Midland Main Line

Midland Main Line
Engine with passenger carriages approacing on a left turn flanked by a stand of trees taken from an overbridge
East Midlands Trains High Speed Train at Tupton, near Clay Cross
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerNetwork Rail
LocaleGreater London
East of England
East Midlands
Yorkshire and the Humber
TerminiLondon St Pancras
Sheffield or Nottingham
Stations35 (London to Sheffield)
Service
TypeIntercity, commuter rail,
regional rail and heavy rail
SystemNational Rail
Operator(s)East Midlands Railway
CrossCountry
Thameslink
TransPennine Express
Northern
GB Railfreight
Freightliner
DB Cargo
Direct Rail Services
Depot(s)Cricklewood
Derby Etches Park
Nottingham Eastcroft
Toton
Sheffield Station
Neville Hill
Rolling stockHigh Speed Trains
Class 150 Sprinter
Class 153 Super Sprinter
Class 156 Super Sprinter
Class 158 Express Sprinter
Class 170 Turbostar
Class 180 Adelante
Class 185 Desiro
Class 220 Voyager
Class 221 Super Voyager
Class 222 Meridian
Class 700 Desiro City
Class 360 "Desiro"
History
OpenedStages between 1830s–1860s
Technical
Number of tracks2–4
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Loading gaugeW6W8,[1] planned upgrade to UIC GB+
Electrification25 kV 50 Hz AC OHLE
(London St Pancras International to Corby)
Operating speedMaximum 125 mph (201 km/h)
Route map
Placeholder map
(c) Peter Christener, CC BY 3.0
Midland Railway
 "New Road" (1870) 
Masborough
Holmes
Wincobank
Brightside
Attercliffe Road
Sheffield Midland
Heeley
Millhouses
and Ecclesall
Beauchief
Dore & Totley
Bradway Tunnel
Dronfield
Unstone
Broomhouse Tunnel
Sheepbridge
Tapton Junction

The Midland Main Line is a major railway line in England from London to Nottingham and Sheffield in the north of England. The line is under the Network Rail description of Route 19;[2] it comprises the lines from London's St Pancras station via Leicester, Derby/Nottingham and Chesterfield in the East Midlands.

Express passenger services on the line are operated by East Midlands Railway. The line is electrified between St Pancras and Corby and the section south of Bedford forms the northern half of the Thameslink network, with a semi-fast service to Brighton and other suburban services. A northern part of the route, between Derby and Chesterfield, also forms part of the Cross Country Route operated by CrossCountry. Tracks from Nottingham to Leeds via Barnsley and Sheffield are shared with Northern. East Midlands Railway also operates regional and local services using parts of the line.

The Midland Main Line is to receive a major upgrade of new digital signalling and full line electrification from London to Sheffield. HS2 is to branch onto the Midland Main Line at East Midlands Parkway railway station.[3]


History

Midland Counties early developments

The Midland Main Line (green) in relation to other main lines
British Rail APT-E built at Derby rail technical centre and extensively tested on the Midland Main Line its first run being on 25 July 1972 from Derby to Duffield

The Midland Main Line was built in stages between the 1830s and the 1870s. The earliest section was opened by the Midland Counties Railway between Nottingham and Derby on 4 June 1839.[4] On 5 May 1840 the section of the route from Trent Junction to Leicester was opened.[5]

The line at Derby was joined on 1 July 1840 by the North Midland Railway to Leeds Hunslet Lane via Chesterfield, Rotherham Masborough,[n 1] Swinton, and Normanton.

On 10 May 1844 the North Midland Railway, the Midland Counties Railway and the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway merged to form the Midland Railway.

Midland Main Line southern extensions

Without its own route to London, the Midland Railway relied upon a junction at Rugby with the London and Birmingham Railway line for access to the capital at London Euston. By the 1850s, the junction at Rugby had become severely congested. The Midland Railway employed Thomas Brassey to construct a new route from Leicester to Hitchin via Kettering, Wellingborough, and Bedford giving access to London via the Great Northern Railway from Hitchin.[6] The Crimean War resulted in a shortage of labour and finance, and only £900,000 (equivalent to £87,780,000 in 2020)[7] was available for the construction, approximately £15,000 for each mile.[8] To reduce construction costs, the railway followed natural contours, resulting in many curves and gradients. Seven bridges and one tunnel were required, with 60 ft cuttings at Desborough and Sharnbrook. There are also major summits at Kibworth, Desbrough and at Sharnbrook where a 1 in 119 gradient from the south over 3 miles takes the line to 340 feet (100 m) above sea level. This route opened for coal traffic on 15 April 1857, goods on 4 May, and passengers on 8 May.[9] The section between Leicester and Bedford is still part of the Midland Main Line.

While this took some of the pressure off the route through Rugby, the GNR insisted that passengers for London alight at Hitchin, buying tickets in the short time available, to catch a GNR train to finish their journey. James Allport arranged a seven-year deal with the GN to run into Kings Cross for a guaranteed £20,000 a year (equivalent to £1,950,000 in 2020).[7] Through services to London were introduced in February 1858.[10]

This line met with similar capacity problems at Hitchin as the former route via Rugby, so a new line was constructed from Bedford via Luton to St Pancras[11] which opened on 1 October 1868.[8] The construction of the London extension cost £9 million (equivalent to £828 million in 2020).[12]

As traffic built up, the Midland Railway opened a new deviation just north of Market Harborough railway station on 26 June 1885 to remove the flat crossing of the Rugby and Stamford Railway.[13]

Northernmost sections

Plans by the Midland Railway to build a direct line from Derby to Manchester were thwarted in 1863 by the builders of the Buxton line who sought to monopolise on the West Coast Main Line.

In 1870, the Midland Railway opened a new route from Chesterfield to Rotherham which went through Sheffield via the Bradway Tunnel.

The mid-1870s, saw the Midland line extended northwards through the Yorkshire Dales and Eden Valley on what is now called the Settle–Carlisle Railway.

Before the line closures of the Beeching era, the lines to Buxton and via Millers Dale during most years presented an alternate (and competing) main line from London to Manchester, carrying named expresses such as The Palatine and the "Blue Pullman" diesel powered Manchester - London service (the Midland Pullman). Express trains to Leeds and Scotland such as the Thames–Clyde Express mainly used the Midland's corollary Erewash Valley line, returned to it, and then used the Settle–Carlisle line. Expresses to Edinburgh Waverley, such as The Waverley travelled through Corby and Nottingham.

Under British Railways and privatisation

Most Leicester-Nottingham local passenger trains were taken over by diesel units from 14 April 1958, taking about 51 minutes between the two cities.[14]

When the Great Central Main Line closed in 1966, the Midland Main Line became the only direct main-line rail link between London and the East Midlands and parts of South Yorkshire.

The Beeching cuts and electrification of the West Coast Main Line brought an end to the marginally longer London–Manchester service via Sheffield.

In 1977, the Parliamentary Select Committee on Nationalised Industries recommended considering electrification of more of Britain's rail network, and by 1979 BR presented a range of options that included electrifying the Midland Main Line from London to Yorkshire by 2000.[15] By 1983, the line had been electrified from Moorgate to Bedford, but proposals to continue electrification to Nottingham and Sheffield were not implemented.

(c) Chris McKenna (Thryduulf), CC BY-SA 4.0
A Midland Mainline High Speed Train, introduced in 1983 by British Rail, at Nottingham in 2005

The introduction of the High Speed Train (HST) in May 1983, following the Leicester area resignalling, brought about an increase of the ruling line speed on the fast lines from 90 miles per hour (140 km/h) to 110 miles per hour (180 km/h).

Between 2001 and 2003, the line between Derby and Sheffield was upgraded from 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) to 110 miles per hour (180 km/h) as part of Operation Princess, the Network Rail funded CrossCountry route upgrade.

In January 2009, a new station, East Midlands Parkway, was opened between Loughborough and Trent Junction, to act as a park-and-ride station for suburban travellers from East Midlands cities and to serve nearby East Midlands Airport.[16]

Since then, 125 miles per hour (201 km/h) running has been introduced on extended stretches. Improved signalling, increased number of tracks, and the revival of proposals to extend electrification from Bedford to Sheffield are underway. Much of this £70 million upgrade, including some line-speed increases, came online on 9 December 2013 (see below).[17]

Network Rail route strategy for freight 2007

Network Rail published a Route Utilisation Strategy for freight in 2007;[18] over the coming years a cross-country freight route will be developed enhancing the Birmingham to Peterborough Line, increasing capacity through Leicester, and remodelling Syston and Wigston junctions.

