List of counties in South Carolina

Counties of South Carolina
South Carolina counties map.png
LocationState of South Carolina
Number46
Populations8,039 (Allendale) – 525,534 (Greenville)
Areas392 square miles (1,020 km2) (Calhoun) – 1,358 square miles (3,520 km2) (Charleston)
Government
  • County government
Subdivisions
  • cities, towns, unincorporated communities, census designated place

The U.S. state of South Carolina is made up of 46 counties, the maximum allowable by state law.[1] They range in size from 359 square miles (930 square kilometers) in the case of Calhoun County to 1,358 square miles (3,517 square kilometers) in the case of Charleston County. The least populous county is Allendale County, with only 8,039 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 525,534, despite the state's most populous city, Charleston, being located in Charleston County.

History

In the colonial period, the land around the coast was divided into parishes corresponding to the parishes of the Church of England. There were also several counties that had judicial and electoral functions. As people settled the backcountry, judicial districts and additional counties were formed. This structure continued and grew after the Revolutionary War. In 1800, all counties were renamed as districts. In 1868, the districts were converted back to counties.[2] The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has maps that show the boundaries of counties, districts, and parishes starting in 1682.[3]

Historically, county government in South Carolina has been fairly weak. The 1895 Constitution made no provision for local government, effectively reducing counties to creatures of the state. Each county's delegation to the General Assembly, comprising one senator and at least one representative, also doubled as its county council. Under this system, the state senator from each county wielded the most power.[4] Reynolds v. Sims required reapportionment according to the principle of "one man, one vote", which resulted in legislative districts crossing county lines. However, it was not until 1973 that the constitution was amended to provide for limited home rule at the county level. This was finally enacted in 1975 with the Home Rule Act,[4] which provided for elected councils in each county. Nonetheless, the legislature still devotes considerable time to local issues, and county legislative delegations still decide many matters that are handled at the county level in most other states.

