List of areas in the United States National Park System

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The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. The collection includes all national parks and most national monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.

As of July 2021, there are 423 units of the National Park System.[1] However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example, Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, since the same name applies to a national park and an adjacent national preserve. Yet Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is counted as one unit, despite its double designation. Counting methodology is typically based on the language of a park's authorizing legislation.

Although the designations generally reflect sites' features, all units of the system are considered administratively equal and with few exceptions the designations themselves do not define their level of protection. Each site has a management plan consistent with its ecological, historic, and recreational resources and its enabling legislation.

In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below.

National Park System units are found in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories of Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. (The territory of the Northern Mariana Islands has an affiliated area but not an official NPS unit.)

Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service participate in the National Park Passport Stamps program.

National parks

There are 63 officially designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas, as of 2021.[2] The national parks are considered the "crown jewels" of the system and are typically larger than other areas, including a variety of significant ecological and geological resources.

NameLocationYear establishedArea (2021)[3]
Acadia National ParkMaine191949,071.40 acres (198.5849 km2)
National Park of American SamoaAmerican Samoa19888,256.67 acres (33.4136 km2)
Arches National ParkUtah197176,678.98 acres (310.3088 km2)
Badlands National ParkSouth Dakota1978242,755.94 acres (982.3984 km2)
Big Bend National ParkTexas1944801,163.21 acres (3,242.1925 km2)
Biscayne National ParkFlorida1980172,971.11 acres (699.9892 km2)
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National ParkColorado199930,779.83 acres (124.5616 km2)
Bryce Canyon National ParkUtah192835,835.08 acres (145.0194 km2)
Canyonlands National ParkUtah1964337,597.83 acres (1,366.2099 km2)
Capitol Reef National ParkUtah1971241,904.50 acres (978.9528 km2)
Carlsbad Caverns National ParkNew Mexico193046,766.45 acres (189.2571 km2)
Channel Islands National ParkCalifornia1980249,561.00 acres (1,009.9375 km2)
Congaree National ParkSouth Carolina200326,692.60 acres (108.0211 km2)
Crater Lake National ParkOregon1902183,224.05 acres (741.4814 km2)
Cuyahoga Valley National ParkOhio200032,571.89 acres (131.8138 km2)
Death Valley National ParkCalifornia, Nevada19943,408,395.63 acres (13,793.2877 km2)
Denali National ParkAlaska19174,740,911.16 acres (19,185.7868 km2)
Dry Tortugas National ParkFlorida199264,701.22 acres (261.8365 km2)
Everglades National ParkFlorida19471,508,938.57 acres (6,106.4577 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National ParkAlaska19807,523,897.45 acres (30,448.1327 km2)
Gateway Arch National ParkMissouri2018192.83 acres (0.7804 km2)
Glacier National Park (part of Waterton–Glacier International Peace Park)Montana19101,013,126.39 acres (4,099.9770 km2)
Glacier Bay National ParkAlaska19803,223,383.43 acres (13,044.5699 km2)
Grand Canyon National ParkArizona19191,201,647.03 acres (4,862.8930 km2)
Grand Teton National ParkWyoming1929310,044.36 acres (1,254.7050 km2)
Great Basin National ParkNevada198677,180.00 acres (312.3364 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National ParkColorado2004107,345.73 acres (434.4128 km2)
Great Smoky Mountains National ParkNorth Carolina, Tennessee1934522,426.88 acres (2,114.1866 km2)
Guadalupe Mountains National ParkTexas196686,367.10 acres (349.5153 km2)
Haleakalā National ParkHawaii191633,264.62 acres (134.6171 km2)
Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii1916325,605.28 acres (1,317.6778 km2)
Hot Springs National ParkArkansas19215,554.15 acres (22.4768 km2)
Indiana Dunes National ParkIndiana201915,349.08 acres (62.1155 km2)
Isle Royale National ParkMichigan1940571,790.30 acres (2,313.9532 km2)
Joshua Tree National ParkCalifornia1994795,155.85 acres (3,217.8816 km2)
Katmai National ParkAlaska19803,674,529.33 acres (14,870.2926 km2)
Kenai Fjords National ParkAlaska1980669,650.05 acres (2,709.9776 km2)
Kings Canyon National ParkCalifornia1940461,901.20 acres (1,869.2478 km2)
Kobuk Valley National ParkAlaska19801,750,716.16 acres (7,084.8969 km2)
Lake Clark National ParkAlaska19802,619,816.49 acres (10,602.0212 km2)
Lassen Volcanic National ParkCalifornia1916106,589.02 acres (431.3505 km2)
Mammoth Cave National ParkKentucky194154,016.29 acres (218.5962 km2)
Mesa Verde National ParkColorado190652,485.17 acres (212.3999 km2)
Mount Rainier National ParkWashington1899236,381.64 acres (956.6026 km2)
New River Gorge National Park and PreserveWest Virginia202072,345.91 acres (292.7735 km2)
North Cascades National ParkWashington1968504,780.94 acres (2,042.7760 km2)
Olympic National ParkWashington1938922,649.41 acres (3,733.8297 km2)
Petrified Forest National ParkArizona1962221,390.21 acres (895.9344 km2)
Pinnacles National ParkCalifornia201326,685.73 acres (107.9933 km2)
Redwood National and State ParksCalifornia1968138,999.37 acres (562.5105 km2)
Rocky Mountain National ParkColorado1915265,807.24 acres (1,075.6837 km2)
Saguaro National ParkArizona199492,876.42 acres (375.8575 km2)
Sequoia National ParkCalifornia1890404,062.63 acres (1,635.1834 km2)
Shenandoah National ParkVirginia1935200,192.09 acres (810.1486 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt National ParkNorth Dakota197870,446.89 acres (285.0884 km2)
Virgin Islands National ParkU.S. Virgin Islands195615,052.33 acres (60.9146 km2)
Voyageurs National ParkMinnesota1975218,222.35 acres (883.1145 km2)
White Sands National ParkNew Mexico2019146,344.31 acres (592.2344 km2)
Wind Cave National ParkSouth Dakota190333,970.84 acres (137.4751 km2)
Wrangell–St. Elias National ParkAlaska19808,323,146.48 acres (33,682.5788 km2)
Yellowstone National ParkIdaho, Montana, Wyoming18722,219,790.71 acres (8,983.1743 km2)
Yosemite National ParkCalifornia1890761,747.50 acres (3,082.6828 km2)
Zion National ParkUtah1919147,242.66 acres (595.8699 km2)

Former national parks

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Abraham Lincoln National ParkJuly 17, 1916August 11, 1939Redesignated as Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park
Fort McHenry National ParkMarch 3, 1925August 11, 1939Redesignated under the unique designation of Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
General Grant National ParkOctober 1, 1890March 4, 1940Incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park
Hawaii National ParkAugust 1, 1916September 13, 1960Divided into Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park
Mackinac National ParkApril 15, 1875March 2, 1895Transferred to Michigan; now operated as Mackinac Island State Park
Platt National ParkJune 29, 1906March 17, 1976Incorporated with Arbuckle Recreation Area and redesignated Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Rock Creek Park[4]September 27, 1890August 10, 1933Incorporated into National Capital Parks
Sullys Hill National ParkApril 27, 1904March 3, 1931Transferred to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; now operated as White Horse Hill National Game Preserve

National monuments

(c) Eric Friedebach, CC BY 3.0
Devils Tower National Monument
George Washington Carver National Monument

There are 129 national monuments, 85 of which are administered by the NPS and are listed below. Of these, 84 (all except Grand Canyon-Parashant) are NPS official units. The remaining 44 monuments are administered by five other federal agencies. Two, Grand Canyon–Parashant and Craters of the Moon National Monuments, are jointly administered by the NPS and the Bureau of Land Management, and Tule Lake National Monument is joint with the Fish and Wildlife Service. National monuments are typically smaller and protect just one or few major resources. They include both natural and historical sites and can be established by the president under the Antiquities Act.

