with a anchor Azure, and the second and fourth points with a cross Gules, the escutcheon ensigned by a coronet of a grandchild of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for a crest on a coronet of his rank, thereon a lion statant guardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
ESM Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Emergency Services Medal (Australia) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
SCAustRibbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Star of Courage (Australia) medal ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Garter Banner of the 3rd Viscount Brookeborough.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the 3rd Viscount Brookeborough
Officers of the Order of the Garter.JPG
Author/Creator: Philip Allfrey, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5

Officers of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, in procession to St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle for the annual service of the Order of the Garter.

L-R: Secretary (barely visible), Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, Garter Principal King of Arms, Register, Prelate, Chancellor
UK George Medal ribbon.svg
UK George Medal ribbon bar.
Garter Banner of the Norwegian Monarch.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Norwegian Monarch (United Kingdom)
AUS Unit Citation for Gallantry.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Unit Citation for Gallantry, Australia
Coat of Arms of the Monarch of the Netherlands as a Stranger Member of the Order of the Garter.svg
Author/Creator: User:Heralder, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Hypothetic coat of arms of the Dutch Monarchs as a Stranger members of the Order of the Garter. This composition would be illegal according to Dutch law.
Coat of Arms of Lady Mary Peters.svg
Author/Creator: Heralder, some elements by Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Lady Mary Peters
WinchesterCathedral LordAshburtonKG 1991.jpg
Author/Creator: PicturePrince, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Banner of a Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG), in this case that of Alexander Baring, 6th Baron Ashburton (died 1991), in Winchester Cathedral. Location: South Transept.
Garter Banner of the Prince of Wales.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Prince of Wales
Arms of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (Royal Arms Variant).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arms of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, variant with the royal arms and the Crown of St. Edward
Garter Banner of the Swedish Monarch.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Swedish Monarch (United Kingdom)
CSM Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Conspicuous Service Medal (Australia) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Order of Burma (United Kingdom) - ribbon bar.png
Author/Creator: McOleo, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Ribbon bar of the Order of Burma (United Kingdom)
UK Royal Guelphic Order ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Borodun, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Royal Guelphic Order ribbon bar. Brunswick, Hanover, United Kingdom.
Australian Corrections Medal ribbon.png
Author/Creator: Nford24, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The ribbon of the Australian Corrections Medal.
KG Mantle.jpg
Author/Creator: Nicholas Jackson, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Mantle and hat of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.
GarterPlateHenryCadogan5thEarlCadogan1891.jpg
Garter stall plate of George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan (1840-1915), nominated a Knight of the Garter 1891. St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. The sinister supporter wears the Austrian Military Order of Maria Theresa
Order of the Garter investiture of King Haakon VII of Norway, by Sydney Prior Hall.jpg
Titel: "The investiture of Haakon VII of Norway with the Order of the Garter in the Throne Room, Windsor Castle, November 1906"[1]
Haakon de Zevende van Noorwegen wordt opgenomen in de nl:Orde van de Kousenband (1910) De Schilder, Sydney Prior Hall stierf in 1922.
UK Albert Medal 1st class (Sea).png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
UK Albert Medal 1st class (Sea) ribbon bar
Queen's Commendation for Bravery.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon device. For acts of bravery not in the presence of the enemy.
OBI 1838-1939.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Commendation for Distinguished Service (Aust) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Commendation for Distinguished Service (Australia) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
AUS OSM Special Operations.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Australian Operational Service Medal Special Operations ribbon
Garter Banner of Sir David Brewer.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Sir David Brewer
Sierra Leone Police Medal for Meritorious Service.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon bar: Sierra Leone Police Meritorious Service Medal (1961–71)
King Edward VII Coronation Medal (Military) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
King Edward VII Coronation Medal (Military) ribbon
Anniversary of National Service Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Anniversary of National Service 1951-1972 Medal (Australia) ribbon
Garter Banner of Queen Camilla.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Queen Camilla
APM Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Australian Police Medal ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
AGSMK Ribbon.png
Author/Creator: PalawanOz, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Ribbon of the w:Australian General Service Medal Korea, as described in the Australian Government Gazette here
Afghanistan Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Ribbon for Australian Afghanistan Medal
Royal Crown of the Netherlands (Heraldic).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Royal Crown of the Netherlands (Heraldic)
