June 24

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June 24 in recent years
  2021 (Thursday)
  2020 (Wednesday)
  2019 (Monday)
  2018 (Sunday)
  2017 (Saturday)
  2016 (Friday)
  2015 (Wednesday)
  2014 (Tuesday)
  2013 (Monday)
  2012 (Sunday)

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 190 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1614John Belasyse, 1st Baron Belasyse
  • 1616Ferdinand Bol, Dutch painter, etcher and draftsman, student of Rembrandt (d. 1680)
  • 1661Hachisuka Tsunanori, Japanese daimyō (d. 1730)
  • 1663Jean Baptiste Massillon, French bishop (d. 1742)
  • 1687Johann Albrecht Bengel, German-Lutheran clergyman and scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1694Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss author and theorist (d. 1748)
  • 1704Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French philosopher and author (d. 1771)
  • 1753William Hull, American general and politician, 1st Governor of Michigan Territory (d. 1825)
  • 1755Anacharsis Cloots, Prussian-French activist (d. 1794)
  • 1767Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès, French geographer and author (d. 1846)
  • 1771Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, French chemist and businessman, founded DuPont (d. 1834)
  • 1774Antonio González de Balcarce, Argentinian commander and politician, 5th Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (d. 1819)
  • 1774 – François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French general and engineer (d. 1838)
  • 1777John Ross, Scottish commander and explorer (d. 1856)
  • 1782Juan Larrea, Argentinian captain and politician (d. 1847)
  • 1783Johann Heinrich von Thünen, German economist and geographer (d. 1850)
  • 1784Juan Antonio Lavalleja, Uruguayan general and politician, President of Uruguay (d. 1853)
  • 1788Thomas Blanchard, American inventor (d. 1864)
  • 1795Ernst Heinrich Weber, German physician and psychologist (d. 1878)
  • 1797John Hughes, Irish-American archbishop (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish geologist and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1804Stephan Endlicher, Austrian botanist, numismatist, and sinologist (d. 1849)
  • 1804 – Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • 1811John Archibald Campbell, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1889)
  • 1813Henry Ward Beecher, American minister and reformer (d. 1887)
  • 1813 – Francis Boott, American composer (d. 1904)
  • 1821Guillermo Rawson, Argentinian physician and politician (d. 1890)
  • 1826George Goyder, English-Australian surveyor (d. 1898)
  • 1835Johannes Wislicenus, German chemist and academic (d. 1902)
  • 1838Jan Matejko, Polish painter (d. 1893)
  • 1839Gustavus Franklin Swift, American businessman (d. 1903)
  • 1842Ambrose Bierce, American short story writer, essayist, and journalist (d. 1914)
  • 1846Samuel Johnson, Nigerian priest and historian (d. 1901)
  • 1850Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Irish field marshal and politician, Governor-General of Sudan (d. 1916)
  • 1852Friedrich Loeffler, German bacteriologist and academic (d. 1915)
  • 1854Eleanor Norcross, American painter (d. 1923)[13]
  • 1856Henry Chapman Mercer, American archaeologist and author (d. 1930)
  • 1858Hastings Rashdall, English historian, philosopher, and theologian (d. 1924)
  • 1865Robert Henri, American painter and educator (d. 1929)
  • 1867Ruth Randall Edström, American educator and activist (d. 1944)
  • 1869Prince George of Greece and Denmark (d. 1957)
  • 1872Frank Crowninshield, American journalist and art and theatre critic (d. 1947)
  • 1873Hugo Simberg, Finnish symbolist painter and graphic artist (d. 1917)[14]
  • 1875Forrest Reid, Irish novelist, literary critic and translator (d. 1947)
  • 1880Oswald Veblen, American mathematician and academic (g. 1960)
  • 1880 – João Cândido Felisberto, Brazilian revolutionary and sailor (d. 1969)
  • 1881George Shiels, Irish-Canadian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1949)
  • 1882Athanase David, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1953)
  • 1882 – Carl Diem, German businessman (d. 1962)
  • 1883Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – Fritz Löhner-Beda, Austrian librettist, lyricist and writer (d.1942)
  • 1883 – Jean Metzinger, French artist (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Arthur L. Newton, American runner (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Frank Verner, American runner (d. 1966)
  • 1884Frank Waller, American runner (d. 1941)
  • 1885Olaf Holtedahl, Norwegian geologist (d. 1975)
  • 1888Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect, designed the Rietveld Schröder House (d. 1964)
  • 1893Roy O. Disney, American businessman, co-founded The Walt Disney Company (d. 1971)
  • 1895Jack Dempsey, American boxer and soldier (d. 1983)
  • 1898Armin Öpik, Estonian-Australian paleontologist and geologist (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Karl Selter, Estonian politician, 14th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Estonia (d. 1958)
  • 1900Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician and engineer (d. 1945)

