October 20

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October 20 in recent years
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  2013 (Sunday)
  2012 (Saturday)

October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 72 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1901Frank Churchill, American film composer (d. 1942)
  • 1901 – Adelaide Hall, American-English singer, actress, and dancer (d. 1993)
  • 1904Tommy Douglas, Scottish-Canadian minister and politician, 7th Premier of Saskatchewan (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Enolia McMillan, American educator and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1904 – Anna Neagle, English actress, singer, and producer (d. 1986)
  • 1907Arlene Francis, American actress and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1908Stuart Hamblen, American singer-songwriter, actor, and radio show host (d. 1989)[22]
  • 1909Carla Laemmle, American actress and photographer (d. 2014)
  • 1909 – Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (d. 1993)
  • 1910Chen Liting, Chinese director and playwright (d. 2013)
  • 1912Ruhi Su, Turkish singer-songwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1913Grandpa Jones, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (d. 1998)
  • 1914Fayard Nicholas, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (d. 2006)
  • 1917Stéphane Hessel, German-French activist and diplomat (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
  • 1918Martin Drewes, German soldier and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Robert Lochner, American-German soldier and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1919Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1920Nick Cardy, American illustrator (d. 2013)
  • 1920 – Fanny de Sivers, Estonian-French linguist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian lawyer and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Janet Jagan, 6th President of Guyana (d. 2009)[23]
  • 1921Manny Ayulo, American race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 1921 – Hans Warren, Dutch poet and author (d. 2001)
  • 1922John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Franco Ventriglia, American opera singer (d. 2012)
  • 1923Robert Craft, American conductor and musicologist (d. 2015)
  • 1924Robert Peters, American poet, playwright, and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1925Art Buchwald, American soldier and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Roger Hanin, Algerian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1926Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English lieutenant and politician, founded the National Motor Museum (d. 2015)
  • 1927Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, author, and actress (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet and critic (d. 2007)
  • 1928Michael O'Donnell, English physician, author, and journalist (d. 2019)
  • 1931Richard Caliguiri, American lawyer and politician, 54th Mayor of Pittsburgh (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Mickey Mantle, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1995)
  • 1931 – Ken Morrison, English businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1932Rosey Brown, American football player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – William Christopher, American actor and singer (d. 2016)
  • 1932 – Rokurō Naya, Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1933Barrie Chase, American actress and dancer
  • 1934Bill Chase, American trumpet player (d. 1974)
  • 1934 – Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Jerry Orbach, American actor and singer (d. 2004)
  • 1937Cancio Garcia, Filipino lawyer and jurist (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1937 – Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Emma Tennant, English author (d. 2017)
  • 1938Emidio Greco, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1938 – Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer and educator (d. 2006)
  • 1939Patrick Hughes, English painter, illustrator, and photographer
  • 1940Kathy Kirby, English singer (d. 2011)
  • 1940 – Robert Pinsky, American poet and critic
  • 1940 – Jean-Pierre Dikongué Pipa, Cameroonian filmmaker
  • 1941Anneke Wills, English actress[24]
  • 1942Earl Hindman, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Bart Zoet, Dutch cyclist (d. 1992)
  • 1943Dunja Vejzović, Croatian soprano and actress
  • 1944Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan physicist and philosopher
  • 1944 – David Mancuso, American party planner, created The Loft (d. 2016)
  • 1945Ric Lee, English drummer
  • 1946Diana Gittins, American-English sociologist, author, and academic
  • 1946 – Lewis Grizzard, American comedian and author (d. 1994)
  • 1946 – Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1946 – Richard Loncraine, English director and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946 – Chris Woodhead, English civil servant and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1948Peter Combe, Australian entertainer
  • 1948 – Sandra Dickinson, American-English actress and composer
  • 1948 – Piet Hein Donner, Dutch jurist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
  • 1948 – Melih Gökçek, Turkish journalist and politician, Mayor of Ankara
  • 1949Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian-Russian sprinter
  • 1950Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1950 – William Russ, American actor and director
  • 1951Al Greenwood, American keyboard player
  • 1951 – Patrick Hall, English lawyer and politician
  • 1951 – Ken Ham, Australian-American evangelist
  • 1951 – Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Claudio Ranieri, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1952Melanie Mayron, American actress and director
  • 1952 – Derek Ridgers, English photographer and art director
  • 1952 – Wilma Josefina Salgado, Ecuadorian politician and economist
  • 1953Keith Hernandez, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1953 – Richard McWilliam, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Upper Deck Company (d. 2013)
  • 1953 – Bill Nunn, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1954Steve Orich, American composer and conductor
  • 1955Thomas Newman, American composer and conductor
  • 1955 – David Profumo, English author and academic
  • 1955 – Aaron Pryor, American boxer (d. 2016)[25][26]
  • 1955 – Sheldon Whitehouse, American politician[27]
  • 1956Danny Boyle, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Martin Taylor, English guitarist
