List of United States senators from South Carolina

Current delegation

South Carolina ratified the United States Constitution on May 23, 1788. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in July 1861 owing to its secession from the Union. They were again filled from July 1868. The state's current U.S. senators are Republicans Lindsey Graham, serving since 2003, and Tim Scott, serving since 2013.

List of senators

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and 2020. The next election will be in 2026.

C

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2004, 2010, 2014 (special election), and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

#SenatorPartyDates in officeElectoral historyTTElectoral historyDates in officePartySenator#
1Pierce butler.jpg
Pierce Butler
Pro-
Admin.
March 4, 1789 –
October 25, 1796
Elected in 1789.11st1Elected in 1789.March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1795
Pro-
Admin.
Ralph Izard.jpg
Ralph Izard
1
Anti-
Admin.
2nd
Re-elected in 1793.

Resigned.
23rd
Democratic-
Republican
4th2Elected during the 1794/95 cycle.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
FederalistJacobRead.jpg
Jacob Read
2
VacantOctober 25, 1796 –
December 8, 1796
 
2John HunterDemocratic-
Republican
December 8, 1796 –
November 26, 1798
Elected to finish Butler's term.

Resigned.
5th
3Charles Pinckney.jpg
Charles Pinckney
Democratic-
Republican
December 6, 1798 –
June 6, 1801
Elected to finish Hunter's term.
Re-elected in 1799.

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Spain.
36th
7th3Elected in 1800.

Died.
March 4, 1801 –
October 26, 1802
Democratic-
Republican
John E. Colhoun.jpg
John E. Colhoun
3
VacantJune 6, 1801 –
December 15, 1801
 
4ThomasSumter.jpg
Thomas Sumter
Democratic-
Republican
December 15, 1801 –
December 16, 1810
Elected December 3, 1801 to finish Pinckney's term.
 October 26, 1802 –
November 4, 1802
Vacant
Elected to finish Colhoun's term.

Resigned.
November 4, 1802 –
November 21, 1804
Democratic-
Republican
Pierce butler.jpg
Pierce Butler
4
8th
 November 21, 1804 –
December 6, 1804
Vacant
Elected to finish Butler's term.December 6, 1804 –
February 26, 1826
Democratic-
Republican
John Gaillard G000005.jpg
John Gaillard
5
Re-elected December 6, 1804.

Resigned.
49th
10th4Re-elected in 1806.
11th
VacantDecember 16, 1810 –
December 31, 1810
 
5John Taylor South Carolina governor.jpg
John Taylor
Democratic-
Republican
December 31, 1810 –
November 1816
Elected to finish Sumter's term.
Re-elected December 20, 1810.

Resigned.
512th
13th5Re-elected in 1812.
14th
VacantNovember 1816 –
December 4, 1816
 
6William Smith-SC.jpg
William Smith
Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1816 –
March 3, 1823
Elected to finish Taylor's term.
Re-elected in 1816.

Lost re-election.
615th
16th6Re-elected in 1818.
17th
7Ryhayne.jpg
Robert Y. Hayne
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
December 13, 1832
Elected in 1822.718th
Jacksonian19th7Re-elected in 1824.

Died.
Jacksonian
 February 26, 1826 –
March 8, 1826
Vacant
Appointed to continue Gaillard's term.March 8, 1826 –
November 29, 1826
JacksonianSenatorwilliamharper.jpg
William Harper
6
Elected to finish Gaillard's term.

Lost re-election.
November 29, 1826 –
March 3, 1831
JacksonianWilliam Smith-SC.jpg
William Smith
7
20th
Re-elected in 1828.

Resigned to become South Carolina Governor.
821st
Nullifier22nd8Elected in 1830.
Resigned due to ill health.
March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
NullifierStephen Decatur Miller8
VacantDecember 13, 1832 –
December 29, 1832
 
8John C. Calhoun.jpeg
John C. Calhoun
NullifierDecember 29, 1832 –
March 3, 1843
Elected to finish Hayne's term.
23rd March 3, 1833 –
November 26, 1833
Vacant
Elected to finish Miller's term.November 26, 1833 –
November 29, 1842
NullifierWilliam C. Preston - Brady-Handy.jpg
William C. Preston
9
Re-elected in 1834.924th
Democratic25th9Re-elected in 1837.Whig
26th
Re-elected in 1840.

Resigned.
1027th
 November 29, 1842 –
December 23, 1842
Vacant
Elected to finish Preston's term.December 23, 1842 –
August 17, 1846
DemocraticGeorge-McDuffie.jpg
George McDuffie
10
9Daniel Elliott HugerDemocraticMarch 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Calhoun's term.

