Moisture management

Moisture management (Moisture-wicking) is a functional property in fabrics that enables them to absorb the moisture from the skin, spreads it to a larger surface, and helps in drying quickly.[1][2]

Moisture wicking

Moisture-wicking clothes absorb the moisture (in the form of sweat), spreads it to the larger surface, and dries more quickly than a regular clothing item. Hence it avoids saturation of the moisture and feeling of dampness.[1][3]

Moisture comfort

Moisture comfort in clothing is the preservation from the sensation of dampness. A study about the human body's response and sweating Hollies suggests, '' When more than 50–65% of the body surface is wet, it feels uncomfortable.''[4][5]

Though cotton is a comfortable and skin-friendly natural fiber in certain conditions (especially when it is too wet), it is not comfortable because of its high absorbency.[6] It becomes heavy and saggy.

Application

An article of clothing with moisture-wicking properties helps in enhancing the performance of the wearer. Hence it is helpful in sportswear and athleisure.[7][8][9]

Test

The property is quantifiable through various test procedures. Example tests are ISO 13029:2012,[10] and AATCC TM195.[11]

See also

  • Plated fabric is a suitable fabric construction for moisture-wicking fabrics.

References

  1. ^ a b "Moisture Management - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics". www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  2. ^ Hu, Junyan; Li, Yi; Yeung, Kwok-Wing; Wong, Anthony S. W.; Xu, Weilin (2005-01-01). "Moisture Management Tester: A Method to Characterize Fabric Liquid Moisture Management Properties". Textile Research Journal. 75 (1): 57–62. doi:10.1177/004051750507500111. ISSN 0040-5175.
  3. ^ The Textile Magazine. Gopali & Company. 2002. pp. 57, 58.
  4. ^ Song, Guowen (2011). Improving Comfort in Clothing. Woodhead Publishing. pp. 167, 192, 208. ISBN 9780857090645.
  5. ^ Au, K.F. (2011). Advances in Knitting Technology. Woodhead Publishing. ISBN 9781845693725.
  6. ^ Kadolph, Sara J. (1998). Textiles. Internet Archive. Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Merrill. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-13-494592-7.
  7. ^ De Sousa, Justin; Cheatham, Christopher; Wittbrodt, Matthew (2014-11-01). "The effects of a moisture-wicking fabric shirt on the physiological and perceptual responses during acute exercise in the heat". Applied Ergonomics. 45 (6): 1447–1453. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2014.04.006. ISSN 0003-6870. PMID 24768089.
  8. ^ Dong, Yuliang; Kong, Junhua; Mu, Chenzhong; Zhao, Chenyang; Thomas, Noreen L.; Lu, Xuehong (2015-12-25). "Materials design towards sport textiles with low-friction and moisture-wicking dual functions". Materials & Design. 88: 82–87. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2015.08.107. ISSN 0264-1275.
  9. ^ Sousa, Justin De (2011). The Effects of a Moisture-wicking Fabric Shirt on the Physiological Reponses During Acute Exercise in the Heat. Western Michigan University.
  10. ^ "ISO Standard". www.iso.org. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  11. ^ "AATCC - AATCC". members.aatcc.org. Retrieved 2021-05-26.