NameLocationArea[3]
African Burial Ground National MonumentNew York0.35 acres (0.0014 km2)
Agate Fossil Beds National MonumentNebraska3,057.87 acres (12.3748 km2)
Alibates Flint Quarries National MonumentTexas1,370.97 acres (5.5481 km2)
Aniakchak National Monument and PreserveAlaska137,176.00 acres (555.1316 km2)
Aztec Ruins National MonumentNew Mexico318.40 acres (1.2885 km2)
Bandelier National MonumentNew Mexico33,676.67 acres (136.2846 km2)
Belmont–Paul Women's Equality National MonumentDistrict of Columbia0.34 acres (0.0014 km2)
Birmingham Civil Rights National MonumentAlabama18.25 acres (0.0739 km2)
Booker T. Washington National MonumentVirginia239.01 acres (0.9672 km2)
Buck Island Reef National MonumentU.S. Virgin Islands19,015.47 acres (76.9529 km2)
Cabrillo National MonumentCalifornia159.94 acres (0.6473 km2)
Camp Nelson Heritage National MonumentKentucky464.97 acres (1.8817 km2)
Canyon de Chelly National MonumentArizona83,840.00 acres (339.2884 km2)
Cape Krusenstern National Monument and Archeological DistrictAlaska649,096.15 acres (2,626.7989 km2)
Capulin Volcano National MonumentNew Mexico792.84 acres (3.2085 km2)
Casa Grande Ruins National MonumentArizona472.50 acres (1.9121 km2)
Castillo de San Marcos National MonumentFlorida19.38 acres (0.0784 km2)
Castle Clinton National MonumentNew York1.00 acre (0.0040 km2)
Castle Mountains National MonumentCalifornia21,025.50 acres (85.0872 km2)
Cedar Breaks National MonumentUtah6,154.60 acres (24.9068 km2)
César E. Chávez National MonumentCalifornia116.56 acres (0.4717 km2)
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National MonumentOhio59.66 acres (0.2414 km2)
Chiricahua National MonumentArizona12,024.73 acres (48.6624 km2)
Colorado National MonumentColorado20,536.39 acres (83.1078 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and PreserveIdaho53,437.64 acres (216.2545 km2)
Devils Postpile National MonumentCalifornia800.19 acres (3.2383 km2)
Devils Tower National MonumentWyoming1,347.21 acres (5.4520 km2)
Dinosaur National MonumentUtah, Colorado210,281.92 acres (850.9807 km2)
Effigy Mounds National MonumentIowa2,526.39 acres (10.2239 km2)
El Malpais National MonumentNew Mexico114,347.12 acres (462.7464 km2)
El Morro National MonumentNew Mexico1,278.72 acres (5.1748 km2)
Florissant Fossil Beds National MonumentColorado6,278.09 acres (25.4065 km2)
Fort Frederica National MonumentGeorgia305.34 acres (1.2357 km2)
Fort Matanzas National MonumentFlorida300.11 acres (1.2145 km2)
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic ShrineMaryland43.26 acres (0.1751 km2)
Fort Monroe National MonumentVirginia367.12 acres (1.4857 km2)
Fort Pulaski National MonumentGeorgia5,623.10 acres (22.7559 km2)
Fort Stanwix National MonumentNew York15.52 acres (0.0628 km2)
Fort Union National MonumentNew Mexico720.60 acres (2.9162 km2)
Fossil Butte National MonumentWyoming8,198.00 acres (33.1761 km2)
Freedom Riders National MonumentAlabama7.83 acres (0.0317 km2)
George Washington Birthplace National MonumentVirginia654.19 acres (2.6474 km2)
George Washington Carver National MonumentMissouri240.00 acres (0.9712 km2)
Gila Cliff Dwellings National MonumentNew Mexico533.13 acres (2.1575 km2)
Governors Island National MonumentNew York22.91 acres (0.0927 km2)
Grand Canyon–Parashant National Monument (not an official NPS unit)ArizonaNPS manages 208,453 acres (843.58 km2) of 1,048,325 acres (4,242.42 km2)
Grand Portage National MonumentMinnesota709.97 acres (2.8731 km2)
Hagerman Fossil Beds National MonumentIdaho4,351.15 acres (17.6085 km2)
Hohokam Pima National MonumentArizona1,690.00 acres (6.8392 km2)
Hovenweep National MonumentColorado, Utah784.93 acres (3.1765 km2)
Jewel Cave National MonumentSouth Dakota1,273.51 acres (5.1537 km2)
John Day Fossil Beds National MonumentOregon14,062.19 acres (56.9077 km2)
Katahdin Woods and Waters National MonumentMaine87,564.27 acres (354.3600 km2)
Lava Beds National MonumentCalifornia46,692.42 acres (188.9575 km2)
Little Bighorn Battlefield National MonumentMontana765.34 acres (3.0972 km2)
Medgar and Myrlie Evers HomeMississippi0.74 acres (0.0030 km2)
Mill Springs BattlefieldKentucky1,459.19 acres (5.9051 km2)
Montezuma Castle National MonumentArizona1,015.52 acres (4.1097 km2)
Muir Woods National MonumentCalifornia553.55 acres (2.2401 km2)
Natural Bridges National MonumentUtah7,636.49 acres (30.9038 km2)
Navajo National MonumentArizona360.00 acres (1.4569 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and PreserveOregon4,554.03 acres (18.4295 km2)
Organ Pipe Cactus National MonumentArizona330,688.86 acres (1,338.2503 km2)
Petroglyph National MonumentNew Mexico7,209.04 acres (29.1739 km2)
Pipe Spring National MonumentArizona40.00 acres (0.1619 km2)
Pipestone National MonumentMinnesota281.78 acres (1.1403 km2)
Poverty Point National MonumentLouisiana910.85 acres (3.6861 km2)
Pullman National MonumentIllinois203.48 acres (0.8235 km2)
Rainbow Bridge National MonumentUtah160.00 acres (0.6475 km2)
Russell Cave National MonumentAlabama310.45 acres (1.2563 km2)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National MonumentNew Mexico1,071.42 acres (4.3359 km2)
Scotts Bluff National MonumentNebraska3,004.73 acres (12.1597 km2)
Statue of Liberty National MonumentNew York, New Jersey58.38 acres (0.2363 km2)
Stonewall National MonumentNew York7.70 acres (0.0312 km2)
Sunset Crater Volcano National MonumentArizona3,040.00 acres (12.3024 km2)
Timpanogos Cave National MonumentUtah250.00 acres (1.0117 km2)
Tonto National MonumentArizona1,120.00 acres (4.5325 km2)
Tule Lake National MonumentCalifornia37.39 acres (0.1513 km2)
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National MonumentNevada22,650.00 acres (91.6613 km2)
Tuzigoot National MonumentArizona811.89 acres (3.2856 km2)
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National MonumentU.S. Virgin Islands12,708.07 acres (51.4277 km2)
Waco Mammoth National MonumentTexas107.23 acres (0.4339 km2)
Walnut Canyon National MonumentArizona3,200.61 acres (12.9524 km2)
Wupatki National MonumentArizona35,401.83 acres (143.2661 km2)
Yucca House National MonumentColorado33.87 acres (0.1371 km2)

