Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus
London1_novel CoV/2012 is a coronavirus strain isolated from a Qatari man in London in 2012 who was one of the first patients to come down with what has since been named Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV). The Qatari patient had traveled to Saudi Arabia from Qatar. He returned to Qatar, but when he fell ill, he traveled to London for treatment. The United Kingdom's Health Protection Agency (HPA) named the virus.
Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that London1 is a Betacoronavirus with a close relationship to Tylonycteris bat coronavirus HKU4 and Pipistrellus bat coronavirus HKU5. It was found that the virus nucleic acid fragment identified in the isolate from the Qatari-London patient is derived from a coronavirus that was distinct from all coronaviruses previously identified.
- MERS coronavirus EMC/2012 – strain of Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus
- Novel virus – Virus not previously detected
- Roos, Robert (September 25, 2012). "UK agency picks name for new coronavirus isolate". Centers for Infectious Disease Research and Policy.
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- Coleman, Christopher M.; Frieman, Matthew B. (2013). Racaniello, Vincent (ed.). "Emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus". PLOS Pathogens. 9 (9): e1003595. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003595. PMC 3764217. PMID 24039577.