March 23

<<March>>
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
0102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031 
2022
March 23 in recent years
  2022 (Wednesday)
  2021 (Tuesday)
  2020 (Monday)
  2019 (Saturday)
  2018 (Friday)
  2017 (Thursday)
  2016 (Wednesday)
  2015 (Monday)
  2014 (Sunday)
  2013 (Saturday)

March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 283 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1614Jahanara Begum, Mughal princess (d. 1681)[11]
  • 1643Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado, Spanish Dominican lay sister and mystic (d. 1731)
  • 1699John Bartram, American botanist and explorer (d. 1777)
  • 1732Princess Marie Adélaïde of France (d. 1800)
  • 1749Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
  • 1750Johannes Matthias Sperger, Austrian bassist and composer (d. 1812)
  • 1754Jurij Vega, Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1769Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general and diplomat (d. 1832)
  • 1769 – William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
  • 1823Schuyler Colfax, American journalist and politician, 17th Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1826Ludwig Minkus, Austrian violinist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1834Julius Reubke, German pianist and composer (d. 1858)
  • 1838Marie Adam-Doerrer, Swiss women's rights activist and unionist (d. 1908)
  • 1842Friedrich Amelung, Estonian-German historian, businessman and composer (d. 1909)
  • 1842 – Susan Jane Cunningham, American mathematician (d. 1921)
  • 1858Ludwig Quidde, German activist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1862Nathaniel Reed, American criminal (d. 1950)
  • 1868Dietrich Eckart, German journalist and politician (d. 1923)
  • 1869Calouste Gulbenkian, Turkish-Armenian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1955)
  • 1872Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-New Zealand union leader and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1940)
  • 1874Grantley Goulding, English hurdler (d. 1947)
  • 1874 – J. C. Leyendecker, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1951)
  • 1876Ziya Gökalp, Turkish sociologist, poet and activist (d. 1924)
  • 1876 – Thakin Kodaw Hmaing, Burmese poet, writer and political leader (d. 1964)
  • 1878Franz Schreker, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1934)
  • 1880Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician, Finnish Minister of the Interior (d. 1922)
  • 1881Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (d. 1969)
  • 1881 – Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist and paleographer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Hermann Staudinger, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1882Emmy Noether, Jewish German-American mathematician, physicist and academic (d. 1935)[12]
  • 1884Joseph Boxhall, English sailor (d. 1967)
  • 1885Platt Adams, American jumper and politician (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Roque González Garza, Mexican general and acting president (1915) (d. 1962)[13]
  • 1886Frank Irons, American long jumper (d. 1942)
  • 1887Josef Čapek, Czech painter and poet (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Rudolf Kinau, German author (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Juan Gris, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-born American labor leader (d. 1946)
  • 1891Po Kya, Burmese author and educationist (d. 1942)
  • 1893Cedric Gibbons, Irish-American art director and production designer (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu, Indian engineer and businessman (d. 1974)
  • 1894Arthur Grimsdell, English international footballer and cricketer (d. 1963)[14]
  • 1895Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1895 – Dane Rudhyar, French-American astrologer, author and composer (d. 1985)
  • 1898Louis Adamic, Slovenian-American author, translator and politician (d. 1951)
  • 1898 – Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset, Duchess of Parma (d. 1984)
  • 1899Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
  • 1900Erich Fromm, German psychologist and sociologist (d. 1980)

1901–present

  • 1901Bon Maharaja, Indian guru and religious writer (d. 1982)
  • 1903Frank Sargeson, New Zealand author (d. 1982)
  • 1904Joan Crawford, American film actress (d. 1977)
  • 1905Lale Andersen, German chanson singer-songwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1907Daniel Bovet, Swiss-Italian pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1909Charles Werner, American cartoonist (d. 1997)
  • 1910Jerry Cornes, English runner, colonial officer and educator (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Akira Kurosawa, Japanese director, producer and screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1912Eleanor Cameron, Canadian-American author and critic (d. 1996)[15]
  • 1912 – Neil McCorkell, English-South African cricketer and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1912 – Wernher von Braun, German-American physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1913Abidin Dino, Turko-French painter and illustrator (d. 1993)
  • 1914Milbourne Christopher, American magician and author (d. 1984)
  • 1915Mary Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe (d. 2014)
  • 1915 – Vasily Zaytsev, Russian captain (d. 1991)
  • 1917Harry Cranbrook Allen, English historian (d. 1998)
  • 1918Stanley Armour Dunham, American sergeant (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Helene Hale, American politician (d. 2013)[16]
  • 1918 – Naoki Kazu, Japanese football player (d.1940s)
  • 1919Carl Graffunder, American architect and educator (d. 2013)