Former national monuments

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Carlsbad Cave National MonumentOctober 5, 1923May 14, 1930Redesignated as Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Denali National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Incorporated with Mount McKinley National Park and renamed Denali National Park and Preserve
Grand Canyon National MonumentJanuary 11, 1908February 26, 1919Redesignated as Grand Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon National MonumentDecember 22, 1932January 3, 1975Abolished; lands transferred with Marble Canyon National Monument into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park.[5][6][7][8]
Marble Canyon National MonumentJanuary 20, 1969January 3, 1975Abolished; lands transferred with Grand Canyon National Monument into an expansion of Grand Canyon National Park.
Kobuk Valley National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Redesignated as Kobuk Valley National Park
Papago Saguaro National MonumentJanuary 31, 1914April 7, 1930Transferred to Arizona; now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe
Lewis and Clark Cavern National MonumentMay 11, 1908August 24, 1937Transferred to Montana; now operated as a state park
Kenai Fjords National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Redesignated as Kenai Fjords National Park
Channel Islands National MonumentApril 26, 1938March 5, 1980Redesignated as Channel Islands National Park
Father Millet Cross National MonumentAugust 10, 1933September 7, 1949Transferred to New York upon the closing of the adjacent military base; now operated part of Fort Niagara State Park
First State National MonumentMarch 25, 2013December 19, 2014Incorporated into First State National Historical Park
Lake Clark National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Renamed Lake Clark National Park and Preserve
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National MonumentMarch 2, 1933October 21, 1999Redesignated as Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National MonumentMarch 25, 2013December 19, 2014The National Park Service areas of this monument were incorporated into Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, and the National Park Service no longer recognizes their portions of the national monument as distinct from the national historical park. The remaining portions of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument continue to be operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Mukuntuweap National Monument
(renamed Zion National Monument in 1918)
July 31, 1909November 19, 1919Redesignated as Zion National Park
Zion National Monument
("the Kolob Canyons area")
January 22, 1937July 11, 1956Incorporated into Zion National Park
Capitol Reef National MonumentAugust 2, 1937December 18, 1971Redesignated as Capitol Reef National Park
Arches National MonumentApril 12, 1929November 12, 1971Redesignated as Arches National Park
Bryce Canyon National MonumentJune 8, 1923February 25, 1928Redesignated as Bryce Canyon National Park
Wheeler National MonumentDecember 7, 1908August 3, 1950Returned to United States Forest Service
Holy Cross National MonumentMay 11, 1929August 3, 1950Returned to United States Forest Service
White Sands National MonumentJanuary 18, 1933December 20, 2019Redesignated as White Sands National Park
Jackson Hole National Monument1943September 14, 1950Merged into Grand Teton National Park
Shoshone Cavern National MonumentSeptember 21, 1909May 17, 1954Transferred to Cody, Wyoming as a municipal attraction, and later returned to the Bureau of Land Management
Old Kasaan National MonumentOctober 25, 1916July 26, 1955Transferred to United States Forest Service
Castle Pinckney National MonumentAugust 10, 1933March 29, 1956Transferred to South Carolina, and later sold to the Sons of Confederate Veterans; site currently inaccessible and unmaintained
Saguaro National MonumentMarch 1, 1933October 4, 1994Redesignated as Saguaro National Park
Verendrye National MonumentJune 29, 1917July 30, 1956Transferred to North Dakota after the construction of the Garrison Dam; site currently flooded by the reservoir Lake Sakakawea
Gates of the Arctic National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Renamed Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve
Fossil Cycad National MonumentOctober 21, 1922August 1, 1956Transferred to Bureau of Land Management because of severe vandalism to the site
Death Valley National MonumentFebruary 11, 1933October 31, 1994Redesignated as Death Valley National Park
Joshua Tree National MonumentAugust 10, 1936October 31, 1994Redesignated as Joshua Tree National Park
Ackia Battlefield National MonumentAugust 27, 1935August 10, 1961Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Meriwether Lewis National MonumentFebruary 6, 1925August 10, 1961Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway
Katmai National MonumentSeptember 24, 1918December 2, 1980Renamed Katmai National Park and Preserve
Mount Olympus National MonumentMarch 2, 1909June 29, 1938Redesignated as Olympic National Park
Petrified Forest National MonumentDecember 8, 1906December 9, 1962Redesignated as Petrified Forest National Park
Lehman Caves National MonumentJune 10, 1933October 27, 1986Abolished; incorporated into Great Basin National Park[9]
Congaree Swamp National MonumentOctober 18, 1976November 10, 2003Redesignated as Congaree National Park
Glacier Bay National MonumentFebruary 25, 1925December 2, 1980Renamed Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve
Mound City Group National MonumentJanuary 1, 1918January 2, 1992Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Minidoka Internment National MonumentJanuary 17, 2001May 8, 2008Redesignated as Minidoka National Historic Site
Pinnacles National MonumentJanuary 16, 1908January 10, 2013Redesignated as Pinnacles National Park[10]
Andrew Johnson National MonumentApril 27, 1942December 11, 1963Redesignated as Andrew Johnson National Historic Site[11]
Sieur de Monts National MonumentJuly 8, 1916February 26, 1919Redesignated as Lafayette National Park
(renamed Acadia National Park on January 19, 1929)
Edison Laboratory National MonumentJuly 14, 1956September 5, 1962Combined with Edison Home National Historic Site into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Wrangell–St. Elias National MonumentDecember 1, 1978December 2, 1980Renamed Wrangell–St. Elias National Park and Preserve
Badlands National MonumentJanuary 29, 1939November 10, 1978Redesignated as Badlands National Park
Great Sand Dunes National MonumentMarch 17, 1932September 14, 2004Renamed Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Biscayne National MonumentOctober 18, 1968June 28, 1980Redesignated as Biscayne National Park
Fort Jefferson National MonumentJanuary 4, 1935October 26, 1992Redesignated as Dry Tortugas National Park
Cinder Cone National MonumentMay 6, 1907August 9, 1916Merged with Lassen Peak National Monument and redesignated as Lassen Volcanic National Park
Lassen Peak National MonumentMay 6, 1907August 9, 1916Merged with Cinder Cone National Monument and redesignated as Lassen Volcanic National Park
Homestead National Monument of AmericaMarch 19, 1936January 13, 2021Redesignated as Homestead National Historical Park

National preserves

There are 21 national preserves in the United States, 19 of which are counted by the National Park System as official units. Ten are stand-alone official units, while eleven others are designated areas where hunting or grazing is permitted as part of a larger "national park and preserve" or "national monument and preserve". Nine of those are counted as separate units, while Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve and New River Gorge National Park and Preserve are single units (there is no functional difference). Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is not officially a national preserve but has similar management policies, while Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve is unrelated.

NameLocationArea (2020)
Aniakchak National Monument and PreserveAlaska464,117.93 acres (1,878.2186 km2)
Bering Land Bridge National PreserveAlaska2,697,391.01 acres (10,915.9541 km2)
Big Cypress National PreserveFlorida720,564.01 acres (2,916.0191 km2)
Big Thicket National PreserveTexas113,121.96 acres (457.7883 km2)
Craters of the Moon National Monument and PreserveIdaho698,939.69 acres (2,828.5086 km2)
Denali National Park and PreserveAlaska1,334,117.80 acres (5,398.9832 km2)
Gates of the Arctic National Park and PreserveAlaska948,608.07 acres (3,838.8807 km2)
Glacier Bay National Park and PreserveAlaska58,406.00 acres (236.3607 km2)
Great Sand Dunes National Park and PreserveColorado41,686.00 acres (168.6973 km2)
Katmai National Park and PreserveAlaska418,698.80 acres (1,694.4139 km2)
Lake Clark National Park and PreserveAlaska1,410,293.68 acres (5,707.2560 km2)
Little River Canyon National PreserveAlabama15,291.63 acres (61.8830 km2)
Mojave National PreserveCalifornia1,549,709.37 acres (6,271.4513 km2)
New River Gorge National Park and Preserve (not a separate unit)West Virginia65,165 acres (263.71 km2)
Noatak National PreserveAlaska6,587,071.39 acres (26,656.9322 km2)
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve (not a separate unit)Oregon4,070 acres (16.5 km2)
Tallgrass Prairie National PreserveKansas10,882.67 acres (44.0406 km2)
Timucuan Ecological and Historic PreserveFlorida46,262.67 acres (187.2184 km2)
Valles Caldera National PreserveNew Mexico89,766.09 acres (363.2705 km2)
Wrangell–St. Elias National Park and PreserveAlaska4,852,644.89 acres (19,637.9571 km2)
Yukon–Charley Rivers National PreserveAlaska2,526,512.44 acres (10,224.4331 km2)

National historical parks

The bell tower atop Independence Hall, formerly home to the Liberty Bell (Independence National Historical Park)

There are 61 national historical parks.

