October 12

<<October>>
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
01
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031 
2022
October 12 in recent years
  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)
  2012 (Friday)

October 12 is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 80 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

  • 1008Go-Ichijō, emperor of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1240Trần Thánh Tông, emperor of Vietnam (then Đại Việt) (d. 1290)
  • 1350Dmitri Donskoi, Grand Duke of Moscow (d. 1389)
  • 1490Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer and priest (d. 1548)
  • 1533Asakura Yoshikage, Japanese ruler (d. 1573)
  • 1537Edward VI, king of England (d. 1553)
  • 1555Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, English diplomat (d. 1601)
  • 1558Maximilian III, archduke of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1576Thomas Dudley, English-American soldier and politician, 3rd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1653)

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1903Josephine Hutchinson, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1904Lester Dent, American journalist and author (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Ding Ling, Chinese author and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1906Joe Cronin, American baseball player and manager (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – John Murray, American playwright and producer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Piero Taruffi, Italian race car driver and motorcycle racer (d. 1988)
  • 1908Paul Engle, American novelist, poet, playwright, and critic (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Ann Petry, American novelist (d. 1997)[27]
  • 1910Robert Fitzgerald, American poet, critic, and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Malcolm Renfrew, American chemist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1911Vijay Merchant, Indian cricketer (d. 1987)
  • 1913Alice Chetwynd Ley, English author and educator (d. 2004)
  • 1914John E. Hodge, African-American chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1916Alice Childress, American actress and playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Lock Martin, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1917Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1919Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician, 34th Mayor of Trois-Rivières (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Doris Miller, American cook and soldier (d. 1943)
  • 1920Christopher Soames, English politician and diplomat, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1987)
  • 1921Art Clokey, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor, created Gumby (d. 2010)
  • 1921 – Jaroslav Drobný, Czech-English tennis player and ice hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Logie Bruce Lockhart, Scottish rugby player and journalist (d. 2020)
  • 1922William H. Sullivan, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (d. 2013)
  • 1923Jean Nidetch, American businesswoman, co-founded Weight Watchers (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Goody Petronelli, American boxer, trainer, and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1924Leonidas Kyrkos, Greek politician (d. 2011)
  • 1925Denis Lazure, Canadian psychiatrist and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1928Al Held, American painter and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Domna Samiou, Greek singer and musicologist (d. 2012)
  • 1929Nappy Brown, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Robert Coles, American psychologist, author, and academic
  • 1929 – Magnus Magnusson, Icelandic journalist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1930Denis Brodeur, Canadian ice hockey player and photographer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Milica Kacin Wohinz, Slovenian historian and author
  • 1931Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist and academic, co-developed Simula (d. 2002)
  • 1932Dick Gregory, American comedian, actor, and author (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – Ned Jarrett, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1932 – John Moffat, Danish physicist and academic
  • 1933Guido Molinari, Canadian painter and art collector (d. 2004)
  • 1934James "Sugar Boy" Crawford, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Richard Meier, American architect, designed the Getty Center and City Tower
  • 1934 – Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician and academic
  • 1934 – Oğuz Atay, Turkish engineer and author (d. 1977)
  • 1935Don Howe, English footballer and manager (d. 2015)
  • 1935 – Tony Kubek, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Sam Moore, American soul singer-songwriter
  • 1935 – Shivraj Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Defence
  • 1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937Paul Hawkins, Australian race car driver (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Robert Mangold, American painter
  • 1941Michael Mansfield, English lawyer, academic, and republican
  • 1942Melvin Franklin, American soul bass singer (d. 1995)
  • 1943Kostas Tsakonas, Greek actor (d. 2015)
  • 1944Angela Rippon, English journalist and author
  • 1945Aurore Clément, French actress
  • 1946Drew Edmondson, American politician[28]