  • 1919 – Subhadra Joshi, Indian freedom activist and politician (d. 2003)[17]
  • 1920Neal Edward Smith, American pilot, lawyer and politician (d. 2021)
  • 1920 – Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and manager (d. 2013)
  • 1921Donald Campbell, English race car driver (d. 1967)
  • 1921 – Peter Lawler, Australian public servant (d. 2017)
  • 1922Marty Allen, American comedian and actor (d. 2018)
  • 1922 – Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (d. 1990)
  • 1923Angelo Ingrassia, American soldier and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1924Rodney Mims Cook, Sr., American lieutenant and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor, invented Liquid Paper (d. 1980)[18]
  • 1924 – Olga Kennard, English crystallographer and academic[19]
  • 1924 – John Madin, English architect (d. 2012)
  • 1925David Watkin, English cinematographer (d. 2008)
  • 1929Roger Bannister, English runner, neurologist and academic (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Michael Manser, English architect and engineer (d. 2016)
  • 1929 – Mark Rydell, American actor, director and producer
  • 1931Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player and author (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Russian skier (d. 2013)
  • 1932Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933Norman Bailey, English opera singer and educator (d. 2021)
  • 1933 – Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist and academic
  • 1934Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 2017)
  • 1935Barry Cryer, English comedian, actor and screenwriter (d. 2022)
  • 1936Jannis Kounellis, Greek painter and sculptor (d. 2017)
  • 1937Craig Breedlove, American race car driver
  • 1937 – Tony Burton, American actor, comedian, boxer and football player (d. 2016)
  • 1937 – Robert Gallo, American physician and academic
  • 1938Jon Finlayson, Australian actor and screenwriter (d. 2012)
  • 1942Michael Haneke, Austrian director, producer and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Jimmy Miller, American record producer and musician (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian, scholar and activist (d. 1980)
  • 1943Andrew Crockett, Scottish-English economist and banker (d. 2012)
  • 1943 – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish singer, author and director (d. 2001)
  • 1944B. P. Gavrilov, Russian rugby player (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Tony McPhee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Michael Nyman, English composer of minimalist music and pianist
  • 1944 – Ric Ocasek, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer (d. 2019)[20][21]
  • 1945Franco Battiato, Italian singer-songwriter and director (d. 2021)
  • 1945 – David Grisman, American mandolin player and composer
  • 1946Alan Bleasdale, English screenwriter and producer
  • 1947Elizabeth Ann Scarborough, American author
  • 1948Wasim Bari, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1948 – Marie Malavoy, German-Canadian educator and politician
  • 1950Corinne Cléry, French actress
  • 1950 – Phil Lanzon, English keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1950 – Ahdaf Soueif, Egyptian author and translator
  • 1951Ron Jaworski, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Adrian Reynard, English businessman, founded Reynard Motorsport
  • 1952Francesco Clemente, Italian painter and illustrator
  • 1952 – Kent Lambert, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1952 – Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
  • 1952 – Rex Tillerson, American businessman, engineer and diplomat; 69th United States Secretary of State
  • 1953Bo Díaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1953 – Chaka Khan, American singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Indian zoologist and businesswoman[22]
  • 1954Geno Auriemma, Italian-American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Kenneth Cole, American fashion designer, founded Kenneth Cole Productions
  • 1954 – Mary Fee, Scottish Labour Party politician[23]
  • 1954 – Paul Price, English born, Welsh international footballer and manager[24]
  • 1955Moses Malone, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  • 1956José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese academic and politician, 115th Prime Minister of Portugal[25]
  • 1957Lucio Gutiérrez, Ecuadorian politician, 52nd President of Ecuador
  • 1957 – Robbie James, Welsh footballer and manager (d. 1998)
  • 1957 – Amanda Plummer, American actress
  • 1958Etienne De Wilde, Belgian cyclist
  • 1958 – Bengt-Åke Gustafsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958 – Hugh Grant, Scottish business executive
  • 1959Catherine Keener, American actress
  • 1960Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen, Scottish lawyer and politician, 2nd Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1961Roger Crisp, English philosopher and academic
  • 1961 – Craig Green, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1961 – Helmi Johannes, Indonesian journalist and producer
  • 1962Steve Redgrave, English rower[26]
  • 1963Míchel, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Juan Ramón López Caro, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1963 – Ana Fidelia Quirot, Cuban runner
  • 1964Hope Davis, American actress
  • 1965 – Gary Whitehead, American poet and painter
  • 1966Lorenzo Daniel, American sprinter
  • 1966 – Vasilis Vouzas, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1968Damon Albarn, English singer-songwriter, producer and actor
  • 1968 – Mike Atherton, English cricketer and journalist
  • 1968 – Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Pierre Palmade, French actor and screenwriter