Resigned.
28th10Re-elected during the 1842/43 cycle.
VacantMarch 3, 1845 –
November 26, 1845
 29th
10JohnCCalhoun.jpeg
John C. Calhoun
DemocraticNovember 26, 1845 –
March 31, 1850
Re-elected to finish Huger's term.
 August 17, 1846 –
December 4, 1846
Vacant
Appointed to continue McDuffie's term.

Elected to finish McDuffie's term.
December 4, 1846 –
May 25, 1857
DemocraticAPButler.jpg
Andrew Butler
11
Re-elected in 1846.

Died.
1130th
31st11Re-elected in 1848.
VacantMarch 31, 1850 –
April 11, 1850
 
11FHElmore.jpg
Franklin H. Elmore
DemocraticApril 11, 1850 –
May 29, 1850
Appointed to continue Calhoun's term.

Died.
VacantMay 29, 1850 –
June 4, 1850
 
12RWBarnwell.jpg
Robert Woodward Barnwell
DemocraticJune 4, 1850 –
December 8, 1850
Appointed to continue Elmore's term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
VacantDecember 8, 1850 –
December 18, 1850
 
13Robert Barnwell Rhett.jpg
Robert Rhett
DemocraticDecember 18, 1850 –
May 7, 1852
Elected to finish Elmore's term.

Resigned.
32nd
VacantMay 7, 1852 –
May 10, 1852
 
14WilliamDeSaussure.jpg
William F. De Saussure
DemocraticMay 10, 1852 –
March 3, 1853
Appointed to continue Rhett's term.

Elected November 29, 1852[1]
15Hon. Josiah J. Evans, S.C - NARA - 528688.jpg
Josiah J. Evans
DemocraticMarch 4, 1853 –
May 6, 1858
Elected during the 1852/53 cycle.

Died.
1233rd
34th12Re-elected in 1854.

Died.
35th
 May 25, 1857 –
December 7, 1857
Vacant
Elected to finish Butler's term.

Withdrew.
December 7, 1857 –
November 11, 1860
DemocraticJHHammond.jpg
James Henry Hammond
12
VacantMay 6, 1858 –
May 11, 1858
 
16Arthur P. Hayne - Brady-Handy.jpg
Arthur P. Hayne
DemocraticMay 11, 1858 –
December 2, 1858
Appointed to continue Evans' term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
17James Chesnut, Jr.jpg
James Chesnut, Jr.
DemocraticDecember 3, 1858 –
November 10, 1860
Elected to finish Evans' term.
Re-elected in 1858.

Withdrew and was later expelled for his support of the Confederate States.
1336th
VacantNovember 10, 1860 –
July 15, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction.
Civil War and Reconstruction.November 11, 1860 –
July 16, 1868
Vacant
37th13
38th
1439th
40th14
18Thomas J. Robertson - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas J. Robertson
RepublicanJuly 15, 1868 –
March 3, 1877
Elected to finish the vacant term.
Elected to finish the vacant term.July 16, 1868 –
March 3, 1873
RepublicanFASawyer.jpg
Frederick A. Sawyer
13
41st
Re-elected in 1870.

Retired.
1542nd
43rd15Elected during the 1872/73 cycle.March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
RepublicanJohn J. Patterson - Brady-Handy.jpg
John J. Patterson
14
44th
19MatthewButler.jpg
Matthew Butler
DemocraticMarch 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1895
Elected in 1876.1645th
46th16Elected in 1878.March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1891
DemocraticWade Hampton III - Brady-Handy.jpg
Wade Hampton III
15
47th
Re-elected in 1882.1748th
49th17Re-elected in 1884.

Lost re-election.
50th
Re-elected in 1888.

Lost renomination.
1851st
52nd18Elected in 1890.

Retired.
March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
DemocraticJohnIrby.jpg
John L. M. Irby
16
53rd
20Benjamintillman.jpg
Benjamin Tillman
DemocraticMarch 4, 1895 –
July 3, 1918
Elected December 11, 1894.1954th
55th19Elected January 26, 1897.

Died.
March 4, 1897 –
May 20, 1897
DemocraticJoseph Earle.jpg
Joseph H. Earle
17
 May 20, 1897 –
May 27, 1897
Vacant
Appointed to continue Earle's term.