  • 1946 – Ashok Mankad, Indian cricketer (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Daryl Runswick, English bassist and composer
  • 1947Chris Wallace, American journalist
  • 1948John Engler, American businessman and politician, 46th Governor of Michigan
  • 1948 – Rick Parfitt, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1949Dave Lloyd, English cyclist and coach
  • 1949 – Carlos the Jackal, Venezuelan convicted of terrorism and murderer
  • 1949 – Paul Went, English footballer and manager (d. 2017)
  • 1950Susan Anton, American actress and model
  • 1950 – Dave Freudenthal, American economist and politician, 31st Governor of Wyoming
  • 1951Sally Little, South African-American golfer[29]
  • 1951 – Ed Royce, American businessman and politician
  • 1951 – Norio Suzuki, Japanese golfer
  • 1952Trevor Chappell, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1952 – Béla Csécsei, Hungarian educator and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Roger Heath-Brown, English mathematician and theorist
  • 1953Les Dennis, English comedian and actor
  • 1953 – David Threlfall, English actor and director
  • 1954Evalie A. Bradley, Anguillian politician and member of the House of Assembly of Anguilla[30]
  • 1954 – Massimo Ghini, Italian actor
  • 1954 – Michael Roe, American singer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1954 – Linval Thompson, Jamaican singer and producer
  • 1955Einar Jan Aas, Norwegian footballer
  • 1955 – Pat DiNizio, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1955 – Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1955 – Jane Siberry, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1956Rafael Ábalos, Spanish author
  • 1956 – Allan Evans, Scottish footballer
  • 1956 – Lutz Haueisen, German cyclist
  • 1956 – Catherine Holmes, Australian judge
  • 1956 – Gerti Schanderl, German figure skater
  • 1956 – David Vanian, English singer-songwriter
  • 1957Clémentine Célarié, French actress, singer, and director
  • 1957 – Serge Clerc, French comic book artist and illustrator
  • 1957 – Mike Dowler, Welsh football goalkeeper
  • 1957 – Annik Honoré, Belgian journalist and music promoter (d. 2014)
  • 1957 – William F. Laurance, Australian biologist
  • 1958Steve Austria, American lawyer and politician
  • 1958 – Maria de Fátima Silva de Sequeira Dias, Portuguese historian, author, and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1958 – Jeff Keith, American rock singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Bryn Merrick, Welsh bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1959Anna Escobedo Cabral, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1960Steve Lowery, American golfer
  • 1960 – Carlo Perrone, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Dorothee Vieth, German Paralympic cyclist[31]
  • 1961Chendo, Spanish footballer
  • 1962Carlos Bernard, American actor and director
  • 1962 – Michelle Botes, South African actress[32]
  • 1962 – Chris Botti, American trumpet player and composer
  • 1962 – John Coleman, English footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian engineer and politician, 3rd President of the Republic of Macedonia
  • 1962 – Deborah Foreman, American actress and photographer
  • 1962 – Mads Eriksen, Norwegian guitarist and composer
  • 1963Raimond Aumann, German footballer
  • 1963 – Hideki Fujisawa, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese animator and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1963 – Dave Legeno, English actor and mixed martial artist (d. 2014)
  • 1963 – Alan McDonald, Irish footballer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1963 – Luis Polonia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1965Dan Abnett, English author
  • 1965 – J. J. Daigneault, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Scott O'Grady, American captain and pilot
  • 1966Jonathan Crombie, Canadian actor and voice over artist (d. 2015)
  • 1966 – Wim Jonk, Dutch footballer
  • 1966 – Brian Kennedy, Northern Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Brenda Romero, American game designer
  • 1967Becky Iverson, American golfer
  • 1968Bill Auberlen, American race car driver
  • 1968 – Paul Harragon, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1968 – Leon Lett, American football player
  • 1969Martie Maguire, American singer-songwriter, violinist, and producer
  • 1969 – Željko Milinovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1969 – Dwayne Roloson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1969 – José Valentín, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1970Kirk Cameron, American actor, screenwriter, and Christian evangelical/anti-evolution activist
  • 1970 – Patrick Musimu, Belgian diver and physiotherapist (d. 2011)
  • 1970 – Tanyon Sturtze, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Charlie Ward, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971Tony Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Steve Johnston, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1971 – Bronzell Miller, American football player and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1972Neriah Davis, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Juan Manuel Silva, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1972 – Tom Van Mol, Belgian footballer
  • 1973Lesli Brea, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Martin Corry, English rugby player
  • 1974Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1975Susana Félix, Portuguese singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1975 – Marion Jones, American basketball player and runner
