Leopold V, Archduke of Austria

Leopold V, Archduke of Austria
Engraving of Leopold V, Archduke of Austria
Lepold V as a jacquemart on the Benfeld city hall (1619)

Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria (October 9, 1586 – September 13, 1632) was the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II, father of Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Further Austria. He was Bishop of Passau and of Strasbourg, until he resigned to get married, and Archduke of Further Austria including Tirol.

Biography

Leopold was born in Graz, and was invested as bishop in 1598, as a child, even though he had not been ordained as a priest; he became Bishop of Strasbourg in 1607, a post which he held until 1626. From 1609 onwards he fought with his mercenaries in the War of the Jülich succession, and in the Brothers' Quarrel within the Austrian Habsburg dynasty against Maximilian III, Archduke of Further Austria in Tyrol, and 1611 for Rudolf II in Bohemia. In 1614, he financed the construction of the Church of the Jesuit College of Molsheim, within which his coat of arms is still prominently displayed.

In 1619, upon the death of his kinsman and former rival, he became governor of Maximilian's inheritance: Further Austria and Tyrol, where he attained the position of ruler as Archduke of Further Austria from 1626 to his death in 1632. In 1626 he resigned his ecclesiastical positions and married Claudia de' Medici. He had the custom house and the Jesuit church built in Innsbruck. He fought for the Veltlin and defended Tyrol against the Swedes in 1632. He died in Schwaz, Tyrol.

Silver coin: 1 thaler County of Tyrol, Leopold V - 1621[1]

Issue

With his wife Claudia de' Medici, he became the founder of a sideline of the Habsburg family, which persisted until 1665 - the most recent line of Archdukes of Further Austria.

His children were:

  • Maria-Eleonora 1627–1629
  • Ferdinand Charles (1628–1662); married Anna de' Medici
  • Isabella-Clara (1629–1685); married Charles III, Duke of Mantua
  • Sigismund Francis (1630-1665); married Hedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach
  • Maria Leopoldine (1632–1649); married Emperor Ferdinand III

Ancestors

References

  1. ^ Year: 1620 - 1621; Composition: Silver; Weight: 28,4 gram; Diameter: 42 mm - https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces94533.html
  2. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Karl II. von Steiermark" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 352 – via Wikisource.
  3. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Bayern" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 20 – via Wikisource.
  4. ^ Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ a b Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  6. ^ a b Obermayer-Marnach, Eva (1953), "Anna Jagjello", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 299; (full text online)
  7. ^ a b Goetz, Walter (1953), "Albrecht V.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 158–160; (full text online)
  8. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (1528–1587)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 151 – via Wikisource.
  9. ^ a b Philip I, King of Castile at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  10. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Joanna" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  11. ^ a b Casimir IV, King of Poland at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  12. ^ a b Revue de l'Agenais (in French). 4. Société des sciences, lettres et arts d'Agen. 1877. p. 497.
  13. ^ a b Riezler, Sigmund Ritter von (1897), "Wilhelm IV.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 42, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 705–717
  14. ^ a b Brüning, Rainer (2001), "Philipp I.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 20, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 372; (full text online)

Media files used on this page

1632 Leopold V von Oesterreich-Tirol Revers.jpg
Author/Creator: Ralf Roletschek , Licence: GFDL 1.2
Silbertaler Leopold V. von Österreich-Tirol

LEOPOLDVS·D:G·ARCHIDVX·AVSTRIÆ // DVX·BVRGVND:COMES:TYROLIS
Lateinisch: Leopoldus D[eo] G[ratia] Archidux Austriae, Dux Burgund[is], Comes Tirolis
Deutsch: Leopold von Gottes Gnade, Erzherzog von Österreich, Herzog von Burgund, Graf von Tirol
Sollwerte:
- Rauhgewicht: 28,819 g
- Silbergehalt: 890,625 ‰
- Feingewicht: 25,667 g
- Istgewicht: 28,68 g
Prägestätte Hall im Tirol

Weltlicher Taler
Benfeld 10.jpg
Author/Creator: © Ralph Hammann - Wikimedia Commons, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
This object is indexed in the base Palissy, database of the French furniture patrimony of the French ministry of culture, under the reference IM67000692.
1 thaler Leopold V of Austria - 1621.png
Author/Creator: Windrain, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
1 thaler Leopold V - 1621
1632 Leopold V von Oesterreich-Tirol Avers.jpg
Author/Creator: Ralf Roletschek , Licence: GFDL 1.2
Silbertaler Leopold V. von Österreich-Tirol

LEOPOLDVS·D:G·ARCHIDVX·AVSTRIÆ // DVX·BVRGVND:COMES:TYROLIS
Lateinisch: Leopoldus D[eo] G[ratia] Archidux Austriae, Dux Burgund[is], Comes Tirolis
Deutsch: Leopold von Gottes Gnade, Erzherzog von Österreich, Herzog von Burgund, Graf von Tirol
Geharnischtes Hüftbild mit Schwert und Zepter nach rechts // Mit Fürstenhut bedecktes Wappen, umher Ordenskette vom Goldenes Vlies
Sollwerte:
- Rauhgewicht: 28,819 g
- Silbergehalt: 890,625 ‰
- Feingewicht: 25,667 g
- Istgewicht: 28,68 g
Prägestätte Hall im Tirol

Weltlicher Taler