Alphabetical list

County
FIPS code[5] County seat[6] Est.[6] Origin EtymologyPopulation[7]AreaMap
Abbeville County001Abbeville1785Ninety-Six DistrictAbbeville, France24,295511 sq mi
(1,323 km2)
State map highlighting Abbeville County
Aiken County003Aiken1871Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington, and OrangeburgWilliam Aiken, founder of the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company168,8081,080 sq mi
(2,797 km2)
State map highlighting Aiken County
Allendale County005Allendale1919Barnwell and HamptonP.H. Allen, first postmaster of the new county8,039413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
State map highlighting Allendale County
Anderson County007Anderson1826Pendleton DistrictRobert Anderson, American Revolutionary War general and Southern surveyor203,718757 sq mi
(1,961 km2)
State map highlighting Anderson County
Bamberg County009Bamberg1897BarnwellFrancis Marion Bamberg (1838 - 1905), Confederate general in the American Civil War13,311395 sq mi
(1,023 km2)
State map highlighting Bamberg County
Barnwell County011Barnwell1798OrangeburgJohn Barnwell, South Carolina State Senator and prisoner of war during the American Revolution20,589557 sq mi
(1,443 km2)
State map highlighting Barnwell County
Beaufort County013Beaufort17691769 Judicial DistrictHenry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort, colonial proprietary landowner187,117576 sq mi
(1,492 km2)
State map highlighting Beaufort County
Berkeley County015Moncks Corner1882CharlestonWilliam Berkeley, colonial proprietary governor and landowner229,8611,228 sq mi
(3,181 km2)
State map highlighting Berkeley County
Calhoun County017St. Matthews1908Lexington and OrangeburgJohn C. Calhoun, U.S. Senator from South Carolina and states' rights advocate14,119392 sq mi
(1,015 km2)
State map highlighting Calhoun County
Charleston County019Charleston17691769 Judicial DistrictKing Charles II of England408,2351,358 sq mi
(3,517 km2)
State map highlighting Charleston County
Cherokee County021Gaffney1897Spartanburg, Union, and YorkCherokee Native Americans56,216397 sq mi
(1,028 km2)
State map highlighting Cherokee County
Chester County023Chester1785Camden DistrictChester, Pennsylvania32,294586 sq mi
(1,518 km2)
State map highlighting Chester County
Chesterfield County025Chesterfield1798Cheraws DistrictPhilip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, an Enlightenment-era scholar, government official, and member of the British House of Lords43,273806 sq mi
(2,088 km2)
State map highlighting Chesterfield County
Clarendon County027Manning1855SumterEdward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, colonial proprietary landowner31,144696 sq mi
(1,803 km2)
State map highlighting Clarendon County
Colleton County029Walterboro1800CharlestonJohn Colleton, colonial proprietary landowner38,6041,133 sq mi
(2,934 km2)
State map highlighting Colleton County
Darlington County031Darlington1785Cheraws DistrictDarlington, England62,905567 sq mi
(1,469 km2)
State map highlighting Darlington County
Dillon County033Dillon1910MarionJ.W. Dillon (1826-1913), founder of the Wilson Short Cut Railroad28,292407 sq mi
(1,054 km2)
State map highlighting Dillon County
Dorchester County035St. George1868Berkeley and ColletonDorchester, Massachusetts161,540577 sq mi
(1,494 km2)
State map highlighting Dorchester County
Edgefield County037Edgefield1785Ninety-Six DistrictDisputed; either its location on the edge of the state or Edgefield, Norfolk, England25,657507 sq mi
(1,313 km2)
State map highlighting Edgefield County
Fairfield County039Winnsboro1785Camden DistrictThe county's fair fields, as described by colonial governor Charles Cornwallis20,948710 sq mi
(1,839 km2)
State map highlighting Fairfield County
Florence County041Florence1888Clarendon, Darlington, Marion, and WilliamsburgFlorence Harllee (1848-1927), daughter of Wilmington and Manchester Railroad founder W.W. Harllee137,059804 sq mi
(2,082 km2)
State map highlighting Florence County
Georgetown County043Georgetown17691769 Judicial DistrictKing George II of Great Britain63,404813.55 sq mi
(2,107 km2)
State map highlighting Georgetown County