1901–present

  • 1901Marcel Mule, French saxophonist (d. 2001)
  • 1901 – Harry Partch, American composer and theorist (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Chuck Taylor, American basketball player and salesman (d. 1969)
  • 1904Phil Harris, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1905Fred Alderman, American sprinter (d. 1998)
  • 1906Pierre Fournier, French cellist and educator (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Willard Maas, American poet and educator (d. 1971)
  • 1907Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet and translator (d. 1989)
  • 1908Hugo Distler, German organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian colonel (d. 1976)
  • 1909Jean Deslauriers, Canadian violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – William Penney, Baron Penney, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Betty Cavanna, American author (d. 2001)[15]
  • 1911Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Ernesto Sabato, Argentinian physicist and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1911 – Portia White, Canadian opera singer (d. 1968)[16]
  • 1912Brian Johnston, English sportscaster and author (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Mary Wesley, English author (d. 2002)
  • 1913Gustaaf Deloor, Belgian cyclist and soldier (d. 2002)
  • 1914Jan Karski, Polish-American activist and academic (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Pearl Witherington, French secret agent (d. 2008)
  • 1915Fred Hoyle, English astronomer and author (d. 2001)
  • 1916William B. Saxbe, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 70th United States Attorney General (d. 2010)
  • 1916 – Saloua Raouda Choucair, Lebanese painter and sculptor (d. 2017)
  • 1917David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1917 – Lucy Jarvis, American television producer (d. 2020)
  • 1917 – Ramblin' Tommy Scott, American singer and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Joan Clarke, English cryptanalyst and numismatist (d. 1996)
  • 1918Mildred Ladner Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Yong Nyuk Lin, Singaporean businessman and politician, Singaporean Minister for Education (d. 2012)
  • 1919Al Molinaro, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1921Gerhard Sommer, German soldier (d. 2019)
  • 1922Jack Carter, American actor and comedian (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – John Postgate, English microbiologist, author, and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Richard Timberlake, American economist (d.2020)
  • 1923Margaret Olley, Australian painter and philanthropist (d. 2011)
  • 1924Kurt Furgler, Swiss politician, 70th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Archie Roy, Scottish astronomer and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Yoshito Takamine, American politician (d. 2015)
  • 1925Ogden Reid, American politician (d. 2019)
  • 1927Fernand Dumont, Canadian sociologist, philosopher, and poet (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – James B. Edwards, American dentist, soldier, and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Energy (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • 1929Carolyn S. Shoemaker, American astronomer (d. 2021)
  • 1930Claude Chabrol, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1930 – Donald Gordon, South African businessman and philanthropist (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – William Bernard Ziff, Jr., American publisher (d. 2006)
  • 1931Billy Casper, American golfer (d. 2015)[17]
  • 1932David McTaggart, Canadian-Italian environmentalist (d. 2001)
  • 1933Sam Jones, American basketball player and coach (d. 2021)
  • 1933 – Ngina Kenyatta, 1st First Lady of Kenya
  • 1934Ferdinand Biwersi, German footballer and referee (d. 2013)
  • 1934 – Jean-Pierre Ferland, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1934 – Gloria Christian, Italian singer
  • 1935Terry Riley, American composer and educator
  • 1935 – Jean Milesi, French racing cyclist
  • 1935 – Charlie Dees, American baseball player
  • 1936Robert Downey Sr., American actor and director. Father of Robert Downey Jr. (d. 2021)[18][19]
  • 1937Anita Desai, Indian-American author and academic
  • 1938Lawrence Block, American author
  • 1938 – Abulfaz Elchibey, 1st democratically elected Azerbaijani president (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Ken Gray, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1992)
  • 1939Brigitte Fontaine, French singer
  • 1940Ian Ross, Australian newsreader (d. 2014)
  • 1940 – Vittorio Storaro, Italian cinematographer
  • 1941Erkin Koray, Turkish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French psychoanalyst and author
  • 1941 – Graham McKenzie, Australian cricketer
  • 1942Arthur Brown, English rock singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – Mick Fleetwood, English-American drummer
  • 1942 – Michele Lee, American actress and singer
  • 1942 – Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, Chilean engineer and politician, 32nd President of Chile
  • 1942 – Colin Groves, Australian academician and educator (d. 2017)
  • 1943Birgit Grodal, Danish economist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1944Jeff Beck, English guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944 – Kathryn Lasky, American author
  • 1944 – Chris Wood, English saxophonist (d. 1983)
  • 1945Colin Blunstone, English singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Wayne Cashman, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1945 – George Pataki, American lawyer and politician, 53rd Governor of New York
  • 1945 – Betty Stöve, Dutch tennis player
  • 1946David Collenette, Canadian civil servant and politician, 32nd Canadian Minister of National Defence
  • 1946 – Ellison Onizuka, American engineer, and astronaut (d. 1986)[20]
  • 1946 – Robert Reich, American economist and politician, 22nd United States Secretary of Labor
  • 1947Clarissa Dickson Wright, English chef, author, and television personality (d. 2014)[21]