NameLocationArea (2020)
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical ParkKentucky344.50 acres (1.3941 km2)
Adams National Historical ParkMassachusetts23.82 acres (0.0964 km2)
Appomattox Court House National Historical ParkVirginia1,774.60 acres (7.1816 km2)
Blackstone River Valley National Historical ParkRhode Island, Massachusetts1,489.00 acres (6.0258 km2)
Boston National Historical ParkMassachusetts43.82 acres (0.1773 km2)
Cane River Creole National Historical ParkLouisiana205.50 acres (0.8316 km2)
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical ParkVirginia3,704.96 acres (14.9934 km2)
Chaco Culture National Historical ParkNew Mexico33,960.19 acres (137.4320 km2)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical ParkDistrict of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia19,617.37 acres (79.3887 km2)
Colonial National Historical Park[12]
  • Cape Henry Memorial
  • The Colonial Parkway
  • Green Spring Plantation
  • Most of Jamestown Island
  • Swann's Point (Across the James River from Jamestown Island)
  • Tyandall's Point Park (Across the York River from Yorktown)
  • Yorktown Battlefield
Virginia8,675.04 acres (35.1066 km2)
Cumberland Gap National Historical ParkKentucky, Tennessee, Virginia24,546.83 acres (99.3375 km2)
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical ParkOhio110.56 acres (0.4474 km2)
First State National Historical ParkDelaware, Pennsylvania1,409.22 acres (5.7029 km2)
Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical ParkSouth Carolina232.52 acres (0.9410 km2)
George Rogers Clark National Historical ParkIndiana26.17 acres (0.1059 km2)
Golden Spike National Historical ParkUtah2,735.28 acres (11.0693 km2)
Harpers Ferry National Historical ParkWest Virginia, Virginia, Maryland3,669.19 acres (14.8487 km2)
Harriet Tubman National Historical ParkNew York31.50 acres (0.1275 km2)
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical ParkMaryland480.00 acres (1.9425 km2)
Homestead National Historical ParkNebraska210.45 acres (0.8517 km2)
Hopewell Culture National Historical ParkOhio1,775.78 acres (7.1863 km2)
Independence National Historical ParkPennsylvania44.87 acres (0.1816 km2)
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
  • Chalmette National Cemetery
Louisiana25,875.86 acres (104.7159 km2)
Jimmy Carter National Historical ParkGeorgia78.35 acres (0.3171 km2)
Kalaupapa National Historical ParkHawaii10,778.88 acres (43.6206 km2)
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical ParkHawaii1,163.05 acres (4.7067 km2)
Keweenaw National Historical ParkMichigan1,870.00 acres (7.5676 km2)
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park (part of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park)Alaska, Washington12,996.49 acres (52.5949 km2)
Lewis and Clark National Historical ParkOregon, Washington3,410.15 acres (13.8004 km2)
Lowell National Historical ParkMassachusetts143.37 acres (0.5802 km2)
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical ParkTexas1,571.71 acres (6.3605 km2)
Manhattan Project National Historical ParkNew Mexico, Tennessee, Washington113.61 acres (0.4598 km2)
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical ParkVermont643.07 acres (2.6024 km2)
Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical ParkGeorgia39.17 acres (0.1585 km2)
Minute Man National Historical ParkMassachusetts1,027.76 acres (4.1592 km2)
Morristown National Historical ParkNew Jersey1,710.72 acres (6.9230 km2)
Natchez National Historical ParkMississippi119.75 acres (0.4846 km2)
New Bedford Whaling National Historical ParkMassachusetts34.00 acres (0.1376 km2)
New Orleans Jazz National Historical ParkLouisiana5.13 acres (0.0208 km2)
Nez Perce National Historical ParkIdaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2)
Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical ParkGeorgia3,431.05 acres (13.8850 km2)
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical ParkTexas3,426.87 acres (13.8681 km2)
Paterson Great Falls National Historical ParkNew Jersey51.33 acres (0.2077 km2)
Pecos National Historical ParkNew Mexico6,693.49 acres (27.0876 km2)
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical ParkHawaii419.80 acres (1.6989 km2)
Reconstruction Era National Historical ParkSouth Carolina64.99 acres (0.2630 km2)
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical ParkCalifornia145.19 acres (0.5876 km2)
Saint-Gaudens National Historical ParkNew Hampshire190.75 acres (0.7719 km2)
Ste. Genevieve National Historical ParkMissouri16.91 acres (0.0684 km2)
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological PreserveU.S. Virgin Islands989.42 acres (4.0040 km2)
San Antonio Missions National Historical ParkTexas990.28 acres (4.0075 km2)
San Francisco Maritime National Historical ParkCalifornia49.86 acres (0.2018 km2)
San Juan Island National Historical ParkWashington2,145.56 acres (8.6828 km2)
Saratoga National Historical ParkNew York3,607.59 acres (14.5994 km2)
Sitka National Historical ParkAlaska116.29 acres (0.4706 km2)
Thomas Edison National Historical ParkNew Jersey21.25 acres (0.0860 km2)
Tumacácori National Historical ParkArizona360.32 acres (1.4582 km2)
Valley Forge National Historical ParkPennsylvania3,468.54 acres (14.0367 km2)
War in the Pacific National Historical ParkGuam2,030.65 acres (8.2177 km2)
Weir Farm National Historical ParkConnecticut74.20 acres (0.3003 km2)
Women's Rights National Historical ParkNew York7.44 acres (0.0301 km2)
Authorized national historical parks
NameStatus
Coltsville National Historical ParkConnecticut (pending acquisition of property)

National historic sites

Harry S Truman National Historic Site
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site
Castillo San Felipe del Morro at San Juan National Historic Site

There are 84 national historic sites, of which 74 are NPS units, 9 are affiliated areas, and one, Grey Towers National Historic Site, is managed by the U.S. Forest Service (not listed here).

NameLocationArea (2020)
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic SitePennsylvania1,284.27 acres (5.1973 km2)
Andersonville National Historic Site
  • Andersonville National Cemetery
Georgia515.61 acres (2.0866 km2)
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
  • Andrew Johnson National Cemetery
Tennessee16.68 acres (0.0675 km2)
Bent's Old Fort National Historic SiteColorado798.54 acres (3.2316 km2)
Boston African American National Historic SiteMassachusetts0.59 acres (0.0024 km2)
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic SiteKansas1.85 acres (0.0075 km2)
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic SiteNorth Carolina268.49 acres (1.0865 km2)
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.0.15 acres (0.00061 km2)
Charles Pinckney National Historic SiteSouth Carolina28.45 acres (0.1151 km2)
Chicago Portage National Historic Site (affiliated area)Illinois
Chimney Rock National Historic Site (affiliated area)Nebraska
Christiansted National Historic SiteU.S. Virgin Islands27.15 acres (0.1099 km2)
Clara Barton National Historic SiteMaryland8.59 acres (0.0348 km2)
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic SitePennsylvania0.52 acres (0.0021 km2)
Eisenhower National Historic SitePennsylvania690.46 acres (2.7942 km2)
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic SiteNew York180.50 acres (0.7305 km2)
Eugene O'Neill National Historic SiteCalifornia13.19 acres (0.0534 km2)
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site (affiliated area)Ohio
First Ladies National Historic SiteOhio0.46 acres (0.0019 km2)
Ford's Theatre National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.0.30 acres (0.0012 km2)
Fort Bowie National Historic SiteArizona999.45 acres (4.0446 km2)
Fort Davis National Historic SiteTexas523.00 acres (2.1165 km2)
Fort Laramie National Historic SiteWyoming873.11 acres (3.5334 km2)
Fort Larned National Historic SiteKansas718.39 acres (2.9072 km2)
Fort Point National Historic SiteCalifornia29.00 acres (0.1174 km2)
Fort Raleigh National Historic SiteNorth Carolina515.73 acres (2.0871 km2)
Fort Scott National Historic SiteKansas20.11 acres (0.0814 km2)
Fort Smith National Historic SiteArkansas, Oklahoma75.00 acres (0.3035 km2)
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic SiteMontana, North Dakota440.14 acres (1.7812 km2)
Fort Vancouver National Historic SiteWashington, Oregon206.72 acres (0.8366 km2)
Frederick Douglass National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.8.57 acres (0.0347 km2)
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic SiteMassachusetts7.21 acres (0.0292 km2)
Friendship Hill National Historic SitePennsylvania674.56 acres (2.7298 km2)
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site (affiliated area)Pennsylvania
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic SiteMontana1,618.43 acres (6.5496 km2)
Hampton National Historic SiteMaryland62.04 acres (0.2511 km2)
Harry S Truman National Historic SiteMissouri12.59 acres (0.0509 km2)
Herbert Hoover National Historic SiteIowa186.80 acres (0.7560 km2)
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic SiteNew York838.43 acres (3.3930 km2)
Honouliuli National Historic SiteHawaii154.46 acres (0.6251 km2)
Hopewell Furnace National Historic SitePennsylvania848.06 acres (3.4320 km2)
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic SiteArizona160.09 acres (0.6479 km2)
James A. Garfield National Historic SiteOhio7.82 acres (0.0316 km2)
Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area)Virginia
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic SiteMassachusetts0.09 acres (0.00036 km2)
John Muir National Historic SiteCalifornia344.14 acres (1.3927 km2)
Kate Mullany National Historic Site (affiliated area)New York
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic SiteNorth Dakota1,751.00 acres (7.0860 km2)
Lincoln Home National Historic SiteIllinois12.24 acres (0.0495 km2)
Little Rock Central High School National Historic SiteArkansas28.22 acres (0.1142 km2)
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic SiteMassachusetts1.98 acres (0.0080 km2)
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site (affiliated area)New York
Maggie L. Walker National Historic SiteVirginia1.29 acres (0.0052 km2)
Manzanar National Historic SiteCalifornia813.81 acres (3.2934 km2)
Martin Van Buren National Historic SiteNew York284.93 acres (1.1531 km2)
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.0.07 acres (0.00028 km2)
Minidoka National Historic SiteIdaho396.30 acres (1.6038 km2)
Minuteman Missile National Historic SiteSouth Dakota43.80 acres (0.1773 km2)
Nicodemus National Historic SiteKansas4.39 acres (0.0178 km2)
Ninety Six National Historic SiteSouth Carolina1,021.94 acres (4.1356 km2)
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic SiteWashington, D.C.17.61 acres (0.0713 km2)
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic SiteArkansas0.68 acres (0.0028 km2)
Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic SiteHawaii86.24 acres (0.3490 km2)
Sagamore Hill National Historic SiteNew York83.02 acres (0.3360 km2)
Saint Paul's Church National Historic SiteNew York6.13 acres (0.0248 km2)
Salem Maritime National Historic SiteMassachusetts9.02 acres (0.0365 km2)
San Juan National Historic SitePuerto Rico75.13 acres (0.3040 km2)
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic SiteColorado12,583.34 acres (50.9230 km2)
Saugus Iron Works National Historic SiteMassachusetts8.51 acres (0.0344 km2)
Springfield Armory National Historic SiteMassachusetts54.93 acres (0.2223 km2)
Steamtown National Historic SitePennsylvania62.48 acres (0.2528 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic SiteNew York0.11 acres (0.00045 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic SiteNew York1.18 acres (0.0048 km2)
Thomas Cole National Historic Site (affiliated area)New York
Thomas Stone National Historic SiteMaryland328.25 acres (1.3284 km2)
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (affiliated area)Rhode Island
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic SiteAlabama89.68 acres (0.3629 km2)
Tuskegee Institute National Historic SiteAlabama57.92 acres (0.2344 km2)
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic SiteMissouri9.60 acres (0.0388 km2)
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic SiteNew York211.65 acres (0.8565 km2)
Washita Battlefield National Historic SiteOklahoma315.20 acres (1.2756 km2)
Whitman Mission National Historic SiteWashington138.53 acres (0.5606 km2)
William Howard Taft National Historic SiteOhio3.64 acres (0.0147 km2)

