Ninon

Sheer curtains

Ninon is a lightweight, sheer fabric made with plain or leno weaving, it is a suitable material for curtains, evening wear and lingerie.[1][2][3] Ninon is made with variety of filament yarns such as polyester,[4] silk, rayon or nylon.[5][6][7][8]

History

Ninon is a French derivation from the name Anne.[9][2] Originally it was made from highly twisted silk yarns, gradually changed to synthetic yarns such as rayon.[8][9] In the early 20th century (1909), the Ninon silk was in use for dresses also.[10]

Types

Initially there were two types of Ninons, single and double. The difference was with the number of ply or the twisted yarns used in weaving: one,  two, or three. The finest and single Ninons are more popular.[9]

Structure and characteristics

Ninon is a lightweight sheer material with good draping qualities.[4] It is very thin and has a surface with a mild sheen.[11] Ninon has an open mesh-like appearance and a crisp hand feel.[8] Ninon has more transperancy similar to Marquisette in comparison to its peers such as voile , lace and batiste which are little opaque. Ninon is soft like Marquisette, voile, lace and batiste. For better strength polyester is considered as a preffered yarn for Ninon.[12]

It is made in a variety of tight smooth weaves, open lacy patterns. It is described as very delicate or lightweight and is sometimes referred to as "French tergal". It is available in a variety of solid colors and tone-on-tone woven vertical stripes. Some ninon fabrics have embroidered borders.

Use

Ninon is mostly used in drapery and curtains.[13][4][14][6][15] It is also used in blouses, bodice, dresses such as evening wear and in certain lingerie.[5][16][17][18][3]

Care

Ninon products are advised to line dry and iron while they hold moisture (in the semi-dry stage)[5]

See also

  • Casement cloth
  • Marquisette

References

  1. ^ Linton, George Edward (1966). Natural and Manmade Textile Fibers: Raw Material to Finished Fabric. Duell, Sloan and Pearce. p. 242.
  2. ^ a b "Definition of NINON". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  3. ^ a b Wingate, Isabel Barnum (1979). Fairchild's dictionary of textiles. Internet Archive. New York : Fairchild Publications. p. 415. ISBN 978-0-87005-198-2.
  4. ^ a b c Kadolph (2009). Textiles. Pearson Education. p. 230. ISBN 978-81-317-2570-2.
  5. ^ a b c DAVIS, Dorothy Violet (1966). [Domestic encyclopaedia.] The New domestic encyclopaedia. (Second edition.). Internet Archive. London : Faber & Faber. p. 59.
  6. ^ a b Bendel, Peggy; Moore, Helen (1986). Vogue Sewing for the Home. Harper & Row. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-06-181129-6.
  7. ^ MAKING HOME FURNISHINGS. 1975. p. 37.
  8. ^ a b c MacMillan, Donald D. (1954). Good Taste in Home Decoration. Holt. p. 190.
  9. ^ a b c Hardingham, Martin; Sanders, Mary Anne; Roxburgh, Fiona (1978). The fabric catalog. Internet Archive. New York : Pocket Books. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-671-79061-5.
  10. ^ Mansfield, A. D. (Alan D. ) (1973). Handbook of English costume in the twentieth century, 1900-1950. Internet Archive. London, Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-09507-0.
  11. ^ Faulkner, Ray; Nissen, LuAnn; Faulkner, Sarah (1986). Inside Today's Home. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p. 308. ISBN 978-0-03-062577-0.
  12. ^ Yearbook of Agriculture. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1926. p. 274.
  13. ^ Barbara Baer (1950). How To Make Curtains And Draperies. Universal Digital Library. Medill Mcbride Company. p. 47.
  14. ^ Yeager, Jan (1988). Textiles for Residential and Commercial Interiors. Harper & Row. pp. 199, 214. ISBN 978-0-06-047318-1.
  15. ^ Tortora, Phyllis G.; Collier, Billie J. (1997). Understanding textiles. Internet Archive. Upper Saddle River, NJ : Merrill. p. 337. ISBN 978-0-13-439225-7.
  16. ^ Ford, Ford Madox (1915). The English Review. Duckworth & Company.
  17. ^ The Sketch: A Journal of Art and Actuality. Ingram brothers. July 1929. p. 348.
  18. ^ The Southerner. Allen-Jennings, Incorporated. 1929. p. 2.

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Batik cloth purchased in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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