June 21

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2022
June 21 in recent years
  2021 (Monday)
  2020 (Sunday)
  2019 (Friday)
  2018 (Thursday)
  2017 (Wednesday)
  2016 (Tuesday)
  2015 (Sunday)
  2014 (Saturday)
  2013 (Friday)
  2012 (Thursday)

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 193 days remain until the end of the year.

This day usually marks the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere and the fewest hours of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere.

Events

Pre-1600

  • 533 – A Byzantine expeditionary fleet under Belisarius sails from Constantinople to attack the Vandals in Africa, via Greece and Sicily (approximate date).
  • 1307Külüg Khan is enthroned as Khagan of the Mongols and Wuzong of the Yuan.
  • 1529French forces are driven out of northern Italy by Spain at the Battle of Landriano during the War of the League of Cognac.
  • 1582Sengoku period: Oda Nobunaga, the most powerful of the Japanese daimyōs, is forced to commit suicide by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide.

1601–1900

1901–present

Births

Pre-1600

1601–1900

  • 1630Samuel Oppenheimer, German Jewish banker and diplomat (d. 1703)[11]
  • 1636Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, French noble (d. 1721)
  • 1639 – (O.S.) Increase Mather, American minister and author (d. 1723)
  • 1676 – (O.S.) Anthony Collins, English philosopher and author (d. 1729)
  • 1706John Dollond, English optician and astronomer (d. 1761)
  • 1710James Short, Scottish-English mathematician and optician (d. 1768)
  • 1712Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
  • 1730Motoori Norinaga, Japanese poet and scholar (d. 1801)
  • 1732Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German pianist and composer (d. 1791)
  • 1736Enoch Poor, American general (d. 1780)
  • 1741Prince Benedetto, Duke of Chablais (d. 1808)
  • 1750Pierre-Nicolas Beauvallet, French sculptor and illustrator (d. 1818)
  • 1759Alexander J. Dallas, American lawyer and politician, 6th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1817)
  • 1763Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher and academic (d. 1845)
  • 1764Sidney Smith, English admiral and politician (d. 1840)
  • 1774Daniel D. Tompkins, American lawyer and politician, 6th Vice President of the United States (d. 1825)
  • 1781Siméon Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)
  • 1786Charles Edward Horn, English singer-songwriter (d. 1849)
  • 1792Ferdinand Christian Baur, German theologian and scholar (d. 1860)
  • 1797Wilhelm Küchelbecker, Russian poet and author (d. 1846)
  • 1802Karl Zittel, German theologian (d. 1871)
  • 1805Karl Friedrich Curschmann, German composer and singer (d. 1841)
  • 1805 – Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist (d. 1880)
  • 1811Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (d. 1868)
  • 1814Paweł Bryliński, Polish sculptor (d. 1890)[12]
  • 1814 – Anton Nuhn, German anatomist and academic (d. 1889)
  • 1823Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1825Thomas Edward Cliffe Leslie, Irish economist and jurist (d. 1882)
  • 1825 – William Stubbs, English bishop and historian (d. 1901)