Former national historic sites

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Atlanta Campaign National Historic SiteOctober 13, 1944September 21, 1950Transferred to state of Georgia; park never developed beyond a set of six roadside interpretive markers along the Dixie Highway
Mar-a-Lago National Historic SiteOctober 21, 1972December 23, 1980Returned to a nonprofit foundation operated by the Post family, the original owners of the site
McLoughlin House National Historic SiteJune 27, 1941July 29, 2003Merged into Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
St. Thomas National Historic SiteDecember 24, 1960February 5, 1975Transferred to U.S. Virgin Islands; currently operated as a Virgin Islands territorial park
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic SiteApril 12, 2016Redesignated Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument and changed from affiliated unit to an NPS unit
Edison Home National Historic SiteDecember 6, 1955September 5, 1962Combined with Edison Laboratory National Monument into Edison National Historic Site, later redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park
Edison National Historic SiteSeptember 5, 1962March 30, 2009Redesignated Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Authorized national historic sites

NameLocationStatus
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site[13]IllinoisPending acquisition of property
Fort St. Mark's National Historic Site[14]FloridaPending acquisition of property
Amache National Historic Site[15]ColoradoPending acquisition of property

International historic site

Name[2]LocationArea[3]
Saint Croix Island International Historic SiteMaine / New Brunswick6.50 acres (0.0263 km2)

National battlefield parks

Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia
Name[2]LocationArea[16]
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ParkGeorgia2,913.63 acres (11.7910 km2)
Manassas National Battlefield ParkVirginia5,073.44 acres (20.5315 km2)
Richmond National Battlefield ParkVirginia8,143.26 acres (32.9546 km2)
River Raisin National Battlefield ParkMichigan42.18 acres (0.1707 km2)

National military parks

Vicksburg National Military Park
Name[2]LocationArea[16]
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military ParkGeorgia, Tennessee9,523.48 acres (38.5402 km2)
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park
  • Fredericksburg National Cemetery
Virginia8,405.46 acres (34.0157 km2)
Gettysburg National Military Park
  • Gettysburg National Cemetery
Pennsylvania6,032.07 acres (24.4109 km2)
Guilford Courthouse National Military ParkNorth Carolina254.44 acres (1.0297 km2)
Horseshoe Bend National Military ParkAlabama2,040.00 acres (8.2556 km2)
Kings Mountain National Military ParkSouth Carolina3,945.29 acres (15.9660 km2)
Pea Ridge National Military ParkArkansas4,300.35 acres (17.4029 km2)
Shiloh National Military Park
  • Shiloh National Cemetery
Tennessee, Mississippi9,322.10 acres (37.7252 km2)
Vicksburg National Military Park
  • Vicksburg National Cemetery
Mississippi, Louisiana2,524.11 acres (10.2147 km2)

Former national military parks

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Moore's Creek National Military ParkJune 2, 1926September 8, 1980Redesignated as Moores Creek National Battlefield
Monocacy National Military ParkJune 21, 1934October 21, 1976Redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield; previously Monocacy National Battlefield Site (1929 to 1934)

National battlefields

Fort Donelson National Battlefield
Name[2]LocationArea[16]
Antietam National BattlefieldMaryland3,228.89 acres (13.0669 km2)
Big Hole National BattlefieldMontana975.61 acres (3.9482 km2)
Cowpens National BattlefieldSouth Carolina841.56 acres (3.4057 km2)
Fort Donelson National Battlefield
  • Fort Donelson National Cemetery
Tennessee, Kentucky1,319.00 acres (5.3378 km2)
Fort Necessity National BattlefieldPennsylvania902.80 acres (3.6535 km2)
Monocacy National BattlefieldMaryland1,646.88 acres (6.6647 km2)
Moores Creek National BattlefieldNorth Carolina87.75 acres (0.3551 km2)
Petersburg National Battlefield
  • Poplar Grove National Cemetery
Virginia9,350.56 acres (37.8404 km2)
Stones River National Battlefield
  • Stones River National Cemetery
Tennessee709.49 acres (2.8712 km2)
Tupelo National BattlefieldMississippi1.00 acre (0.0040 km2)
Wilson's Creek National BattlefieldMissouri2,421.76 acres (9.8005 km2)

National battlefield site

Name[2]LocationArea[16]
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield SiteMississippi1.00 acre (0.0040 km2)

Former national battlefield sites

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Antietam National Battlefield SiteAugust 30, 18901978Redesignated Antietam National Battlefield
New Orleans Battlefield Site (Chalmette Monument and Grounds)March 4, 19071939Redesignated Chalmette National Historical Park; incorporated into Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Nov. 10, 1978
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield SiteFebruary 8, 19171935Redesignated Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
White Plains National Battlefield SiteMay 18, 19261956Assumed by Battle of White Plains Monument Committee, 1958
Tupelo National Battlefield SiteFebruary 21, 19291961Redesignated Tupelo National Battlefield
Monocacy National Battlefield SiteMarch 1, 1929June 21, 1934Reauthorized as a national military park; redesignated Monocacy National Battlefield, Oct. 21, 1976
Cowpens National Battlefield SiteMarch 4, 19291972Redesignated Cowpens National Battlefield
Appomattox Battlefield SiteJune 18, 19301935Designated Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument; redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, 1954
Fort Necessity National Battlefield SiteMarch 4, 19311961Redesignated Fort Necessity National Battlefield

National memorials

Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial

There are 31 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.[2]

