Mirny Station

Mirny Station
Мирный
Mirny Station in 2007
(c) Красовский Алексей, CC BY 3.0
Mirny Station in 2007
Location of Mirny Station in Antarctica
Location of Mirny Station in Antarctica
Mirny Station
Location of Mirny Station in Antarctica
Coordinates:66°33′11″S 93°00′35″E / 66.553122°S 93.009724°E / -66.553122; 93.009724Coordinates:66°33′11″S 93°00′35″E / 66.553122°S 93.009724°E / -66.553122; 93.009724
Country Russia
Location in AntarcticaAustralian Antarctic Territory
Administered byArctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Operational2 January 1956 (1956-13-02)
Named forMirny
Population
 • TotalUp to 55
TypeAll-year round
PeriodAnnual
StatusOperational
Websitewww.aari.nw.ru

The Mirny Station (Russian: Мирный, literally Peaceful) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) first Antarctic science station[1] located in Queen Mary Land, Antarctica, on the Antarctic coast of the Davis Sea.

The station is managed by the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute and was named after the support vessel Mirny captained by Mikhail Lazarev during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition, led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen on Vostok.

Mirny Station was damaged by a fire on Sunday 21 June 2020.[2]

Purpose and facilities

The station was opened on February 13, 1956, by the 1st Soviet Antarctic Expedition. It was originally used as main base for the Vostok Station located 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) from the coast, this function is now served by Progress Station.[3] In summer, it hosts up to 169-200 people in 30 buildings, in winter about 40-50 scientists and technicians. The average temperature at the location is −11 °C (12 °F), and on more than 200 days per year the wind is stronger than 15 metres per second (49 ft/s), with occasional cyclones.

Main areas of research are glaciology, seismology, meteorology, observation of polar lights, cosmic radiation, and marine biology.

Historic monuments

Some 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of the station stands a metal stele with an inscribed plaque. It was erected on a sledge on the land transport route between coastal Mirny and inland Vostok Station. It commemorates Anatoly Shcheglov, a driver-mechanic who died while performing his duties. It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 8) following a proposal by Russia to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. Other similarly designated historic sites in the vicinity of Mirny are Ivan Khmara's Stone (HSM 7) and the Buromskiy Island Cemetery (HSM 9), both on Buromskiy Island 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi) north of the station.[4]

Climate

Climate graph of 1956-2012 air average temperatures at Mirny Sta.

Mirny Station has an ice cap climate, since all months are below 0 °C (32 °F). Although, it is heavily influenced by the glacial nature of Antarctica's interior, it retains a strong maritime influence, resulting in high annual snowfall. Summers however, are sunny and dry, reflecting a mediterranean precipitation pattern, in spite of its poleward latitude and cold temperatures. Summer see highs approaching 2 °C (36 °F) on average, whereas winters are stable just below −15 °C (5 °F) means for several months.

Climate data for Mirny Station
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6.9
(19.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
−12.3
(9.9)
−12.2
(10.0)
−13.3
(8.1)
−13.8
(7.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.8
(28.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−13.9
(7.0)
−15.5
(4.1)
−15.4
(4.3)
−16.6
(2.1)
−17.0
(1.4)
−16.4
(2.5)
−13.4
(7.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−11.3
(11.7)
Average low °C (°F)−4.6
(23.7)
−8.4
(16.9)
−13.0
(8.6)
−16.7
(1.9)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−16.6
(2.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−14.2
(6.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)14.8
(0.58)
17.1
(0.67)
31.2
(1.23)
43.5
(1.71)
57.3
(2.26)
70.3
(2.77)
71.7
(2.82)
62.1
(2.44)
57.9
(2.28)
43.5
(1.71)
34.0
(1.34)
23.7
(0.93)
527.1
(20.74)
Average relative humidity (%)72.570.571.673.974.776.075.174.272.870.170.472.472.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours278.7214.4153.295.432.31.711.166.9125.8234.6290.7354.21,859
Source: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "ANTARCTICA: Mirny Station". Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  2. ^ "Fire guts Russia's Antarctic research station, no one hurt". Associated Press. June 22, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  3. ^ "Geographical review - Mirny Observatory". Archived from the original on May 20, 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2006.
  4. ^ "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)" (PDF). Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  5. ^ "Mirny observatory (89592)". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. Retrieved November 2, 2015.

External links


Media files used on this page

Antarctica (orthographic projection).svg
Author/Creator: Heraldry, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Antarctica (orthographic projection)
The Earth seen from Apollo 17 with transparent background.png
"The Blue Marble" is a famous photograph of the Earth taken on December 7, 1972 by the crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft en route to the Moon at a distance of about 29,000 kilometers (18,000 statute miles). It shows Africa, Antarctica, and the Arabian Peninsula.
Сопка Радио 2007 - panoramio.jpg
(c) Красовский Алексей, CC BY 3.0
Сопка Радио 2007
Flag-map of Russia.svg
Flag-map of Russia
Antarctica relief location map.jpg
Author/Creator: Alexrk2, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Physical Location map Antarctica, Azimuthal equidistant projection
QMary stub map.png
(c) Lokal_Profil, CC-BY-SA-2.5

Queen Mary Land stub map

Clima Base Mirny 1956 2014.gif
Climate graph of 1956 2014 air average temperaturas at Mirny Base