  • 1976Simon Bridges, New Zealand politician
  • 1977Cristie Kerr, American golfer
  • 1977 – Bode Miller, American skier
  • 1977 – Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1978Stefan Binder, German footballer
  • 1978 – Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
  • 1979Steven Agnew, Northern Irish politician
  • 1979 – Steve Borthwick, English rugby player
  • 1979 – Jordan Pundik, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980Ledley King, English footballer
  • 1981Tom Guiry, American actor
  • 1981 – Brian Kerr, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1981 – Giuseppe Lanzone, American rower
  • 1981 – Conrad Smith, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1981 – Sun Tiantian, Chinese tennis player
  • 1983Alex Brosque, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Carlton Cole, English footballer
  • 1983 – Katie Piper, English philanthropist, broadcaster, and acid violence survivor
  • 1983 – Mariko Yamamoto, Japanese cricketer
  • 1985Michelle Carter, American shot putter
  • 1985 – Mike Green, Canadian hockey player
  • 1985 – Anna Iljuštšenko, Estonian high jumper
  • 1985Greig Laidlaw, Scottish rugby player[33]
  • 1986Ioannis Maniatis, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Sergio Peter, German footballer
  • 1986 – Tyler Blackburn, American actor[34]
  • 1987Marvin Ogunjimi, Belgian footballer
  • 1988Sam Whitelock, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1988 – Calum Scott, British singer[35]
  • 1989Anna Ohmiya, Japanese curler
  • 1990Henri Lansbury, English footballer
  • 1991Nicolao Dumitru, Italian footballer
  • 1992Josh Hutcherson, American actor and producer
  • 1994Alex Katz, American baseball player
  • 1994 – Sean Monahan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1994 – Olivia Smoliga, American swimmer
  • 1995Jessica Hogg, Welsh artistic gymnast[36]
  • 1996James Graham, British singer
  • 1996Owen Watkin, Welsh rugby player[37]
  • 1997Curtis Scott, Australian rugby league player
  • 2004Darci Lynne, American ventriloquist[38]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1601Nicholas Brend, English landowner (b. 1560)
  • 1632Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646François de Bassompierre, French general and courtier (b. 1579)
  • 1654Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter (b. 1622)
  • 1678Edmund Berry Godfrey, English lawyer and judge (b. 1621)
  • 1679William Gurnall, English minister, theologian, and author (b. 1617)
  • 1685Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian lawyer and jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1730Frederick IV, king of Denmark and Norway (b. 1671)
  • 1758Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, Irish field marshal and politician (b. 1680)
  • 1812Juan José Castelli, Argentinian lawyer and politician (b. 1764)
  • 1845Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, Quaker and philanthropist (b. 1780)[40]
  • 1858Hiroshige, Japanese painter (b. 1797)
  • 1870Robert E. Lee, American general (b. 1807)
  • 1875Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1896Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish lawyer and politician, 9th Council President of Denmark (b. 1817)
  • 1898Calvin Fairbank, American minister and activist (b. 1816)

1901–present

  • 1914Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1915Edith Cavell, English nurse (b. 1865)
  • 1923Bunny Lucas, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 1924Anatole France, French journalist, novelist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 1926Edwin Abbott Abbott, English theologian and author (b. 1838)
  • 1933John Lister, English philanthropist and politician (b. 1847)
  • 1940Tom Mix, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1946Joseph Stilwell, American general (b. 1883)
  • 1948Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885)
  • 1954George Welch, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer and painter (b. 1872)
  • 1957Arie de Jong, Indonesian-Dutch linguist and physician (b. 1865)
  • 1958Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1960Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese lawyer and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1967Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian activist and politician (b. 1910)
  • 1969Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater and actress (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Serge Poliakoff, Russian-French painter and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Julius Saaristo, Finnish javelin thrower and soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1970Feodor Stepanovich Rojankovsky, Russian-American illustrator and painter (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet and academic (b. 1930)
  • 1971Dean Acheson, American lawyer and politician, 51st United States Secretary of State (b. 1893)
  • 1971 – Gene Vincent, American musician (b. 1935)
  • 1972Robert Le Vigan, French-Argentinian actor and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1973Peter Aufschnaiter, Austrian mountaineer, geographer, and cartographer (b. 1899)
  • 1978Nancy Spungen, American figure of the 1970s punk rock scene (b. 1958)
  • 1984Anthony Berry, English politician (b. 1925)
  • 1985Johnny Olson, American radio host and game show announcer (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Ricky Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1987Alf Landon, American lieutenant and politician, 26th Governor of Kansas (b. 1887)
