Lunar eclipse

Totality during the lunar eclipse of 21 January 2019. Direct sunlight is being blocked by the Earth, and the only light reaching it is sunlight refracted by Earth's atmosphere, producing a reddish color.
Latter phases of the partial lunar eclipse on 17 July 2019 taken from Gloucestershire, United Kingdom

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon moves into the Earth's shadow.[1] This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are exactly or very closely aligned (in syzygy) with Earth between the other two, and only on the night of a full moon. The type and length of a lunar eclipse depend on the Moon's proximity to either node of its orbit.

The reddish color of totally eclipsed Moon is caused by Earth completely blocking direct sunlight from reaching the Moon, with the only light reflected from the lunar surface has been refracted by Earth's atmosphere. This light appears reddish for the same reason that a sunset or sunrise does: the Rayleigh scattering of blue light.

Unlike a solar eclipse, which can only be viewed from a relatively small area of the world, a lunar eclipse may be viewed from anywhere on the night side of Earth. A total lunar eclipse can last up to nearly 2 hours, while a total solar eclipse lasts only up to a few minutes at any given place, because the Moon's shadow is smaller. Also unlike solar eclipses, lunar eclipses are safe to view without any eye protection or special precautions, as they are dimmer than the full Moon.

For the date of the next eclipse, see § Recent and forthcoming lunar eclipses.

Types of lunar eclipse

A schematic diagram of the shadow cast by Earth. Within the umbra, the central region, the planet totally shields direct sunlight. In contrast, within the penumbra, the outer portion, the sunlight is only partially blocked. (Neither the Sun, Moon, and Earth sizes nor the distances between the bodies are to scale.)
A total penumbral lunar eclipse dims the Moon in direct proportion to the area of the Sun's disk covered by Earth. This comparison of the Moon (within the southern part of Earth's shadow) during the penumbral lunar eclipse of January 1999 (left) and the Moon outside the shadow (right) shows this slight darkening.

Earth's shadow can be divided into two distinctive parts: the umbra and penumbra. Earth totally occludes direct solar radiation within the umbra, the central region of the shadow. However, since the Sun's diameter appears about one-quarter of Earth's in the lunar sky, the planet only partially blocks direct sunlight within the penumbra, the outer portion of the shadow.

Penumbral lunar eclipse

This occurs when the Moon passes through Earth's penumbra. The penumbra causes a subtle dimming of the lunar surface, which is only visible to the naked eye when about 70% of the Moon's diameter has immersed into Earth's penumbra.[2] A special type of penumbral eclipse is a total penumbral lunar eclipse, during which the Moon lies exclusively within Earth's penumbra. Total penumbral eclipses are rare, and when these occur, the portion of the Moon closest to the umbra may appear slightly darker than the rest of the lunar disk.

Partial lunar eclipse

This occurs when only a portion of the Moon enters Earth's umbra, while a total lunar eclipse occurs when the entire Moon enters the planet's umbra. The Moon's average orbital speed is about 1.03 km/s (2,300 mph), or a little more than its diameter per hour, so totality may last up to nearly 107 minutes. Nevertheless, the total time between the first and the last contacts of the Moon's limb with Earth's shadow is much longer and could last up to 236 minutes.[3]

Total lunar eclipse

This occurs when the moon falls entirely within the earth's umbra. Just prior to complete entry, the brightness of the lunar limb-- the curved edge of the moon still being hit by direct sunlight-- will cause the rest of the moon to appear comparatively dim. The moment the moon enters a complete eclipse, the entire surface will become more or less uniformly bright. Later, as the moon's opposite limb is struck by sunlight, the overall disk will again become obscured. This is because as viewed from the Earth, the brightness of a lunar limb is generally greater than that of the rest of the surface due to reflections from the many surface irregularities within the limb: sunlight striking these irregularities is always reflected back in greater quantities than that striking more central parts, and is why the edges of full moons generally appear brighter than the rest of the lunar surface. This is similar to the effect of velvet fabric over a convex curved surface which to an observer will appear darkest at the center of the curve. It will be true of any planetary body with little or no atmosphere and an irregular cratered surface (e.g., Mercury) when viewed opposite the Sun.[4]

Central lunar eclipse

This is a total lunar eclipse during which the Moon passes through the centre of Earth's shadow, contacting the antisolar point. This type of lunar eclipse is relatively rare.

The relative distance of the Moon from Earth at the time of an eclipse can affect the eclipse's duration. In particular, when the Moon is near apogee, the farthest point from Earth in its orbit, its orbital speed is the slowest. The diameter of Earth's umbra does not decrease appreciably within the changes in the Moon's orbital distance. Thus, the concurrence of a totally eclipsed Moon near apogee will lengthen the duration of totality.

Selenelion

A view of the October 2014 lunar eclipse from Minneapolis, with the setting and partially eclipsed Moon appearing squashed just above the horizon just after sunrise (seen as sunlight shining on the tree in the right image)

A selenelion or selenehelion, also called a horizontal eclipse, occurs where and when both the Sun and an eclipsed Moon can be observed at the same time. The event can only be observed just before sunset or just after sunrise, when both bodies will appear just above opposite horizons at nearly opposite points in the sky. A selenelion occurs during every total lunar eclipse-- it is an experience of the observer, not a planetary event separate from the lunar eclipse itself. Typically, observers on Earth located on high mountain ridges undergoing false sunrise or false sunset at the same moment of a total lunar eclipse will be able to experience it. Although during selenelion the Moon is completely within the Earth's umbra, both it and the Sun can be observed in the sky because atmospheric refraction causes each body to appear higher (i.e., more central) in the sky than its true geometric planetary position.[5]

Timing

As viewed from Earth, the Earth's shadow can be imagined as two concentric circles. As the diagram illustrates, the type of lunar eclipse is defined by the path taken by the Moon as it passes through Earth's shadow. If the Moon passes through the outer circle but does not reach the inner circle, it is a penumbral eclipse; if only a portion of the moon passes through the inner circle, it is a partial eclipse; and if entire Moon passes through the inner circle at some point, it is a total eclipse.
Contact points relative to the Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows, here with the Moon near is descending node

The timing of total lunar eclipses is determined by what are known as its "contacts" (moments of contact with Earth's shadow):[6]

P1 (First contact): Beginning of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
U1 (Second contact): Beginning of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
U2 (Third contact): Beginning of the total eclipse. The Moon's surface is entirely within Earth's umbra.
Greatest eclipse: The peak stage of the total eclipse. The Moon is at its closest to the center of Earth's umbra.
U3 (Fourth contact): End of the total eclipse. The Moon's outer limb exits Earth's umbra.
U4 (Fifth contact): End of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra leaves the Moon's surface.
P4 (Sixth contact): End of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra no longer makes contact with the Moon.