Network Rail 2010 route plan

Near Felmerham
Bridges over the Midland Main Line have been replaced to allow greater clearances for electrification and larger rolling stock. Before (top) and after (bottom) the 2014 upgrade.

Traffic levels on the Midland Main Line are rising faster than the national average, with continued increases predicted. In 2006, the Strategic Rail Authority produced a Route Utilisation Strategy for the Midland Main Line to propose ways of meeting this demand;[19] Network Rail started a new study in February 2008 and this was published in February 2010.[20][21][22][23]

After electrification, the North Northamptonshire towns (Wellingborough, Kettering, and Corby) are planned to have an additional 'Outer Suburban service' into London St Pancras, similar to the West Midlands Trains' Crewe – London Euston services, to cater for the growing commuter market. North Northamptonshire is a major growth area, with over 7,400 new homes planned to be built in Wellingborough[24] and 5,500 new homes planned for Kettering.[25][26]

Highlights include:[27]

  • Work related to line speed increases, removing foot crossings and replacing with footbridges
  • Capacity enhancements for freight
  • Re-signalling of the entire route, expected to be complete by 2016 when all signalling will be controlled by the East Midlands signalling centre in Derby[28]
  • Rebuilding Bedford and Leicester[29]
  • Accessibility enhancements at Elstree & Borehamwood, Harpenden, Loughborough, Long Eaton, Luton, and Wellingborough by 2015[30]
  • Upgraded approach signalling (flashing yellow aspects) added at key junctions – Radlett, Harpenden, and Leagrave allowing trains to traverse them at higher speeds
  • Lengthening of platforms at Wellingborough, Kettering, Market Harborough, Loughborough, Long Eaton, and Beeston stations as well as work related to the Thameslink Programme (see below)
  • Realignment of the track and construction of new platforms to increase the permissible speed through Market Harborough station from 60 mph to 85 mph saving between 30 – 60 seconds
  • Electrification (see below)
  • Re-doubling the Kettering to Oakham Line between Kettering North Junction and Corby as well as re-signalling to Syston Junction via Oakham, allowing a half hourly London to Corby passenger service (from an infrastructure perspective) from December 2017 and creating additional paths for rail freight.[31][32]

Thameslink Programme

New station building at West Hampstead Thameslink

The Thameslink Programme has lengthened the platforms at most stations south of Bedford to 12-car capability. St Pancras, Cricklewood, Hendon, and Luton Airport Parkway were already long enough, but bridges at Kentish Town mean it cannot expand beyond the current 8-car platform length. West Hampstead Thameslink has a new footbridge and a new station building. In September 2014 the current Thameslink Great Northern franchise was awarded and trains on this route are currently operated by Thameslink. In 2018 the Thameslink network will expand when some Southern services are merged into it.

Station improvements

In 2013/14 Nottingham station was refurbished and the platforms restructured.

As part of Wellingborough's Stanton Cross development, Wellingborough station is to be expanded.[33]

Ilkeston between Nottingham and Langley Mill was opened on 2 April 2017.[34]

Two new stations are planned:

  • Brent Cross West between Cricklewood and Hendon as part of the Brent Cross Cricklewood development in North London.[35]
  • Wixams between Flitwick and Bedford as part of the new town just outside Bedford. Expected to be built by 2015[36] but now scheduled for 2019.[37]

Some new stations have been proposed:

  • Clay Cross between Chesterfield and Ambergate/Alferton.[38]
  • Irchester (Rushden Parkway) between Wellingborough and Bedford.[39]
  • Ampthill between Bedford and Flitwick.[40]

Electrification

Electrification work and track being relaid at Wellingborough in 2019

Unlike the West Coast and East Coast Main Lines, the Midland Main Line has not been electrified along its full length. The line had been electrified as far as Bedford in the early 1980's, but services relied on diesel traction beyond that. From 2011 work commenced to complete the electrification, including to both Corby and Nottingham. However, increasing costs saw this terminated at Kettering but it was later extended to Market Harborough.[41][42][43][44]

2021 Integrated Rail Plan

In November 2021 the Government announced its Integrated Rail Plan for the North and Midlands which made a number of proposals for the Midland Main Line. These included a commitment to complete the stalled electrification work, an upgrade to digital signalling, and a connection to High Speed 2. The latter would see a junction built south of East Midlands Parkway station rather than the previous plan of an East Midlands Hub further north on the Toton sidings. This will allow HS2 services to connect to both Derby and Nottingham city centres directly using the MML for access, which was a criticism of the previous HS2 eastern leg proposal.[3]

Route definition

The term Midland Main Line has been used from the late 1840s to describe any route of the Midland Railway on which express trains were operated.

It is first recorded in print in 1848 in Bradshaw's railway almanack of that year.[45] In 1849 it begins to be mentioned regularly in newspapers such as the Derby Mercury.[46]

In 1867, the Birmingham Journal uses the term to describe the new railway running into St Pancras railway station.[47]

In 1868, the term was used to describe the Midland Railway main route from North to South through Sheffield[48] and also on routes to Manchester, Leeds and Carlisle.

Under British Rail the term was used to define the route between St Pancras and Sheffield, but since then, Network Rail has restricted it in its description of Route 19[2] to the lines between St. Pancras and Chesterfield.

Accidents

  • 26 September 1860 Bull bridge accident; bridge collapse
  • 2 September 1861 Kentish Town rail accident; collision
  • 2 September 1898 Wellingborough rail accident; derailment due to post trolley on track
  • 24 December 1910 Hawes Junction rail crash; signalman forgot about train
  • 2 September 1913 Ais Gill rail accident; collision
  • 3 December 1923 Nunnery Colliery
  • 13 December 1926 Orgreave Paddy Mail accident
  • 1 February 2008 Barrow upon Soar rail accident

Operators

East Midlands Railway Class 222 at Leicester
Thameslink Class 700 at Cricklewood

East Midlands Railway

The principal operator is East Midlands Railway, which operates four InterCity trains every hour from London St Pancras with two trains per hour to both Nottingham and Sheffield. EMR use Class 222 Meridian and Class 180 Adelante trains in various carriage formations for its InterCity services.

EMR also operate a twice hourly commuter service from London St Pancras to Corby, which is branded as EMR Connect, using Class 360 Desiro electric trains.[49]

Thameslink

Thameslink provides frequent, 24-hour[50] commuter services south of Bedford as part of its Thameslink route to London Bridge, Gatwick Airport, Brighton, and Sutton, using 8-car and 12-car electric Class 700 trains.[51]

Other operators

CrossCountry runs half-hourly services between Derby and Sheffield on its route between the South West and North East, and hourly services from Nottingham to Birmingham and Cardiff. Northern runs an hourly service from Leeds to Nottingham via Barnsley and Alfreton.

Other operators include TransPennine Express in the Sheffield area.

Route description

The cities, towns and villages served by the MML are listed below. Stations in bold have a high usage. This table includes the historical extensions to Manchester (where it linked to the West Coast Main Line) and Carlisle (via Leeds where it meets with the 'modern' East Coast Main Line).

Network Rail groups all lines in the East Midlands and the route north as far as Chesterfield and south to London as route 19. The actual line extends beyond this into routes 10 and 11.

