List of states and union territories of India by population

India is a union of 28 states and 8 union territories.[1] As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.2 billion, India is the world's second most populous country after the People's Republic of China. India occupies 2.4% of the world's area and is home to 17.5% of the world's population.[2] The Indo-Gangetic plains have one of the world's biggest stretches of fertile flat-deep alluvium and are among the most densely populated areas of the world. The eastern and western coastal regions of Deccan Plateau are also densely populated regions of India. The Thar Desert in western Rajasthan is one of the most densely populated deserts in the world.[3] The northern and north-eastern states along the Himalayas contain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys. These states have relatively less population density due to indomitable physical barriers.[4]

  Uttar Pradesh (16.51%)
  Maharashtra (9.28%)
  Bihar (8.6%)
  West Bengal (7.54%)
  Tamil Nadu (5.96%)
  Rajasthan (5.66%)
  Karnataka (5.05%)
  Gujarat (4.99%)
  Andhra Pradesh (4.1%)
  Other (26.31%)

Census of India

2001 Populatio Santo is there In India

The first population census in British India was conducted in 1872. Since India's independence in 1947, a census has been conducted every 10 years, the first occurring in 1951.[5] The census in India is conducted by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and is one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.[6]

The latest population figures are based on data from the 2011 census of India.[7] During the decade of 2001–2011, India's annual population growth rate has slowed down from 2.15 percent to 1.76 percent.[7] Based on decennial census data, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu has the fastest growth rate of 55.1 percent, followed by Meghalaya (27.8 percent) and Arunachal Pradesh (25.9 percent). Nagaland recorded the lowest growth rate of -0.5 percent.[8]

India has 641,000 inhabited villages and 72.2 percent of the total population reside in these rural areas.[8] Of them 145,000 villages have population size of 500–999 persons; 130,000 villages have population size of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages that have a population of 10,000 persons or more.[2] India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than 5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[9] In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major cities caused rapid increase in urban population.[10][11] On the basis of net migrants by last residence during the past decade, Maharashtra had most immigration with 2.3 million, followed by National Capital Territory of Delhi (1.7 million), Gujarat (0.68 million) and Haryana (0.67 million). Uttar Pradesh (−2.6 million) and Bihar (−1.7 million) topped the list for interstate emigration.[12] The five states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh account for almost half (47.90 percent) of the total Indian population.[7]

While the national average for sex ratio shows an increase from 933 in 2001 to 940 in 2011,[7] the 2011 census shows a sharp decline in child sex ratio, the number of females per thousand males in a population between age group 0–6 years.[7] States such as Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram and Andaman and Nicobar Islands recorded an increase in child sex ratio.[7] National child sex ratio has declined from 927 in 2001 to 914 in 2011.[7] Telangana census was separated from Andhra Pradesh state census figures, after Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014.[13]


Data from Census 2011 as published by Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner,[14] Government of Telangana,[15] and Planning Commission of India.[16] Population density is rounded to the nearest integer.