Danjon scale

The following scale (the Danjon scale) was devised by André Danjon for rating the overall darkness of lunar eclipses:[7]

L = 0: Very dark eclipse. Moon almost invisible, especially at mid-totality.
L = 1: Dark eclipse, gray or brownish in coloration. Details distinguishable only with difficulty.
L = 2: Deep red or rust-colored eclipse. Very dark central shadow, while outer edge of umbra is relatively bright.
L = 3: Brick-red eclipse. Umbral shadow usually has a bright or yellow rim.
L = 4: Very bright copper-red or orange eclipse. Umbral shadow is bluish and has a very bright rim.

Lunar versus solar eclipse

A solar eclipse occurs in the daytime at new moon, when the Moon is between Earth and the Sun, while a lunar eclipse occurs at night at full moon, when Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon.
The Moon does not completely darken as it passes through the umbra because Earth's atmosphere refracts sunlight into the shadow cone.

There is often confusion between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse. While both involve interactions between the Sun, Earth, and the Moon, they are very different in their interactions.

Lunar eclipse appearance

In a lunar eclipse, the Moon often passes through two regions of Earth's shadow: an outer penumbra, where direct sunlight is dimmed, and an inner umbra, where indirect and much dimmer sunlight refracted by Earth's atmosphere shines on the Moon, leaving a reddish color. This can be seen in different exposures of a partial lunar eclipse, for example here with exposures of 1/80, 2/5, and 2 seconds.

The Moon does not completely darken as it passes through the umbra because of the refraction of sunlight by Earth's atmosphere into the shadow cone; if Earth had no atmosphere, the Moon would be completely dark during the eclipse.[8] The reddish coloration arises because sunlight reaching the Moon must pass through a long and dense layer of Earth's atmosphere, where it is scattered. Shorter wavelengths are more likely to be scattered by the air molecules and small particles; thus, the longer wavelengths predominate by the time the light rays have penetrated the atmosphere. Human vision perceives this resulting light as red. This is the same effect that causes sunsets and sunrises to turn the sky a reddish color. An alternative way of conceiving this scenario is to realize that, as viewed from the Moon, the Sun would appear to be setting (or rising) behind Earth.

From the Moon, a lunar eclipse would show a ring of reddish-orange light surrounding a silhouetted Earth in the lunar sky.

The amount of refracted light depends on the amount of dust or clouds in the atmosphere; this also controls how much light is scattered. In general, the dustier the atmosphere, the more that other wavelengths of light will be removed (compared to red light), leaving the resulting light a deeper red color. This causes the resulting coppery-red hue of the Moon to vary from one eclipse to the next. Volcanoes are notable for expelling large quantities of dust into the atmosphere, and a large eruption shortly before an eclipse can have a large effect on the resulting color.

Christopher Columbus predicting a lunar eclipse.

Lunar eclipse in culture

Several cultures have myths related to lunar eclipses or allude to the lunar eclipse as being a good or bad omen. The Egyptians saw the eclipse as a sow swallowing the Moon for a short time; other cultures view the eclipse as the Moon being swallowed by other animals, such as a jaguar in Mayan tradition, or a mythical three-legged toad known as Chan Chu in China. Some societies thought it was a demon swallowing the Moon, and that they could chase it away by throwing stones and curses at it.[9] The Ancient Greeks correctly believed the Earth was round and used the shadow from the lunar eclipse as evidence.[10] Some Hindus believe in the importance of bathing in the Ganges River following an eclipse because it will help to achieve salvation.[11]

Inca

Similarly to the Mayans, the Incans believed that lunar eclipses occurred when a jaguar ate the Moon, which is why a blood moon looks red. The Incans also believed that once the jaguar finished eating the Moon, it could come down and devour all the animals on Earth, so they would take spears and shout at the Moon to keep it away.[12]

Mesopotamians

The ancient Mesopotamians believed that a lunar eclipse was when the Moon was being attacked by seven demons. This attack was more than just one on the Moon, however, for the Mesopotamians linked what happened in the sky with what happened on the land, and because the king of Mesopotamia represented the land, the seven demons were thought to be also attacking the king. In order to prevent this attack on the king, the Mesopotamians made someone pretend to be the king so they would be attacked instead of the true king. After the lunar eclipse was over, the substitute king was made to disappear (possibly by poisoning).[12]

Chinese

In some Chinese cultures, people would ring bells to prevent a dragon or other wild animals from biting the Moon.[13] In the 19th century, during a lunar eclipse, the Chinese navy fired its artillery because of this belief.[14] During the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1046–256 BC) in the Book of Songs, the sight of a Red Moon engulfed in darkness was believed to foreshadow famine or disease.[15]

Blood moon

Change to reddish cast

Certain lunar eclipses have been referred to as "blood moons" in popular articles but this is not a scientifically-recognized term.[16] This term has been given two separate, but overlapping, meanings.

The first, and simpler, meaning relates to the reddish color a totally eclipsed Moon takes on to observers on Earth.[17] As sunlight penetrates the atmosphere of Earth, the gaseous layer filters and refracts the rays in such a way that the green to violet wavelengths on the visible spectrum scatter more strongly than the red, thus giving the Moon a reddish cast.[18]

The second meaning of "blood moon" has been derived from this apparent coloration by two fundamentalist Christian pastors, Mark Blitz and John Hagee.[16][19] They claimed that the 2014–15 "lunar tetrad" of four lunar eclipses coinciding with the feasts of Passover and Tabernacles matched the "moon turning to blood" described in the Book of Joel of the Hebrew Bible.[19] This tetrad was claimed to herald the Second Coming of Christ and the Rapture as described in the Book of Revelation on the date of the first of the eclipses in this sequence on April 15, 2014.[20]

Occurrence

This multi-exposure sequence shows the August 2017 lunar eclipse visible from the ESO headquarters.[21]
This collage shows the transitional stages of a lunar eclipse.