  • 1947 – Peter Weller, American actor and director
  • 1948Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1949John Illsley, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1949 – Betty Jackson, English fashion designer
  • 1950Nancy Allen, American actress
  • 1950 – Bob Carlos Clarke, Irish-born English photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Jan Kulczyk, Polish businessman (d. 2015)
  • 1950 – Mercedes Lackey, American author
  • 1951Raelene Boyle, Australian sprinter
  • 1951 – Charles Sturridge, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952Dianna Melrose, English diplomat, British High Commissioner to Tanzania
  • 1952 – Bob Neill, English lawyer and politician
  • 1953William E. Moerner, American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1953 – Michael Tuck, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1955Chris Higgins, English geneticist and academic
  • 1955 – Edmund Malura, German footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Loren Roberts, American golfer
  • 1956Owen Paterson, English politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
  • 1957Mark Parkinson, American lawyer and politician, 45th Governor of Kansas
  • 1958Jean Charest, Canadian lawyer and politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1958 – Silvio Mondinelli, Italian mountaineer
  • 1958 – John Tortorella, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1959Andy McCluskey, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1960Elish Angiolini, Scottish lawyer, judge, and politician, Solicitor General for Scotland
  • 1960 – Siedah Garrett, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1960 – Karin Pilsäter, Swedish accountant and politician
  • 1960 – Erik Poppe, Norwegian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
  • 1961Dennis Danell, American singer and guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1961 – Iain Glen, Scottish actor
  • 1961 – Bernie Nicholls, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1961 – Ralph E. Reed, Jr., American journalist and activist
  • 1961 – Curt Smith, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1963Yuri Kasparyan, Russian guitarist
  • 1963 – Preki, Serbian-American soccer player and coach
  • 1963 – Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator (d. 2007)
  • 1964Jean-Luc Delarue, French television host and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1964 – Kathryn Parminter, Baroness Parminter, English politician
  • 1964 – Gary Suter, American ice hockey player and scout
  • 1965Claude Bourbonnais, Canadian race car driver
  • 1965 – Uwe Krupp, German ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – Richard Lumsden, English actor, writer, composer and musician
  • 1966Hope Sandoval, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1966 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1967Janez Lapajne, Slovenian director and producer
  • 1967 – John Limniatis, Greek-Canadian footballer and manager
  • 1968Alaa Abdelnaby, Egyptian-American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1970Glenn Medeiros, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Bernardo Sassetti, Portuguese pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1972Robbie McEwen, Australian cyclist
  • 1972 – Denis Žvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1973Alexis Gauthier, French chef
  • 1973 – Jere Lehtinen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1974Dan Byles, English sailor, rower, and politician
  • 1974 – Chris Guccione, American baseball player and umpire
  • 1975Marek Malík, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Federico Pucciariello, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1976Brock Olivo, American football player and coach
  • 1977Dimos Dikoudis, Greek basketball player and manager
  • 1977 – Jeff Farmer, Australian footballer
  • 1978Luis García, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Pantelis Kafes, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Shunsuke Nakamura, Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Ariel Pink, American singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Juan Román Riquelme, Argentinian footballer
  • 1978 – Emppu Vuorinen, Finnish guitarist and songwriter
  • 1979Mindy Kaling, American actress and producer
  • 1979 – Petra Němcová, Czech model and philanthropist
  • 1980Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Nina Dübbers, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Andrew Jones, Australian race car driver
  • 1980 – Minka Kelly, American actress
  • 1982Kevin Nolan, English footballer
  • 1982 – Jarret Stoll, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983Rebecca Cooke, English swimmer
  • 1983 – Gianni Munari, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Gard Nilssen, Norwegian drummer
  • 1983 – David Shillington, Australian rugby league player
  • 1984Andrea Raggi, Italian footballer
  • 1984 – JJ Redick, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Johanna Welin, Swedish-born German wheelchair basketball player
  • 1985Diego Alves Carreira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Tom Kennedy, English footballer
  • 1985 – Nate Myles, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Vernon Philander, South African cricketer
  • 1985 – Yukina Shirakawa, Japanese model
  • 1986Stuart Broad, English cricketer
  • 1986 – Phil Hughes, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Solange Knowles, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1987Simona Dobrá, Czech tennis player
  • 1987 – Lionel Messi, Argentinian footballer[22]
  • 1987 – Pierre Vaultier, French snowboarder[23]
  • 1988Micah Richards, English footballer
  • 1989Teklemariam Medhin, Eritrean runner[24]
  • 1990Michael Del Zotto, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Richard Sukuta-Pasu, German footballer
  • 1991Yasmin Paige, English actress
  • 1991 – Aidan Sezer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1992David Alaba, Austrian footballer
  • 1996Duki, Argentinian rapper