RankState or union territoryPopulationNational Share (%)Decadal growth
Rural populationPercent ruralUrban populationPercent urbanArea[17]Density[a]Sex ratio
1Uttar Pradesh199,812,34116.51%20.2%155,317,27877.73%44,495,06322.27%240,928 km2 (93,023 sq mi)828/km2 (2,140/sq mi)912
2Maharashtra112,374,3339.28%20.0%61,556,07454.78%50,818,25945.22%307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi)365/km2 (950/sq mi)929
3Bihar104,099,4528.6%25.4%92,341,43688.71%11,758,01611.29%94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)1,102/km2 (2,850/sq mi)918
4West Bengal91,276,1157.54%13.8%62,183,11368.13%29,093,00231.87%88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi)1,029/km2 (2,670/sq mi)953
5Madhya Pradesh72,626,8096%16.3%52,557,40472.37%20,069,40527.63%308,245 km2 (119,014 sq mi)236/km2 (610/sq mi)931
6Tamil Nadu72,147,0305.96%15.6%37,229,59051.6%34,917,44048.4%130,051 km2 (50,213 sq mi)555/km2 (1,440/sq mi)996
7Rajasthan68,548,4375.66%21.3%51,500,35275.13%17,048,08524.87%342,239 km2 (132,139 sq mi)201/km2 (520/sq mi)928
8Karnataka61,095,2975.05%15.6%30,069,33549.22%31,025,96250.78%191,791 km2 (74,051 sq mi)319/km2 (830/sq mi)979
9Gujarat60,439,6924.99%19.3%34,694,60957.4%25,745,08342.6%196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi)308/km2 (800/sq mi)919
10Andhra Pradesh49,577,103[b]4.1%11.0%34,966,69370.53%14,610,41029.47%162,968 km2 (62,922 sq mi)303/km2 (780/sq mi)993
11Odisha41,974,2193.47%14.0%34,970,56283.31%7,003,65616.69%155,707 km2 (60,119 sq mi)269/km2 (700/sq mi)979
12Telangana35,003,6742.89%13.58%21,395,00961.12%13,608,66538.88%112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi)312/km2 (810/sq mi)988
13Kerala33,406,0612.76%4.9%17,471,13552.3%15,934,92647.7%38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi)859/km2 (2,220/sq mi)1,084
14Jharkhand32,988,1342.73%22.4%25,055,07375.95%7,933,06124.05%79,714 km2 (30,778 sq mi)414/km2 (1,070/sq mi)948
15Assam31,205,5762.58%17.7%26,807,03485.9%4,398,54214.1%78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi)398/km2 (1,030/sq mi)958
16Punjab27,743,3382.29%13.89%17,344,19262.52%10,399,14637.48%50,362 km2 (19,445 sq mi)551/km2 (1,430/sq mi)895
17Chhattisgarh25,545,1982.11%22.6%19,607,96176.76%5,937,23723.24%135,191 km2 (52,198 sq mi)189/km2 (490/sq mi)991
18Haryana25,351,4622.09%19.9%16,509,35965.12%8,842,10334.88%44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)573/km2 (1,480/sq mi)879
UT1NCT of Delhi16,787,9411.39%21.2%419,0422.5%16,368,89997.5%1,484 km2 (573 sq mi)11,297/km2 (29,260/sq mi)868
UT2Jammu and Kashmir12,267,0321.01%23.6%9,064,22073.89%3,202,81226.11%42,241 km2 (16,309 sq mi)[c]297/km2 (770/sq mi)890
19Uttarakhand10,086,2920.83%18.8%7,036,95469.77%3,049,33830.23%53,483 km2 (20,650 sq mi)189/km2 (490/sq mi)963
20Himachal Pradesh6,864,6020.57%12.9%6,176,05089.97%688,55210.03%55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)123/km2 (320/sq mi)972
21Tripura3,673,9170.3%14.8%2,712,46473.83%961,45326.17%10,486 km2 (4,049 sq mi)350/km2 (910/sq mi)960
22Meghalaya2,966,8890.25%27.9%2,371,43979.93%595,45020.07%22,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi)132/km2 (340/sq mi)989
23Manipur[d]2,570,3900.21%18.6%1,793,87569.79%776,51530.21%22,327 km2 (8,621 sq mi)122/km2 (320/sq mi)992
24Nagaland1,978,5020.16%−0.6%1,407,53671.14%570,96628.86%16,579 km2 (6,401 sq mi)119/km2 (310/sq mi)931
25Goa1,458,5450.12%8.2%551,73137.83%906,81462.17%3,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi)394/km2 (1,020/sq mi)973
26Arunachal Pradesh1,383,7270.11%26.0%1,066,35877.06%317,36922.94%83,743 km2 (32,333 sq mi)17/km2 (44/sq mi)938
UT3Puducherry1,247,9530.1%28.1%395,20031.67%852,75368.33%479 km2 (185 sq mi)2,598/km2 (6,730/sq mi)1,037
27Mizoram1,097,2060.09%23.5%525,43547.89%571,77152.11%21,081 km2 (8,139 sq mi)52/km2 (130/sq mi)976
UT4Chandigarh1,055,450 (estimated)0.09%17.2%28,9912.75%1,026,45997.25%114 km2 (44 sq mi)9,252/km2 (23,960/sq mi)818
28Sikkim610,577 (estimated)0.05%12.9%456,99974.85%153,57825.15%7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi)86/km2 (220/sq mi)890
UT5Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu585,7640.05%55.1%243,51041.57%342,25458.43%603 km2 (233 sq mi)970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)711
UT6Andaman and Nicobar Islands380,5810.03%6.9%237,09362.3%143,48837.7%8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi)46/km2 (120/sq mi)876
UT7Ladakh274,0000.02%17.8%43,84016%230,16084%96,701 km2 (37,336 sq mi)[e]2.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi)853
UT8Lakshadweep64,4730.01%6.3%14,14121.93%50,33278.07%32 km2 (12 sq mi)2,013/km2 (5,210/sq mi)946
TotalIndia1,210,569,573100%17.7%833,463,44868.84%377,106,12531.16%3,287,240 km2 (1,269,210 sq mi)[f]382/km2 (990/sq mi)940


  1. ^ For determining population density of India and the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the data excludes areas claimed by India but controlled by Pakistan (78,114 km2) and China (5,180 km2 in Shaksgam Valley and 37,555 km2 under Aksai Chin and other areas).[18][19]
  2. ^ Calculated by subtracting the population of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh's Census 2011 figures.
  3. ^ This includes 83,294 square kilometres (32,160 sq mi) of territory controlled by Pakistan, but claimed by India along with Shaksgam Valley territory administered by the People's Republic of China.
  4. ^ Excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata, and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur.
  5. ^ This includes 37,555 square kilometres (14,500 sq mi) of Aksai Chin territory and other areas along the eastern border of Ladakh administered by the People's Republic of China, but claimed by India
  6. ^ This includes 120,849 square kilometres (46,660 sq mi) of territory controlled by Pakistan, but claimed by India along with Aksai Chin and Shaksgam Valley, territories administered by the People's Republic of China.

See also


  1. ^ "India at a Glance: Profile". Government of India. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  2. ^ a b "Area and Population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "India - General Profile, Land Use Classification and Land Use Pattern" (PDF). National Informatics Centre (NIC). Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  5. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
  6. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "India Census 2011, Provisional Population Totals". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ "Urban Agglomerations (UAs) & towns". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
  10. ^ Shinde, Swati (13 Sep 2008). "Migration rate to city will dip". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
  11. ^ "Develop towns to stop migration to urban areas: economist". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Dec 3, 2005. Archived from the original on December 5, 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
  12. ^ "Migration". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  13. ^ "T-party today: India's 29th state Telangana is born - Times of India ►". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  14. ^ "Population and decadal change by residence : 2011 (PERSONS)" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. p. 2.
  15. ^ "Statistical Year Book 2015" (PDF). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Telangana. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Census 2011 (Final Data) - Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)" (PDF). Planning Commission, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Area of India/state/district". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
  18. ^ "J&K 2011 Population density census" (PDF).
  19. ^ "Religion PCA 2011 J&K census".

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Map showing the population density of each district in India. Based on 2001 census.