At least two lunar eclipses and as many as five occur every year, although total lunar eclipses are significantly less common. If the date and time of an eclipse is known, the occurrences of upcoming eclipses are predictable using an eclipse cycle, like the saros.

Recent and forthcoming lunar eclipses

Eclipses occur only during an eclipse season, when the Sun appears to pass near either node of the Moon's orbit.

Lunar eclipse series sets from 2002–2005
Descending node Ascending node
Saros
Photo
Date
View
Type
Chart
GammaSaros
Photo
Date
View
Type
Chart
Gamma
1112002 May 26
Lunar eclipse from moon-2002May26.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2002May26.png
1.17591162002 Nov 20
Lunar eclipse from moon-2002Nov20.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2002Nov20.png
-1.1127
121
Lunar eclipse May 2003-TLR75.jpg
2003 May 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2003May16.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-03may16.png
0.4123126
Lunar eclipse November 2003-TLR63.jpg
2003 Nov 09
Lunar eclipse from moon-2003Nov09.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-03nov09.png
-0.4319
131
Total lunar eclipse May 4 2004-Jpeter smith.jpg
2004 May 04
Lunar eclipse from moon-2004May04.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-04may04.png
-0.3132136
Oct 28 2004 total lunar eclipse-espenak.png
2004 Oct 28
Lunar eclipse from moon-2004Oct28.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-04oct28.png
0.2846
1412005 Apr 24
Lunar eclipse from moon-2005Apr24.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-05apr24.png
-1.0885146
MiNe-10D 224-2485F Crop (1511723771) (cropped).jpg
2005 Oct 17
Lunar eclipse from moon-2005Oct17.png
partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2005Oct17.png
0.9796
Last set2002 Jun 24Last set2001 Dec 30
Next set2006 Mar 14Next set2006 Sep 7
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2006–2009
Descending node Ascending node
Saros #
and photo
Date
Viewing
Type
Chart
GammaSaros #
and photo
Date
Viewing
Type
Chart
Gamma
113
Lunar eclipse (114948858).jpg
2006 Mar 14
Lunar eclipse from moon-2006Mar14.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-06mar14.png
1.0211118
Partial lunar eclipse Sept 7 2006-Mikelens.jpg
2006 Sep 7
Lunar eclipse from moon-2006Sep07.png
partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2006Sep07.png
-0.9262
123
Total eclipse.jpg
2007 Mar 03
Lunar eclipse from moon-2007Mar03.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-07mar03.png
0.3175128
Lunar Eclipse.jpg
2007 Aug 28
Lunar eclipse from moon-2007Aug28.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2007aug28.png
-0.2146
133
February 2008 total lunar eclipse John Buonomo.jpg
2008 Feb 21
Lunar eclipse from moon-2008Feb21.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-08feb20.png
-0.3992138
20080816eclipsed2.jpg
2008 Aug 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2008Aug16.png
partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2008Aug16.png
0.5646
143
Penumbral lunar eclipse Feb 9 2009 NavneethC.jpg
2009 Feb 09
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Feb09.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-09feb09.png
-1.0640148
Penumbral lunar eclipse Aug 6 2009 John Walker.gif
2009 Aug 06
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Aug06.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2009aug06.png
1.3572
Last set2005 Apr 24Last set2005 Oct 17
Next set2009 Dec 31Next set2009 Jul 07
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2009–2013
Ascending node Descending node
Saros #
Photo
Date
Viewing
Type
chart
GammaSaros #
Photo
Date
Viewing
Type
chart
Gamma
1102009 Jul 07
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Jul07.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2009jul07.png
-1.4916115
December 2009 partial lunar eclipse-cropped.jpg
2009 Dec 31
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Dec31.png
partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2009Dec31.png
0.9766
120
Lunar eclipse june 2010 northup.jpg
2010 Jun 26
Lunar eclipse from moon-2010Jun26.png
partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2010jun26.png
-0.7091125
Near Greatest Eclipse 20101221 0011-crop.jpg
(c) GFDL, CC BY-SA 3.0
2010 Dec 21
Lunar eclipse from moon-2010Dec21.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-10dec21.png
0.3214
130
Lunar eclipse June 2011 Total.jpg
2011 Jun 15
Lunar eclipse from moon-2011Jun15.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2011jun15.png
0.0897135
Lunar eclipse by Shiny Things cropped.jpg
2011 Dec 10
Lunar eclipse from moon-2011Dec10.png
total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2011Dec10.png
-0.3882
140
Partial Eclipse of Moon 4th June 2012 Australia cropped.jpg
2012 Jun 04
Lunar eclipse from moon-2012Jun04.png
partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2012Jun04.png
0.82481452012 Nov 28
Lunar eclipse from moon-2012Nov28.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2012Nov28.png
-1.0869
1502013 May 25
Lunar eclipse from moon-2013May25.png
penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2013May25.png
1.5351
Last set2009 Aug 06Last set2009 Feb 9
Next set2013 Apr 25Next set2013 Oct 18
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2013–2016
Ascending node Descending node
SarosViewing
date
TypeGammaSarosViewing
date
TypeGamma
112
Partial lunar eclipse 2013.04.25.jpg
2013 Apr 25
Lunar eclipse from moon-2013Apr25.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2013Apr25.png
-1.0121117
MG 8074 (10353408985) (cropped).jpg
2013 Oct 18
Lunar eclipse from moon-2013Oct18.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2013Oct18.png
1.1508
122
Lunar eclipse April 15 2014 California Alfredo Garcia Jr1.jpg
2014 Apr 15
Lunar eclipse from moon-2014Apr15.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2014Apr15.png
-0.3017127
Lunar eclipse October 8 2014 California Alfredo Garcia Jr mideclipse.JPG
2014 Oct 08
Lunar eclipse from moon-2014Oct08.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2014Oct08.png
0.3827
132
Lunar eclipse April 4 2015 greatest Alfredo Garcia Jr LA.jpg
2015 Apr 04
Lunar eclipse from moon-2015Apr04.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2015Apr04.png