  • 1957Jane Bonham-Carter, Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury, English politician
  • 1957 – Chris Cowdrey, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Hilda Solis, American academic and politician, 25th United States Secretary of Labor
  • 1958Valerie Faris, American director and producer
  • 1958 – Lynn Flewelling, American author and academic
  • 1958 – Scott Hall, American wrestler (d. 2022)
  • 1958 – Mark King, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1958 – Dave Krieg, American football player
  • 1958 – Viggo Mortensen, American-Danish actor and producer
  • 1959Mark Little, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1960Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (d. 2004)
  • 1961Audun Kleive, Norwegian drummer and composer
  • 1961 – Kate Mosse, English author and playwright
  • 1961 – Ian Rush, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Les Stroud, Canadian director, producer, and harmonica player
  • 1961 – Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1962David M. Evans, American director and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Dave Wong, Hong Kong-Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1963Julie Payette, Canadian engineer and astronaut
  • 1963 – Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer
  • 1963 – Stan Valckx, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964Kamala Harris, American politician and lawyer, 49th Vice President of the United States
  • 1964 – Tomoko Yamaguchi, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1965Norman Blake, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Jonathan I. Schwartz, American businessman
  • 1965 – Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – William Zabka, American actor and producer
  • 1966Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian militant Islamist (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Allan Donald, South African cricketer and coach
  • 1966 – Patrick Volkerding, American computer scientist and engineer, founded Slackware
  • 1967Elizabeth Carling, English actress and singer
  • 1967 – Kerrod Walters, Australian rugby league player
  • 1967 – Kevin Walters, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1968Susan Tully, English actress, director, and producer
  • 1969Laurie Daley, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1969 – Juan González, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1969 – Labros Papakostas, Greek high jumper
  • 1970Sander Boschker, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Neil Heywood, English-Chinese businessman (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Aapo Ilves, Estonian poet and illustrator
  • 1970 – Michelle Malkin, American blogger and author
  • 1971Snoop Dogg, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1971 – Eddie Jones, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Kamiel Maase, Dutch runner
  • 1971 – Dannii Minogue, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1972Pie Geelen, Dutch swimmer
  • 1972 – Will Greenwood, English rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Brian Schatz, American academic and politician, 11th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
  • 1974Bashar Rahal, Emirati-American actor and producer
  • 1974 – Brian Limond, Scottish comedian and writer
  • 1974 – Ed Hale, American singer-songwriter, writer and socio-political activist
  • 1976Nikolaos Bacharidis, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Fogler, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1977Matt Jansen, English footballer and manager
  • 1977 – Leila Josefowicz, Canadian-American violinist
  • 1977 – Erko Saviauk, Estonian footballer
  • 1977 – Sam Witwer, American actor and musician[28]
  • 1978Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer
  • 1978 – Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player and songwriter
  • 1979Vasyl Baranov, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1979 – Paul Ifill, English footballer
  • 1979 – John Krasinski, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1979 – Paul O'Connell, Irish rugby player
  • 1979 – Paul Terek, American decathlete
  • 1980Chad Robinson, Australian rugby league player (d. 2016)
  • 1980 – José Veras, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981Dimitris Papadopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Francisco Javier Rodríguez, Mexican footballer
  • 1982Kristian Bak Nielsen, Danish footballer
  • 1982 – Becky Brewerton, Welsh golfer
  • 1983Flavio Cipolla, Italian tennis player
  • 1983 – Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1983 – Michel Vorm, Dutch footballer
  • 1984Mitch Lucker, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1984 – Florent Sinama Pongolle, French footballer
  • 1984 – Andrew Trimble, Irish rugby player
  • 1985Dominic McGuire, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Alphonso Smith, American football player
  • 1985 – James Sutton, English race car driver
  • 1986Wanlop Saechio, Thai footballer
  • 1986 – Elyse Taylor, Australian model[29]
  • 1987Raphael Hackl, German rugby player
  • 1988Candice Swanepoel, South African supermodel and philanthropist
  • 1989Jess Glynne, English singer-songwriter
  • 1990Sam Mataora, Cook Islands rugby league player
  • 1992Ksenia Semyonova, Russian gymnast
  • 1992 – Ferhat Yazgan, Turkish footballer
  • 1996Anthony Sinisuka Ginting, Indonesian badminton player
  • 1998Jordan Ridley, Australian rules footballer[30]
  • 1999Chuu, South Korean singer and television personality[31]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1602Walter Leveson, Elizabethan member of parliament, Shropshire landowner (b. 1550)
  • 1640John Ball, English clergyman and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1652Antonio Coello, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1611)
  • 1713Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician and academic (b. 1652)
  • 1740Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
  • 1865Champ Ferguson, American guerrilla leader (b. 1821)
  • 1870Michael William Balfe, Irish violinist and composer (b. 1808)
  • 1871Karl Christian Ulmann, Latvian-German theologian and academic (b. 1793)
  • 1880Lydia Maria Child, American journalist, author, and activist (b. 1802)[32]
  • 1883George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall (b. 1797)
  • 1890Richard Francis Burton, English-Italian geographer and explorer (b. 1821)
  • 1894James Anthony Froude, English historian, novelist, biographer and editor (b. 1818)
  • 1900Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and translator (b. 1846)