Elected January 26, 1898 to finish Earle's term.[2]

Retired.
May 27, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
DemocraticJohn Lowndes McLaurin.jpg
John L. McLaurin
18
56th
Re-elected in 1901.2057th
58th20Elected January 27, 1903.[3]

Died.
March 4, 1903 –
February 20, 1908
DemocraticAsbury Latimer.jpg
Asbury Latimer
19
59th
Re-elected January 22, 1907.[4]2160th
 February 20, 1908 –
March 6, 1908
Vacant
Elected in 1908 to finish Latimer's term.

Retired.
March 6, 1908 –
March 3, 1909
DemocraticFrankGary.jpg
Frank B. Gary
20
61st21Elected January 26, 1909.March 4, 1909 –
November 17, 1944
DemocraticSenator Ellison DuRant Smith.jpg
Ellison D. Smith
21
62nd
Re-elected January 28, 1913.

Died.
2263rd
64th22Re-elected in 1914.
65th
VacantJuly 3, 1918 –
July 6, 1918
 
21ChristieBenet.jpg
Christie Benet
DemocraticJuly 6, 1918 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Tillman's term.

Lost election to finish Tillman's term.
22William P. Pollock.jpg
William P. Pollock
DemocraticNovember 6, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
Elected to finish Tillman's term.

[data unknown/missing].
23Nathaniel B. Dial.jpg
Nathaniel B. Dial
DemocraticMarch 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
Elected in 1918.

Lost renomination.
2366th
67th23Re-elected in 1920.
68th
24Coleman L Blease (cropped).jpg
Coleman Livingston Blease
DemocraticMarch 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
Elected in 1924.

Lost renomination.
2469th
70th24Re-elected in 1926.
71st
25James F. Byrnes cph.3c32232.jpg
James F. Byrnes
DemocraticMarch 4, 1931 –
July 8, 1941
Elected in 1930.2572nd
73rd25Re-elected in 1932.
74th
Re-elected in 1936.

Resigned to become a Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
2675th
76th26Re-elected in 1938.
Lost renomination before dying.
77th
VacantJuly 8, 1941 –
July 22, 1941
 
26AlvaLumpkin.jpg
Alva M. Lumpkin
DemocraticJuly 22, 1941 –
August 1, 1941
Appointed to continue Byrnes' term.

Died.
27Roger Craft Peace.jpg
Roger C. Peace
DemocraticAugust 5, 1941 –
November 4, 1941
Appointed to continue Byrnes' term.

Retired when successor elected.
28Burnet R. Maybank.jpg
Burnet R. Maybank
DemocraticNovember 5, 1941 –
September 1, 1954
Elected to finish Byrnes's term.
Re-elected in 1942.2778th
 November 17, 1944 –
November 20, 1944
Vacant
Appointed to complete Smith's term.November 20, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
DemocraticWiltonHall.jpg
Wilton E. Hall
22
79th27Elected in 1944.January 3, 1945 –
April 18, 1965
DemocraticOlin D. Johnston, seated portrait.jpg
Olin D. Johnston
23
80th
Re-elected in 1948.

Died.
2881st
82nd28Re-elected in 1950.
83rd
VacantSeptember 1, 1954 –
September 6, 1954
 
29CharlesEzra2.jpg
Charles E. Daniel
DemocraticSeptember 6, 1954 –
December 23, 1954
Appointed to finish Maybank's term.

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
30Strom Thurmond 1948.jpg
Strom Thurmond
DemocraticDecember 24, 1954 –
April 4, 1956
Appointed to finish Daniel's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1954.[5]

Resigned.
2984th
31Wofford Thomas A.jpg
Thomas A. Wofford
DemocraticApril 5, 1956 –
November 6, 1956
Appointed to continue Thurmond's term.

Retired.
32Strom Thurmond.jpg
Strom Thurmond
DemocraticNovember 7, 1956 –
January 3, 2003
Elected in 1956 to finish his own term.
85th29Re-elected in 1956.
86th
Re-elected in 1960.

Changed parties September 16, 1964.
3087th
88th30Re-elected in 1962.

Died.
Republican
89th
 April 18, 1965 –
April 22, 1965
Vacant
Appointed to continue Johnston's term.

Lost nomination to finish Johnston's term.
April 22, 1965 –
November 8, 1966
DemocraticDonaldRussell.jpg
Donald S. Russell
24
Elected to finish Johnston's term.November 9, 1966 –
January 3, 2005
DemocraticFritzHollings.jpg
Fritz Hollings
25
Re-elected in 1966.3190th
91st31Re-elected in 1968.
92nd
Re-elected in 1972.3293rd
94th32Re-elected in 1974.
95th
Re-elected in 1978.3396th
97th33Re-elected in 1980.
98th
Re-elected in 1984.3499th
100th34Re-elected in 1986.
101st
Re-elected in 1990.35102nd
103rd35Re-elected in 1992.
104th
Re-elected in 1996.