0.4460137
Lunar eclipse September 27 2015 greatest Alfredo Garcia Jr.jpg
2015 Sep 28
Lunar eclipse from moon-2015Sep28.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2015Sep28.png
-0.3296
1422016 Mar 23
Lunar eclipse from moon-2016Mar23.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2016Mar23.png
1.1592147
Penumbral eclipse on Sep.16, 2016 (29735793325).jpg
2016 Sep 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2016Sep16.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2016Sep16.png
-1.0549
Last set2013 May 25Last set2012 Nov 28
Next set2017 Feb 11Next set2016 Aug 18
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2016–2020
Descending node Ascending node
SarosDateType
Viewing
GammaSarosDate
Viewing
Type
Chart
Gamma
1092016 Aug 18
Lunar eclipse from moon-2016Aug18.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2016Aug18.png
1.5641114
Penumbral lunar eclipse 2017.02.11.jpg
2017 Feb 11
Lunar eclipse from moon-2017Feb11.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2017Feb11.png
-1.0255
119
Lunar eclipse of 2017 August 7 Kuwait.jpg
2017 Aug 07
Lunar eclipse from moon-2017Aug07.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2017Aug07.png
0.8669124
Lunar eclipse January 31 2018 California Alfredo Garcia Jr mideclipse.jpg
2018 Jan 31
Lunar eclipse from moon-2018Jan31.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2018Jan31.png
-0.3014
129
Lunar Total Eclipse on July 27, 2018 (100 2006) (43696968392) (cropped).jpg
2018 Jul 27
Lunar eclipse from moon-2018Jul27.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2018Jul27.png
0.1168134
Total lunar eclipse on January 21, 2019 (45910439045) (cropped).jpg
2019 Jan 21
Lunar eclipse from moon-2019Jan21.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2019Jan21.png
0.3684
139
July 2019 Partial Lunar Eclipse.jpg
2019 Jul 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2019Jul16.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2019Jul16.png
-0.6430144
Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2020-01-10-single.jpg
2020 Jan 10
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Jan10.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Jan10.png
1.2406
1492020 Jul 05
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Jul05.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Jul05.png
-1.3639
Last set2016 Sep 16Last set2016 Mar 23
Next set2020 Jun 05Next set2020 Nov 30
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2020–2023
Descending node Ascending node
SarosDateType
Viewing
GammaSarosDate
Viewing
Type
Chart
Gamma
111
2020-06-05-Penumbral lunar eclipse-Cory Schmitz.jpg
2020 Jun 05
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Jun05.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Jun05.png
1.24063116
Penumbral lunar eclipse nov-11-2020-tlr1.jpg
2020 Nov 30
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Nov30.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Nov30.png
-1.13094
121
May 2021 Lunar Eclipse Totality, Mountain View, USA.jpg
2021 May 26
Lunar eclipse from moon-2021May26.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2021May26.png
0.47741126
Lunar Eclipse - 2021 (51690221681) (cropped).jpg
2021 Nov 19
Lunar eclipse from moon-2021Nov19.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2021Nov19.png
-0.45525
1312022 May 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2022May16.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2022may16.png
-0.253241362022 Nov 08
Lunar eclipse from moon-2022Nov08.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2022nov08.png
0.25703
1412023 May 05
Lunar eclipse from moon-2023May05.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2023May05.png
-1.034951462023 Oct 28
Lunar eclipse from moon-2023Oct28.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2023Oct28.png
0.94716
Last set2020 Jul 05Last set2020 Jan 10
Next set2024 Mar 25Next set2024 Sep 18
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2024–2027
Descending node Ascending node
SarosDateType
Viewing
SarosDate
Viewing
Type
Chart
1132024 Mar 25
Lunar eclipse from moon-2024Mar25.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2024Mar25.png
1182024 Sep 18
Lunar eclipse from moon-2024Sep18.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2024Sep18.png
1232025 Mar 14
Lunar eclipse from moon-2025Mar14.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2025Mar14.png
1282025 Sep 07
Lunar eclipse from moon-2025Sep07.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2025Sep07.png
1332026 Mar 03
Lunar eclipse from moon-2026Mar03.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2026Mar03.png
1382026 Aug 28
Lunar eclipse from moon-2026Aug28.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2026Aug28.png
1432027 Feb 20
Lunar eclipse from moon-2027Feb20.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2027Feb20.png
1482027 Aug 17
Lunar eclipse from moon-2027Aug17.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2027Aug17.png
Last set2023 May 05Last set2023 Oct 28
Next set2028 Jan 12Next set2027 Jul 18
Lunar eclipse series sets from 2027–2031
Descending node Ascending node
SarosDate
Viewing
Type
Chart
SarosDate
Viewing
Type
Chart
1102027 Jul 18
Lunar eclipse from moon-2027Jul18.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2027Jul18.png
1152028 Jan 12
Lunar eclipse from moon-2028Jan12.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2028Jan12.png
1202028 Jul 06
Lunar eclipse from moon-2028Jul06.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2028Jul06.png
1252028 Dec 31
Lunar eclipse from moon-2028Dec31.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2028Dec31.png
1302029 Jun 26
Lunar eclipse from moon-2029Jun26.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-29jun26.png
1352029 Dec 20
Lunar eclipse from moon-2029Dec20.png
Total
Lunar eclipse chart close-2029Dec20.png
1402030 Jun 15
Lunar eclipse from moon-2030Jun15.png
Partial
Lunar eclipse chart close-2030Jun15.png
1452030 Dec 09
Lunar eclipse from moon-2030Dec09.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2030Dec09.png
1502031 Jun 05
Lunar eclipse from moon-2031Jun05.png
Penumbral
Lunar eclipse chart close-2031Jun05.png
Last set2027 Aug 17Last set2027 Feb 20
Next set2031 May 07Next set2031 Oct 30