Reserve Force Decoration (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Reserve Force Decoration (Australia) medal ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to en:User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg
UK Order of St Michael and St George ribbon bar.
CSC Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Conspicuous Service Cross (Australia) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
United Kingdom Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: F l a n k e r, Licence: CC BY 3.0
United Kingdom Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon
Garter Banner of Princess Alexandra of the United Kingdom.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
Commendation for Gallantry (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Commendation for Gallantry (Australia) medal ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
GBR Family Order Elizabeth II BAR.png
Author/Creator: Mboro, Licence: CC0
Ribbon bar (not worn): Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II – UK.
CGM (Flying) UK ribbon.png
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ribbon og the British Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (flying)
Coat of Arms of Richard, Duke of Gloucester.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of HRH Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester. (born 1944) second son of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (third son of King George V) and Alice Montagu Douglas Scott. The coat of arms was granted in 1962.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of five points Argent, the centre and two outer points charged with a cross Gules, and the inner points with a lion passant guardant also of Gules, the escutcheon ensigned by a coronet of a grandchild of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for a crest on a coronet of his rank, thereon a lion statant guardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1995–2013).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1925-2013), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990. This achievement was used from 1995 to 2013, granted originally by the College of Arms in 1992 and was designed by the Garter King of Arms Sir Colin Cole. This version displays the circlet of the Order of the Garter to which she was appointed to only in 1995.
On a lozenge circumscribed by the Garter and the Ribbon of the Order of Merit with Cross pendant therefrom, surmounted by a baron's coronet, per chevron azure and gules, a double key in chief between two lions combatant a tower with portcullis in base all or, with supporters: dexter: An admiral of the British Navy; sinister: Sir Isaac Newton holding in his left hand weighing scales, both proper. Her motto was: "CHERISH FREEDOM"
The dexter supporter is an Admiral of the Royal Navy, to commemorate the victory of the Falklands War during her premiership. The sinister supporter is Sir Isaac Newton, to recognise her earlier career as a scientist. The key and the two royal lions of England represents her tenure as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury. The tower and portcullis represents her time at the Palace of Westminster as Member of Parliament. She bears this achievement on a lozenge (as is traditional for a woman), surrounded by the circlet of the Order of the Garter (in which she was appointed in 1995), below hangs the ribbon and insignia of the Order of Merit (in which she was appointed in 1990).
Garter Banner of the Baron Stirrup.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baron Stirrup
Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
current Australian Active Service Medal ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Military Knights of Windsor.JPG
Author/Creator: Philip Allfrey, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Military Knights of Windsor, in procession to St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle for the annual service of the Order of the Garter
Garter Banner of the Princess Royal.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Anne, Princess Royal
Defence Force Service Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: Unknown authorUnknown author, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Ribbon of the Defence Force Service Medal from Australia
Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to en:User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
NPSM Ribbon.jpg
Author/Creator: Insp Rick STEINBORN (NSWPF) and D/S/C James CHESHIRE (AFP), Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Representation of the Australian w:National Police Service Medal ribbon
GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png
King George VI Coronation Medal ribbon.
Garter Banner of the British Monarch.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the British Monarch, Sovereign of the Order
Garter Banner of Emperor Emeritus Akihito.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Emperor Emeritus Akihito (United Kingdom)
INTERFET Medal ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
International Force in East Timor (INTERFET) Medal ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Garter Banner of Lady Mary Fagan.svg
Author/Creator: Heralder, some elements by Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Lady Mary Fagan
Wilson banner.jpg
Author/Creator: Self, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
A nearby plaque reads: The Garter Banner of Lord Wilson of Rievaulx hangs in Jesus College Chapel by permission of Garter Principal King of Arms
Garter Banner of the Baroness Manningham-Buller.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baroness Manningham-Buller
Coat of Arms of the 5th Baron Shuttleworth.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the 5th Baron Shuttleworth
80th Anniversary Armistice Remembrance Medal ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
80th Anniversary Armistice Remembrance Medal ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Order of the Garter of Franz Joseph I of Austria.jpg
Author/Creator: Sandstein, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Order of the Garter of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. Heeresgeschichtliches Museum Wien.