London to Nottingham and Sheffield (Network Rail Route 19)

StationVillage/town/city and countyOrdnance Survey
grid reference
Year openedStep free accessNo. of platformsUsage 2015/16
(millions)
Branches and loops
London St PancrasSt Pancras, London1868Wheelchair symbol.svg15Increase 31.724High Speed 1 diverges north of St Pancras
Kentish TownKentish Town, London18684Increase 2.844Branch from to Gospel Oak to Barking line north of station
West Hampstead ThameslinkWest Hampstead, London1871Wheelchair symbol.svg4Increase 3.710
CricklewoodCricklewood, London18684Decrease 1.057Dudding Hill Line diverges north of Cricklewood
HendonHendon, London18684Decrease 1.178Dudding Hill Line diverges south of Hendon
Mill Hill BroadwayMill Hill, Londongrid reference TQ21391818684Decrease 1.949
Elstree & BorehamwoodBorehamwood, Hertfordshire18684Decrease 3.382
RadlettRadlett, Hertfordshiregrid reference TQ16499818684Decrease 1.188
St Albans CitySt Albans, Hertfordshiregrid reference TL1550701868Wheelchair symbol.svg4Decrease 7.451
HarpendenHarpenden, Hertfordshiregrid reference TL13714218684Increase 3.337
Luton Airport ParkwayLuton, Bedfordshiregrid reference TL1052051999Wheelchair symbol.svg4Increase 3.188
LutonLuton, Bedfordshiregrid reference TL09221618685Increase 3.626
LeagraveLeagrave, Luton, Bedfordshiregrid reference TL06124118684Increase 1.915
HarlingtonHarlington, Bedfordshiregrid reference TL03430318684Increase 0.336
FlitwickFlitwick, Bedfordshiregrid reference TL03435018704Increase 1.480
Bedford MidlandBedford, Bedfordshiregrid reference TL0414971859Wheelchair symbol.svg5Increase 3.830Marston Vale line diverges south of Bedford
WellingboroughWellingborough, Northamptonshiregrid reference SP9036811857Wheelchair symbol.svg4Increase 0.969
KetteringKettering, Northamptonshiregrid reference SP8637801857Wheelchair symbol.svg4Increase 1.042Oakham–Kettering line diverges north of Kettering at Glendon Jun
via Corby & diversion route
CorbyCorby, Northamptonshiregrid reference SP8918862009Wheelchair symbol.svg1Increase 0.278Oakham–Kettering line
OakhamOakham, Rutlandgrid reference SK8560901848Wheelchair symbol.svg2Increase 0.213Birmingham–Peterborough line
Melton MowbrayMelton Mowbray, Leicestershiregrid reference SK75218718482Increase 0.266
Main Line via Market Harborough
Market HarboroughMarket Harborough, Leicestershiregrid reference SP7418741850Wheelchair symbol.svg2Increase 0.870
LeicesterLeicester, Leicestershiregrid reference SK5930411840Wheelchair symbol.svg4Increase 5.247Birmingham to Peterborough Line diverges south of Leicester at Wigston Junction
SystonSyston, Leicestershiregrid reference SK6211111994Wheelchair symbol.svg1Increase 0.210Birmingham to Peterborough Line diverges north of Syston
SilebySileby, Leicestershiregrid reference SK60215119942Increase 0.123
Barrow-upon-SoarBarrow-upon-Soar, Leicestershiregrid reference SK57717219942Increase 0.098
LoughboroughLoughborough, Leicestershiregrid reference SK5432041872Wheelchair symbol.svg3Decrease 1.298
East Midlands ParkwayRatcliffe-on-Soar, Nottinghamshire (for East Midlands Airport)grid reference SK4962962007Wheelchair symbol.svg4Increase 0.306Trent Junction to Clay Cross Junction via Derby (the original line), the Nottingham branch, and the Erewash Valley Line each diverge north of East Midlands Parkway
Via Derby
Long EatonLong Eaton, Derbyshiregrid reference SK4813211888Wheelchair symbol.svg2Decrease 0.660Cord south of Long Eaton to the Nottingham branch
SpondonSpondon, Derby, Derbyshiregrid reference SK3973511839Wheelchair symbol.svg2Decrease 0.026
DerbyDerby, Derbyshiregrid reference SK3623551839Wheelchair symbol.svg6Increase 3.767Cross Country Route and Crewe to Derby Line diverges south of Derby
DuffieldDuffield, Derbyshiregrid reference SK34543518413Increase 0.061
BelperBelper, Derbyshiregrid reference SK3484751840Wheelchair symbol.svg2Increase 0.225
AmbergateAmbergate, Derbyshiregrid reference SK3485161840Wheelchair symbol.svg1Decrease 0.042Derwent Valley line diverges at Ambergate Junction
Via Nottingham
AttenboroughAttenborough, Nottinghamshiregrid reference SK5183461856Wheelchair symbol.svg2Decrease 0.112
BeestonBeeston, Nottinghamshiregrid reference SK53336218392Decrease 0.574
Nottingham MidlandNottingham, Nottinghamshiregrid reference SK5743921904Wheelchair symbol.svg7Increase 7.200Northbound trains reverse towards Langley Mill. Others pass through the station onto the Robin Hood Line, Grantham line or Lincoln line.
Via Erewash Valley (bypassing or calling at Nottingham)
IlkestonIlkeston, Derbyshire2017Wheelchair symbol.svg2
Langley MillLangley Mill, Derbyshiregrid reference SK44947018472Increase 0.116Erewash Valley and Trent Nottingham lines rejoin south of Langley Mill.
AlfretonAlfreton, Derbyshiregrid reference SK42256118622Increase 0.283
Clay Cross Junction to Leeds
ChesterfieldChesterfield, Derbyshiregrid reference SK3887141840Wheelchair symbol.svg3Increase 1.731Trent Junction to Clay Cross via Derby and Erewash Valley lines rejoin together south of Chesterfield.
DronfieldDronfield, Derbyshiregrid reference SK3547841981Wheelchair symbol.svg2Increase 0.200Hope Valley line diverges north of Dronfield
SheffieldSheffield, South Yorkshiregrid reference SK3588691870Wheelchair symbol.svg9Increase 9.213Hope Valley Line diverges south of Sheffield
Sheffield to Lincoln Line diverges north of Sheffield
Meadowhall InterchangeSheffield, South Yorkshiregrid reference SK3909121990Wheelchair symbol.svg4 NRDecrease 2.138Hallam and Penistone Lines diverges at Meadowhall
Via Doncaster
DoncasterDoncaster, South Yorkshiregrid reference SE5710321838Wheelchair symbol.svg8Increase 3.752Connects to the East Coast Main Line south of Doncaster
Bypassing Doncaster
Wakefield WestgateWakefield, West Yorkshiregrid reference SE32720718672Increase 2.519Connects with the East Coast Main Line south of Wakefield Westgate
LeedsLeeds, West Yorkshiregrid reference SE2993311938Wheelchair symbol.svg17Increase 29.724Leeds City lines

Tunnels, viaducts and major bridges

Major civil engineering structures on the Midland Main Line include the following.[52][53]