NameLocationArea[3]
American Memorial Park (affiliated area)Northern Mariana Islands
Arkansas Post National MemorialArkansas757.51 acres (3.0655 km2)
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee MemorialVirginia17.12 acres (0.0693 km2)
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial (affiliated area)Pennsylvania
Chamizal National MemorialTexas54.90 acres (0.2222 km2)
Coronado National MemorialArizona4,830.22 acres (19.5472 km2)
De Soto National MemorialFlorida30.00 acres (0.1214 km2)
Dwight D. Eisenhower MemorialWashington, D.C.3.39 acres (0.0137 km2)
Father Marquette National Memorial (affiliated area)Michigan
Federal Hall National MemorialNew York0.45 acres (0.0018 km2)
Flight 93 National MemorialPennsylvania2,262.65 acres (9.1566 km2)
Fort Caroline National MemorialFlorida138.39 acres (0.5600 km2)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt MemorialWashington, D.C.8.14 acres (0.0329 km2)
General Grant National MemorialNew York0.76 acres (0.0031 km2)
Hamilton Grange National MemorialNew York1.75 acres (0.0071 km2)
Johnstown Flood National MemorialPennsylvania177.76 acres (0.7194 km2)
Korean War Veterans MemorialWashington, D.C.1.56 acres (0.0063 km2)
Lincoln Boyhood National MemorialIndiana199.96 acres (0.8092 km2)
Lincoln MemorialWashington, D.C.7.29 acres (0.0295 km2)
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the PotomacWashington, D.C.17.00 acres (0.0688 km2)
Martin Luther King, Jr. MemorialWashington, D.C.2.74 acres (0.0111 km2)
Mount Rushmore National MemorialSouth Dakota1,278.45 acres (5.1737 km2)
Oklahoma City National Memorial (affiliated area)Oklahoma
Pearl Harbor National MemorialHawaii21.64 acres (0.0876 km2)
Perry's Victory and International Peace MemorialOhio25.38 acres (0.1027 km2)
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National MemorialCalifornia5.00 acres (0.0202 km2)
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial (affiliated area)Virginia
Roger Williams National MemorialRhode Island4.56 acres (0.0185 km2)
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National MemorialPennsylvania0.02 acres (8.1×10−5 km2)
Theodore Roosevelt Island National MemorialWashington, D.C.88.50 acres (0.3581 km2)
Thomas Jefferson MemorialWashington, D.C.18.36 acres (0.0743 km2)
Vietnam Veterans MemorialWashington, D.C.2.18 acres (0.0088 km2)
Washington MonumentWashington, D.C.106.01 acres (0.4290 km2)
World War I MemorialWashington, D.C.1.39 acres (0.0056 km2)
World War II MemorialWashington, D.C.8.25 acres (0.0334 km2)
Wright Brothers National MemorialNorth Carolina428.44 acres (1.7338 km2)

Former national memorials

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Camp Blount Tablets National Memorial19301944Transferred to NPS in 1933 from War Dept., it was never developed; only a stone marker remains off U.S. Route 231 near Fayetteville, Tennessee
Fort Clatsop National MemorialMay 29, 1958October 30, 2004Incorporated into Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks
Jefferson National Expansion MemorialDecember 21, 1935February 22, 2018Redesignated as Gateway Arch National Park
New Echota Marker National MemorialAugust 10, 1933September 21, 1950Transferred to state of Georgia; currently operated as a Georgia state park.
Oklahoma City National MemorialOctober 9, 1997January 23, 2004Transferred to the nonprofit Oklahoma City National Memorial Foundation; NPS interpretation continues at this affiliated unit

Authorized national memorials

NameLaw
Adams MemorialAuthorized by Public Law 107-62
National Desert Storm/Desert Shield MemorialAuthorized by National Defense Authorization Act 2015[17]
National Global War on Terrorism MemorialAuthorized by Public Law 115-51

National recreation areas

There are 18 national recreation areas administered by the National Park Service.[2] Another 22 national recreation areas are administered by the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management.

NameLocationArea[3]
Amistad National Recreation AreaTexas62,945.15 acres (254.7300 km2)
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation AreaMontana, Wyoming120,296.22 acres (486.8215 km2)
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation AreaMassachusetts1,482.31 acres (5.9987 km2)
Chattahoochee River National Recreation AreaGeorgia12,416.75 acres (50.2488 km2)
Chickasaw National Recreation AreaOklahoma9,898.63 acres (40.0583 km2)
Curecanti National Recreation AreaColorado43,590.56 acres (176.4047 km2)
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation AreaNew Jersey, Pennsylvania68,708.88 acres (278.0550 km2)
Gateway National Recreation AreaNew York, New Jersey26,606.63 acres (107.6732 km2)
Gauley River National Recreation AreaWest Virginia11,565.75 acres (46.8049 km2)
Glen Canyon National Recreation AreaUtah, Arizona1,254,116.62 acres (5,075.2299 km2)
Golden Gate National Recreation AreaCalifornia82,116.03 acres (332.3118 km2)
Lake Chelan National Recreation AreaWashington61,939.12 acres (250.6587 km2)
Lake Mead National Recreation AreaNevada, Arizona1,495,815.53 acres (6,053.3507 km2)
Lake Meredith National Recreation AreaTexas44,977.63 acres (182.0180 km2)
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation AreaWashington100,390.31 acres (406.2652 km2)
Ross Lake National Recreation AreaWashington117,574.59 acres (475.8075 km2)
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation AreaCalifornia157,698.12 acres (638.1816 km2)
Whiskeytown National Recreation AreaCalifornia42,503.25 acres (172.0046 km2)

Former or transferred national recreation areas

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Arbuckle Recreation AreaFebruary 1, 1965March 17, 1976Incorporated with Platt National Park and redesignated Chickasaw National Recreation Area
Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation AreaDecember 27, 1974October 11, 2000Redesignated as Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Flaming Gorge National Recreation AreaJuly 22, 1963October 1, 1968Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Lake Texoma Recreation AreaApril 18, 1946June 30, 1949Returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Millerton Lake Recreation AreaMay 22, 1945November 1, 1957Transferred to state of California; currently operated by the California Department of Water Resources
Shadow Mountain National Recreation AreaJune 27, 1952March 1, 1979Transferred to U.S. Forest Service
Shasta Lake Recreation AreaMay 22, 1945July 1, 1948Transferred to U.S. Forest Service

National seashores

Wild horses on Assateague Island National Seashore
Cape Hatteras National Seashore

There are 10 national seashores.[2]

NameLocationArea[3]
Assateague Island National SeashoreMaryland, Virginia41,346.50 acres (167.3233 km2)
Canaveral National SeashoreFlorida57,661.69 acres (233.3486 km2)
Cape Cod National SeashoreMassachusetts43,608.39 acres (176.4769 km2)
Cape Hatteras National SeashoreNorth Carolina30,350.65 acres (122.8247 km2)
Cape Lookout National SeashoreNorth Carolina28,243.36 acres (114.2968 km2)
Cumberland Island National SeashoreGeorgia36,346.83 acres (147.0904 km2)
Fire Island National SeashoreNew York19,580.65 acres (79.2401 km2)
Gulf Islands National SeashoreFlorida, Mississippi138,305.52 acres (559.7026 km2)
Padre Island National SeashoreTexas130,434.27 acres (527.8488 km2)
Point Reyes National SeashoreCalifornia71,053.38 acres (287.5428 km2)

National lakeshores

There are three national lakeshores, located in Michigan and Wisconsin.

NameLocationArea[3]
Apostle Islands National LakeshoreWisconsin69,377.43 acres (280.7605 km2)
Pictured Rocks National LakeshoreMichigan73,235.97 acres (296.3755 km2)
Sleeping Bear Dunes National LakeshoreMichigan71,310.35 acres (288.5827 km2)

Former national lakeshores

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Indiana Dunes National LakeshoreNovember 5, 1966February 15, 2019Redesignated Indiana Dunes National Park

National rivers and national wild and scenic rivers

The Buffalo National River, the first National River established in the United States
(c) Aaron Fulkerson - http://www.ninje.com, CC BY 2.5
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway

There are four national rivers (marked with an asterisk) and ten national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System.[2] There are many more national wild and scenic rivers that run through other units.

NameLocationArea[3]
Alagnak Wild RiverAlaska30,664.79 acres (124.0960 km2)
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area*Kentucky, Tennessee123,698.72 acres (500.5910 km2)
Bluestone National Scenic RiverWest Virginia4,309.51 acres (17.4400 km2)
Buffalo National River*Arkansas94,293.08 acres (381.5906 km2)
Great Egg Harbor National Scenic and Recreational RiverNew Jersey43,311.42 acres (175.2751 km2)
Middle Delaware National Scenic RiverNew Jersey, Pennsylvania1,973.33 acres (7.9858 km2)
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area*Minnesota53,775.00 acres (217.6197 km2)
Missouri National Recreational RiverNebraska, South Dakota48,456.55 acres (196.0967 km2)
Niobrara National Scenic RiverNebraska29,088.57 acres (117.7173 km2)
Obed Wild and Scenic RiverTennessee5,489.85 acres (22.2166 km2)
Ozark National Scenic Riverways*Missouri80,784.30 acres (326.9225 km2)
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic RiverTexas13,123.39 acres (53.1085 km2)
Saint Croix National Scenic RiverwayWisconsin, Minnesota67,466.63 acres (273.0278 km2)
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational RiverNew York, Pennsylvania74,999.56 acres (303.5125 km2)

Former national rivers

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
New River Gorge National RiverNovember 10, 1978December 27, 2020Redesignated New River Gorge National Park and Preserve

National reserves

City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, USA

National reserves are partnerships between federal, state, and local authorities. Within the boundaries of the three national reserves are combinations of federal land (Park Service or National Wildlife Refuges), state parks and forests, local public lands, and private properties. Two national reserves are currently managed as official units.