Garter Banner of Baron King of Lothbury.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baron King of Lothbury
Sierra Leone Police Medal for Gallantry.png
Author/Creator: Ericalford, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Sierra Leone Police Medal for Gallantry ribbon bar
Coat of Arms of Lady Mary Fagan.svg
Author/Creator: Heralder, some elements by Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Lady Mary Fagan
Coat of Arms of Mervyn, Baron King of Lothbury.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Mervyn, Baron King of Lothbury.
Iraq Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Ribbon for Australian Iraq Medal
AUS OSM Border Service.PNG
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Australian Operational Service Medal for Border Service. Per regs:[1]
Coat of Arms of Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of HRH Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex. (born 1964) third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh. The coat of arms was granted in 1983.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), 2nd quarter Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), 3rd quarter Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), with over all a label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Tudor rose, the escutcheon ensigned by a coronet of a child of the Sovereign, the whole surrounded by the Garter, for a crest on a coronet of his rank, thereon a lion statant guardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms, for supporters, dexter a lion rampant guardant Or crowned by the same coronet, sinister a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with the same coronet, attached thereto a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or, both charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.
Castell de Windsor - Capella de Sant Jordi.JPG
Author/Creator: Josep Renalias, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Castell de Windsor - Capella de Sant Jordi
Garter Banner of the Spanish Monarch.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Spanish Monarch (United Kingdom)
Civilian Service Medal 1939-45 (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Civilian Service Medal 1939-1945 (Australia) ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
AUS Cross of Valour.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ribbon of w:Cross of Valour (Australia) - png; 200x60px
UK King George V Coronation Medal ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Borodun, Licence: CC BY 4.0
King George V Coronation Medal ribbon bar. United Kingdom.
Coat of Arms of Juan Carlos I of Spain (Member of the Garter Variant).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of the Monarch of Spain as a stranger member of the Order of the Garter
Mention in despatches silver ribbon device.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
British mention in dispatches silver oak leaf worn on the appropriate campaign medal ribbon. Introduced in 1993.
Knights Companion of the Garter.JPG
Author/Creator: Philip Allfrey, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Knights Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, in procession to St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle for the annual service of the Order of the Garter.
King's African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal Ribbon.gif
King's African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal Ribbon
Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon device. Awarded for meritorious service in an operational theatre.
Kaisar-i-Hind Medal.gif
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ribbon of the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal
Ceylon Police Medal for Gallantry.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ribbon bar of the Ceylon Police Medal for Gallantry
ImperialOrderCrownIndiaRibbon.svg
Author/Creator: Manually Converted by Houdinipeter, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Ribbon of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India
Ribbon - Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery.png
Author/Creator: Col André Kritzinger, Licence: CC0
The Union of South Africa King's Medal for Bravery and Union of South Africa Queen's Medal for Bravery (Gold and Silver) ribbon, 44 millimetres wide and dark blue with 4½ millimetres wide dark orange edges.
Waterloo Medal BAR.svg
Author/Creator: Orem (wiki-pl: Orem, commons: Orem), Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape.
UK Military Medal ribbon.svg
UK Military Medal ribbon bar.
Coat of Arms of John Major.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of Sir John Major
1000px ribbon bar of the Order of Maria Anna.svg
Author/Creator: Blackcat, Licence: CC0
Ribbon bar of the Order of Maria Anna
UK King George V Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: Borodun, Licence: CC BY 4.0
King George V Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon bar. United Kingdom.
Queen's Volunteer Reserves Medal Ribbon 100px.png
Author/Creator: AusTerrapin, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5 au
Ribbon of the Queen's Volunteer Reserves Medal (QVRM)
Coat of Arms of Japanese Emperor (Knight of the Garter Variant).svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of Emperor of Japan as a stranger knight of the Order of the Garter
Garter Banner of the Earl of Wessex.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
AUS OSM CT-SR.png
Author/Creator: Nford24, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Australian Operational Service Medal for Counter Terrorism-Special Recovery. [1]
Emperor Taisho the Order of the Garter.jpg
ガーター勲章(Order of the Garter)授章記念
Garter Banner of the Duque of York.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Coat of Arms of the Monarch of Norway (Member of Garter Variant).svg
Author/Creator: Heralder, elements by S. Solberg J., Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coat of Arms of the Monarch of Norway as a stranger member of the Order of the Garter
Lint Indische Orde van Verdienste Indian Order of Merit.jpg
Author/Creator: No machine-readable author provided. Robert Prummel assumed (based on copyright claims)., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5