See also

  • Lists of lunar eclipses and List of 21st-century lunar eclipses
  • Lunar occultation
  • Moon illusion
  • Orbit of the Moon
  • Solar eclipse

References

  1. ^ McClure, Bruce (July 27, 2018). "Century's Longest Lunar Eclipse July 27". EarthSky. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  2. ^ H. Mucke, J. Meeus (1992). Canon of Lunar Eclipses -2002 to +2526 (3rd ed.). Astronomisches Büro Wien. p. V.
  3. ^ Karttunen, Hannu (2007). Fundamental Astronomy. Springer. p. 139. ISBN 9783540341444.
  4. ^ "Lunar Limb Magic". Astronomy.com. 27 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Observing Blog - In Search of Selenelion". Sky & Telescope. 2010-06-26. Archived from the original on 2011-12-20. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  6. ^ Clarke, Kevin. "On the nature of eclipses". Inconstant Moon. Cyclopedia Selenica. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  7. ^ Deans, Paul; MacRobert, Alan M. (July 16, 2006). "Observing and Photographing Lunar Eclipses". Sky & Telescope. F+W.
  8. ^ Espenak, Fred; Meeus, Jean. "Visual Appearance of Lunar Eclipses". NASA. The troposphere and stratosphere act together as a ring-shaped lens that refracts heavily reddened sunlight into Earth's umbral shadow.
  9. ^ Littmann, Mark; Espenak, Fred; Willcox, Ken (2008). "Chapter 4: Eclipses in Mythology". Totality Eclipses of the Sun (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-953209-4.
  10. ^ Pollack, Rebecca. "Ancient Myths Revised with Lunar Eclipse". University of Maryland. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  11. ^ Ani. "Hindus take a dip in the Ganges during Lunar Eclipse". Yahoo News. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  12. ^ a b Lee, Jane (14 April 2014). "Lunar Eclipse Myths From Around the World". National Geographic. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  13. ^ Quilas, Ma Evelyn. "Interesting Facts and Myths about Lunar Eclipse". LA Times. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Mythology of the Lunar Eclipse". LifeAsMyth.com.
  15. ^ Kaul, Gayatri (15 June 2011). "What Lunar Eclipse Means in Different Parts of the World". India.com. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  16. ^ a b Sappenfield, Mark (13 April 2014). "Blood Moon to arrive Monday night. What is a Blood Moon?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  17. ^ Nigro, Nicholas (2010). Knack Night Sky: Decoding the Solar System, from Constellations to Black Holes. Globe Pequot. pp. 214–5. ISBN 978-0-7627-6604-8.
  18. ^ "All you need to know about the 'blood moon'". theguardian. 28 September 2015.
  19. ^ a b "What is a Blood Moon?". Earth & Sky. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  20. ^ Bailey, Sarah Pulliam (15 April 2014). "'Blood moon' sets off apocalyptic debate among some Christians". The Washington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  21. ^ "Lunar Eclipse @ ESO". European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 14 August 2017.

Further reading

  • Bao-Lin Liu, Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1500 B.C.-A.D. 3000. Willmann-Bell, Richmond VA, 1992
  • Jean Meeus and Hermann Mucke Canon of Lunar Eclipses -2002 to +2526 (3rd edition). Astronomisches Büro, Vienna, 1992
  • Espenak, F., Fifty Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses: 1986–2035. NASA Reference Publication 1216, 1989
  • Espenak, F. Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500, Astropixels Publishing, Portal AZ, 2014

External links

Media files used on this page

Crab Nebula.jpg
This is a mosaic image, one of the largest ever taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, of the Crab Nebula, a six-light-year-wide expanding remnant of a star's supernova explosion. Japanese and Chinese astronomers recorded this violent event in 1054 CE, as did, almost certainly, Native Americans.

The orange filaments are the tattered remains of the star and consist mostly of hydrogen. The rapidly spinning neutron star embedded in the center of the nebula is the dynamo powering the nebula's eerie interior bluish glow. The blue light comes from electrons whirling at nearly the speed of light around magnetic field lines from the neutron star. The neutron star, like a lighthouse, ejects twin beams of radiation that appear to pulse 30 times a second due to the neutron star's rotation. A neutron star is the crushed ultra-dense core of the exploded star.

The Crab Nebula derived its name from its appearance in a drawing made by Irish astronomer Lord Rosse in 1844, using a 36-inch telescope. When viewed by Hubble, as well as by large ground-based telescopes such as the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope, the Crab Nebula takes on a more detailed appearance that yields clues into the spectacular demise of a star, 6,500 light-years away.

The newly composed image was assembled from 24 individual Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 exposures taken in October 1999, January 2000, and December 2000. The colors in the image indicate the different elements that were expelled during the explosion. Blue in the filaments in the outer part of the nebula represents neutral oxygen, green is singly-ionized sulfur, and red indicates doubly-ionized oxygen.
He1523a.jpg
Author/Creator: ESO, European Southern Observatory, Licence: CC BY 4.0
Artist's impression of "the oldest star of our Galaxy": HE 1523-0901
  • About 13.2 billion years old
  • Approximately 7500 light years far from Earth
  • Published as part of Hamburg/ESO Survey in the May 10 2007 issue of The Astrophysical Journal
RocketSunIcon.svg
Author/Creator: Me, Licence: Copyrighted free use
SVG replacement for File:Spaceship and the Sun.jpg. A stylized illustration of a spaceship and the sun, based on the description of the emblem of the fictional Galactic Empire in Isaac Asimov's Foundation series ("The golden globe with its conventionalized rays, and the oblique cigar shape that was a space vessel"). This image could be used as a icon for science-fiction related articles.
Earth-moon.jpg
This view of the rising Earth greeted the Apollo 8 astronauts as they came from behind the Moon after the fourth nearside orbit. Earth is about five degrees above the horizon in the photo. The unnamed surface features in the foreground are near the eastern limb of the Moon as viewed from Earth. The lunar horizon is approximately 780 kilometers from the spacecraft. Width of the photographed area at the horizon is about 175 kilometers. On the Earth 240,000 miles away, the sunset terminator bisects Africa.
Solar system.jpg
This is a montage of planetary images taken by spacecraft managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, CA. Included are (from top to bottom) images of Mercury, Venus, Earth (and Moon), Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The spacecraft responsible for these images are as follows:
  • the Mercury image was taken by Mariner 10,
  • the Venus image by Magellan,
  • the Earth and Moon images by Galileo,
  • the Mars image by Mars Global Surveyor,
  • the Jupiter image by Cassini, and
  • the Saturn, Uranus and Neptune images by Voyager.
  • Pluto is not shown as it is no longer a planet, and no spacecraft has yet visited it when this montage was taken. The inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, and Mars) are roughly to scale to each other; the outer planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) are roughly to scale to each other. PIA 00545 is the same montage with Neptune shown larger in the foreground. Actual diameters are given below:
  • Sun (to photosphere) 1,392,684 km
  • Mercury 4,879.4 km
  • Venus 12,103.7 km
  • Earth 12,756.28 km
  • Moon 3,476.2 km
  • Mars 6,804.9 km
  • Jupiter 142,984 km
  • Saturn 120,536 km
  • Uranus 51,118 km
  • Neptune 49,528 km
Lunar eclipse chart close-04may04.png
May 2004 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2016Mar23.png
March 2016_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2002May26.png