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1902George Leake, Australian politician, 2nd Premier of Western Australia (b. 1856)
  • 1908Grover Cleveland, American lawyer and politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (b. 1837)
  • 1909Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, short story writer, and poet (b. 1849)[25]
  • 1922Walther Rathenau, German businessman and politician, 7th German Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1867)
  • 1931Otto Mears, Russian-American businessman (b. 1840)
  • 1931 – Xiang Zhongfa, Chinese politician, 2nd General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (b. 1880)
  • 1932Ernst Põdder, Estonian general (b. 1879)
  • 1943Camille Roy, Canadian priest and critic (b. 1870)
  • 1946Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)
  • 1947Emil Seidel, American politician, Mayor of Milwaukee (b. 1864)
  • 1962Volfgangs Dārziņš, Latvian composer, pianist and music critic (b. 1906)
  • 1964Stuart Davis, American painter and academic (b. 1892)
  • 1969Frank King, American cartoonist (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Willy Ley, German-American historian and author (b. 1906)
  • 1975Wendell Ladner, Professional Basketball Player in the ABA
  • 1976Minor White, American photographer, critic, and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1978Robert Charroux, French author and critic (b. 1909)
  • 1980V. V. Giri, Indian lawyer and politician, 4th President of India (b. 1894)[26]
  • 1984Clarence Campbell, Canadian businessman (b. 1905)
  • 1987Jackie Gleason, American actor, comedian, and producer (b. 1916)
  • 1988Csaba Kesjár, Hungarian race car driver (b. 1962)
  • 1991Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-American author and playwright (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter and illustrator (b. 1899)
  • 1994Jean Vallerand, Canadian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995Andrew J. Transue, American politician and attorney Morissette v. United States (b. 1903)
  • 1997Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000Vera Atkins, British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – David Tomlinson, English actor and comedian (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Rodrigo Bueno, Argentine cuarteto singer (b. 1973)
  • 2001Konstantin Gerchik, the second head of the world's first cosmodrome — "Baikonur" (1958-1961).
  • 2002Pierre Werner, Luxembourgian banker and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
  • 2004Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter and author (b. 1957)
  • 2005Paul Winchell, American actor, voice artist, and ventriloquist (b. 1922)
  • 2007Natasja Saad, Danish rapper and reggae singer (b. 1974)
  • 2007 – Chris Benoit, Canadian wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer and manager (b. 1938)
  • 2008Gerhard Ringel, Austrian mathematician and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2009Roméo LeBlanc, Canadian journalist and politician, 25th Governor General of Canada (b. 1927)
  • 2010Fred Anderson, American jazz tenor saxophonist (b. 1929)
  • 2011Tomislav Ivić, Croatian football coach and manager (b. 1933)
  • 2012Darrel Akerfelds, American baseball player and coach (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Gad Beck, German author and educator (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Gu Chaohao, Chinese mathematician and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Miki Roqué, Spanish footballer (b. 1988)
  • 2012 – Ann C. Scales, American lawyer, educator, and activist (b. 1952)
  • 2013Mick Aston, English archaeologist and academic (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Emilio Colombo, Italian politician, 40th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Joannes Gijsen, Dutch bishop (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – William Hathaway, American lawyer and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – James Martin, English-Bermudian computer scientist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Alan Myers, American drummer (b. 1955)
  • 2014John Clement, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Olga Kotelko, Canadian runner and softball player (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Ramón José Velásquez, Venezuelan journalist, lawyer, and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1916)
  • 2014 – Eli Wallach, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2015Cristiano Araújo, Brazilian singer-songwriter (b. 1986)
  • 2015 – Mario Biaggi, American police officer, politician and criminal (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Marva Collins, American author and educator (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Susan Ahn Cuddy, American lieutenant (b. 1915)
  • 2021Benigno Aquino III, 15th President of the Philippines (b. 1960)[27]