Eigen tekening Own drawing Robert Prummel

Maart 2007
BMAustRibbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Bravery Medal (Australia) ribbon

Summary

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign
Garter Banner of the 5th Duke of Abercorn.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the 5th Duke of Abercorn
Coat of Arms of Philip II of Spain (Order of the Garter).svg
Author/Creator: Heralder, elements by Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of arms of Philip II, King of Spain and England at his Investiture as Knight of the Order of the Garter, in 1554 (Kingdom of England)
Merchant Navy Medal for Meritorious Service ribbon.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Merchant Navy Medal for Meritorious Service ribbon
Member of the Garter - Non Arms.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Member of the Order of the Garter - Non Arms
Victoria Cross (UK) ribbon.png
Modified version of Image:Victoria Cross (Canada) ribbon bar.png to use 'standard' ribbon size of 100x30px
Distinguished Flying Medal ribbon.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image was created with Inkscape by F l a n k e r, and then manually replaced, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Distinguished Flying Medal ribbon
Burma Gallantry Medal ribbon.PNG
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Ribbon bar of the Burma Gallantry Medal
CGM UK ribbon.png
Author/Creator: Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ribbon og the Brithish Conspicuous Gallantry Medal
Indian Police Medal for Meritorious Service.png
Author/Creator: Ericalford, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Indian Police Medal for Meritorious Service ribbon bar
Ord.fam.EdwardVII.JPG
Royal Familiar Order of King Edward VII - Ribbon
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign.svg
Author/Creator: Sodacan, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign
DSC (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: PalawanOz, Licence: CC BY 3.0
Ribbon for the Australian Distinguished Service Cross
Karl XIs ordensstjärna för riddare av Strumpebandsorden, 1668 - Livrustkammaren - 108770.tif
Note: For documentary purposes the original description has been retained. Factual corrections and alternative descriptions are encouraged separately from the original description.
Karl XI:s ordensstjärna för riddare av Strumpebandsorden, 1668.
Nyckelord: Föremålsbild, Silvertråd, 1660-tal, Kraschaner, Strumpebandsordens
Coronet of the British Heir Apparent.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Crown of the British Heir Apparent
Order of the Garter in Heraldry.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Circlet of the Order of the Garter, which all knights and dames of the order are entitled to use in their crests.
Garter Banner of Dutch Monarchs as Members.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Monarchs of the Netherlands (United Kingdom)
Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands's Garter banner has retained her arms as monarch.
Sierra Leone Fire Brigades Medal for Meritorious Service.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon bar: Sierra Leone Fire Brigades Meritorious Service Medal ribbon bar (1961–71)
Defence Long Service Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Defence Long Service Medal (Australia) ribbon
NSC Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Nursing Service Cross (Australia) ribbon

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm

Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Garter Banner of the Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers.svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Garter Banner of the Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers
Order of the Thistle UK ribbon.svg
Author/Creator:

Original: Wiki RomiVector: Houdinipeter

Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: [1], Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Military Order of Aviz - Knight
Mauritius Police Medal for Meritorious Service.png
Author/Creator: Hsq7278, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon of the Mauritius Police Medal for Meritorious Service. Awarded after 1968 until 1992 when Mauritius became a republic and instituted new decorations.
Royal Crown of Denmark.svg
Author/Creator: , Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Royal Crown of the King of Denmark
AUS Meritorious Unit Citation.png
Author/Creator: EricSerge, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Meritorious Unit Citation, Australia
Volunteer Decoration (UK) ribbon.png
Ribbon for the Volunteer Decoration
AIM Australia ribbon.png
Author/Creator: spartan_dbx, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Ribbon of the Australian Intelligence Medal
National Medal (Australia) ribbon.png
Author/Creator: The original uploader was PalawanOz at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
w:National Medal (Australia) ribbon Image sourced from 'Medals of the World' website: http://www.medals.org.uk/index.htm Permission given by Megan Robertson to User:PalawanOz on 22 Apr 2007 for the use of this image in Wikipedia articles
Coat of Arms of Felipe VI of Spain (Member of the Garter Variant).svg
Author/Creator: This vector image includes elements that have been taken or adapted from this file:, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Coat of Arms of King Felipe VI of Spain as a stranger member of the Order of the Garter
OBI 1939-1947 2.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Queens Police Medal for Merit.png
Author/Creator: Megan Robertson, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Queen's Police Medal for Distinguished Service (UK) medal ribbon
UK Queen EII Coronation Medal ribbon.svg
UK Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal ribbon bar - 218x60px.