Tunnels, viaducts and major bridges on the Midland Main Line
Railway StructureLengthDistance from London St Pancras InternationalELRLocation
East Bank Tunnel80 yards (73 m)158 miles 05 chains – 158 miles 01 chainsTJC1South of Sheffield station
Bradway Tunnel1 mile 266 yards (1,853 m)153 miles 61 chains – 152 miles 49 chainsNorth of Dronfield station
Unstone Viaduct (River Drone)6 chains (120 m)149 miles 75 chains – 149 miles 69 chainsBetween Dronfield and Chesterfield stations
Former Broomhouse Tunnel
Whitting Moor Road Viaduct148 miles 45 chains
Alfreton Tunnel840 yards (770 m)135 miles 50 chains – 135 miles 11 chains (via Toton)TCCErewash Valley Line between Alfreton and Langley Mill stations
Cromford Canal132 miles 67 chains (via Toton)
Erewash Canal128 miles 09 chains (via Toton)Erewash Valley Line south of Langley Mill station
Clay Cross Tunnel1 mile 24 yards (1,631 m)147 miles 22 chains – 146 miles 21 chainsSPC8Between Chesterfield and Belper stations
River Amber140 miles 40 chains
Wingfield Tunnel261 yards (239 m)139 miles 59 chains – 139 miles 47 chains
Toadmoor Tunnel129 yards (118 m)138 miles 12 chains – 138 miles 07 chains
River Derwent / Broadholme Viaducts6 chains (120 m),
7 chains (140 m)
136 miles 47 chains – 136 miles 41 chains, 136 miles 18 chains – 136 miles 11 chains
Swainsley Viaduct (River Derwent)4 chains (80 m)134 miles 61 chains – 134 miles 57 chainsBetween Belper and Duffield stations
Milford Tunnel855 yards (782 m)134 miles 25 chains – 133 miles 67 chains
Burley Viaduct (River Derwent)4 chains (80 m)131 miles 58 chains – 131 miles 54 chainsBetween Duffield and Derby stations
Nottingham Road Viaduct3 chains (60 m)128 miles 43 chains – 128 miles 40 chains
River Derwent Viaduct3 chains (60 m)128 miles 06 chains – 128 miles 03 chains
Trent Viaduct11 chains (220 m)119 miles 08 chains – 118 miles 77 chainsSPC6Between Long Eaton and East Midlands Parkway station
Redhill Tunnels154 yards (141 m),
170 yards (160 m)
118 miles 74 chains – 118 miles 66 chains
River Soar112 miles 74 chainsSPC5Between East Midlands Parkway and Loughborough stations
Flood openings2 chains (40 m)112 miles 60 chains – 112 miles 58 chains
Hermitage Brook Flood Openings3 chains (60 m)111 miles 41 chains – 111 miles 38 chainsSouth of Loughborough station
River Soar109 miles 55 chainsNorth of Barrow-upon-Soar station
River Wreak104 miles 60 chainsSouth of Sileby station
Knighton Tunnel104 yards (95 m)98 miles 07 chains – 98 miles 02 chainsSPC4South of Leicester station
Knighton Viaduct4 chains (80 m)97 miles 34 chains – 97 miles 30 chains
Wellingborough Viaducts (River Ise)6 chains (120 m)64 miles 57 chains – 64 miles 51 chainsSPC2South of Wellingborough station
Irchester Viaducts (River Nene)7 chains (140 m)63 miles 67 chains – 63 miles 60 chains
Sharnbrook Tunnel (Slow line only)1 mile 100 yards (1,701 m)60 miles 04 chains – 59 miles 00 chainsWYMBetween Wellingborough and Bedford stations
Sharnbrook Viaducts9 chains (180 m)56 miles 25 chains – 56 miles 16 chainsSPC2
Radwell Viaducts143 yards (131 m)55 miles 03 chains – 54 miles 76½ chains
Milton Ernest Viaducts8 chains (160 m)54 miles 25 chains – 54 miles 17 chains
Oakley Viaducts6 chains (120 m)53 miles 35 chains – 53 miles 29 chains
Clapham Viaducts (River Ouse)6 chains (120 m)52 miles 04 chains – 51 miles 78 chains
Bromham Viaducts (River Ouse)7 chains (140 m)50 miles 79 chains – 50 miles 72 chains
River Great Ouse Viaduct5 chains (100 m)49 miles 38 chains – 49 miles 33 chainsSPC1Between Bedford and Flitwick stations
Ampthill Tunnels715 yards (654 m)42 miles 52 chains – 42 miles 19 chains
Hyde/Chiltern Green Viaduct (River Lea)6 chains (120 m)26 miles 72 chains – 26 miles 66 chainsSouth of Luton Airport Parkway station
Elstree Tunnels1,058 yards (967 m)12 miles 06 chains – 11 miles 38 chainsSouth of Elstree & Borehamwood station
Stoneyfield/Deans Brook Viaduct4 chains (80 m)10 miles 36 chains – 10 miles 32 chainsBetween Elstree & Borehamwood and Hendon stations
Welsh Harp/Brent Viaduct (River Brent)10 chains (200 m)6 miles 31 chains – 6 miles 21 chainsSouth of Hendon station
Belsize Slow Tunnel1 mile 107 yards (1,707 m)3 miles 34 chains – 2 miles 29 chainsBetween West Hampstead Thameslink and Kentish Town stations
Belsize Fast Tunnel1 mile 11 yards (1,619 m)3 miles 32 chains – 2 miles 33 chains
Lismore Circus Tunnel[54]110 yards (100 m)2 miles 22 chains – 2 miles 17 chains
Hampstead Tunnel44 yards (40 m)1 mile 76 chains – 1 mile 74 chains
Camden Road Tunnels308 yards (282 m)1 miles 13 chains – 0 miles 79 chainsSouth of Kentish Town station
Canal Tunnels820 yards (750 m)0 miles 0 chains – 0 miles 0 chainsConnecting to ECML at Belle Island Junction

Line-side monitoring equipment

Line-side train monitoring equipment includes hot axle box detectors (HABD) and wheel impact load detectors (WILD) ‘Wheelchex’, these are located as follows.[53][55][52]

Line-side monitoring equipment on the Midland Main Line
Name / TypeLineLocation (distance from St. Pancras)Engineers Line Reference
Dore HABD (out of use?)Down Main154 miles 72 chainsTJC1
Belper HABD (to replace Duffield HABD)Up Main134 miles 70 chainsSPC8
Duffield Junction HABD (removal planned)Up Main132 miles 63 chains
Langley Mill HABDUp Erewash Fast, Up & Down Erewash Slow129 miles 27 chainsTCC
Loughborough HABDUp Fast, Up Slow111 miles 05 chainsSPC5
Barrow-upon-Soar HABDDown Fast, Down Slow108 miles 72 chains
Thurmaston WheelchexDown Fast, Up Fast, Up & Down Slow101 miles 78 chains
East Langton HABDDown Main, Up Main86 miles 20 chainsSPC3
Harrowden Junction HABDDown Fast, Up & Down Slow67 miles 36 chains
Oakley HABDUp Fast, Up Slow53 miles 60 chainsSPC2
Chiltern Green HABDDown Fast, Down Slow27 miles 69 chainsSPC1
Napsbury HABDUp Fast, Up Slow18 miles 00 chains

Ambergate Junction to Manchester

The complex network of road and rail around Ambergate Junction, formerly where Manchester expresses left the mainline

For marketing and franchising, this is no longer considered part of the Midland Main Line: see Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway

The line was once the Midland Railway's route from London St Pancras to Manchester, branching at Ambergate Junction along the Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway, now known as the Derwent Valley line. In days gone by, it featured named expresses such as The Palatine. Much later in the twentieth century, it carried the Midland Pullman.

Town/CityStationOrdnance Survey
grid reference
AmbergateAmbergate
WhatstandwellWhatstandwell
CromfordCromford
Matlock BathMatlock Bath
MatlockMatlock
Closed section stations
Darley DaleDarley Dale
RowsleyRowsley
BakewellBakewell
HassopHassop
Great LongstoneGreat Longstone for Ashford
Monsal DaleMonsal Dale
Millers DaleMillers Dale
Blackwell MillBlackwell Mill
BuxtonBuxton
Peak ForestPeak Forest
Chapel-en-le-FrithChapel-en-le-Frith Central
Now part of the Hope Valley line or other lines
ChinleyChinley
BugsworthBuxworth (Now Closed)
New MillsNew Mills Central
StrinesStrines
MarpleMarple
RomileyRomiley
BredburyBredbury
BrinningtonBrinnington
ReddishReddish North
GortonRyder Brow
Belle Vue/GortonBelle Vue
StockportStockport Tiviot Dale
ManchesterManchester Central (Now Closed)

This line was closed in the 1960s between Matlock and Buxton, severing an important link between Manchester and the East Midlands, which has never been satisfactorily replaced by any mode of transport. A section of the route remains in the hands of the Peak Rail preservation group, operating between Matlock and Rowsley to the north.

Leeds to Carlisle

For marketing and franchising, this is no longer considered part of the Midland Main Line: see Settle–Carlisle Railway.

A geographical representation of the aborted Midland Main Line diversion through the West Riding, which would have put Bradford on a through line and provided a direct connection to Scotland. (Existing lines shown in black and the diversion in red).
Map showing the proposed Midland line into Bradford

World War I prevented the Midland Railway from finishing its direct route through the West Riding to join the Settle and Carlisle (which would have cut six miles from the journey and avoided the need for reversal at Leeds).

The first part of the Midland's West Riding extension from the main line at Royston (Yorks.) to Dewsbury was opened before the war. However, the second part of the extension was not completed. This involved a viaduct at Dewsbury over the River Calder, a tunnel under Dewsbury Moor and a new approach railway into Bradford from the south at a lower level than the existing railway (a good part of which was to be in tunnel) leading into Bradford Midland (or Bradford Forster Square) station.

The 500 yards (460 m) gap between the stations at Bradford still exists. Closing it today would also need to take into account the different levels between the two Bradford stations, a task made easier in the days of electric rather than steam traction, allowing for steeper gradients than possible at the time of the Midland's proposed extension.

Two impressive viaducts remain on the completed part of the line between Royston Junction and Dewsbury as a testament to the Midland's ambition to complete a third direct Anglo-Scottish route. The line served two goods stations and provided a route for occasional express passenger trains before its eventual closure in 1968.

The failure to complete this section ended the Midland's hopes of being a serious competitor on routes to Scotland and finally put beyond all doubt that Leeds, not Bradford, would be the West Riding's principal city. Midland trains to Scotland therefore continued to call at Leeds before travelling along the Aire Valley to the Settle and Carlisle. From Carlisle they then travelled onwards via either the Glasgow and South Western or Waverley Route. In days gone by the line enjoyed named expresses such as the Thames–Clyde Express and The Waverley.