  • 1828Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1828 – Nikolaus Nilles, German Catholic writer and teacher (d. 1907)
  • 1834Frans de Cort, Flemish poet and author (d. 1878)
  • 1836Luigi Tripepi, Italian theologian (d. 1906)
  • 1839Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1845Samuel Griffith, Welsh-Australian politician, 9th Premier of Queensland (d. 1920)
  • 1845 – Arthur Cowper Ranyard, English astrophysicist and astronomer (d. 1894)
  • 1846Marion Adams-Acton, Scottish-English author and playwright (d. 1928)
  • 1846 – Enrico Coleman, Italian painter (d. 1911)[13]
  • 1850Daniel Carter Beard, American author and illustrator, co-founded the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)
  • 1858Giuseppe De Sanctis, Italian painter (d. 1924)
  • 1858 – Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor and educator (d. 1928)
  • 1859Henry Ossawa Tanner, American-French painter and illustrator (d. 1937)
  • 1862Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai historian and author (d. 1943)
  • 1863Max Wolf, German astronomer and academic (d. 1932)
  • 1864Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss historian and critic (d. 1945)
  • 1867Oscar Florianus Bluemner, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1938)
  • 1867 – William Brede Kristensen, Norwegian historian of religion (d. 1953)
  • 1868Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist and anatomist (d. 1946)
  • 1870Clara Immerwahr, Jewish-German chemist and academic (d. 1915)
  • 1870 – Anthony Michell, English-Australian engineer (d. 1959)
  • 1870 – Julio Ruelas, Mexican painter (d. 1907)[14]
  • 1874Jacob Linzbach, Estonian linguist (d. 1953)[15]
  • 1876Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist and academic (d. 1956)
  • 1880Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, English economist and civil servant (d. 1941)
  • 1881 – (O.S.) Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter, costume designer, and illustrator (d. 1962)[16]
  • 1882Lluís Companys, Spanish lawyer and politician, 123rd President of Catalonia (d. 1940)
  • 1882 – Adrianus de Jong, Dutch fencer and soldier (d. 1966)
  • 1882 – Rockwell Kent, American painter and illustrator (d. 1971)
  • 1883Feodor Gladkov, Russian author and educator (d. 1958)
  • 1884Claude Auchinleck, English field marshal (d. 1981)
  • 1887Norman L. Bowen, Canadian geologist and petrologist (d. 1956)
  • 1889Ralph Craig, American sprinter and sailor (d. 1972)
  • 1891Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect and engineer, co-designed the Pirelli Tower and Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Hermann Scherchen, German-Swiss viola player and conductor (d. 1966)
  • 1892Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian and academic (d. 1971)
  • 1893Alois Hába, Czech composer and educator (d. 1973)
  • 1894Milward Kennedy, English journalist and civil servant (d. 1968)
  • 1894 – Harry Schmidt, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1951)[17]
  • 1896Charles Momsen, American admiral, invented the Momsen lung (d. 1967)[18]
  • 1899Pavel Haas, Czech composer (d. 1944)
  • 1900Georges-Henri Bousquet, French economist and Islamologist (d. 1978)[19]