  • 1987 – Fahri Korutürk, Turkish commander and politician, 6th President of Turkey (b. 1903)
  • 1988Ruth Manning-Sanders, Welsh-English poet and author (b. 1886)
  • 1988 – Coby Whitmore, American painter and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 1989Jay Ward, American animator, producer, and screenwriter, founded Jay Ward Productions (b. 1920)
  • 1990Rifaat el-Mahgoub, Egyptian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1990 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian physician, mountaineer, and author (b. 1899)
  • 1991Sheila Florance, Australian actress (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian author and translator (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Regis Toomey, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1993Leon Ames, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1994Gérald Godin, Canadian journalist and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996René Lacoste, French tennis player and fashion designer, co-founded Lacoste (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (b. 1911)
  • 1997John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1943)
  • 1998Mario Beaulieu, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player and coach (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Robert Marsden Hope, Australian lawyer and judge (b. 1919)
  • 2001Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, English academic and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Hikmet Şimşek, Turkish conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Richard Buckle, Ballet critic and writer (b. 1916)
  • 2002Ray Conniff, American bandleader and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Audrey Mestre, French biologist and diver (b. 1974)
  • 2003Jim Cairns, Australian economist and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Bill Shoemaker, American jockey (b. 1931)
  • 2005C. Delores Tucker, American activist and politician (b. 1927)
  • 2006Angelika Machinek, German glider pilot (b. 1956)[41]
  • 2006. – Eugène Martin, French race car driver (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  • 2007Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect, designed the Nakagin Capsule Tower (b. 1934)
  • 2008Karl Chircop, Maltese physician and politician (b. 1965)
  • 2009Dickie Peterson American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1948)
  • 2009 – Frank Vandenbroucke, Belgian cyclist (b. 1974)
  • 2010Austin Ardill, Northern Irish soldier and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Woody Peoples, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Belva Plain, American author (b. 1919)
  • 2011Patricia Breslin, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, created the C programming language (b. 1941)
  • 2012James Coyne, Canadian lawyer and banker, 2nd Governor of the Bank of Canada (b. 1910)
  • 2012 – Norm Grabowski, American hot rod builder and actor (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Sukhdev Singh Kang, Indian judge and politician, 14th Governor of Kerala (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Torkom Manoogian, Iraqi-Armenian patriarch (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Erik Moseholm, Danish bassist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Břetislav Pojar, Czech animator, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2013George Herbig, American astronomer and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Oscar Hijuelos, American author and academic (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Hans Wilhelm Longva, Norwegian diplomat (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Malcolm Renfrew, American chemist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2014Ali Mazrui, Kenyan-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Graham Miles, English snooker player (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Roberto Telch, Argentinian footballer and coach (b. 1943)
  • 2015Abdallah Kigoda, Tanzanian politician, 8th Tanzanian Minister of Industry and Trade (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Joan Leslie, American actress, dancer, and vaudevillian (b. 1925)
  • 2017Margarita D'Amico, Venezuelan journalist (b. 1938)[42]
  • 2020Conchata Ferrell, American actress (b. 1943)[43]
  • 2020 – Roberta McCain, American socialite and oil heiress (b. 1912) [44]

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ William Sanford LaSor; David Allan Hubbard; Frederic William Bush; Leslie C. Allen (3 September 1996). Old Testament Survey: The Message, Form, and Background of the Old Testament. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 390. ISBN 978-0-8028-3788-2.
  2. ^ William Bernard Mac Cabe; William Bernard MacCabe (1847). A Catholic History of England. Newby. p. 258.
  3. ^ Arweck; Martin D. Stringer (31 May 2002). Theorizing Faith. A&C Black. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-902459-33-2.
  4. ^ Albertas Gerutis (1969). Lithuania 700 Years. Manyland Books. p. 62. ISBN 9780000087140.
  5. ^ Cho, Hung-guk (2009). Han'guk-gwa Dongnam Asia-ui Gyoryusa 한국과 동남아시아의 교류사 [History of Exchanges between Korea and Southeast Asia] (in Korean). Seoul, South Korea: Sonamu. ISBN 978-89-7139-557-8.
  6. ^ Peter Barratt (21 May 2004). Bahama Saga: The Epic Story of the Bahama Islands. Author House. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-4107-9830-5.