  • 1971Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian model
  • 1971 – Gail Porter, Scottish model and television host
  • 1971 – Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese wrestler
  • 1972Jonas Björkman, Swedish-Monégasque tennis player and coach
  • 1972 – Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
  • 1972 – Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
  • 1973Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
  • 1973 – Wim Eyckmans, Belgian race car driver
  • 1973 – Jason Kidd, American basketball player and coach
  • 1974Randall Park, American actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1975Burak Gürpınar, Turkish drummer
  • 1975 – Andy Turner, English footballer and manager[27]
  • 1976Chris Hoy, Scottish cyclist and race car driver
  • 1976 – Smriti Irani, Indian actress, producer and politician, Indian Minister of Human Resource Development
  • 1976 – Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle racer
  • 1976 – Michelle Monaghan, American actress[28]
  • 1976 – Joel Peralta, Dominican baseball player[29]
  • 1976 – Keri Russell, American actress
  • 1976 – Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1976 – Sa Beining, Chinese host
  • 1977Miklos Perlus, Canadian actor and screenwriter
  • 1978Simon Gärdenfors, Swedish illustrator
  • 1978 – Walter Samuel, Argentinian footballer
  • 1979Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Donncha O'Callaghan, Irish rugby player
  • 1981Erin Crocker, American race car driver
  • 1981 – Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Shelley Rudman, English bobsledder
  • 1981 – Giuseppe Sculli, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Brett Young, American country music singer
  • 1982José Contreras Arrau, Chilean footballer
  • 1982 – Andrea Musacco, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Evgeni Striganov, Estonian ice dancer
  • 1983Hakan Balta, Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Mo Farah, Somali-English runner
  • 1983 – Sascha Riether, German international footballer[30]
  • 1983 – Jerome Thomas, English footballer
  • 1984Ryan Araña, Filipino basketball player
  • 1984 – Brandon Marshall, American football player
  • 1985Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
  • 1985 – Bethanie Mattek-Sands, American tennis player
  • 1986Patrick Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Andrea Dovizioso, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1986 – Brett Eldredge, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
  • 1987Alan Toovey, Australian footballer
  • 1988Dellin Betances, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Jason Kenny, English cyclist
  • 1988 – Michal Neuvirth, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1989Ayesha Curry, Canadian-American chef, author and television personality
  • 1989 – Nikola Gulan, Serbian footballer
  • 1989 – Sarah McKenna, English rugby player[31]
  • 1989 – Luis Fernando Silva, Mexican footballer
  • 1990Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish race car driver
  • 1990 – Robert Zickert, German footballer
  • 1991Linline Matauatu, Vanuatuan beach volleyball player[32]
  • 1991 – Gregg Wylde, Scottish footballer
  • 1992Tolga Ciğerci, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1992 – Kyrie Irving, Australian-American basketball player
  • 1993Kyle Lovett, Australian rugby league player
  • 1993 – Aytaç Kara, Turkish footballer
  • 1994Nick Powell, English footballer
  • 1995Kevin Kauber, Estonian footballer
  • 1995 – Jan Lisiecki, Canadian pianist
  • 1995 – Ozan Tufan, Turkish footballer
  • 1996Alexander Albon, Thai-British race car driver
  • 1996 – Joel Kiviranta, Finnish ice hockey player[33]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1606Justus Lipsius, Flemish philologist and scholar (b. 1547)
  • 1618James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish police officer and politician (b. 1575)
  • 1629Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland, English landowner and politician (b. 1580)
  • 1675Anthoni van Noordt, Dutch organist and composer (b. 1619)
  • 1680Nicolas Fouquet, French politician (b. 1615)
  • 1742Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French historian and author (b. 1670)
  • 1747Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French general (b. 1675)
  • 1748Johann Gottfried Walther, German organist and composer (b. 1684)
  • 1754Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian and critic (b. 1693)
  • 1783Charles Carroll, English barrister and politician (b. 1723)
  • 1792Luís António Verney, Portuguese philosopher and pedagogue (b. 1713)
  • 1801Paul I, Russian emperor (b. 1754)
  • 1842Stendhal, French novelist (b. 1783)
  • 1862Manuel Robles Pezuela, Unconstitutional Mexican interim president, 1858–1859 (b. 1817)[34]
  • 1883Arthur Macalister, Scottish-Australian politician, 2nd Premier of Queensland (b. 1818)
  • 1884Henry C. Lord, American businessman (b. 1824)

1901–present

  • 1910Nadar, French photographer, journalist, and author (b. 1820)
  • 1914Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès, Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
  • 1923Hovhannes Tumanyan, Armenian poet and author (b. 1869)
  • 1927Paul César Helleu, French painter and etcher (b. 1859)
  • 1931Shivaram Rajguru, Indian activist (b. 1908)
  • 1931 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (b. 1907)
  • 1931 – Sukhdev Thapar, Indian activist (b. 1907)
  • 1946Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (b. 1875)[35]
  • 1953Raoul Dufy, French painter and illustrator (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – Oskar Luts, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1887)