1901–present

  • 1903Hermann Engelhard, German runner and coach (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist, painter and illustrator (d. 2003)
  • 1905Jacques Goddet, French journalist (d. 2000)
  • 1905 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and author (d. 1980)
  • 1908William Frankena, American philosopher and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1910Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and author (d. 1971)
  • 1911Irving Fein, American producer and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1912Kazimierz Leski, Polish pilot and engineer (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Mary McCarthy, American novelist and critic (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Vishnu Prabhakar, Indian author and playwright (d. 2009)
  • 1913Madihe Pannaseeha Thero, Sri Lankan monk and scholar (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Luis Taruc, Filipino political activist (d. 2005)
  • 1914William Vickrey, Canadian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1915Wilhelm Gliese, German soldier and astronomer (d. 1993)
  • 1916Joseph Cyril Bamford, English businessman, founded J. C. Bamford (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Tchan Fou-li, Chinese photographer (d. 2018)
  • 1916 – Herbert Friedman, American physicist and astronomer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Buddy O'Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1977)
  • 1918Robert A. Boyd, Canadian engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – James Joll, English historian, author, and academic (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Eddie Lopat, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Dee Molenaar, American mountaineer (d. 2020)[20]
  • 1918 – Robert Roosa, American economist and banker (d. 1993)[21]
  • 1918 – Tibor Szele, Hungarian mathematician and academic (d. 1955)
  • 1918 – Josephine Webb, American engineer
  • 1919Antonia Mesina, Italian martyr and saint (d. 1935)
  • 1919 – Gérard Pelletier, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Vladimir Simagin, Russian chess player and coach (d. 1968)
  • 1919 – Paolo Soleri, Italian-American architect, designed the Cosanti (d. 2013)
  • 1920Hans Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater (d. 2017)
  • 1921Judy Holliday, American actress and singer (d. 1965)
  • 1921 – Jane Russell, American actress and singer (d. 2011)
  • 1921 – William Edwin Self, American actor, producer, and production manager (d. 2010)
  • 1922Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkinabé historian, politician and writer (d. 2006)
  • 1923Jacques Hébert, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1924Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and historian (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Ezzatolah Entezami, Iranian actor (d. 2018)
  • 1924 – Wally Fawkes, British-Canadian jazz clarinetist and satirical cartoonist
  • 1924 – Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalyst and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1925Larisa Avdeyeva, Russian mezzo-soprano (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Stanley Moss, American poet, publisher, and art dealer
  • 1925 – Giovanni Spadolini, Italian journalist and politician, 45th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1926Fred Cone, American football player
  • 1926 – Conrad Hall, French-American cinematographer (d. 2003)
  • 1927Carl Stokes, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Seychelles (d. 1996)
  • 1928Wolfgang Haken, German-American mathematician and academic
  • 1928 – Fiorella Mari, Brazilian-Italian actress
  • 1928 – Margit Bara, Hungarian actress (d. 2016)
  • 1930Gerald Kaufman, English journalist and politician, Shadow Foreign Secretary (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Mike McCormack, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1931Zlatko Grgić, Croatian-Canadian animator, director, and screenwriter (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Margaret Heckler, American journalist, lawyer, and politician, 15th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (d. 2018)
  • 1931 – David Kushnir, Israeli Olympic long-jumper (d. 2020)
  • 1932Bernard Ingham, English journalist and civil servant
  • 1932 – Lalo Schifrin, Argentinian pianist, composer, and conductor
  • 1932 – O.C. Smith, American R&B/jazz singer (d. 2001)
  • 1933Bernie Kopell, American actor and comedian
  • 1935Françoise Sagan, French author and playwright (d. 2004)
  • 1937John Edrich, English cricketer and coach (d. 2020)
  • 1938Don Black, English songwriter
  • 1938 – John W. Dower, American historian and author
  • 1938 – Michael M. Richter, German mathematician and computer scientist (d. 2020)
  • 1940Mariette Hartley, American actress and television personality