en:May 2002 lunar eclipse chart of moon's penumbral en:lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2019Jul16.png
July 2019 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse oct 8 2014 Minneapolis 4 46am.png
Author/Creator: Tomruen, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Partial eclipse en:October 2014 lunar eclipse partial eclipse 9:46 UTC
Lunar eclipse chart close-2012Jun04.png
June 2012 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2029Dec20.png
December 2029 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2011Dec10.png
December_2011_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2009jul07.png
July 2009 lunar eclipse chart of moon's penumbral lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
May 2021 Lunar Eclipse Totality, Mountain View, USA.jpg
Author/Creator: David Hash, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Lunar eclipse totality captured from Mountain View, CA, USA. 15-second exposure at ISO 200 with a Canon 7D Mk II attached to a Celestron EdgeHD 8 SCT and 0.7x focal reducer (net 1490mm f/7).
Lunar eclipse from moon-2003Nov09.png
November_2003_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2028Jan12.png
January 2028_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse September 27 2015 greatest Alfredo Garcia Jr.jpg
Author/Creator: Alfredo Garcia, Jr, [2], Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Total lunar eclipse, taken from California
Lunar eclipse chart close-2023May05.png
May 2023 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2030Dec09.png
December 2030 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2013Oct18.png
October 2013 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-04oct28.png
October 2004 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2009aug06.png
August 2009 lunar eclipse chart of moon's partial lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
December 2009 partial lunar eclipse-cropped.jpg
Author/Creator: Codybird, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
partial lunar eclipse as seen from SW Ireland
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Jun05.png
June 2020_lunar_eclipse view of earth The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.
2020-06-05-Penumbral lunar eclipse-Cory Schmitz.jpg
Author/Creator: Cory Schmitz @ PhotographingSpace.com, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Penumbral eclipse June 5, 2020 dimming southern half of the moon
Lunar eclipse from moon-2005Apr24.png
April_2005_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2007Mar03.png
March_2007_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2021May26.png
Author/Creator: w:User:SockPuppetForTomruen, Licence: CC0
May 2021_lunar_eclipse view of earth The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.
Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Nov30.png
November 2020 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2016Aug18.png
July 2016_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2016Aug18.png
August 2016 lunar eclipse chart of moon's penumbral lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Jul07.png
July_2009_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Jun05.png
June 2020 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2022may16.png
May 2022 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse (114948858).jpg
Author/Creator: Sigurd Gartmann from Trondheim, Norway, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Lunar eclipse
Lunar eclipse from moon simulation-sep 28 2015.png
Author/Creator: Tomruen, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
en:Lunar eclipse simulation of view from moon
Lunar eclipse from moon-2008Feb21.png
February_2008_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-03may16.png
May 2003 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2030Dec09.png
December 2030_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2026Aug28.png
August 2026_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2024Sep18.png
September 2024_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2021Nov19.png
November 2021 lunar eclipse chart of moon's nearly-total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2012Jun04.png
June_2012_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2013Apr25.png
April 2013_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2006Sep07.png
September_2006_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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2007-03-03 - Lunar Eclipse small-43img.gif
Author/Creator: Thomas Knoblauch, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
A time lapse movie created by Thomas Knoblauch of the lunar eclipse on March 3, 2007. More Information can be found at http://foto.star-shine.ch -> Time Lapse movies.
Blood Moon.tif
Author/Creator: Downclouding, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Lunar Eclipse Transition
Lunar eclipse June 2011 Total.jpg
Author/Creator:

Muhammad Mahdi Karim Facebook

Wikimédia CH The making of this document was supported by Wikimedia CH. (Submit your project!)

For all the files concerned, please see the category Supported by Wikimedia CH.


, Licence: GFDL 1.2
Total Lunar eclipse 15 June 2011 in its total stage as seen from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Lunar eclipse chart close-08feb20.png
February 2008 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow.
FullSkyAstronomySoftwareLogo.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-10dec21.png
December 2010 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow.
FullSkyAstronomySoftwareLogo.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2023Oct28.png
October 2023 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Nov30.png
November 2020_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2002Nov20.png
November 2002 lunar eclipse chart of moon's penumbral lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2017Aug07.png
August 2017_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2028Jan12.png
January 2028 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
MiNe-10D 224-2485F Crop (1511723771) (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: MiNe from Taipei, Taiwan, Licence: CC BY 2.0
台北 > 我家屋頂
Lunar eclipse from moon-2014Oct08.png
October 2014_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Total lunar eclipse May 4 2004-Jpeter smith.jpg
Author/Creator: Peter Smith from Haifa, Israel, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Cropped and rotate from origin
Lunar eclipse from moon-2022May16.png
May 2022_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2020-01-10-single.jpg
Author/Creator: H. Raab (User:Vesta), Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Penumbral lunar eclipse on January 10, 2020. The image in the center was taken at 19:10 UT, at maximum eclipse, when about 90% of the Moon has immersed into the Earth's penumbra.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2013May25.png
May 2013_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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20080816eclipsed2.jpg
Author/Creator: Graham.beverley, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Partial Lunar Eclipse
Penumbral lunar eclipse Feb 9 2009 NavneethC.jpg
Author/Creator: SockPuppetForTomruen (talk), Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Penumbral lunar eclipse photo, February 2009 lunar eclipse. Location: Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
Lunar eclipse from moon-2028Dec31.png
December 2028_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Partial lunar eclipse Sept 7 2006-Mikelens.jpg
Author/Creator: Mike., Licence: CC BY 2.0
Partial lunar eclipse, Sept 7, 2006.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2029Dec20.png
December 2029_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2026Mar03.png
March 2026_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2029Jun26.png
June 2029_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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July 2019 Partial Lunar Eclipse.jpg
Author/Creator: Matthew Tomas, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Partial Lunar Eclipse seen from Tilehurst, Reading, England, at 22:30 BST.
Lunar eclipse chart close-09feb09.png
February 2009 lunar eclipse chart of moon's partial lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow.
FullSkyAstronomySoftwareLogo.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2022nov08.png
November 2022 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse june 2010 northup.jpg
Author/Creator: Mdekool, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Lunar eclipse on June 26 2010 close to maximum. Viewed from Canberra, Australia. Rotated south down
Near Greatest Eclipse 20101221 0011-crop.jpg
(c) GFDL, CC BY-SA 3.0
Lunar eclipse of 2010 December 21 Near Greatest Eclipse: 12.11am from San Jose, CA, USA
Lunar eclipse chart close-2010jun26.png
June 2010 lunar eclipse chart of moon's penumbral lunar eclipse path through the earth's shado
Lunar eclipse chart close-2027Jul18.png
July 2027 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2031Jun05.png
June 2031_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Blood Moon Corrected Labels.png
Author/Creator: Eggishorn, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Schematic representation of the paths of light from the Sun past Earth causing the Moon to appear reddish during lunar eclipses.
Lunar eclipse chart close-07mar03.png
March 2007 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2025Mar14.png
March 2025_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2015Sep28.png
September 2015 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2011jun15.png
June 2011 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow.
Lunar Total Eclipse on July 27, 2018 (100 2006) (43696968392) (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: Giuseppe Donatiello from Italy, Licence: CC0
Lunar Total Eclipse on July 27, 2018 (100_2006)
Lunar eclipse chart close-2028Jul06.png
July 2028 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2008Aug16.png
August 2008 lunar eclipse chart of moon's partial lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Total lunar eclipse on January 21, 2019 (45910439045) (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: Giuseppe Donatiello from Oria (Brindisi), Italy, Licence: CC0