  • Leeds along the Airedale line
    • Here is Apperley Junction for the Wharfedale line
  • Shipley: here is the triangular junction for the branch line serving Bradford Forster Square
  • Saltaire
  • Bingley
  • Crossflatts
  • Keighley
    • Here is the Worth Valley Branch junction to Oxenhope.
  • Steeton & Silsden
  • Cononley
  • Skipton
    • Here is Settle Junction for the line to Morecambe
      • Giggleswick
      • Clapham
      • Bentham
      • Lancaster Green Ayre
        • At this point the line divided: a triangular junction for the two lines:
          • Morecambe
          • Heysham Port, including a station for Middleton Road Heysham
  • Settle
  • Horton-in-Ribblesdale
  • Ribblehead
  • Dent
  • Garsdale
    • At Hawes station, on the branch to the east of the main line, there was an end-on junction with the North Eastern Railway (NER) line across the Pennines to Northallerton
  • Kirkby Stephen
  • Appleby
  • Langwathby
  • Armathwaite
  • Cumwhinton
  • Carlisle

Former stations

As with most railway lines in Britain, the route used to serve far more stations than it currently does (and consequently passes close to settlements that it no longer serves). Places that the current main line used to serve include

  • London to Leicester
  • Camden Road
  • Haverstock Hill
  • Finchley Road
  • Welsh Harp
  • Napsbury
  • Chiltern Green
  • Ampthill
  • Oakley
  • Sharnbrook
  • Irchester
  • Finedon
  • Isham and Burton Latimer
  • Glendon and Rushton
  • Desborough
  • East Langton
  • Kibworth
  • Great Glen
  • Wigston Magna
  • Leicester to Trent Junction
  • Leicester Humberstone Road
  • Cossington Gate
  • Hathern
  • Kegworth
  • Trent
  • Derwent Valley
  • Breaston (later Sawley – see Long Eaton)
  • Draycott
  • Borrowash
  • Derby Nottingham Road
  • Wingfield
  • Stretton
  • Clay Cross
  • Erewash Valley
  • Long Eaton (Original Midland Counties Railway station not the present one)
  • Stapleford and Sandiacre
  • Stanton Gate
  • Trowell
  • Ilkeston Junction and Cossall- reopened as Ilkeston
  • Shipley Gate
  • Codnor Park and Ironville
  • Pye Bridge
  • Westhouses and Blackwell
  • Doe Hill
  • Chesterfield to Leeds
  • Staveley
  • Eckington and Renishaw
  • Killamarsh West
  • Beighton
  • Woodhouse Mill
  • Treeton
  • Sheepbridge
  • Unstone
  • Beauchief
  • Millhouses
  • Heeley
  • Attercliffe Road
  • Brightside
  • Holmes
  • Rotherham Masborough
  • Parkgate and Rawmarsh
  • Kilnhurst
  • Swinton West (reopened Swinton)

The following on the original North Midland Railway line

  • Wath North
  • Darfield
  • Cudworth
  • Royston and Notton
  • Oakenshaw (originally for Wakefield)
  • Normanton
  • Methley North
  • Woodlesford - station still open

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ Quickly the Sheffield and Rotherham Railway ran its branch line to Sheffield Wicker
References
  1. ^ "East Midlands RUS Loading Gauge" (PDF). Network Rail. p. 55. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Route 19 Midland Main Line and East Midlands" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Integrated Rail Plan".
  4. ^ "The Railway between Nottingham and Derby". Stamford Mercury. British Newspaper Archive. 7 June 1839. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Midland Counties Railway". Leicester Chronicle. British Newspaper Archive. 9 May 1840. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  6. ^ "A Midland Railway chronology>Incorporation and expansion". The Midland Railway Society. 1998. Archived from the original on 28 December 2008.
  7. ^ a b UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data fromClark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  8. ^ a b Leleux, Robin. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume 9. David & Charles, Newton Abbot. p. 92. ISBN 0715371657.
  9. ^ "Opening of the Leicester and Hitchin Line". Bedfordshire Mercury. British Newspaper Archive. 9 May 1857. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  10. ^ Davies, R.; Grant, M.D. (1984). Forgotten Railways: Chilterns and Cotswolds. Newton Abbot, Devon: David St John Thomas.ISBN 0-946537-07-0, p. 110-111.
  11. ^ "A Midland Railway chronology>London extension". The Midland Railway Society. 1998. Archived from the original on 28 December 2008.
  12. ^ Barnes, E. G. (1969). The Rise of the Midland Railway 1844–1874. Augustus M. Kelley, New York. p. 308.
  13. ^ Radford, B., (1983) Midland Line Memories: a Pictorial History of the Midland Railway Main Line Between London (St Pancras) & Derby London: Bloomsbury Books
  14. ^ Railway Magazine June 1958. p. 432.
  15. ^ Railway Electrification. British Railways Board (Central Publicity Unit). Winter 1979. pp. 0–2, 8.
  16. ^ "East Midlands Parkway – Our greenest station to open on 26 January" (Press release). East Midlands Trains. 14 January 2009.
  17. ^ "Midland Main Line celebrates at 125mph". Rail News. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Route Utilisation Strategy > Freight". Network Rail.
  19. ^ "Midland Main Line / East Midlands Route Utilisation Strategy". Strategic Rail Authority. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
  20. ^ "East Midlands Route Utilisation Strategy". Network Rail. February 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
  21. ^ "Midlands line 'to be electrified'". BBC News Online. 14 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. A £500m scheme … Transport Secretary Justine Greening is set to outline plans to complete the electrification of the route from Sheffield to London on Monday.
  22. ^ Odell, Mark; Parker, George (13 July 2012). "Osborne backs £10bn rail plan". Financial Times. Retrieved 14 July 2012. announcement, expected on Monday, is likely to include a £530m plan to complete electrification of the Midland mainline between Bedford and Sheffield
  23. ^ "Working Group 4 – Electrification Strategy". Network Rail. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
  24. ^ Barton, Tom (17 March 2014). "Developers taking too long to build homes, MP says". BBC News Online. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  25. ^ "Kettering East: Compromise deal agreed over funding". BBC News Online. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  26. ^ Broadbent, Steve (19 February 2014). "Switching on the Electric Spine". RAIL. No. 742. pp. 69–75.
  27. ^ "Midland Main Line 2010 route plan" (PDF). Network Rail. Network Rail. 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  28. ^ "Secretary of State opens Network Rail control centre" (Press release). Network Rail. Archived from the original on 26 September 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
  29. ^ "Plans for £150m station facelift". BBC News Online. London. 6 March 2008.
  30. ^ Department for Transport (26 July 2011). "Access for all – stations". GOV.UK. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  31. ^ Rail Magazine. Issue 742. 19 February – 4 March. pp. 69–75.
  32. ^ "Second Corby to Kettering railway track to be restored". BBC News Online. London. 6 February 2014.
  33. ^ "Wellingborough railway station expansion plan unveiled". BBC News. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  34. ^ "Wait finally over for Ilkeston train station as hundreds turn up to opening". Nottingham Post. 2 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  35. ^ Brent Cross Cricklewood: Transport Archived 29 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 23 August 2013
  36. ^ The Wixams: Transportation Archived 17 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 23 August 2013
  37. ^ "Route Specifications 2015 - London North Eastern and East Midlands" (PDF). Network Rail. Network Rail. April 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  38. ^ "Connecting Communities – Expanding Access to the Rail Network" (PDF). London: Association of Train Operating Companies. June 2009. p. 9. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  39. ^ ATOC 2009, p. 19.
  40. ^ Bedfordshire Ampthill station Archived 13 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Railway & Transport Association. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  41. ^ https://www.railwaygazette.com/uk/electrification-to-reach-market-harborough/48150.article
  42. ^ "Spades in ground as government delivers on rail investment promise for North and Midlands". GOV.UK. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  43. ^ "Main works on next stage of Midland Main Line electrification due to begin". RailBusinessDaily. 21 December 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  44. ^ "Rail industry welcomes progress on Midland Mainline electrification". www.riagb.org.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  45. ^ Bradshaw, George (1848). Bradshaw's railway almanack, directory, shareholders' guide and manual. George Bradshaw. p. 204.
  46. ^ "The Leeds and Bradford". Derby Mercury. British Newspaper Archive. 15 August 1849. Retrieved 10 August 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  47. ^ "The New Works of the Midland Railway Company". Birmingham Journal. British Newspaper Archive. 21 December 1867. Retrieved 10 August 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  48. ^ "The New Midland Railway Station at Sheffield". Sheffield Independent. 12 December 1868. Retrieved 10 August 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  49. ^ "EMR Connect launches all-electric Corby-St Pancras service". www.transportxtra.com. 24 May 2021. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  50. ^ First Capital Connect: Thameslink Route Timetable B Archived 26 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 24 August 2013
  51. ^ "New cutting-edge trains in full operation across Thameslink route". mynewsdesk.com. Mynewsdesk. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  52. ^ a b Bridge, Mike (2013). Railway Track Diagrams Book 4 Midlands & North West. Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. pp. 1–5. ISBN 978-0-9549866-7-4.
  53. ^ a b Brailsford, Martyn (2016). Railway Track Diagrams Book 2: Eastern. Frome: Trackmaps. pp. 1, 27. ISBN 978-0-9549866-8-1.
  54. ^ "London North Eastern Route Sectional Appendix; LOR LN3201 Seq001 to 030" (PDF). Network Rail. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  55. ^ "Railway Codes: HABD and WILD equipment".