  • 1955Arthur Bernardes, Brazilian politician, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1960Franklin Pierce Adams, American journalist and author (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – Said Nursî, Turkish theologian and scholar (b. 1878)
  • 1961Albert Bloch, American painter and educator (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Jack Russell, English cricketer (b. 1887)
  • 1963Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician and logician (b. 1887)
  • 1964Peter Lorre, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1965Mae Murray, American actress, dancer, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1885)
  • 1968Edwin O'Connor, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
  • 1972Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer, founded Balenciaga (b. 1895)
  • 1978Haim Ernst Wertheimer, Israeli biochemist and academic (b. 1893)
  • 1979Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
  • 1980Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 1981Beatrice Tinsley, English-New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist (b. 1941)[36]
  • 1981Mike Hailwood, English motorcyclist (b. 1940)
  • 1985Richard Beeching, Baron Beeching, English physicist and engineer (b. 1913)
  • 1985Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and educator (b. 1908)
  • 1986Moshe Feinstein, American Orthodox Rabbi and posek (b. 1895)
  • 1987Olev Roomet, Estonian singer and violinist (b. 1901)
  • 1990John Dexter, English director and producer (b. 1925)
  • 1991Margaret Atwood Judson, American historian and author (b. 1899)[37]
  • 1991 – Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1913)
  • 1992Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-German economist, philosopher, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Ron Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1949)
  • 1994Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican economist and politician (b. 1950)
  • 1994 – Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1995Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer and coach (b. 1956)
  • 1999Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan judge and politician, Vice President of Paraguay (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Osmond Borradaile, Canadian director and cinematographer (b. 1898)
  • 2001Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Margaret Jones, British archaeologist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Robert Laxalt, American author (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – David McTaggart, Canadian badminton player and environmentalist (b. 1932)
  • 2002Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ben Hollioake, Australian-English cricketer (b. 1977)
  • 2003Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-English flute player and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2004Rupert Hamer, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Premier of Victoria (b. 1916)
  • 2006David B. Bleak, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Desmond Doss, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Cindy Walker, American singer-songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
  • 2007Paul Cohen, American mathematician and theorist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Eric Medlen, American race car driver (b. 1973)
  • 2008Vaino Vahing, Estonian psychiatrist, author, and playwright (b. 1940)
  • 2009Ghukas Chubaryan, Armenian sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Raúl Macías, Mexican boxer and trainer (b. 1934)
  • 2011Jean Bartik, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – Rosario Morales, Puerto Rican poet and writer (b.1930)[38]
  • 2011 – Elizabeth Taylor, American-British actress, socialite and humanitarian (b. 1932)
  • 2012Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Somalian politician, President of Somalia (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Jim Duffy, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Naji Talib, Iraqi politician, 52nd Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Lonnie Wright, American basketball and football player (b. 1945)
  • 2013Boris Berezovsky, Russian-born Soviet-British mathematician and businessman (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Virgil Trucks, American baseball player and coach (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Joe Weider, Canadian-American bodybuilder and publisher, co-founded the International Federation of BodyBuilding & Fitness (b. 1919)
  • 2014Dave Brockie, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1963)
  • 2014 – Jaroslav Šerých, Czech painter and illustrator (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Adolfo Suárez, Spanish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1932)
  • 2015Gian Vittorio Baldi, Italian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Lee Kuan Yew, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Bobby Lowther, American basketball player and lieutenant (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Lil' Chris, English singer-songwriter, actor, and television personality (b. 1990)
  • 2016Joe Garagiola, Sr., American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Ken Howard, American actor (b. 1944)
  • 2021George Segal, American actor (b. 1934)[39]
  • 2022Madeleine Albright, Czechoslovakian-born American diplomat, 64th United States Secretary of State (b. 1937)[40]

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ Heale, Martin (2016). The Abbots and Priors of Late Medieval and Reformation England. Oxford University Press. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-19-870253-5.
