Operation Windmill

Supplies for the Windmill Expedition, 1947

Operation Windmill (OpWml) was the United States Navy's Second Antarctica Developments Project, an exploration and training mission to Antarctica in 1947–1948. This operation was a follow-up to the First Antarctica Development Project known as Operation Highjump. The expedition was commanded by Commander Gerald L. Ketchum, USN, and the flagship of Task Force 39 was the icebreaker USS Burton Island.

Missions during Operation Windmill varied including supply activities, helicopter reconnaissance of ice flows, scientific surveys, underwater demolition surveys, and convoy exercises. Malcolm Davis collected live animals, such as penguins and leopard seals, for zoological studies.[1]

The icebreaker USS Edisto (AG-89) sailed on 1 November 1947 for the Panama Canal to rendezvous with the Burton Island for the expedition.[2][3]

See also


  1. ^ Brady, Hillary (28 January 2016). "Explore the Arctic with Operation Windmill". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  2. ^ US Department of Homeland Security. United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Edisto_1965.asp Archived 2012-10-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ U.S. NAVY SECOND ANTARCTICA DEVELOPMENTS PROJECT, OPERATION WINDMILL, 1947–1948. http://www.south-pole.com/windmill.htm

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Coast Guard.

External links

Media files used on this page

Windmill 5243862712 4e732973c7 o.jpg
Operation Windmill Expedition Member Inside Building in Antarctica

Author: Unknown

Subject: Operation Windmill

Type: Photographic print

Person, candid

Date: 1947

Topic: Research expeditions

Scientific expeditions



Standard number: SIA2010-0649

Physical description: Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, Candid; Medium: Photographic print

Notes: Image located in Robert B. Klaverkamp's collection. Klaverkamp, an enlisted Naval Correspondent, participated in Operation Windmill. Malcolm Davis, zookeeper at the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, was also on the expedition and was assigned to the Icebreaker USS Edisto (AG-89) with the express purpose of collecting penguins, other birds, and leopard seals

Summary: Image of a member of Operation Windmill standing inside a building in Antarctica. The man is surrounded by supplies. Operation Windmill (1947-1948) was an expedition established by the Chief of Naval Operations to train personnel, test equipment, and reaffirm American interests in Antarctica

Place: Antarctica

Persistent URL:Link to data base record

Repository:Smithsonian Archives - History Div

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