External links

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata

Media files used on this page

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track change, corner 2nd quadrant
BSicon STRc4.svg
track change, corner 4th quadrant
BSicon STRc3.svg
tracks change, corner 3rd quadrant
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track change, corner 1st quadrant
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ex flying junction, corner 3rd quadrant
BSicon exSTRc1.svg
ex flying junction, corner 1st quadrant
BSicon ABZgr+r.svg
junction straight to the right from the right (with exact circles)
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junction straight to the right from the right (with exact circles)
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flag stop track straight in use
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ex flag stop track straight off use
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flying junction, straight and from the upper left (1st quadrant)
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BSicon_ÜWc12.svg
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straight line aqross (according to naming convention, name + modifier)
BSicon STR+4.svg
flying junction, overhead from the right
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half-width icon for railway descriptions
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track to left against driving direction (with exact circles)
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ex terminal station, track ending
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flying junction, overhead to the left
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straight line aqross (according to naming convention, name + modifier)
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straight line aqross (according to naming convention, name + modifier)
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slender track
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station straight track
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CONTinuation icon to match ÜW set
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head station, track starting
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London Underground roundel logo without text, optimized for usage at low resolutions
BSicon STRl.svg
track to left forward driving direction (with exact circles)
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spoorsjabloon
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spoorsjaboon
BSicon CONTf.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
ATP-E IN YARD.jpg
The British Rail APT-E in the RTC sidings between tests in 1972.
BSicon exSTRq-.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
BSicon STRc23.svg
BSicon_ÜWc23.svg
Ambergate junction.jpg
Author/Creator: chevin, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
The complex network of road and rail around Ambergate Junction. Note how Newbridge Road passes under the branch where it leaves the A6 then climbs steeply to pass over the adjacent main line.]]
BSicon eKRZo+xk4.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
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Author/Creator: Maxima m, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
corner of flying junction, left bottom
BSicon exl-HST.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
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BSicon experimental diagonal interruption
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Icon for railway descriptions
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CONTinutation icon to corner
BSicon LSTR+1.svg
Icons for railway descriptions
BSicon LSTRa.svg
Heavy rail start of interruption
BSicon cSTRc1.svg
1st corner for track at 45°, quarter-width icon
BSicon CONT1.svg
CONTinuation icon to match ÜW set
BSicon ABZqr.svg
junction aqross and to the right
BSicon CONT3.svg
CONTinuation icon to match ÜW set
BSicon STR+c3.svg
Track through with 3rd corner
BSicon KRZul+l.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
BSicon LLSTRc2a.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon STRq cerulean.svg
Track across, set cerulean (#D7C447, ex: #E5DA8E)
BSicon exlHSTc3.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon eSTR+c3.svg
Track through with unused 3rd corner
BSicon LLSTR2.svg
BSicon diagonal interruption
BSicon CONTfq.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
MidlandMainLineBradfordDiversion.JPG
Author/Creator:

Abcdef123456 (talk)

, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

A geographical representation of the aborted Midland Railway Main Line to Bradford.

BSicon HST+1.svg
Stop on line from 1st corner
BSicon exKBHFaq.svg
ex terminal station, track to the left
BSicon exCONTfq.svg
Unused continuation forward, rotated across
BSicon BHF2.svg
Major station on line to the 2nd corner
BSicon xABZg+1.svg
ex flying junction, straight and from the upper left (1st quadrant)
BSicon exABZg3.svg
ex flying junction, straight and to the lower right (3rd quadrant)
BSicon MSTRl+4.svg
Mask of a line going to left from corner 4
BSicon exSTR2+l.svg
Tight curve to corner 2 from left, out of use
BSicon xKRWg+r.svg
BSicon Straight track out of use, branch from right to bottom in use
BSicon ABZgt3a.svg
Icon for Railway Descriptions
BSicon KRZu+l.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
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bridge over water straight (medium)
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London Underground roundel logo without text, optimized for usage at low resolutions
BSicon v-STRr.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
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Regular and unused parallel lines crossing under unused line across
BSicon lDAMPF.svg
Railway description icon (lineside) for museum railway connection.
BSicon STR2+3.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
BSicon exCONTgq.svg
Unused continuation forward, rotated across
BSicon KRZol.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
BSicon LSTRe.svg
Heavy rail end of interruption
East Midlands Parkway Railway Station.JPG
Author/Creator: Russ Hamer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The East Midlands parkway railway Station with Ratcliffe on Soar power station in the background. Although it serves East Midlands Airport, which is in Leicestershire, the station is in Ratcliffe-on-Soar in Nottinghamshire.
New Road Bridge, Milton Ernest, Bedfordshire.png
Author/Creator: Ingafube, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Road bridges over the Midland Main Line in Bedfordshire were replaced in 2014 to allow overhead electrification and the passage of larger rolling stock.

Here is the bridge carrying New Road at

Object location 52° 11′ 56″ N, 0° 31′ 30″ W Kartographer map based on OpenStreetMap. View this and other nearby images on: OpenStreetMap info
is shown before (March 2014) and after (August 2014) the upgrade.
BSicon dKINTe.svg
Icon for railway descriptions.
BSicon utkSTRc3.svg
Metro/light rail compound junction, in tunnel
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ex crossing overhead
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PORTAL for parallel lines, direction forward
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BSicon exdSTRc4.svg
slender ; track change, corner 4th quadrant
BSicon exlHSTc2.svg
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BSicon hbKRZWae.svg
Double-width bridge over non-navigable watercourse
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BSicon uemvHST.svg
Icon for railway description: disused transfer halt between light rail and heavy rail
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Junction of tracks to 4th corner from front and from left
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flying junction, overhead to the right
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Image for BSicon diagrams
St Pancras Railway Station 2012-06-23.jpg
© User:Colin / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0
London's St Pancras railway station at the corner between Euston road and Pancras road, next to London King's Cross railway station. It is composed of 23 landscape photographs in six rows, each taken with a 30m lens on a Sony A33 camera; F8; 1/320s; ISO 100. The photographs were stitched together using Hugin and blended with Smartblend and Photoshop.
BSicon exnlCONTg@Gq.svg
CONTinuation on narrow line
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flying junction, straight and from the upper right (4st quadrant), ex crossing underneath
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track change, corner 13 quadrants
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Former heavy rail end of interruption
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CONTinuation left, out-of-use; half-width
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Start of elevated curve
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Station on line from corner 1, out of use
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ex straight line aqross (according to naming convention, name + modifier)
BSicon vSTR+4-.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
BSicon CSTRae.svg
Line in short cutting
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Parallel lines: nothing + line to 4th corner
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BSicon_ÜWc34.svg
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Renamed restoration of original version of File:BSicon AKRZo.svg by User:T.h., for use in English Wikipedia (British motorway symbol)
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Stop in corner 1, out of use
43055 Claycross.jpg
Author/Creator: Phil Sangwell, Licence: CC BY 2.0
43055 Claycross
BSicon HSTq.svg
flag stop track aqross in use
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Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
BSicon KRXo.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
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Minor station/stop on line to corner 2 from corner 4, station out of use
BSicon WASSER+l.svg
Author/Creator: de:Benutzer:axpde, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 de
watercourse from the left
BSicon lhSTRe@gq.svg
Stand-alone elevated start that fits flush to the edge of the icon; for use in congested areas of a Diagram.
BSicon dTUNNEL2.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
BSicon exSTR2+4.svg
Diagonal line, out of use, right of left
2014 Replacement of New Road Bridge, Milton Ernest, Bedfordshire.png
Author/Creator: Ingafube, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Road bridges over the Midland Main Line in Bedfordshire were replaced in 2014 to allow overhead electrification and the passage of larger rolling stock.