  2. ^ "Some Documents of Tharrawaddy's Reign: 1837-1846, Part I". SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research. 1. 2003.
  3. ^ Williams, Geoffrey (2013). Washed away : how the Great Flood of 1913, America's most widespread natural disaster, terrorized a nation and changed it forever. New York: Pegasus Books. ISBN 978-1-60598-404-9. OCLC 785079140.
  4. ^ Lightbody, Bradley (31 July 2004). The Second World War: Ambitions to Nemesis. Routledge. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-134-59272-2.
  5. ^ "Southern Africa Liberation Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 in Angola". PublicHolidays.africa. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  6. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl; Pear, Robert (March 23, 2010). "Obama Signs Health Care Overhaul Bill, With a Flourish". The New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
  7. ^ "ISIL defeated in final Syria victory: SDF". Al Jazeera. March 23, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  8. ^ "Prime Minister's statement on coronavirus (COVID-19): 23 March 2020". GOV.UK.
  9. ^ Gambrell, Jon (23 March 2021). "Massive cargo ship turns sideways, blocks Egypt's Suez Canal". KARE. Associated Press. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Margaret of Anjou | queen of England". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  11. ^ Lal, K.S. (1988). The Mughal harem. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. p. 90. ISBN 9788185179032.
  12. ^ Grinstein, Louise S.; Campbell, Paul J. (1987). Women of Mathematics : a Biobibliographic Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-3132-4849-8.
  13. ^ "Roque González Garza" (in Spanish). Busca Biografias. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  14. ^ "Arthur Grimsdell". 11v11.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  15. ^ Kirkpatrick, D.L. (1978). Twentieth-Century Children's Writers. London: Macmillan. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-3332-3414-3.
  16. ^ Barbee-Wooten, Daphne (2 August 2013). "Helene H. Hale (1918-2013)". blackpast.org. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  17. ^ Subhadra Joshi (nee Datta) – A Brief Biographical Account. Commemoration Volume. p. 30. seculardemocracy.in
  18. ^ Olson, Kirstin (1994). Chronology of Women's History. Westport: Greenwood. p. 356. ISBN 978-0-3132-8803-6.
  19. ^ The International Who's Who 1990/1991. London: Europa. 1990. p. 835. ISBN 978-0-9466-5358-4. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  20. ^ Pete Prown; HP Newquist (1 February 1997). Legends of Rock Guitar. Hal Leonard. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-4768-5093-1.
  21. ^ Coleman, Nancy (2019-09-17). "Was Ric Ocasek Actually 75?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2019-10-11. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  22. ^ "Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  23. ^ "Mary Fee". www.parliament.scot. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Paul Price". 11v11.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  25. ^ Gale Group (2003). Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Gale Group. p. 505. ISBN 9780787673376.
  26. ^ Steven Redgrave; Nick Townsend (2001). Steve Redgrave - A Golden Age: The Autobiography. Ebury Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-563-53821-9.
  27. ^ "Andy Turner". soccerbase.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  28. ^ Film Review: Special. Visual Imagination Ltd. 2005. p. 26.
  29. ^ Jim Baker; Christina Kahrl; Steven Goldman (March 2007). Baseball Prospectus 2007: The Essential Guide to the 2007 Baseball Season. Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-452-28825-6.
  30. ^ "Sascha Riether". soccerbase.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Sarah McKenna". Saracens. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  32. ^ "Beach Volleyball | Athlete Profile: Linline MATAUATU - Gold Coast 2018 Commonwealth Games". results.gc2018.com. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  33. ^ "Joel Kiviranta". EliteProspects. Retrieved 2020-09-20.
  34. ^ "MANUEL ROBLES PEZUELA" (in Spanish). Presidencia de la Republica de Mexico. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  35. ^ Helmenstine, Todd (22 March 2018). "Today in Science History - March 23 - Gilbert Lewis". Science Notes and Projects. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  36. ^ Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey; Harvey, Joy Dorothy (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Volume 2 L-Z. New York: Routledge. p. 1292. ISBN 978-0-41592-040-7.
  37. ^ "In Memoriam, November 1991 | Perspectives on History | AHA". www.historians.org. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  38. ^ "Rosario". Aurora Levins Morales. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  39. ^ "The Goldbergs Star George Segal Has Died at 87". Vanity Fair. 2021-03-24. Archived from the original on 2021-03-24. Retrieved 2021-06-29.
  40. ^ Liston, Enjoli (23 Mar 2022). "Madeleine Albright, first female US secretary of state, dies aged 84". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  41. ^ "National days". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  42. ^ "International Days". www.un.org. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2021.

External links