Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation

Keeseekoowenin 61
Indian Reserve 61
IR 61 is located in Manitoba
IR 61
IR 61
Location of Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation in Manitoba
Coordinates:50°33′09″N 100°18′06″W / 50.552598°N 100.301743°W / 50.552598; -100.301743Coordinates:50°33′09″N 100°18′06″W / 50.552598°N 100.301743°W / 50.552598; -100.301743
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
 • Land57.2 km2 (22.08 sq mi)
 • Total386
 • Density17.5/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central (CDT))
Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation
PeopleAnishinabe / Ojibway
TreatyTreaty 2
Main reserveKeeseekoowenin 61
Other reserve(s)
IR 61A[2] and IR 61B
Tribal Council
West Region Tribal Council

Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation (KOFN; also known as Riding Mountain Band) is a First Nations community primarily located on Keeseekoowenin 61 (Indian Reserve 61A), situated near Elphinstone, Manitoba, south of Riding Mountain National Park.[3]

The reserve is surrounded by territory of the Rural Municipality of Yellowhead, in whose northeastern portion it lies.[4][5] The KOFN also two smaller reserves: IR 61A, which is located within Riding Mountain National Park, on the northwest shore of Clear Lake; and IR 61B, which is located between the two other reserves by Bottle Lake.[3][4][5]


The reserve was established around Riding Mountain House, a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company that operated from 1860 until 1895.[6][7] The Keeseekoowenin Ojibway, also known as Riding Mountain Band, signed Treaty 2 with the Government of Canada on 21 August 1871.[3]

The group takes their name from Keeseekoowenin, who was Chief when they moved to the reserve in 1875.[8]

In 1935, the Sovereign Okanase Indian Nation, known as the Clear Water Lake Indian Tribe, were burned out of the Clear Water Lake Indian Territory of current-day Riding Mountain National Park and relocated within the Indian Reserve (IR) 61. In 1994, a land claim settlement awarded Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation the IR 61A to the location on the boundaries of the National Park.[4][5]


The Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation has 3 separate reserve lands.[3]

The main reserve, Keeseekoowenin 61 (IR 61A), is situated south of Riding Mountain National Park, in a valley setting with the Little Saskatchewan River flowing through it. The second reserve (IR 61A) is located within the park, on the northwest shore of Clear Lake. The third, called Bottle Lake 61B, is located in between the two other reserves.[3]


  1. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census, Statistics Canada - Validation Error".
  2. ^ "KeeseeKoowenin - Riding Mountain National Park". 30 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e "History – keeseekoowenin Ojibway". Retrieved 2021-08-15.
  4. ^ a b c "Keeseekoowenin". Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  5. ^ a b c "Keeseekoowenin". Aboriginal Canada Portal. Archived from the original on 2012-04-03. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  6. ^ "RIDING MOUNTAIN BIOSPHERE RESERVE Periodic Review Report" (PDF). 2000. pp. 18–19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  7. ^ Trevor E. Lockhart (2000). "Water Management Issues in the Turtle River Watershed Conservation District" (PDF). National Library of Canada. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  8. ^ Neufeld, Peter Lorenz (1994). "KEESEEKOOWENIN". In Cook, Ramsay; Hamelin, Jean (eds.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XIII (1901–1910) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. Retrieved 2011-10-24.

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