FoundedDecember 2001 (2001-12)
HeadquartersLe Plessis-Robinson, France
Key people
Eric Beranger (CEO)[1]
ProductsMissiles, missiles systems, countermeasures, countermining
RevenueIncrease 3.7 billion (2019)[2]
Number of employees
DivisionsMBDA Spain, MBDA Italy, MBDA France, MBDA UK, MBDA Deutschland GmbH[4]
SubsidiariesMBDA Inc, Matra Electronique, Bayern-Chemie, TDW, GDI Simulation[4]

MBDA is a European multinational developer and manufacturer of missiles.[5][6] It was formed as a joint venture by a merger of the guided missile divisions of EADS (now Airbus), Finmeccanica (now Leonardo), and BAE Systems in December 2001.[7][8] In 2016 the company had more than 10,500 employees. In 2017, MBDA recorded orders for €4.2 bn and an order book of 16.8 bn. The company name is an initialism of the names of the companies that came together to form it: Matra; BAe Dynamics and Alenia. MBDA works with over 90 armed forces worldwide.


Shareholders, as of 2019:

  Airbus (37.5%)
  BAE Systems (37.5%)
  Leonardo (25%)

The consolidation of Europe's missile companies began in 1996 when parts of Matra Defence and BAe Dynamics merged their missile activities to form Matra BAe Dynamics (MBD). Matra BAe Dynamics represented half of Matra Hautes Technologies' missile business; the other half was Matra Missiles which became Aérospatiale-Matra Missiles (AMM). In 1999, Matra group merged with Aérospatiale. In 2000, Aérospatiale-Matra became part of EADS (now Airbus).[9]

In 1998, GEC-Marconi Radar and Defence Systems and Alenia Difesa combined their missile and radar activities to form Alenia Marconi Systems (AMS). In 1999, British Aerospace purchased GEC's defence business to form BAE Systems.[10]

In December 2001, MBD (including AMM) and the Missile and Missile Systems activities of AMS merged, creating MBDA.[11] In June 2005, LFK, a unit of Airbus Defence and Security Systems, agreed to be merged into MBDA. On 1 March 2006, LFK became MBDA Germany. ON 9 May 2012, the LFK-Lenkflugkörpersysteme GmbH became MBDA Deutschland GmbH. Since February 2002, MBDA has owned 40% of Inmize Sistemas S.L., a Spanish company that was formed to integrate the experience and technology of the major Spanish defence companies in the guided weapons sector. As AMS had R&D assets located in California, MBDA also managed to acquire development and production facilities in the United States, choosing to operate in the country as a wholly-owned subsidiary, called MBDA Inc.[6] In December 2011, MBDA Inc acquired the Viper Strike activity of Northrop Grumman in Huntsville, Alabama.[12]


Overall, the group has 45 products in service and 15 more in development. MBDA's products include:

  • Air-to-air missiles:
    • ASRAAM - short range, IR guided
    • Meteor - long range, active radar terminal homing
    • MICA - IR and radar guided versions (also SAM)
  • Surface-to-air missiles:
    • Mistral (also AAM)
    • Eurosam Aster - medium (Aster 15) and long range (Aster 30) SAMs land and naval versions
    • LFK NG (together with Diehl BGT Defence)
    • Aspide
    • Rapier
    • Sea Wolf
    • CAMM (air, land and naval versions)
  • Air-to-surface missiles:
  • Anti-ship missiles:
    • Exocet (air-, surface ship-, coastal battery- and submarine-launched versions)
    • Otomat/Teseo
    • Sea Eagle
    • Marte (air-, surface ship- and coastal battery-launched versions)
    • Sea Venom
    • Perseus (CVS401)
  • Anti-tank missiles:
    • MILAN
    • PARS 3 LR - long range (together with Diehl BGT Defence)
    • Eryx - short range
    • HOT
    • Missile Moyenne Portée (MMP)
    • Enforcer - shoulder-launched guided rocket
  • Systems
    • Spada
    • Eurosam SAMP/T
    • PAAMS missile system comprising:
      • UKAMS PAAMS(S)
      • Eurosam PAAMS(E)
    • MEADS
    • Next Generation Multiple Warhead System



  1. ^ Hepher, Tim (15 May 2019). "MBDA boss faces battle of wits as Airbus strategy chief". Reuters. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  2. ^ Mackenzie, Christina (20 March 2019). "MBDA doubles down on tiny European laser-weapon project". Defense News. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  3. ^ "ABOUT US". MBDA. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b "MBDA WORLDWIDE". Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  5. ^ MBDA • European centres of excellence Archived 2010-12-06 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c d e MBDA Inc. US Division Corporate Page Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "History". Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  8. ^ "MBDA - Company Profile". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  9. ^ "European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company | European consortium". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  10. ^ Judge, Ben (30 November 2015). "30 November 1999: BAE Systems formed in £7.7bn merger". moneyweek.com. Dennis Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 10 May 2020. On this day in 1999 British Aerospace merged with Marconi Electronic Systems to form BAE Systems, Europe's biggest defence company and the third biggest in the world.
  11. ^ "EADS, BAE and Finmeccanica Complete MBDA Merger". Defense Daily International. 21 December 2001.
  12. ^ "MBDA purchases Northrop Grumman's Viper Strike munitions business".

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