Name[2]LocationArea[3]
City of Rocks National ReserveIdaho14,407.19 acres (58.3038 km2)
Ebey's Landing National Historical ReserveWashington19,333.51 acres (78.2399 km2)
New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area)New Jersey

National parkways

Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia and North Carolina

Ten roadways and surrounding scenic areas are managed by the NPS as parkways, four of which as official units and five as part of other units.

Name[2]LocationArea[3]
Baltimore-Washington Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East)Maryland, Washington, D.C.
Blue Ridge ParkwayVirginia, North Carolina100,261.32 acres (405.7432 km2)
Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park)Virginia
Foothills Parkway (part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park)Tennessee
George Washington Memorial Parkway (In 1989, the Maryland and DC portions of the parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway to overcome motorist confusion).
  • Claude Moore Colonial Farm
  • Glen Echo Park
  • Great Falls Park
  • Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial
Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C.6,773.63 acres (27.4119 km2)
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial ParkwayWyoming23,777.22 acres (96.2230 km2)
Natchez Trace ParkwayMississippi, Alabama, Tennessee52,380.46 acres (211.9762 km2)
Oxon Run Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East)Washington, D.C.
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (part of Rock Creek Park)Washington, D.C.
Suitland Parkway (part of National Capital Parks East)Maryland

National historic and scenic trails

These National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only three of the trails are considered official units of the park system.[2]

NameLocationArea[3]
Ala Kahakai National Historic TrailHawaii
Appalachian Trail (official unit)Maine - Georgia241,198.58 acres (976.0960 km2)
California National Historic TrailMissouri - California
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic TrailDelaware - District of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic TrailLouisiana - Texas
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic TrailNew Mexico
Ice Age National Scenic TrailWisconsin
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic TrailArizona - California
Lewis and Clark National Historic TrailIllinois - Oregon
Mormon Pioneer National Historic TrailIllinois - Utah
Natchez Trace Trail (official unit)Mississippi - Tennessee10,995.00 acres (44.4952 km2)
New England National Scenic TrailConnecticut - Massachusetts
North Country National Scenic TrailNew York - North Dakota
Old Spanish National Historic TrailNew Mexico - California
Oregon National Historic TrailMissouri - Oregon
Overmountain Victory National Historic TrailVirginia - Tennessee - North Carolina - South Carolina
Pony Express National Historic TrailMissouri - California
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (official unit)Virginia - Maryland - Pennsylvania - Washington, D.C.0.00 acres (0 km2)
Santa Fe National Historic TrailMissouri - New Mexico
Selma to Montgomery National Historic TrailAlabama
Star-Spangled Banner National Historic TrailDistrict of Columbia - Maryland - Virginia
Trail of Tears National Historic TrailTennessee - Oklahoma
Washington-Rochambeau National Historic TrailMassachusetts - Virginia

National cemeteries

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Most national cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.

NameLocation
Andersonville National CemeteryGeorgia
Andrew Johnson National CemeteryTennessee
Antietam National CemeteryMaryland
Battleground National CemeteryWashington, D.C.
Chalmette National CemeteryLouisiana
Custer National CemeteryMontana
Fort Donelson National CemeteryTennessee
Fredericksburg National CemeteryVirginia
Gettysburg National CemeteryPennsylvania
Poplar Grove National CemeteryVirginia
Shiloh National CemeteryTennessee
Stones River National CemeteryTennessee
Vicksburg National CemeteryMississippi
Yorktown National CemeteryVirginia

Transferred national cemeteries

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Chattanooga National CemeteryAugust 10, 1933December 7, 1944returned to War Department

National heritage areas

The National Park Service provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them.

Other NPS protected areas and administrative groups

Acadian Landing Site at Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area)

There are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and National Capital Parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations.

NameLocationArea[3]
Catoctin Mountain ParkMaryland5,889.84 acres (23.8353 km2)
Constitution GardensDistrict of Columbia39.23 acres (0.1588 km2)
Fort Washington ParkMaryland345.05 acres (1.3964 km2)
Greenbelt ParkMaryland1,175.99 acres (4.7591 km2)
Historic Camden (affiliated area)[18]South Carolina
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve (affiliated area)Wisconsin
International Peace Garden (affiliated area)North Dakota/Manitoba
Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area)Alaska
Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area)[19]Maine
National Capital Parks-East
  • Anacostia Park
  • Baltimore-Washington Parkway
  • Capitol Hill Parks
  • Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site (also an official unit)
  • Fort Dupont Park
  • Fort Foote Park
  • Fort Washington Park (also an official unit)
  • Frederick Douglass National Historic Site (also an official unit)
  • Greenbelt Park (also an official unit)
  • Harmony Hall (Fort Washington, Maryland)
  • Kenilworth Park and Aquatic Gardens
  • Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site (also an official unit)
  • Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm
  • Oxon Run Parkway
  • Piscataway Park (also an official unit)
  • Suitland Parkway
District of Columbia/Maryland8,703.64 acres (35.2224 km2)(excludes those counted in other units)
National Mall and Memorial Parks (formerly National Capital Parks-Central)District of Columbia155.84 acres (0.6307 km2)(National Mall only)
Piscataway ParkMaryland4,616.31 acres (18.6815 km2)
Prince William Forest ParkVirginia16,059.91 acres (64.9921 km2)
Rock Creek ParkDistrict of Columbia1,755.21 acres (7.1031 km2)
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area)New Brunswick
White House/President's ParkDistrict of Columbia18.07 acres (0.0731 km2)
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience (affiliated area)[20]Washington
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing ArtsVirginia130.28 acres (0.5272 km2)

In addition, there are sites where the NPS is authorized to provide financial and technical assistance to local authorities for interpretive or educational purposes, but do not have the right to acquire land or have a say in land use or zoning. These include the 55 National Heritage Areas, as well as National Commemorative Sites such as Quindaro Townsite or the Kennedy-King National Commemorative Site. There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.

Former other areas

NameEstablishedDisbandedResult
Appomattox Court House National Historical Monument19351954Redesignated Appomattox Court House National Historical Park; previously Appomattox National Battlefield Site (1930-1935)
Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing ArtsOctober 15, 1966August 21, 2002Redesignated Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts
National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C.March 12, 1968December 29, 1981Transferred to Department of Transportation
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing ArtsJune 16, 1972July 21, 1994Transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees
New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area)1988September 30, 2011Multiple site agencies continue managing the route without NPS partnership[21]

In the 1930s and 1940s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks.

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Park System (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m National Park Service (2018-05-14). "National Park System Units/Parks". Archived from the original on 2018-03-16. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "National Reports". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 22 April 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018. Click on Park Acreage Reports (1997 – Last Calendar/Fiscal Year), then select By Park, Calendar Year, <choose year>, and then click the View PDF Report button – the areas used here are the Gross Area Acres which are in the final column of the report
  4. ^ "This 1,754 acre city park was officially authorized in 1890, making it the third national park to be designated by the federal government." Rock Creek Park, National Park Service. Accessed September 12, 2019.
  5. ^ "Herbert Hoover's National Parks - Herbert Hoover National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". nps.gov. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  6. ^ "History". bobspixels.com. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Herbert Hoover: Proclamation 2022 - Grand Canyon National Monument". ucsb.edu. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Enrolled Bill s. 1296 - Grand Canyon National Park Enlargement Act" (PDF). fordlibrarymuseum.gov. January 2, 1975. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 27, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  9. ^ "Great Basin National Park - Lehman Caves National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  10. ^ Rogers, Paul (January 10, 2013). "Pinnacles becomes a national park -- the closest to Bay Area". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  11. ^ Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Administrative History Archived 2016-12-29 at the Wayback Machine, National Park Service, 2008, pp. 121-122
  12. ^ "General Management Plan - Colonial National Historical Park". web.archive.org. 2017-04-30. Archived from the original on 2017-04-30. Retrieved 2022-03-20.
  13. ^ Public Law 107-137 Archived 2019-03-08 at the Wayback Machine, February 6, 2002
  14. ^ Public Law 87-789 Archived 2018-12-29 at the Wayback Machine, October 10, 1952
  15. ^ "Laws & Policies - Amache National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  16. ^ a b c d "Listing of acreage – December 31, 2020" (XLSX). Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2021-08-15. (National Park Service Acreage Reports)
  17. ^ National Park Service-related provisions in the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 15 Archived 2015-07-15 at the Wayback Machine, National Park Service, Dec. 19, 2014.
  18. ^ Public Law 97-184 Archived 2019-04-12 at the Wayback Machine, May 24, 1982
  19. ^ Public Law 101-53, November 8, 1990
  20. ^ Jack Broom, National Parks to recognize Wing Luke Museum Archived 2014-10-13 at the Wayback Machine, Seattle Times, 2013-02-06. Accessed online 2013-02-09.
  21. ^ "Error retrieving uploaded document". nps.gov. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.