Retired.
36105th
106th36Re-elected in 1998.

Retired.
107th
33Lindsey Graham, Official Portrait 2006 (cropped).jpg
Lindsey Graham
RepublicanJanuary 3, 2003 –
Present
Elected in 2002.37108th
109th37Elected in 2004.January 3, 2005 –
January 2, 2013
RepublicanJim DeMint.jpg
Jim DeMint
26
110th
Re-elected in 2008.38111th
112th38Re-elected in 2010.

Resigned to head The Heritage Foundation.
Appointed to continue DeMint's term.

Elected November 4, 2014 to finish DeMint's term.
January 2, 2013 –
Present
RepublicanTim Scott, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Tim Scott
27
113th
Re-elected in 2014.39114th
115th39Re-elected in 2016.
116th
Re-elected in 2020.40117th
118th40To be determined in the 2022 election.
119th
To be determined in the 2026 election.41120th
#SenatorPartyYears in officeElectoral historyT TElectoral historyYears in officePartySenator#
Class 2 Class 3

Living former senators

As of February 2022, there is one living former U.S. senator from South Carolina. The most recent and most recently serving senator to die was Fritz Hollings (served 1966–2005) on April 6, 2019.

SenatorTerm of officeDate of birth (and age)
Jim DeMintJanuary 3, 2005 – January 2, 2013 (1951-09-02) September 2, 1951

Superlatives

Longest service

SenatorFirst servedLast servedLength of service
Strom ThurmondDecember 24, 1954April 4, 1956Combined total: 47 years, 159 days
(17,314 days)
November 7, 1956January 3, 2003
Fritz HollingsNovember 9, 1966January 3, 200538 years, 55 days
(13,935 days)
Ellison D. SmithMarch 4, 1909November 22, 194435 years, 263 days
(13,047 days)
Benjamin TillmanMarch 4, 1895July 3, 191823 years, 121 days
(8,521 days)
John GaillardDecember 6, 1804February 26, 182621 years, 82 days
(7,752 days)

Shortest service

SenatorFirst servedLast servedLength of service
Alva M. LumpkinJuly 22, 1941August 1, 19411 week and 3 days
(10 days)
Wilton E. HallNovember 20, 1944January 3, 19451 month and 2 weeks
(44 days)
Franklin H. ElmoreApril 11, 1850May 29, 18501 month, 2 weeks and 4 days
(48 days)
Joseph H. EarleMarch 4, 1897May 20, 18972 months, 2 weeks and 2 days
(77 days)
Roger C. PeaceAugust 5, 1941November 4, 19412 months, 4 weeks and 2 days
(91 days)

Youngest at beginning of service

SenatorDate of birthFirst servedAge
Robert Y. HayneNovember 10, 1791March 4, 182331 years, 3 months and 22 days
William HarperJanuary 17, 1790March 8, 182636 years, 1 month and 19 days
John L. M. IrbySeptember 10, 1854March 4, 189136 years, 5 months and 22 days
John L. McLaurinMay 9, 1860June 1, 189737 years and 23 days
Christie BenetDecember 26, 1879July 6, 191838 years, 6 months and 10 days

Oldest at end of service

SenatorDate of birthLast servedAge
Strom ThurmondDecember 5, 1902January 3, 2003100 years and 29 days
Fritz HollingsJanuary 1, 1922January 3, 200583 years and 2 days
Ellison D. SmithAugust 1, 1864November 17, 194480 years, 3 months and 16 days
Thomas SumterAugust 14, 1734December 16, 181076 years, 4 months and 2 days
Wade Hampton IIIMarch 28, 1818March 3, 189172 years, 11 months and 3 days

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Byrd, p. 164.
  2. ^ Byrd, p. 166.
  3. ^ "South Carolina's Choice". The New York Times. January 28, 1903. p. 8.
  4. ^ The Tribune Almanac and Political Register 1908. New York: The Tribune Association. 1908. p. 260.
  5. ^ "THURMOND, James Strom". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