  • 1940 – Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher and academic
  • 1941Aloysius Paul D'Souza, Indian bishop
  • 1941 – Joe Flaherty, American-Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Lyman Ward, Canadian actor
  • 1942Clive Brooke, Baron Brooke of Alverthorpe, English businessman and politician
  • 1942 – Marjorie Margolies, American journalist and politician
  • 1942 – Henry S. Taylor, American author and poet
  • 1942 – Togo D. West, Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs (d. 2018)
  • 1943Eumir Deodato, Brazilian pianist, composer, and producer
  • 1943 – Diane Marleau, Canadian accountant and politician, Canadian Minister of Health (d. 2013)
  • 1943 – Brian Sternberg, American pole vaulter (d. 2013)
  • 1944Ray Davies, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1944 – Jon Hiseman, English drummer (d. 2018)[22]
  • 1944 – Tony Scott, English-American director and producer (d. 2012)
  • 1945Robert Dewar, English-American computer scientist and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1945 – Adam Zagajewski, Polish author and poet (d. 2021)
  • 1946Per Eklund, Swedish race car driver
  • 1946 – Kate Hoey, Northern Irish-British academic and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
  • 1946 – Brenda Holloway, American singer-songwriter
  • 1946 – Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – Malcolm Rifkind, Scottish lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Scotland
  • 1946 – Maurice Saatchi, Baron Saatchi, Iraqi-British businessman, founded M&C Saatchi and Saatchi & Saatchi
  • 1947Meredith Baxter, American actress
  • 1947 – Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, judge, and activist, Nobel Prize laureate[23]
  • 1947 – Michael Gross, American actor
  • 1947 – Joey Molland, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Wade Phillips, American football coach
  • 1947 – Fernando Savater, Spanish philosopher and author
  • 1948Jovan Aćimović, Serbian footballer and manager
  • 1948 – Ian McEwan, British novelist and screenwriter[24]
  • 1948 – Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish author and translator
  • 1948 – Philippe Sarde, French composer and conductor
  • 1949John Agard, Guyanese-English author, poet, and playwright
  • 1949 – Derek Emslie, Lord Kingarth, Scottish lawyer and judge
  • 1950Anne Carson, Canadian poet and academic
  • 1950 – Joey Kramer, American rock drummer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Enn Reitel, Scottish actor and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Trygve Thue, Norwegian guitarist and record producer
  • 1950 – John Paul Young, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1951Jim Douglas, American academic and politician, 80th Governor of Vermont
  • 1951 – Terence Etherton, English lawyer and judge
  • 1951 – Alan Hudson, English footballer
  • 1951 – Nils Lofgren, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1951 – Lenore Manderson, Australian anthropologist and academic
  • 1951 – Mona-Lisa Pursiainen, Finnish sprinter (d. 2000)
  • 1952Judith Bingham, English singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Jeremy Coney, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Patrick Dunleavy, English political scientist and academic
  • 1952 – Kōichi Mashimo, Japanese director and screenwriter
  • 1953Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)[25]
  • 1953 – Augustus Pablo, Jamaican producer and musician (d. 1999)[26]
  • 1954Már Guðmundsson, Icelandic economist, former Governor of Central Bank of Iceland
  • 1954 – Mark Kimmitt, American general and politician, 16th Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
  • 1954 – Robert Menasse, Austrian author and academic
  • 1955Tim Bray, Canadian software developer and businessman
  • 1955 – Michel Platini, French footballer and manager
  • 1956Rick Sutcliffe, American baseball player and broadcaster[27]
  • 1957Berkeley Breathed, American author and illustrator
  • 1957 – Luis Antonio Tagle, Filipino cardinal
  • 1958Víctor Montoya, Bolivian journalist and author
  • 1958 – Gennady Padalka, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1959John Baron, English captain and politician
  • 1959 – Tom Chambers, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Marcella Detroit, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959 – Kathy Mattea, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1960Kate Brown, American politician, 38th Governor of Oregon[28]
  • 1960 – Karl Erjavec, Slovenian politician
  • 1961Manu Chao, French singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961 – Sascha Konietzko, German keyboard player and producer
  • 1961 – Joko Widodo, Indonesian businessman and politician, 7th President of Indonesia
  • 1961 – Kip Winger, American rock singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1961 – Iztok Mlakar, Slovenian actor and singer-songwriter