1901–present

Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast days:
    • Acca of Hexham[38]
    • Aderald
    • Artemius
    • Caprasius of Agen
    • Hedwig (in Canada, moved from Oct. 16)
    • Irene of Tomar
    • Magdalene of Nagasaki
    • Margaret Marie Alacoque (in Canada, moved from Oct. 16)
    • Maria Bertilla Boscardin
    • Mater Admirabilis
    • October 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Arbor Day (Czech Republic)
  • Heroes' Day (Kenya)
  • Revolution Day (Guatemala), one of the two Patriotic Days (Guatemala)
  • Vietnamese Women's Day (Vietnam)
  • World Osteoporosis Day
  • World Statistics Day[39]

References

  1. ^ Jeremy Black (2002). European Warfare, 1494-1660. Psychology Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-415-27531-6.
  2. ^ Montaigne and the Low Countries (1580-1700). Brill. 24 April 2007. p. 286. ISBN 978-90-474-1981-5.
  3. ^ Stathis, Stephen (2014). "Continental Congress: September 5, 1774, to March 2, 1781: United States in Congress Assembled: March 2, 1781, to October 10, 1788". Landmark Legislation 1774–2012: Major U.S. Acts and Treaties. Washington DC: CQ Press. pp. 1–9. doi:10.4135/9781452292281. ISBN 978-1-4522-9230-4.
  4. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report – L & J Company, Convair 248, N55VM, Gillsburg, Mississippi, October 20, 1977" (PDF). U.S. National Transportation Safety Board. June 19, 1978.
  5. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev Tu-134A CCCP-65766 Kuybyshev Airport (KUF)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  6. ^ "Oakland Hills Fire 30 years later: Survivors' stories captured in new ABC7 documentary 'Firestorm'". KGO-TV ABC San Francisco. 20 October 2021. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
  7. ^ Gott III, J. Richard; Jurić, Mario; Schlegel, David; Hoyle, Fiona; Vogeley, Michael; Tegmark, Max; Bahcall, Neta; Brinkmann, Jon (2005-05-10). "A Map of the Universe". The Astrophysical Journal. 624 (2): 463–484. doi:10.1086/428890. ISSN 0004-637X.
  8. ^ Luis Martinez; Morgan Winsor (20 October 2017). "US-backed Syrian forces declare victory over ISIS in its former 'capital,' Raqqa". ABC News. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  9. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Guise, House of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 699–702, see page 699, second para. Claude of Lorraine, count and afterwards 1st duke of Guise (1496–1550), was born on the 20th of October 1496
  10. ^ Albert Tezla (1970). Hungarian Authors; a Bibliographical Handbook. Harvard University Press. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-0-674-42650-4.
  11. ^ Nicholas Canny; Nicholas P. Canny (12 August 1982). The Upstart Earl: A Study of the Social and Mental World of Richard Boyle, First Earl of Cork, 1566-1643. Cambridge University Press. pp. 78–. ISBN 978-0-521-24416-9.
  12. ^ John Lemprière; Eleazar Lord (1825). Lempriere's Universal Biography: Containing a Critical and Historical Account of the Lives, Characters, and Labours of Eminent Persons, in All Ages and Countries. Together with Selections of Foreign Biography from Watkin's Dictionary, Recently Published, and about Eight Hundred Original Articles of American Biography. R. Lockwood. pp. 177–.
  13. ^ Adrian Tinniswood (2002). His Invention So Fertile: A Life of Christopher Wren. Pimlico. pp. 330–. ISBN 978-0-7126-7364-8.
  14. ^ Fayette Phelps Leach (1932). Thomas Hungerford of Hartford and New London, Conn: And Some of His Descendants with Their English Ancestors. Supplement.
  15. ^ Sylvanus Urban (1864). THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. pp. 767–.