Here is the bridge carrying New Road at

Object location 52° 11′ 56″ N, 0° 31′ 30″ W Kartographer map based on OpenStreetMap. View this and other nearby images on: OpenStreetMap info
is shown before (March 2014), during, and after (August 2014) the upgrade.
BSicon exSTRl+4.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
BSicon KRZ2+4u.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
BSicon ABZq2.svg
Author/Creator: Jr223, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
BSicon_ABZq2.svg
BSicon xABZgr+r.svg
junction straight to the right from the right (with exact circles)
BSicon excdSTRq.svg
Unused track across, three-quarter width icon
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Junction of tracks to 2nd corner from 4th corner and unused from right
BSicon exCONTl+3.svg
CONTinuation from corner
BSicon KRWgl.svg
spoorsjabloon
BSicon tSTRa@g.svg
Tunnel start at the edge of the icon, for overlays. This is not replaceable with an overlay itself.
Thameslink Class 700 sits in Cricklewood.jpg
Author/Creator: XSklzxDark, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A Thameslink Class 700 unit sits in Cricklewood station.
WestYorksireMetro.png
Author/Creator:

Jordan8396.ja

, Licence: CC0

A representation of the West Yorkshire Metro logo

BSicon exvWSLe.svg
Parallel lines turning loop, end of line, out of use
Cfieldrailwayfront.jpg
Chesterfield Railway Station
BSicon exSTR3+4.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
British main lines railway diagram.png
Author/Creator: Classical geographer, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Simple overview map of the WCML, ECML, Midland Main Line and CTRL.
Midland-main-line-st-albans.jpg
Author/Creator: Ghouston, Licence: CC0
Midland Main Line at St Albans, looking south towards the St Albans City Station.
BSicon eKRZ3+1o.svg
Crossing with diagonal, partially out of use
BSicon ABZ+1l.svg
Junction: forward from corner 1 & right
BSicon CONT1+r.svg
CONTinuation to corner 1 from right
BSicon eKRZ3+1u.svg
Crossing with diagonal, partially out of use
BSicon eHST+4.svg
Unused stop on line from 4th corner
BSicon exlHSTc1.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon ldINT-L.svg
半宽左换乘
BSicon POINTER4.svg
Pointer to corner 4
BSicon ABZ2+4r.svg
Author/Creator: Jr223, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
New icon test
BSicon ABZgxr+r.svg
junction straight to the right from the right (with exact circles)
BSicon BHFABZxgxr+r.svg
Station on triangle to and from right; lines through & to right out of use
BSicon lINTACC-L.svg
ACCessible INTerchange overlay, connects to left
BSicon exABZq+3.svg
Junction of unused tracks across and to 3rd corner
BSicon exÜWu3.svg
Author/Creator: Maxima m, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
corner of flying junction, right bottom
BSicon ABZg23.svg
3- way junction through and to corners 2 & 3
BSicon SPLg+3.svg
Convergence from parallel lines on curve to 3rd corner
BSicon eHST+1.svg
Unused stop on line from 1st corner
BSicon exKBHF3.svg
Terminal station, line to corner 3, out of use
BSicon ÜWu2.svg
Author/Creator: Xeror, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
flying junction portal, corner 2, with red track
BSicon dCONTg.svg
CONTinuation backward, out-of-use; half-width
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Tunnel start at the edge of the icon, for overlays. This is not replaceable with an overlay itself.
BSicon tvSTR2-.svg
Parallel lines in tunnel: track to the 2nd corner + nothing
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Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon dSTRc3.svg
slender ; track change, corner 3rd quadrant
BSicon eSTR3+c2.svg
Icon for railway description - 45 degree turning curve + corner of 2nd turning curve.
Supertram generic logo.PNG
(c) User:Hammersfan, CC BY-SA 3.0
Generic shapes intended to represent logo of Sheffield Supertram
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Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon tcSTRc1.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exKHSTaq.svg
ex terminal stop, track to the left
BSicon DST.svg
non-passenger station track straight in use
BSicon utkSTR2+r.svg
Metro/light rail compound junction, in tunnel
BSicon INT3.svg
Interchange station at a curve
England Region - London.svg
Locator map showing the London region of England
BSicon SHI1r.svg
track to the right (parallel starting)
BSicon dYRDa.svg
Half-width rail yard
BSicon PORTALf.svg
Stand-alone tunnel portal that fits flush to the edge of the icon; for use in congested areas of a Diagram.
BSicon exELCa.svg
Electrification start, out of use
BSicon vACC.svg
straight double track, heavy rail, with combined accessible station
BSicon tdCONTf@F.svg
Half-width continuation in tunnel moved forward
BSicon LLSTR+1.svg
Icons for railway descriptions
BSicon tv-STR+4.svg
Parallel lines in tunnel: nothing + track from the 4th corner
BSicon exSTR3.svg
ex flying junction, overhead to the right
BSicon eHST3.svg
Minor station on line to corner 3, station out of use
Ricture 053.jpg
(c) Zverzia at the English Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
The Erewash Valley Line passing through Stapleford, taken by me in April 2007.
BSicon exBL.svg
Pedestrian walkway or Electrification, out of use
BSicon LSTR+4.svg
Icons for railway descriptions
BSicon CONT2.svg
CONTinuation icon to match ÜW set
BSicon lHST3.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon xSTR2u+r.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon xABZgr+xr.svg
junction straight to the right from the right (with exact circles)
BSicon exSHI4c3.svg
Corner 3 for unused shift by 3/4 or 4/4
BSicon STR+tc4.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exKRZq+1u.svg
Line across crossing under line from corner 1, out of use
BSicon eKRWg+r.svg
spoorsjabloon
BSicon KRZl+4u.svg
Line crossing under line to left from corner 4
EnglandEastMidlands.png
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
BSicon LLSTRc1e.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon xABZg2u.svg
ex flying junction, straight and to the lower left (2nd quadrant), track running underneath
BSicon exSTRc2.svg
ex flying junction, corner 2nd quadrant
BSicon dCONTfq.svg
half-width icon for railway descriptions
BSicon lMKRZ3+1o.svg
Author/Creator: Xeror, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Intersection of 3+1 Diagonal and Vertical Bridge for Overlay (Over)
BSicon STR3u.svg
flying junction, underneath to the right
BSicon xABZg2.svg
ex flying junction, straight and to the lower left (2nd quadrant)
BSicon INTACC+1.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exSTR3+1.svg
BSicon_exÜWorl.svg
BSicon WSHI1r.svg
watercourse dog leg to right (from bottom)
BSicon v-STR.svg
Icon for railway descriptions
Midland Main Line Map en.png
(c) Peter Christener, CC BY 3.0
Map of the Midland Main Line in UK. Index in English
BSicon exSTR2h+4.svg
Track to half-width position at 2nd corner from 4th corner
BSicon CONT4.svg
CONTinuation icon to match ÜW set
Rush hour in Nottingham^ - geograph.org.uk - 1564648.jpg
(c) A-M-Jervis, CC BY-SA 2.0
Rush hour in Nottingham! For a road passing immediately in front of a city's obviously major railway station and normally busy enough to require a bus lane to keep public transport moving, Carrington Street at 17:27 on this first Thursday afternoon in September 2005 was remarkably quiet: two pedestrians, one of whom has time to lean, one cyclist, two cars, a van and a couple of buses held up by a large lorry; I've seen more people and vehicles at once in my normally quiet housing estate during the morning "school run"! The profusion of terra-cotta and domed clock tower front the entrance to Nottingham Midland station and provide an area wherein taxis can wait under cover for their fares.
BSicon ABZ4+3f.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon ABZ3+1g.svg
Author/Creator: Jr223, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Icon TEST BSicon_5001.svg
BSicon eKRZoxl.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
Overground roundel (no text).svg
A simple textless TfL roundel, designed for use on s-rail headers.
Corby railway station 23 February 2009.jpg
Author/Creator: AmosWolfe, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Corby railway station on 23 February 2009, the first day of train services at the new station.
BSicon exHST2.svg
Unused stop on line to 2nd corner
BSicon tSTRc4.svg
Icons for railway description
BSicon hSTRc2.svg
BSicon_hÜWc2.svg
BSicon CONTg.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon INT2+4.svg
Interchange station on line to 2nd corner from 4th
BSicon eKRZhl.svg
Left end of elevated disused line passing over current line.
BSicon vHST-eHST.svg
Author/Creator: Vunz, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
rail icon
BSicon exCONT3+g.svg
CONTinutation icon to corner
West Hampstead Thameslink Station building.jpg
Author/Creator: Likelife (Green, Cream and Tangerine livery), Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The new station building for West Hampstead Thameslink station.
BSicon xKRWgr.svg
Icon for railway description: heavy rail used crossover to right, line in disuse
BSicon POINTERg@rfq.svg
Pointer from right leftward, moved forward
BSicon dBRÜCKE1.svg
Author/Creator: BjørnN, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
half-width railway icon
BSicon exSTRl.svg
ex-track to left forward driving direction (with exact circles)
BSicon lMKRZ2+4o.svg
Author/Creator: Xeror, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Intersection of 2+4 Diagonal and Vertical Bridge for Overlay (Over)
BSicon ABZ2+rx4.svg
Junction of tracks to 2nd corner from right and unused from 4th corner
BSicon vSTR+l-.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg
Photograph of the underground sign at Westminster underground station.
BSicon POINTER1.svg
Pointer to corner 1
BSicon STR2+4u.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon ENDE3@F.svg
Diagonal line ending
BSicon tSTRc2.svg
Icons for railway description
BSicon exSTR2.svg
ex flying junction, overhead to the left
Leicester - Abellio 222104 arriving from Lincoln.JPG
Author/Creator: Geof Sheppard, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Rebranded East Midlands Railway 'Meridian' unit 222104 arriving at Leicester with a service from Lincoln.
BSicon SPLe.svg
railway icon
BSicon tdSTR.svg
slender tunnel track
BSicon SKRZ-Bu.svg
Renamed restoration of original version of File:BSicon AKRZu.svg by User:T.h., for use in English Wikipedia (British motorway symbol)
BSicon hSTRc4.svg
BSicon_hÜWc4.svg
BSicon cSTRc4.svg
4th corner for track at 45°, quarter-width icon
Wellingboroughstationbuilding.jpg
Author/Creator: Likelife, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Wellingborough main station entrance
BSicon KRZ3+1u.svg
Crossing with diagonal
BSicon tvSTR+1-.svg
Parallel lines in tunnel: track from the 1st corner + nothing
BSicon exKRZo+xl.svg
Author/Creator: Wiebevl, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
BSicon exABZ+14.svg
Junction, forward from corners 1 & 4, out of use
BSicon utdCONTgq.svg
Continuation backward in tunnel, rotated across, half-width icon, set "u"
BSicon ABZq+r.svg
junction aqross and from the right
BSicon STR3+1u.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon eSPL+4.svg
Diverging parallel lines from corner 4, right line out of use
BSicon exSTR+c4.svg
Unused track through with unused 4th corner
BSicon utdCONTf@F.svg
Half-width metro/light rail/canal CONTinuation in tunnel moved forward
BSicon eABZg2.svg
ex flying junction, straight and to the lower left (2nd quadrant)
BSicon vWASSERr-.svg
Watercourse, curve to right (from top), right of centre
BSicon ABZg+4.svg
flying junction, straight and from the upper right (4th quadrant)
BSicon dWASSERq.svg
watercourse aqross
BSicon dSTRq cerulean.svg
Half-width cerulean line, across
Eurostar icon.svg
Author/Creator:

Eurostar, drawing by Jordan8396.ja

, Licence: PD

A basic illustration of the Eurostar "e" motif, which may be incorporated on to railway stations pages to indicate Eurostar services run there.

MML43083 at Nottingham 2005-10-14 03.jpg
(c) Chris McKenna (Thryduulf), CC BY-SA 4.0
Midland Mainline Class 43 diesel locomotive 43083 in original teal and tangerine livery, in contrast to the blue, grey and white revised livery of the coaching stock. Photographed at Nottingham station on its layover between arriving from and then departing to London St Pancras, 14 November 2005
BSicon utkINT+4.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon ELCa.svg
Author/Creator: Lekko gazowany, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
electrified line start sign for railways
BSicon STR2+c3.svg
spoorsjabloon
BSicon KRZu.svg
crossing underneath
BSicon ABZg3.svg
flying junction, straight and to the lower right (3rd quadrant)
BSicon STR+GRZq.svg
Author/Creator: de:User:Bernina, de:User:axpde, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0 de
track with ex border
BSicon tSTR3+1a.svg
Tunnel start, to corner 3 from corner 1
BSicon lACC.svg
Accessible station icon.

For overlay use on Route diagram template on Wikipedia.

By Project BSicon.
BSicon exKRWgl.svg
spoorsjabloon
BSicon SPL+4.svg
Split to parallel lines on curve from 4th corner
BSicon STR+1.svg
flying junction, overhead from the left
BSicon eBHF.svg
ex station straight track
BSicon eHST.svg
Ex flag stop, track straight in use
BSicon ehBHFl+4.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exSTRl+4-.svg
Line to left from corner 4 on upper parallel line, out of use
BSicon KINTe.svg
Route diagram template icon.
BSicon eHST2.svg
Minor station/stop on line to corner 2, station out of use
BSicon exSTR2+c3.svg
Unused track to 2nd corner with unused 3rd corner
BSicon eKRZu.svg
ex crossing underneath
BSicon LLSTRc4a.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exGRZ.svg
Gray border icon
BSicon d-KBST3.svg
Freight stop on line from corner 3, half-width icon
BSicon tdSTRc3.svg
3rd corner for track in tunnel, half-width icon
BSicon STR3+1.svg
Diagonal line left to right
BSicon dSTRq.svg
straight line aqross (according to naming convention, name + modifier)
BSicon xKRZo.svg
ex crossing overhead
BSicon HSTACC.svg
Icons for railway description
BSicon ACC3+1.svg
diagonal rail icon
BSicon vPORTAL@g.svg
PORTAL for parallel lines, direction back
BSicon exlBHF2+r.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exÜWu4.svg
Author/Creator: Maxima m, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
corner of flying junction, right top
BSicon dWBRÜCKE.svg
Author/Creator: Vunz, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
rail icon
BSicon exSTR+4.svg
ex flying junction, overhead from the right
BSicon eABZg3.svg
ex flying junction, straight and to the lower right (3rd quadrant)
BSicon exlHSTc4.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon ABZg2.svg
flying junction, straight and to the lower left (2nd quadrant)
2019 at Wellingborough station - Up Slow line being relaid.JPG
Author/Creator: Geof Sheppard, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
The Up Slow line through Wellngborough was lifted in the 1980s but is being reinstated as part of the scheme to introduce more frequent electric services on the London St Pancras to Corby route.
BSicon exBST.svg
ex non-passenger stop track straight off use
BSicon STRc234.svg
track change, corner 234 quadrants
BSicon lHSTACC.svg
Small accessible sign, for use in overlaying small stations.
BSicon exnBST.svg
Freight stop on unused siding
BSicon eSTR3+1u.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon CONTgq.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon exSTRc4.svg
ex flying junction, corner 4th quadrant
BSicon exCONT3+1.svg
CONTinuation icon to corner 3 from corner 1, out of use
BSicon lINTACC~R.svg
Accessible interchange legende symbol, moved to right
Sheffield Railway Station.jpg
Author/Creator: Brendan De Souza, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The facade of Sheffield Railway Station in the city of Sheffield, UK. In the foreground is Sheaf Square, which in recent years has been redeveloped to improve the entrance to the station.
BSicon GRZ.svg
border along the track
BSicon RBq.svg
Icon for railway diagram, see en:Wikipedia:Route diagram template. UK motorway icon, with no railway or water element
BSicon exLSTRa.svg
Former heavy rail start of interruption
BSicon STR+c12.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon eWYEl+34.svg
Image for BSicon diagrams
BSicon CONTf@Fq.svg
Continuation forward, shifted forward, rotated across