  • 1962Shōhei Takada, Japanese shogi player and theoretician [29]
  • 1962 – Viktor Tsoi, Russian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1990)
  • 1963Dario Marianelli, Italian pianist and composer
  • 1963 – Mike Sherrard, American football player
  • 1964David Morrissey, English actor and director
  • 1964 – Valeriy Neverov, Ukrainian chess player[30]
  • 1964 – Dimitris Papaioannou, Greek director and choreographer
  • 1964 – Dean Saunders, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Doug Savant, American actor
  • 1965David Beerling, English biologist and academic
  • 1965 – Yang Liwei, Chinese general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1965 – Ewen McKenzie, Australian rugby player and coach
  • 1965 – Lana Wachowski, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist and TV producer[31]
  • 1966 – Gretchen Carlson, American model and TV journalist, Miss America 1989
  • 1966 – Mancow Muller, American radio and TV personality[32]
  • 1967Jim Breuer, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1967 – Derrick Coleman, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Pierre Omidyar, French-American businessman, founded eBay
  • 1967 – Carrie Preston, American actress, director, and producer
  • 1967 – Yingluck Shinawatra, Thai businesswoman and politician, 28th Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1968Sonique, English singer-songwriter and DJ
  • 1970Eric Reed, American pianist and composer
  • 1971Tyronne Drakeford, American football player
  • 1972Nobuharu Asahara, Japanese sprinter and long jumper
  • 1972 – Neil Doak, Northern Irish cricketer and rugby player
  • 1972 – Irene van Dyk, South African-New Zealand netball player
  • 1973Juliette Lewis, American actress and singer-songwriter
  • 1973 – John Mitchell, English guitarist, vocalist and songwriter
  • 1974Rob Kelly, American football player
  • 1974 – Craig Lowndes, Australian race car driver
  • 1974 – Flavio Roma, Italian footballer
  • 1975Brian Simmons, American football player
  • 1976Shelley Craft, Australian television host
  • 1976 – Mike Einziger, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1976 – Nigel Lappin, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1977Michael Gomez, Irish boxer
  • 1977 – Al Wilson, American football player
  • 1978Thomas Blondeau, Flemish writer (d. 2013)[33]
  • 1978 – Matt Kuchar, American golfer
  • 1978 – Cristiano Lupatelli, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Dejan Ognjanović, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1978 – Rim'K, French rapper[34]
  • 1979Kostas Katsouranis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Pratt, American actor
  • 1980Michael Crocker, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1980 – Łukasz Cyborowski, Polish chess player
  • 1980 – Richard Jefferson, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Sendy Rleal, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981Yann Danis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Garrett Jones, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Brandon Flowers, American singer-songwriter
  • 1981 – Brad Walker, American pole vaulter
  • 1982Lee Dae-ho, South Korean baseball player
  • 1982 – Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
  • 1982 – Jussie Smollett, American actor and singer[35]
  • 1983Edward Snowden, American activist and academic
  • 1985Lana Del Rey, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Sentayehu Ejigu, Ethiopian runner
  • 1985 – Byron Schammer, Australian footballer
  • 1986Kathleen O'Kelly-Kennedy, Australian wheelchair basketball player
  • 1986 – Hideaki Wakui, Japanese baseball player
  • 1987Pablo Barrera, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Sebastian Prödl, Austrian footballer
  • 1987 – Dale Thomas, Australian footballer
  • 1988Allyssa DeHaan, American basketball and volleyball player
  • 1988 – Alejandro Ramírez, American chess player[36]
  • 1988 – Paolo Tornaghi, Italian footballer
  • 1988 – Thaddeus Young, American basketball player
  • 1989Abubaker Kaki, Sudanese runner
  • 1990Ričardas Berankis, Lithuanian tennis player
  • 1990 – Sergei Matsenko, Russian chess player[37]
  • 1990 – François Moubandje, Swiss footballer[38]
  • 1990 – Håvard Nordtveit, Norwegian footballer
  • 1991Gaël Kakuta, French footballer
  • 1992MAX, American singer, songwriter, actor, dancer and model
  • 1994Başak Eraydın, Turkish tennis player
  • 1996Tyrone May, Australian rugby league player
  • 1997Rebecca Black, American singer-songwriter
  • 1997 – Derrius Guice, American football player
  • 1999Ky Rodwell, Australian rugby league player[39]
  • 2000Dylan Brown, New Zealand rugby league player[40]
  • 2001Alexandra Obolentseva, Russian chess player[41]
  • 2011Lil Bub, American celebrity cat (d. 2019)[42]

