Oilskin

Oilskin jacket and sou'wester

An oilskin is a waterproof garment, typically worn by sailors and by others in wet areas, such as fish-plant workers. The modern oilskin garment was developed by a New Zealander, Edward Le Roy, in 1898. Le Roy used worn-out sailcloth painted with a mixture of linseed oil and wax to produce a waterproof garment suitable to be worn on deck in foul-weather conditions. Oilskins are part of the range of protective clothing also known as foul weather gear.

History

Waterproofed cloth garments were in use from the late 1700s. Various methods of waterproofing were used over the years. Some early sou'westers and rain capes were handmade of sailcloth waterproofed with a thin layer of tar, while other methods involved [1] canvas duck coated with multiple applications of linseed oil and paint.[1] While durable, these methods of waterproofing did not possess the breathable qualities of Le Roy's process.

Modern oilskins may be made of flexible PVC-coated synthetic fabric,[1] while advanced materials for extreme conditions such as yacht racing may be used. Also known as "foul weather gear", contemporary oilskins include such innovations as DWR-coated nylon on their low end[2] and Gore-Tex and other proprietary waterproof membranes on the high.[3]

A Sou'wester, a traditional form of collapsible oilskin rain-hat, is longer in the back than the front to fully protect the neck.[4] Sou'westers sometimes feature a gutter front-brim.[5]

Design

Oilskin jacket (left) and high trousers (right). Note the high-visibility hood on the jacket and the braces on the trousers

Today's oilskins (or oilies) typically come in two parts, jackets and trousers. Oilskin jackets are generally similar to common rubberized waterproofs. The chief difference is a high spray collar. Some have hoods, often in a high-visibility colour to increase visibility if a wearer falls overboard. Retroreflective patches are also strategically placed, and jacket tails are extra long to keep water off the legs and out of the joint where waterproof trousers meet.

Oilskin trousers – also known also as "bibs" – are very high-cut to provide a large overlap with the jacket. They are held up by braces, and typically feature straps around the bottom of the legs to cinch around seaboots. This semi-watertight seal does not allow them to be used like fishing waders, but a wave sweeping briefly across the deck will generally be kept out. All but the cheapest brands are reinforced across the seat and knees.

In moderate weather often only the trousers are worn. Although a few all-in-one, boilersuit-shaped oilskin suits are available, most sailors prefer the flexibility of a separate jacket and trousers.

The cuffs of better oilskin jackets include an inner seal at the wrist similar to that on a scuba diver's drysuit to prevent water from being forced up the sleeve. Pockets on trousers and jackets are often lined with quick-drying synthetic fleece that is warm even when soaked. A recent innovation is removable soft linings, which enables them to be washed.

Some oilskin jackets include a built-in harness, typically a strap around the chest to clip into a lifeline. While convenient, this is not nearly as safe as a separate multi-point harness, often provided with an integrated lifejacket. Some models of high-end oilskin jackets contain flotation and may also function as lifejackets; survival equipment such as lights, flares, and emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station (EPIRB) are also available as integrated accessories.

See also

  • Oilcloth – Fabric or cloth treated on one side with a waterproof coating, especially one made from linseed oil etc.
  • Waxed cotton – Sturdy fabric waterproofed with wax
  • Waxed jacket – Hip-length raincoat made from waxed cotton cloth

References

  1. ^ a b c "Our history". grundens.com.
  2. ^ WEST MARINE breathable Men's Third Reef Jacket http://www.westmarine.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?productId=1462811&catalogId=10001&langId=-1&storeId=11151&APPARELCOLOR=YELLOW&storeNum=50001&subdeptNum=50012&classNum=50013#.Uwjck2JdWSo
  3. ^ HENRI LLOYD Men's Ocean Pro Smock http://www.henrilloyd.com/store/p-79-ocean-pro-smock.aspx
  4. ^ Sou'wester definition http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sou'wester
  5. ^ Sou'wester sample http://www.lfsmarineoutdoor.com/grundens-sandhamn-21-souwester-hat.html

External links

Media files used on this page

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Hessian Fabric made seamless. It will serve to create a normal map in Blender.
Batik Indonesia.jpg
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Batik cloth purchased in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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A representation of the Maclachlan hunting tartan. This tartan is the oldest tartan to bear the name MacLachlan. This tartan is referred to as the Old MacLachlan, MacLachlan, and Hunting MacLachlan. This sett was first published in Old & Rare Scottish Tartans by D. W. Stewart in 1893.
Thread count: Y6, W4, Bk32, G32, Y6, W4, R48.
Sources: MacLachlan Clan Tartan WR1710 MacLachlan Hunting Tartan
Amandine04.jpg
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Fisherman in weatherproof outfit - The O129.Amandine is a former trawler fishing in Icelandic waters. It now has become a maritime museum in Oostende, Belgium
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An oilskin jacket (left) and characteristic high trousers (right) (not from the same set!).