Operation Windmill (OpWml) was the United States Navy's Second Antarctica Developments Project, an exploration and training mission to Antarctica in 1947–1948. This operation was a follow-up to the First Antarctica Development Project known as Operation Highjump. The expedition was commanded by Commander Gerald L. Ketchum, USN, and the flagship of Task Force 39 was the icebreaker USS Burton Island.
Missions during Operation Windmill varied including supply activities, helicopter reconnaissance of ice flows, scientific surveys, underwater demolition surveys, and convoy exercises. Malcolm Davis collected live animals, such as penguins and leopard seals, for zoological studies.
- Brady, Hillary (28 January 2016). "Explore the Arctic with Operation Windmill". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
- US Department of Homeland Security. United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Edisto_1965.asp Archived 2012-10-15 at the Wayback Machine
- U.S. NAVY SECOND ANTARCTICA DEVELOPMENTS PROJECT, OPERATION WINDMILL, 1947–1948. http://www.south-pole.com/windmill.htm
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Media files used on this page
Operation Windmill Expedition Member Inside Building in Antarctica
Subject: Operation Windmill
Type: Photographic print
Topic: Research expeditions
Standard number: SIA2010-0649
Physical description: Number of Images: 1 Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, Candid; Medium: Photographic print
Notes: Image located in Robert B. Klaverkamp's collection. Klaverkamp, an enlisted Naval Correspondent, participated in Operation Windmill. Malcolm Davis, zookeeper at the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, was also on the expedition and was assigned to the Icebreaker USS Edisto (AG-89) with the express purpose of collecting penguins, other birds, and leopard seals
Summary: Image of a member of Operation Windmill standing inside a building in Antarctica. The man is surrounded by supplies. Operation Windmill (1947-1948) was an expedition established by the Chief of Naval Operations to train personnel, test equipment, and reaffirm American interests in Antarctica
Persistent URL:Link to data base record
Repository:Smithsonian Archives - History DivView more collections from the Smithsonian Institution.