Total lunar eclipse on January 21, 2019 Taken from Oria (Brindisi), Italy

TecnoSky APO triplet SLD 102/714 + Canon EOS 4000D 4x1.3 sec afocal shots stacked . Presence of haze.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2015Sep28.png
September 2015_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2021May26.png
Author/Creator: w:User:SockPuppetForTomruen, Licence: CC0
May 2021 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Feb09.png
February_2009_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Total eclipse.jpg
Taken from Astronomy students at AGS (Alssundgymnasiet i Sønderborg) Denmark, the 3.-4- March 2007. Camera : Canon EOS10 with an ASA at 800
Lunar eclipse from moon-2022Nov08.png
November 2022_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2004May04.png
May_2004_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Partial lunar eclipse 2013.04.25.jpg
Author/Creator: Radoslaw Ziomber, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Lunar eclipse of 2013 April 25
Lunar eclipse from moon-2004Oct28.png
October_2004_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2031Jun05.png
June 2031 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-05apr24.png
April 2005 lunar eclipse chart of moon's lunar eclipse path through the earth's penumbral shadow. thumb
Eclipse Christophe Colomb.jpg
C. Colomb's Eclipse. Caption: "Fig. 86. — L'éclipse de lune de Christophe Colomb."
Lunar eclipse chart close-2027Feb20.png
February 2027 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Jan10.png
January 2020_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2018Jan31.png
January 2018_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2024Mar25.png
March 2024 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Penumbral lunar eclipse 1999 jan 31.png
Simulation of a January 1999 penumbral lunar eclipse.
Lunar eclipse November 2003-TLR63.jpg
Telescopic photo of total lunar eclipse on November 8, 2003
Lunar eclipse from moon-2002May26.png
May_2002_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2002Nov20.png
November_2002_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2003May16.png
May_2003_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-06mar14.png
March 2006 lunar eclipse chart of moon's lunar eclipse path through the earth's penumbral shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2012Nov28.png
November_2012_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2017Feb11.png
February 2017_lunar_eclipse view of earth The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.
Lunar eclipse chart close-2013Apr25.png
April 2013 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2018Jan31.png
January 2018 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2027Jul18.png
July 2027_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2005Oct17.png
October_2005_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunareclipsediagram.svg
Original version File:Tom Ruen - Lunar eclipse shadow paths (pd).gif converted to SVG by Matthew D. Zimmerman, 2008, using Inkscape.
Lunar eclipse chart close-2030Jun15.png
June 2030 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2013Oct18.png
October 2013_lunar_eclipse view of earth The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2028Jul06.png
July 2028_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse April 15 2014 California Alfredo Garcia Jr1.jpg
Author/Creator: Alfredo Garcia, Jr, [2], Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Total lunar eclipse, from Lomita, California, 7:44 UTC near greatest eclipse
Lunar eclipse from moon-2027Aug17.png
August 2027_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2008Aug16.png
August_2008_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Penumbral lunar eclipse Aug 6 2009 John Walker.gif
Photo of August_2009_lunar_eclipse Uploaded public domain by permission of John Walker, [1]. Album also states at[2] This document and all images included within it are in the public domain. They may be used in any manner without permission, restriction, attribution, or compensation.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2010Jun26.png
June 2010 lunar eclipse The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2023Oct28.png
October 2023_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2026Mar03.png
March 2026 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse May 2003-TLR75.jpg
Telescopic photo of total lunar eclipse on evening of May 15, 2003
Image is blurred due to 2 second exposure - see motion of star in the lower left.
Lunar eclipse chart close-2013May25.png
May 2013 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Penumbral lunar eclipse 2017.02.11.jpg
Author/Creator: Radoslaw Ziomber, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Lunar eclipse of 2017 February 11
Lunar eclipse from moon-2019Jul16.png
July 2019_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2025Sep07.png
September 2025_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Partial Eclipse of Moon 4th June 2012 Australia cropped.jpg
Author/Creator: Greg Wilson from Australia, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Partial eclipse of Moon 4th June 2012, rotated and cropped from File:Partial Eclipse of Moon.jpg
Lunar eclipse chart close-2028Dec31.png
December 2028 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse October 8 2014 California Alfredo Garcia Jr mideclipse.JPG
Author/Creator: Alfredo Garcia, Jr, [2], Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
en:October 2014 lunar eclipse, en:Loleta, California, near greatest eclipse, Meade 10" f/10 LX 200 SCT at F/6.3 using Canon T1i DSLR
FullMoon2010.jpg
(c) Gregory H. Revera, CC BY-SA 3.0
Full Moon photograph taken 10-22-2010 from Madison, Alabama, USA. Photographed with a Celestron 9.25 Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope. Acquired with a Canon EOS Rebel T1i (EOS 500D), 20 images stacked to reduce noise. 200 ISO 1/640 sec.
Lunar eclipse chart close-2016Mar23.png
March 2016 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2018Jul27.png
July 2018_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Aug06.png
August_2009_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2021Nov19.png
November 2021_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2006Sep07.png
September 2006 lunar eclipse chart of moon's partial lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2024Mar25.png
March 2024_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2027Feb20.png
February 2027_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2005Oct17.png
October 2005 lunar eclipse chart of moon's partial lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2025Mar14.png
March 2025 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2018Jul27.png
July 2018 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse April 4 2015 greatest Alfredo Garcia Jr LA.jpg
Author/Creator: Alfredo Garcia, Jr, [2], Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
en:April 2015 lunar eclipse, near greatest eclipse, Taken with William Optics 90 mm f/6.3 Megrez APO Refractor mounted on a camera Tripod. Used a Canon T1i DSLR.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2023May05.png
May 2023_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2015Apr04.png
April 2015 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Penumbral eclipse on Sep.16, 2016 (29735793325).jpg
Author/Creator: Giuseppe Donatiello, Licence: CC0