External links

Media files used on this page

HistoricPlacesNationalRegisterPlaque.JPG
Plaque declaring "this property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior"
Edison labs Main St Lakeside Av jeh.jpg
Author/Creator: Jim.henderson, Licence: CC0
Looking east across Main Street and Lakeside Avene at the Edison Laboratories on a sunny midday.
George Washington Carver National Monument - Visitor Center.jpg
The George Washington Carver National Monument visitor center has information, a museum, interactive exhibits about history and science, classrooms for programs on Carver's life, an observation deck, a film, and bookstore.
Perrys Monument 2012.jpg
Author/Creator: Alvintrusty, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
This picture was taken from the harbor area of Put-In-Bay.
Logo of the United States National Park Service.svg
Logo of the United States National Park Service, an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. This version is shaded to look as if it has been carved out of wood or rock. The elements on the logo represent the major facets of the national park system. The Sequoia tree and bison represent vegetation and wildlife, the mountains and water represent scenic and recreational values, and the arrowhead represents historical and archeological values. The bison is also the symbol of the Department of the Interior. The logo became the official logo on July 20, 1951, replacing the previous emblem of a Sequoia cone, and has been used ever since. The design was slightly updated in 2001, and a few different renderings are used today. For more information, see here and here.[dead link]
Owachomo Bridge (9472027513).jpg
Author/Creator: Natural Bridges National Monument, Licence: CC BY 2.0
(NPS photo by Andrew Kuhn)
Lincoln-Memorial WashingtonDC.jpg
Author/Creator: Paul Frederickson, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
The front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC
Keweenaw National Historical Park Headquarters.jpg
Author/Creator: Andrew Jameson, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Keweenaw National Historical Park Headquarters
Trumanhist.JPG
Author/Creator: The original uploader was Nationalparks at English Wikipedia., Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Harry S Truman National Historic Site in Independence, Missouri, USA.
McKittrick Canyon Trail.JPG
Author/Creator: Fredlyfish4, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The McKittrick Canyon Trail heading towards Pratt Cabin from the trailhead in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.
Delaware Water Gap cliffs.jpg
(c) MikeParker at en.wikipedia, CC BY 2.5
View from the cliffs above the en:Delaware River in the en:Delaware Water Gap.
Photo taken by Michael Parker - original source.
Roosevelt cottage at Campobello.jpg
Taken from http://www.nps.gov/roca/ - as a product of the National Park Service, it's a product of the U.S. government, and therefore in the public domain The Roosevelt cottage was built for James and Sara Roosevelt in the early nineteenth century after their marriage. They then a few years later decided to bring their new born son Franklin Delano. He was their most politically accomplished child and went on to become the president of the United States. Over the years he Franklin continued coming back to the cottage and eventually passed it on to his son Theodore or Teddy. Now the parc belongs to both the American and Canadian government and is open to the public to visit as a museum.
Barker Dam Nature Trail (17081448532).jpg
Author/Creator: Tony Webster from Portland, Oregon, United States, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Joshua Tree National Park, California
2006 New Mexico Bandelier National Monument.jpg
Author/Creator: Nicholas Hartmann, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A cliff of consolidated volcanic ash (tuff) in Bandelier National Monument near Los Alamos, New Mexico
Crook County, WY, USA - panoramio (101).jpg
(c) Eric Friedebach, CC BY 3.0
Crook County, WY, USA
Knife River Earthlodge.JPG
Author/Creator:

Xerxes2004 (talk)

, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0

Earthlodge located at Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

2015 Independence Hall - Philadelphia 01.JPG
Author/Creator: Farragutful, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
City of rocks view NPS.jpg
Fritillaria pudica, Yellow Bells at City of Rocks National Reserve in Idaho.
Cascade pass.jpg
Author/Creator: Daniel Hershman, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Pelton Peak, Yawning Glacier and Magic Mountain (left to right) from Sahale Arm north of Cascade Pass, North Cascades National Park, Washington, United States
Cascade pass
Gateway Arch edit1.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Olympic NP Washington USA3.jpg
Author/Creator: Jason Pratt from Pittsburgh, PA (FishSpeaker), Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bogachiel Peak, Olympic National Park, Washington, USA
Cuyahoga Valley National Park.jpg
An example of stone formations found in Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
Assateague fg02.jpg
Author/Creator: Fritz Geller-Grimm, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
Horses, Assateague State Park, Maryland, USA
Stonewall Inn 8 pride weekend 2016.jpg
Author/Creator: Rhododendrites, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Stonewall Inn, a gay bar on Christopher Street in Manhattan's Greenwich Village. A 1969 police raid here led to the Stonewall riots, one of the most important events in the history of LGBT rights (and the history of the United States). This picture was taken on pride weekend in 2016, the day after President Obama announced the Stonewall National Monument, and less than two weeks after the Pulse nightclub shooting in Orlando.
North from Little Stony Man - panoramio.jpg
Author/Creator: Fredlyfish4, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
North from Little Stony Man in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia
Fort Union Trading Post NHS.JPG
(c) Xerxes2004 at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0
Central Courtyard of Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
Under the sea at Dry Tortugas National Park (6021858381).jpg
Author/Creator: Dry Tortugas NPS, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Submerged resources of Dry Tortugas National Park. National Park Service Photo taken by John Dengler
Blueridgeparkwaylookingglassrock.jpg
Author/Creator: Original uploader was Zen sutherland at en.wikipedia, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Blue Ridge Parkway across from Looking Glass Rock Photo taken by zen 2002.
Malvern Hill, Civil War Battlefield, RIchmond National Battlefield - Stierch.jpg
Author/Creator: Sarah Stierch, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Malvern Hill, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia
Sleeping Bear Dunes.jpg
Good Harbor Bay, Sleeping Bear Dunes
Castillo San Felipe del Morro in San Juan Puerto Rico.jpg
Author/Creator: Jorge Colomer , Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
This was in the exact day of the full moon of September 27 of 2015 (red full moon total eclipse)
Fort Donelson river battery (1).jpg
Part of the lower river battery, overlooking the Cumberland River. Photographed by Hal Jespersen at Fort Donelson, February 2006.
Vicksburg-illinois-memorial.jpg
The Illinois State Memorial in Vicksburg National Military Park. Photo by Eoghanacht taken on December 9, 2005. Building's coordinates: . The structure was modeled after Rome's Temple of Minerva Medici and the Pantheon; it was dedicated on October 26, 1906.
Cape Hatteras lighthouse North Carolina.jpg
The lighthouse at Cape Hatteras
Hawaii Pu uhonua 8281.jpg
Author/Creator: gillfoto, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau, Kona District (place of refuge) xiii
Arches6.jpg
Author/Creator: Kennethhung, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Arches National Park, Delicate Arch
Jogger MG 2683.jpg
Author/Creator: PeteBobb, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Muir Woods National Monument A jogger gets a good cardio workout running up and down the hills inside Muir Woods park.
Morning on the Buffalo River.jpg
Author/Creator: OakleyOriginals, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Fall Break, Buffalo National River, Arkansas.
Golden Glow Canyon.jpg
Author/Creator: Len Saltiel, Licence: CC0
Door Trail, Badlands National Park, South Dakota
Haleakala National Park 05.jpg
Author/Creator: Niagara66, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Lake Mead 1.jpg
Author/Creator: No machine-readable author provided. Kjkolb assumed (based on copyright claims)., Licence: CC BY 2.5
This is a picture of Lake Mead, a lake on the border between Nevada and Arizona, several miles east of Boulder City, Nevada. The lake is formed by Hoover Dam on the Colorado River. It is a view of the lake from the top of Hoover Dam. The picture was taken by me on March 26, 2004. I give permission for the picture to be used with attribution under the GFDL and Creative Commons.
DC mall lincoln-enhanced.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
97 Orchard Street Front.jpg
Author/Creator: Fletcher6, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
The Lower East Side Tenement Museum at 97 Orchard Street, New York City. Built by Prussian immigrant Lukas Glockner in 1863 it housed thousands of immigrants until 1935 when it was vacated, and later became a museum in 1988.