Greenville County045Greenville1786Washington DistrictNathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general525,534795 sq mi
(2,059 km2)
State map highlighting Greenville County
Greenwood County047Greenwood1897Abbeville and EdgefieldGreenwood Plantation, the home of John McGee, the county's largest landowner69,351463 sq mi
(1,199 km2)
State map highlighting Greenwood County
Hampton County049Hampton1787BeaufortWade Hampton, Congressman from South Carolina and once the nation's wealthiest citizen18,561563 sq mi
(1,458 km2)
State map highlighting Hampton County
Horry County051Conway1801GeorgetownPeter Horry, Revolutionary War general351,0291,255 sq mi
(3,250 km2)
State map highlighting Horry County
Jasper County053Ridgeland1912Beaufort and HamptonWilliam Jasper, Revolutionary War sergeant28,791700 sq mi
(1,813 km2)
State map highlighting Jasper County
Kershaw County055Camden1798Claremont, Fairfield, Lancaster, and RichlandJoseph Kershaw, one of the county's pioneering settlers65,403740 sq mi
(1,917 km2)
State map highlighting Kershaw County
Lancaster County057Lancaster1798Camden DistrictLancaster, England, and the House of Lancaster[8]96,016555 sq mi
(1,437 km2)
State map highlighting Lancaster County
Laurens County059Laurens1785Ninety-Six DistrictHenry Laurens, president of the Second Continental Congress and prisoner of war during the American Revolution67,539724 sq mi
(1,875 km2)
State map highlighting Laurens County
Lee County061Bishopville1902Darlington, Kershaw, and SumterRobert E. Lee, Confederate general during the Civil War16,531411 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
State map highlighting Lee County
Lexington County063Lexington1804OrangeburgBattle of Lexington, opening skirmish of the Revolutionary War293,991758 sq mi
(1,963 km2)
State map highlighting Lexington County
Marion County067Marion1800GeorgetownFrancis Marion, Revolutionary War general29,183494 sq mi
(1,279 km2)
State map highlighting Marion County
Marlboro County069Bennettsville1785Cheraws DistrictJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general, diplomat, and confidant of monarchs26,667485 sq mi
(1,256 km2)
State map highlighting Marlboro County
McCormick County065McCormick1914Abbeville, Edgefield, and GreenwoodCyrus McCormick, inventor of the mechanical reaper and founder of International Harvester9,526394 sq mi
(1,020 km2)
State map highlighting McCormick County
Newberry County071Newberry1785Ninety-Six DistrictDisputed; possibly Newbury, Berkshire, England, or from early settlers' notion that the landscape was as "pretty as a new berry"37,719647 sq mi
(1,676 km2)
State map highlighting Newberry County
Oconee County073Walhalla1868PickensOconee Native Americans78,607674 sq mi
(1,746 km2)
State map highlighting Oconee County
Orangeburg County075Orangeburg17691769 Judicial DistrictPrince William V of Orange84,2231,128 sq mi
(2,922 km2)
State map highlighting Orangeburg County
Pickens County077Pickens1826Pendleton DistrictAndrew Pickens, Governor of South Carolina131,404512 sq mi
(1,326 km2)
State map highlighting Pickens County
Richland County079Columbia1799Camden DistrictThe county's rich soil416,147772 sq mi
(1,999 km2)
State map highlighting Richland County
Saluda County081Saluda1896EdgefieldSaluda River18,862462 sq mi
(1,197 km2)
State map highlighting Saluda County
Spartanburg County083Spartanburg1785Ninety-Six District"Spartan Regiment" of the state militia, which was the key force for victory in the Revolutionary War Battle of Cowpens327,997819 sq mi
(2,121 km2)
State map highlighting Spartanburg County
Sumter County085Sumter1798Claremont, Clarendon, and SalemThomas Sumter, Revolutionary War general and U.S. Senator from South Carolina105,556682 sq mi
(1,766 km2)
State map highlighting Sumter County
Union County087Union1798Ninety-Six DistrictUnion Church, the first Christian place of worship in the area27,244516 sq mi
(1,336 km2)
State map highlighting Union County
Williamsburg County089Kingstree1802Georgetown DistrictKing William III of England31,026937 sq mi
(2,427 km2)
State map highlighting Williamsburg County
York County091York1798Camden DistrictYork County, Pennsylvania282,090696 sq mi
(1,803 km2)
State map highlighting York County