  16. ^ Stanley S. Sokol; Sharon F. Mrotek Kissane; Alfred L. Abramowicz (1992). The Polish Biographical Dictionary: Profiles of Nearly 900 Poles who Have Made Lasting Contributions to World Civilization. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. pp. 229–. ISBN 978-0-86516-245-7.
  17. ^ Henry Stoddard Ruggles (1897). General Timothy Ruggles, 1711-1795. Priv. print.
  18. ^ George Naylor, The Register's of Thorrington (n.n.: n.n., 1888). Hereinafter cited as Registers of Thorrington.
  19. ^ Norman L. Johnson; Samuel Kotz (26 September 2011). Leading Personalities in Statistical Sciences: From the Seventeenth Century to the Present. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 5–. ISBN 978-1-118-15072-6.
  20. ^ Heinz Dietrich Fischer; Erika J. Fischer (1994). American History Awards, 1917-1991: From Colonial Settlements to the Civil Rights Movement. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-3-598-30177-3.
  21. ^ Brian Anthony; Andy Edmonds (23 December 1997). Smile When the Raindrops Fall: The Story of Charley Chase. Scarecrow Press. pp. 4–. ISBN 978-1-4617-3418-5.
  22. ^ The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Oxford University Press. 16 December 2004. pp. 923–. ISBN 978-0-19-984044-1.
  23. ^ Fraser, Peter (29 March 2009). "Obituary: Janet Jagan". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  24. ^ Scott, Cavan; Wright, Mark (2013). Doctor Who Whology: The Official Miscellany. London: BBC Books. p. 120. ISBN 9781849906197.
  25. ^ Gigney, George (2016) "Aaron Pryor dies at 60", boxingnewsonline.net, October 9, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016
  26. ^ Former boxing champion Aaron Pryor dies
  27. ^ "About Sheldon". Sheldon Whitehouse. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  28. ^ Rose, Mike (October 20, 2018). "Today's top celebrity birthdays list for October 20, 2018". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  29. ^ FashionModelDirectory.com, The FMD -. "Elyse Taylor - Fashion Model - Models - Photos, Editorials & Latest News - The FMD". The FMD - FashionModelDirectory.com. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  30. ^ "Senior List". Essendon Football Club. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Profile". Loona Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  32. ^ "Lydia Maria Child | American author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  33. ^ Lamphier, Peg A.; Welch, Rosanne (2017). Women in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 360. ISBN 978-1-61069-602-9.
  34. ^ Barnes, Mike (2016-10-26). "Michael Massee, Actor Involved in Fatal Accident During Filming of 'The Crow,' Dies at 64". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2021-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  35. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E. (2016-10-28). "Michael Massee, 64, Screen Villain Haunted by the Accidental Death of Brandon Lee, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2017-08-08. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  36. ^ Bauer, Patricia. "Junko Tabei | Japanese mountaineer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  37. ^ Valentine, Paul W. (October 21, 2020). "James Randi, magician and stage artist devoted to debunking the paranormal, dies at 92". Washington Post. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  38. ^ Cooper, J. C. (2013). Dictionary of Christianity. Abingdon, Oxon. p. 2. ISBN 9781315074047.
  39. ^ "International Days". www.un.org. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2021.

External links