  7. ^ "On This Day - What Happened on October 12 | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  8. ^ "Significant Earthquake Information GREECE: CRETE; EGYPT". NGDC. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  9. ^ visit-laos.com Archived 2008-07-05 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident de Havilland DH-106 Comet 4 G-ARCO Demre, Turkey". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2021-10-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ Times, John Herbers Special to The New York (1973-10-13). "MOVE IS SURPRISE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  12. ^ "TUESDAY, OCTOBER 12, 2021". koreatimes. 2021-10-11. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  13. ^ Boston, Jonathan; Levine, Stephen; McLeay, Elizabeth; Roberts, Nigel S. (1997). "The 1996 General Election in New Zealand: Proportional Representation and Political Change". The Australian Quarterly. 69 (1): 1–14. doi:10.2307/20634760. JSTOR 20634760.
  14. ^ eroakirkosta.fi. "Statistical Data" (in Finnish). Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  15. ^ eroakirkosta.fi. "Resignations Today" (in Finnish). Archived from the original on October 19, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  16. ^ Eroa kirkosta (October 24, 2010). "Erolaskuri" (in Finnish). Archived from the original on October 21, 2010. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
  17. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2012". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  18. ^ Chie Kobayashi; Yoko Wakatsuki (Oct 13, 2019). "Typhoon Hagibis makes landfall in Japan, leaving at least 10 dead". CNN World News. Retrieved Oct 13, 2019.
  19. ^ Bianca Britton (Oct 12, 2019). "Kenya's Eliud Kipchoge smashes two-hour marathon barrier". CNN Sports. Retrieved Oct 14, 2019.
  20. ^ "New Orleans Hard Rock hotel under construction collapses; at least 2 dead, multiple injured", Fox News, Oct 12, 2019
  21. ^ Dearinger, Kevin Lane (2007). The Bard in the Bluegrass: Two Centuries of Shakespearean Performance in Lexington, Kentucky. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-7864-2895-3.
  22. ^ "Kamini Roy's 82nd death anniversary today". www.observerbd.com. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
  23. ^ Steinberg, Michael (2008). Choral Masterworks:A Listener's Guide. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-1953-4066-2.
  24. ^ "Manner, Kullervo – Svinhufvud". Finland100.fi. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  25. ^ Macy, Laura (2008). Grove Book of Opera Singers. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-1953-3765-5.
  26. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1975". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  27. ^ Ervin, Hazel Arnett; Holladay, Hilary (2004). Ann Petry's Short Fiction: Critical Essays. Westport: Praeger Publishers. p. xvii. ISBN 978-0-3133-2291-4.
  28. ^ "2018 Oklahoma Candidate Declaration Forms" (PDF). 2018. p. 51. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 25, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  29. ^ Mallon, Bill; Jerris, Jerris (2011). Historical Dictionary of Golf. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-8108-7465-7.
  30. ^ "Evalie A. Bradley". Caribbean Elections. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  31. ^ "Dorothee Vieth - Team Deutschland Paralympics". www.teamdeutschland-paralympics.de (in German). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Biography of Michelle Botes: Age, Husband, Career & Net Worth". South Africa Portal. 2021-04-08. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  33. ^ "Greig Laidlaw". Scottish Rugby Union. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  34. ^ "Tyler Blackburn". Hollywood.com. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  35. ^ "Happy birthday to our frontman Calum have a great day mate". The Experiment. 12 October 2014.
  36. ^ "Jessica HOGG - Olympic Gymnastics Artistic | Great Britain". International Olympic Committee. 26 June 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  37. ^ "Owen Watkin". Welsh Rugby Union. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  38. ^ Hall, Richard (4 September 2017). "10 things about 'America's Got Talent' winner Darci Lynne Farmer you didn't know". NewsOK.
  39. ^ Güner, Ahmet (2006). "Mutî'-Lillâh". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 31 (Muhammedi̇yye – Münâzara) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies. pp. 401–402. ISBN 9789753894586.
  40. ^ "Elizabeth Fry | British philanthropist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  41. ^ Probst, Ernst (2010). Angelika Machinek - Eine Segelfliegerin der Weltklasse [Angelika Machinek - A World Class Glider Pilot] (in German). Munich: Grin-Verl. p. 11. ISBN 978-3-6407-3630-0.
  42. ^ "Murió la periodista e investigadora Margarita D'Amico" (in Spanish). El Universal. 13 October 2017. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  43. ^ "'Two and Half Men' Conchata Ferrell Dead at 77". TMZ. 13 October 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  44. ^ "Notable deaths in 2020". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2020-04-08. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  45. ^ "This was the beatification of Carlo Acutis". Rome Reports. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  46. ^ "International Days". www.un.org. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  47. ^ "Software Freedom Podcast #1 on Day Against DRM with Cory Doctorow".

External links