Defunct parishes, counties and districts

Parishes

Until the late 19th century, the South Carolina Lowcountry was divided into parishes which in turn were subdivided several "districts"; these civil parishes were based on and generally coincident (even well after disestablishment) with Anglican ecclesiastical parishes.[9]

  • St. Helena's Parish (Beaufort District)
  • St. Luke's Parish (Beaufort District) created on May 23, 1767, located on Hilton Head Island and the adjacent mainland
  • St. Peter's Parish (Beaufort District)
  • Prince William Parish (Beaufort District)
  • St. Andrew's Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Bartholomew's Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. John's Colleton Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. George's Dorchester Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Philip's & St. Michael's Parish (Charleston District)
  • Christchurch Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. James' Goose Creek Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Thomas' & St. Denis' Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. John's Berkeley Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Stephen's Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. James' Santee Parish (Charleston District)
  • St. Paul's Parish (Charleston District)
  • All Saints' Parish (Georgetown District)
  • Prince George, Winyah, Parish (Georgetown District)
  • Prince Frederick Parish (Georgetown District)
  • St. David's Parish (Cheraw District)
  • St. Mark's Parish (Cheraw District)
  • St. Matthew's Parish (Orangeburgh District)

Counties

Districts

  • Cheraw District created in 1769
  • Camden District created in 1769
  • Ninety-Six District created in 1769
  • Pinckney District 1791-1798
  • Washington District 1785-1798
  • Pendleton District created in 1789 from Cherokee lands

Proposed counties

  • Birch County proposed in 2013 (portions of Lexington and Richland counties)

Notes

  1. ^ Section 3, Article VIII of the South Carolina Constitution Archived January 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, pp. 230-234,ISBN 1-57003-598-9
  3. ^ South Carolina Department of Archives and History maps.
  4. ^ a b Tyler (1998), "The South Carolina Governance Project"], p. 222
  5. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA. Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  6. ^ a b National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  8. ^ "History of Lancaster", Lancaster County, South Carolina Archived May 15, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ The Newberry Library (2009). "South Carolina: Individual County Chronologies, South Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries". publications.newberry.org. Chicago, Illinois, US. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  10. ^ "Winton, California (CA 95388) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com. Retrieved February 25, 2019.

References

  • Landrum, John Belton O'Neall (1897) Colonial and revolutionary history of upper South Carolina: embracing for the most part the primitive and colonial history of the territory comprising the original county of Spartanburg with a general review of the entire military operations in the upper portion of South Carolina and portions of North Carolina Shannon and Company, Greenville, South Carolina,OCLC 3492548

External links

Media files used on this page

Map of South Carolina highlighting Colleton County.svg
This is a locator map showing Colleton County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Calhoun County.svg
This is a locator map showing Calhoun County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Greenville County.svg
This is a locator map showing Greenville County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Kershaw County.svg
This is a locator map showing Kershaw County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Laurens County.svg
This is a locator map showing Laurens County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Berkeley County.svg
This is a locator map showing Berkeley County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Beaufort County.svg
This is a locator map showing Beaufort County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Orangeburg County.svg
This is a locator map showing Orangeburg County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Clarendon County.svg
This is a locator map showing Clarendon County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Richland County.svg
This is a locator map showing Richland County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Greenwood County.svg
This is a locator map showing Greenwood County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Barnwell County.svg
This is a locator map showing Barnwell County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Allendale County.svg
This is a locator map showing Allendale County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Oconee County.svg
This is a locator map showing Oconee County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Marlboro County.svg
This is a locator map showing Marlboro County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Lee County.svg
This is a locator map showing Lee County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Hampton County.svg
This is a locator map showing Hampton County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Jasper County.svg
This is a locator map showing Jasper County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting McCormick County.svg
This is a locator map showing McCormick County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Newberry County.svg
This is a locator map showing Newberry County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Bamberg County.svg
This is a locator map showing Bamberg County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Lancaster County.svg
This is a locator map showing Lancaster County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting York County.svg
This is a locator map showing York County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Fairfield County.svg
This is a locator map showing Fairfield County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Charleston County.svg
This is a locator map showing Charleston County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Cherokee County.svg
This is a locator map showing Cherokee County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Florence County.svg
This is a locator map showing Florence County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Marion County.svg
This is a locator map showing Marion County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Dillon County.svg
This is a locator map showing Dillon County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Chester County.svg
This is a locator map showing Chester County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Edgefield County.svg
This is a locator map showing Edgefield County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Union County.svg
This is a locator map showing Union County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Saluda County.svg
This is a locator map showing Saluda County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Aiken County.svg
This is a locator map showing Aiken County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Pickens County.svg
This is a locator map showing Pickens County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Darlington County.svg
This is a locator map showing Darlington County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Abbeville County.svg
This is a locator map showing Abbeville County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Dorchester County.svg
This is a locator map showing Dorchester County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Horry County.svg
This is a locator map showing Horry County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Anderson County.svg
This is a locator map showing Anderson County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Lexington County.svg
This is a locator map showing Lexington County in South Carolina. For more information, see Commons:United States county locator maps.