Holidays and observances

References

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  2. ^ "The-viking-sack-of-nantes". 12 March 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  3. ^ Tony Jaques (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A-E. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-313-33537-2.
  4. ^ Alan W. Ertl (2008). Toward an Understanding of Europe: A Political Economic Précis of Continental Integration. Universal-Publishers. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-59942-983-0.
  5. ^ Clifford J. Rogers (2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. Oxford University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-19-533403-6.
  6. ^ Robert White (1871). A History of the Battle of Bannockburn, Fought A.D. 1314: With Notices of the Principal Warriors who Engaged in that Conflict. Edmonston and Douglas. p. 77.
  7. ^ Strype I(II) 1822, pp. 450–463.
  8. ^ Black, Jeremy (2005). European Warfare, 1494-1660 Warfare and History. Routledge. p. 112. ISBN 9781134477081.
  9. ^ "Eastern Airlines Flight 66, B727". lessonslearned.faa.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  10. ^ Gorman, Steve (2021-07-27). "Final death toll from Florida condominium collapse put at 98". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-03-23.
  11. ^ Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. Douglas Richardson. pp. 1–. ISBN 978-1-4610-4513-7.
  12. ^ Peter G. Bietenholz; Thomas Brian Deutscher (2003). Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation. University of Toronto Press. pp. 217–. ISBN 978-0-8020-8577-1.
  13. ^ "Eleanor Norcross: Artist, Collector, and Museum Founder". Fitchburg Art Museum. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  14. ^ PAINTER HUGO SIMBERG 1873 - 1917 – Pantheon
  15. ^ "de Grummond Collection: Betty Cavanna Papers". University of Southern Mississippi. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  16. ^ King, Betty Nygaard; So, Joseph K.; Mcpherson, James B. (December 20, 2018). "Portia White". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  17. ^ "Billy Casper: Golfer who won prolifically but who became unfairly". The Independent. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  18. ^ Duchovnay, Gerald (2012). Film Voices: Interviews from Post Script. SUNY Press. ISBN 9780791484753.
  19. ^ Chloe Melas. "Robert Downey Sr., director and father of Robert Downey Jr., has died". CNN. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  20. ^ "Space Shuttle Challenger Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  21. ^ Morris, Steven (24 June 2018). "TV chef Clarissa Dickson Wright dies". .theguardian.com. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  22. ^ Jimmy Nsubuga (5 November 2012). "869 is the magic number for Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo". Metro. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Pierre Vaultier". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Teklemariam Medhin Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-18. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  25. ^ James, Edward T.; Wilson James, Janet; Boyer, Paul S. (1971). Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 274. ISBN 978-0-67462-731-4.
  26. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (2014-02-04). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. pp. 379–380. ISBN 9781134264902. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  27. ^ "Former president Benigno Aquino, part of Philippines' political dynasty, dead at 61". CBC News. Retrieved 28 June 2021.

External links