Deaths

Pre-1600

1601–1900

1901–present

  • 1908Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer and educator (b. 1844)
  • 1914Bertha von Suttner, Austrian journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1929Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse, English sociologist, journalist, and academic (b. 1864)
  • 1934Thorne Smith, American author (b. 1892)
  • 1940Smedley Butler, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1881)
  • 1940 – Édouard Vuillard, French painter (b. 1868)
  • 1951Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
  • 1951 – Gustave Sandras, French gymnast (b. 1872)
  • 1952Wop May, Canadian captain and pilot (b. 1896)
  • 1954Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American engineer, developed the zipper (b. 1880)
  • 1957Claude Farrère, French captain and author (b. 1876)
  • 1957 – Johannes Stark, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1964James Chaney, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (b. 1939)
  • 1967Theodore Sizer, American professor of the history of art (b. 1892)
  • 1968Constance Georgina Tardrew, South African botanist (b. 1883)[48]
  • 1969Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1970Sukarno, Indonesian engineer and politician, 1st President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
  • 1970 – Piers Courage, English race car driver (b. 1942)
  • 1976Margaret Herrick, American librarian (b. 1902)
  • 1980Bert Kaempfert, German conductor and composer (b. 1923)
  • 1981Don Figlozzi, American illustrator and animator (b. 1909)
  • 1985Hector Boyardee, Italian-American chef and businessman, founded Chef Boyardee (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Tage Erlander, Swedish lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)
  • 1986Assi Rahbani, Lebanese singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1923)
  • 1987Madman Muntz, American engineer and businessman, founded the Muntz Car Company (b. 1914)
  • 1988Bobby Dodd, American football coach (b. 1908)
  • 1990Cedric Belfrage, English journalist and author, co-founded the National Guardian (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – June Christy, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 1992Ben Alexander, Australian rugby league player (b. 1971)
  • 1992 – Arthur Gorrie, Australian hobby shop proprietor (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, Bangladeshi poet, author, and playwright (b. 1956)
  • 1992 – Li Xiannian, Chinese captain and politician, 3rd President of the People's Republic of China (b. 1909)
  • 1994William Wilson Morgan, American astronomer and astrophysicist (b. 1906)
  • 1997Shintaro Katsu, Japanese actor, singer, director, and producer (b. 1931)
  • 1997 – Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican trade union leader (b. 1900)
  • 1998Harry Cranbrook Allen, English historian (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Anastasio Ballestrero, Italian cardinal (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Al Campanis, American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)
  • 1999Kami, Japanese drummer (b. 1973)
  • 2000Alan Hovhaness, Armenian-American pianist and composer (b. 1911)
  • 2001John Lee Hooker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Soad Hosny, Egyptian actress and singer (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Carroll O'Connor, American actor and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2002Timothy Findley, Canadian author and playwright (b. 1930)
  • 2003Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Leon Uris, American soldier and author (b. 1924)
  • 2004Leonel Brizola, Brazilian engineer and politician, Governor of Rio de Janeiro (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Ruth Leach Amonette, American businesswoman (b. 1916)
  • 2005Jaime Sin, Filipino cardinal (b. 1928)
  • 2006Jared C. Monti, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1975)
  • 2007Bob Evans, American businessman, founded Bob Evans Restaurants (b. 1918)
  • 2008Scott Kalitta, American race car driver (b. 1962)
  • 2010Russell Ash, English author (b. 1946)[49]
  • 2010 – Irwin Barker, Canadian actor and screenwriter (b. 1956)
  • 2010 – İlhan Selçuk, Turkish lawyer, journalist, and author (b. 1925)
  • 2011Robert Kroetsch, Canadian author and poet (b. 1927)
  • 2012Richard Adler, American composer and producer (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Abid Hussain, Indian economist and diplomat, Indian Ambassador to the United States (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Sunil Janah, Indian photographer and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Anna Schwartz, American economist and author (b. 1915)
  • 2013James P. Gordon, American physicist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Elliott Reid, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2014Yozo Ishikawa, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Defense (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Walter Kieber, Austrian-Liechtenstein politician, 7th Prime Minister of Liechtenstein (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Wong Ho Leng, Malaysian lawyer and politician (b. 1959)
  • 2015Darryl Hamilton, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1964)
  • 2015 – Veijo Meri, Finnish author and poet (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Remo Remotti, Italian actor, playwright, and poet (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Alexander Schalck-Golodkowski, German soldier and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Gunther Schuller, American horn player, composer, and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2016Pierre Lalonde, Canadian television host and singer (b. 1941)
  • 2018Charles Krauthammer, American columnist and conservative political commentator (b.1950)

Holidays and observances

References

  1. ^ "Nova Scotia | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  2. ^ Merrill Jensen; Robert A. Becker (15 June 1976). The Documentary History of the First Federal Elections, 1788-1790. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-299-06690-1.
  3. ^ Barnes, Mark (2010). The Spanish–American War and Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1902: An Annotated Bibliography. Florence, Ky.: Taylor & Francis. p. xv. ISBN 9780415999571;Schoonover, Thomas David (2003). Uncle Sam's War of 1898 and the Origins of Globalization. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky. p. 89. ISBN 9780813122823.
  4. ^ "Local community to mark centenary of 'night of terror'".
  5. ^ Healy, P., God Save All Here (1999) at p.21.
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