2016 Harvest Moon penumbral eclipse at 18:54 UTC Taken by Giuseppe Donatiello The Harvest Moon is the full moon that falls the closest to the Northern Hemisphere’s autumnal equinox. In the Southern Hemisphere, this September full moon counts as the closest full moon to spring equinox. This image was taken at mid-eclipse.

Tecnosky triplet APO70mm FPL-53 + KodakC183 no sharp
Lunar Eclipse at ESO 2017.jpg
Author/Creator: ESO/P. Horálek, Licence: CC BY 4.0
During the early evening of 7 August, a partial lunar eclipse was visible in the sky above the ESO Headquarters in Garching bei München, Germany.

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth, Moon and Sun are aligned, and the Earth casts a shadow on the Moon. This time, only a small part of the Moon entered the Earth’s inner shadow, the umbra, but it still made for a stunning view.

While observing from the rooftop of the ESO Headquarters building, ESO Photo Ambassador Petr Horálek captured the eclipse along with spectacular rays from the setting Sun behind him, known as anticrepuscular rays — a union of astronomical and atmospherical phenomena. The Picture of the Week shown here is a compilation of over 50 images of the eclipse, starting from the peak of the eclipse just as the Moon rose above the horizon, to the eclipse’s conclusion when the Moon was high in the sky.

Horálek captured the eclipse near its peak in a second photo. The entire Moon is turned red by its light scattering through the Earth’s atmosphere. Meanwhile, the bottom right part of the full Moon blends into the sky having entered the umbra of the Earth’s shadow.

Europe’s next lunar eclipse will be a total eclipse, visible on 27 July, 2018.
Lunar eclipse from moon-2014Apr15.png
April 2014_lunar_eclipse view of earth
فارسی: ماه‌گرفتگی ۱۵ آوریل ۲۰۱۴ (۲۵ فروردین ۱۳۹۳) بصورت کامل در قاره امریکا و استرالیا روی داد.

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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February 2008 total lunar eclipse John Buonomo.jpg
Author/Creator: John Buonomo, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

February 2008 lunar eclipse, approximately 3:25 UT, in North Billerica MA. Uploaded to Wiki-commons by permission from John Buonomo. [1]

  • Equipment: Canon (un modified) DSLR Celeston C8 f6.3
  • Taken from: 1180 frames between 9:01pm 02-20-2008 to 12:15am 02-21-2008
  • Exposures ~8-10 seconds
Lunar eclipse from moon-2011Jun15.png
June_2011_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-29jun26.png
June 2029 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar Eclipse - 2021 (51690221681) (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: David Wipf, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Lunar eclipse from November 19, 2021. Starkville, Mississippi. 100 mm f/9 refractor
Lunar eclipse chart close-2019Jan21.png
January 2019 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2025Sep07.png
September 2025 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2016Sep16.png
September 2016 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar Eclipse.jpg
Author/Creator: Steev from Wollongong, Australia, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Best I could do on the red spot - really needed a motor tilt to keep up - quite pleased with the colour thou :-)
Lunar eclipse chart close-03nov09.png
November 2003 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2006Mar14.png
March_2006_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2019Jan21.png
January 2019_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2014Oct08.png
October 2014 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2026Aug28.png
August 2026 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2017Feb11.png
February 2017 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2017Aug07.png
August 2017 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2014Apr15.png
April 2014 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow.
Geometry of a Lunar Eclipse.svg
Geometry of a Lunar Eclipse
Lunar eclipse chart close-2012Nov28.png
November 2012 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's penumbral shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2015Apr04.png
April 2015_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2030Jun15.png
June 2030_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2011Dec10.png
December 2011 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2009Dec31.png
December 2009 lunar eclipse chart of moon's penumbral lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse from moon-2010Dec21.png
December_2010_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

See also 3 views: File:Lunar eclipse from moon-10dec21.png

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Lunar eclipse of 2017 August 7 Kuwait.jpg
Author/Creator: Irvin calicut, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Partial Lunar eclipse of 2017 August 7, as seen from Kuwait Cropped and rotated from File:Lunar eclipse of 2017 August 7.jpg
MG 8074 (10353408985) (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: David from Washington, DC, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hunter's full moon and penumbral lunar eclipse at the 3 minutes past the stated peak viewing time over Washington, DC at 7:53pm
Lunar eclipse from moon-2020Jul05.png
July 2020_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse from moon-2016Sep16.png
September 2016_lunar_eclipse view of earth The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.
Lunar eclipse contact diagram.svg
Author/Creator: Vectorised by User:Sushant savla from the work by Tomruen, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Lunar eclipse contact diagram
Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Jul05.png
July 2020 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow.
FullSkyAstronomySoftwareLogo.png
Lunar eclipse from moon-2007Aug28.png
August_2007_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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Lunar eclipse chart close-2020Jan10.png
January 2020 lunar eclipse chart of moon's path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2024Sep18.png
September 2024 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Lunar eclipse chart close-2027Aug17.png
August 2027 lunar eclipse chart of moon's total lunar eclipse path through the earth's shadow. thumb
Eclipse lunar 2019.gif
Author/Creator: Caroline Grubb from United Kingdom, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Lunar eclipse of 2019 gif animation from Caroline Grubb's photos
Lunar eclipse from moon-2009Dec31.png
December_2009_lunar_eclipse view of earth

The orientation of the earth as viewed from the center of the moon during greatest eclipse.

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