References

Media files used on this page

Coleman L Blease (cropped).jpg
Blease, Coleman Livingston, Governor of South Carolina, 1911-1915. Fr. S.C. 3/4/1925-3/3/1931
James F. Byrnes cph.3c32232.jpg
James F. Byrnes, 104th Governor of South Carolina
Jim DeMint.jpg
Official photo of U.S. Senator Jim DeMint.
John C. Calhoun.jpeg
Portrait of John C. Calhoun (1782-1850)
JacobRead.jpg
Image of Jacob Read taken from the US Congress Biographical Directory.
FASawyer.jpg
Frederick Adolphus Sawyer, U.S. Senator from South Carolina (July 16, 1868 - March 4, 1873), witnessed the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on the night of April 14, 1865, in Ford's Theater, Washington D.C.
Joseph Earle.jpg
Former Senator Joseph H. Earle of South Carolina.
Senatorwilliamharper.jpg
William Joseph Harper, (1826-1826), Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
George-McDuffie.jpg
South Carolina politician George McDuffie.
DonaldRussell.jpg
From the U.S. Senate historical office
James Chesnut, Jr.jpg
James Chesnut, jr., Confederate politician and general, from http://www.generalsandbrevets.com/index.htm
JohnIrby.jpg
From the U.S. Senate historical office
Tim Scott, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Official portrait of U.S. Senator Tim Scott (R-SC).
Asbury Latimer.jpg
Former Senator Asbury Latimer.
JohnCCalhoun.jpeg
Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun (19th-century daguerreotype)
ChristieBenet.jpg
From the Library of Congress
ThomasSumter.jpg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: PD

Thomas Sumter

Senator Ellison DuRant Smith.jpg
The source of this file is the United States Senate Historical Office. I got permission (to post this photo on Wikipedia) over the phone, in person, from Ms. Heather Moore, the current United States Senate Photo Historian (as of 02/2006). Ms. Moore can be reached at 202-224-6900. The URL contact page for Ms. Moore is http://bioguide.congress.gov/copyright.htm. Ms. Moore said that the photo is in the public domain, but that credit for the photo does need to be posted as "credited to the U.S. Senate Historical Office." The URL where this photo was retrieved from is: http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000530
FrankGary.jpg
From the Library of Congress
Robert Barnwell Rhett.jpg

Robert Barnwell Rhett — member of the Confederate House of Representatives from South Carolina.

  • (cropped)
John J. Patterson - Brady-Handy.jpg
John J. Patterson. Library of Congress description: "Patterson, Hon. John James of S.C. (Born in PA. 1830) Delegate to Nat. Republican Convention at Chicago 1860, Capt in 15th U.S. Vol. Inf.".
AlvaLumpkin.jpg
From the U.S. Senate historical office - source
Nathaniel B. Dial.jpg
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division
under the digital ID hec.19404.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.
Ryhayne.jpg
Robert Y. Hayne, former U.S. Senator from South Carolina.
Olin D. Johnston, seated portrait.jpg
Author/Creator: Photo scanned by South Carolina Political Collections at the University of South Carolina, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
A seated portrait of Olin D. Johnston, former Governor and Senator from South Carolina.
Ralph Izard.jpg
Ralph Izard (U.S. Senator)
Pierce butler.jpg
Miniature of Pierce Butler, National Archives and Records Administration.
Wade Hampton III - Brady-Handy.jpg
Wade Hampton III. Library of Congress description: "Hampton, Hon. Wade, Senator from S.C. (General in Confederate Army)"
John Gaillard G000005.jpg
This United States Congress image is in the public domain. This may be because it was taken by an employee of the Congress as part of that person’s official duties, or because it has been released into the public domain and posted on the official websites of a member of Congress. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.
WiltonHall.jpg
From the U.S. Senate historical office
Thomas J. Robertson - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas J. Robertson. Library of Congress description: "Robertson, Hon. Thomas James of S.C.".
William C. Preston - Brady-Handy.jpg
William C. Preston. Library of Congress description: "Hon. Wm. Campbell Preston of S.C."
Strom Thurmond 1948.jpg
Photograph of Strom Thurmod as South Carolina Governor
Arthur P. Hayne - Brady-Handy.jpg
This is NOT a photo of Arthur Peronneau Hayne but rather that of a cousin; A. P. Hayne's photo by Matthew Brady exisits - this is NOT it Arthur P. Hayne. Library of Congress description: "Hon. Arthur P. Hayne of S.C."
WilliamDeSaussure.jpg
William de Saussure.
Lindsey Graham, Official Portrait 2006 (cropped).jpg
Official portrait of Senator Lindsey Graham of SC.
Benjamintillman.jpg
Benjamin Ryan Tillman
FHElmore.jpg
Franklin H. Elmore
John Lowndes McLaurin.jpg
A picture of John Lowndes McLaurin. Senator from South Carolina.